Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 24, 2018
Risk of preterm birth reliably predicted by new test
Scientists at UC San Francisco have developed a test to predict a woman's risk of preterm birth when she is between 15 and 20 weeks pregnant, which may enable doctors to treat them early and thereby prevent severe complications later in the pregnancy.

Unsubstantiated health claims widespread within weight loss industry
New research investigating the legality of on-pack nutrition and health claims routinely found on commercially available meal replacement shakes for sale in the UK, reveals that more than three-quarters are unauthorized and do not comply with the EU Nutrition and Health Claims regulation.

The secret to honing kids' language and literacy
Research from Michigan State University found that a child's ability to self-regulate is a critical element in childhood language and literacy development, and that the earlier they can hone these skills, the faster language and literacy skills develop leading to better skills in the long run.

Health labels may deter people from buying sugary drinks
Young adults are less likely to buy sugar-sweetened beverages that include health labels, particularly those with graphic warnings about how added sugar can lead to tooth decay, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.

Origami inspires new tech for tissue regeneration
Origami -- the Japanese art of folding paper into shapes and figures -- dates back to the sixth century.

New study: 'Alarming' differences in nations' quality of and access to health care
While health care access and quality have improved generally over the past several years, advancements in many countries have been slow or nonexistent as compared to the previous decade, according to a new scientific study.

Adolescents with hay fever have higher rates of anxiety and depression
An article published in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology shows allergies can have serious, far-reaching consequences, especially on adolescent sufferers.

New parts of the brain become active after students learn physics -- Drexel University study
A new study out of Drexel University showed that, when confronted with physics problems, new parts of a student's brain are utilized after receiving instruction in the topic.

Short bursts of intense exercise are a HIIT, even with less active people
Matthew Stork, a Ph.D. candidate in the school of Health and Exercise Sciences at UBC's Okanagan campus recently completed a study comparing inactive people's feelings and enjoyment of HIIT to traditional long-duration aerobic exercise.

How do insects survive on a sugary diet?
In research published in G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics, researchers at the University of California, Riverside, show that bacteriocytes -- specific aphid cells that house the symbiotic bacteria -- have different DNA methylation patterns depending on what type of plant sap the aphid is consuming.

Silicon breakthrough could make key microwave technology much cheaper and better
Researchers using powerful supercomputers have found a way to generate microwaves with inexpensive silicon, a breakthrough that could dramatically cut costs and improve devices such as sensors in self-driving vehicles.

What your choice of clothing says about your weight
It's commonly said that you can tell a great deal about a person by the clothes they wear.

NASA satellites provide a 3-way analysis of Tropical Cyclone Mekun
Tropical Cyclone Mekunu, the second tropical cyclone in less than a week, formed in the western Arabian Sea early on May 22, 2018 and is moving toward a landfall in Oman.

Polymer crystals hold key to record-breaking energy transport
Scientists from the universities of Bristol and Cambridge have found a way to create polymeric semiconductor nanostructures that absorb light and transport its energy further than previously observed.

Scientists shrink chemistry lab to seek evidence of life on Mars
An international team of scientists has created a tiny chemistry lab for a rover that will drill beneath the Martian surface looking for signs of past or present life.

Vast majority of poor, urban women don't use prenatal vitamins before pregnancy, study shows
A study of more than 7,000 low-income, urban mothers enrolled in the Boston Birth Cohort found that fewer than 5 percent of them started folic acid supplementation and used it almost daily before pregnancy, a widely recommended public health measure designed to prevent potentially crippling birth defects.

Study suggests obese children who consume recommended amount of milk at reduced risk of metabolic syndrome
New research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) suggests that obese children who consume at least two servings of any type of cows' milk each day are more likely to have lower fasting insulin, indicating better blood sugar control.

Crafting a human niche
Why it's important to study the deep similarities, and the critical differences, between humans and the apes to seek an anthropological and evolutionary explanation.

Cold production of new seafloor
Magma steadily emerges between oceanic plates. It pushes the plates apart, builds large underwater mountains and forms new seafloor.

Tau mutations may increase cancer risk
Mutations to the protein tau, commonly associated with neurodegenerative disorders, may serve as a novel risk factor for cancer, according to results published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Microscopy advance reveals unexpected role for water in energy storage material
A material with atomically thin layers of water holds promise for energy storage technologies, and researchers have now discovered that the water is performing a different role than anyone anticipated.

By forming clots in tumors, immune cell aids lung cancer's spread
In the journal Nature Communications, researchers from the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center report that for a particular subset of lung cancer tumors, there is a high prevalence of immune cells called inflammatory monocytes.

Bid to beat obesity focuses on fat that keeps us warm
A new technique to study fat stores in the body could aid efforts to find treatments to tackle obesity, research from the University of Edinburgh suggests.

MSU technology and app could help endangered primates, slow illegal trafficking
New facial recognition software and app invented at Michigan State University can help protect endangered primates - more than 60 percent of which face extinction.

Don't force women to risk death, injury by having a baby
A QUT legal academic says abortion can be decriminalised without society and governments making a moral judgement.

Theory gives free rein to superconductivity at room temperature
Victor Lakhno, head of the Laboratory of Quantum-Mechanical Systems of the Institute of Mathematical Problems of Biology, RAS has calculated a critical temperature of the transition, energy, heat capacity and heat of transition of an ideal three-dimensional Bose-condensate of translation-invariant bipolarons (TI-bipolarons).

Matter-antimatter asymmetry may interfere with the detection of neutrinos
From the data collected by the LHCb detector at the Large Hadron Collider, it appears that the particles known as charm mesons and their antimatter counterparts are not produced in perfectly equal proportions.

Study of Android users: Mobile security messages 20 percent more effective if warnings vary in appearance
Using brain data, eye-tracking data and field-study data, researchers have confirmed something about our interaction with security warnings on computers and phones: the more we see them, the more we tune them out.

Children and adolescents in high-risk environments more likely to become violent adults
Children and adolescents who grow up with one or more of these environmental risk factors are likely to resort to violence, aggression and crime as adults, irrespective of an underlying mental illness.

Prehistoric people also likely disrupted by environmental change
Vanderbilt and University of Illinois researchers used archaeological excavations, geologic mapping and coring, and radiocarbon dating to identify how Native Americans built and inhabited the Grand Caillou mound near Dulac, Louisiana.

ULB archaeologists discover a 1,000-year-old mummy in Peru
A team from the Université libre de Bruxelles's centre for archaeological research (CReA-Patrimoine) has completed a significant excavation in Pachacamac, Peru, where they have discovered an intact mummy in especially good condition.

Kaiser Permanente researchers develop new models for predicting suicide risk
Combining data from electronic health records with results from standardized depression questionnaires better predicts suicide risk in the 90 days following either mental health specialty or primary care outpatient visits, reports a team from the Mental Health Research Network, led by Kaiser Permanente research scientists.

Could a particle accelerator using laser-driven implosion become a reality?
Scientists discovered a novel particle acceleration mechanism called 'Micro-bubble implosion,' in which super-high energy hydrogen ions (relativistic protons) are emitted at the moment when bubbles shrink to atomic size through the irradiation of hydrides with micron-sized spherical bubbles by ultraintense laser pulses.

Study suggests that a novel wearable nasal device to reduce smelling ability can induce weight loss and changes to dietary preferences
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) shows that a daily use of a novel nasal device to reduce smelling ability can induce weight loss and changes to dietary preferences in people aged 50 years and under.

Bold lizards of all sizes have higher mating success
Boldness correlates with the mating success, but not body size or sex, of yellow-spotted monitor lizards roaming the remote Oombulgurri floodplains of tropical Western Australia, ecologists report in the Ecological Society of America's journal Ecosphere.

Imminent extinction of northern white rhinoceros motivates genetic recovery efforts
Earlier this year, the last remaining male northern white rhinoceros (NWR) died in captivity, nearly cementing the fate of this subspecies for extinction.

Lack of paid sick leave increases poverty
A new study has quantified, for the first time, the relationship between lack of paid sick leave and poverty in the US.

African Americans and Latinos are more likely to be at risk for depression than whites
A new study published in the May 2018 issue of Preventive Medicine shows that African Americans and Latinos are significantly more likely to experience serious depression than Whites, but chronic stress does not seem to explain these differences.

Some like it hot!
Ecologists have no doubt that climate change will affect the earth's animals and plants.

The obesity paradox: Large study finds people hospitalized for infections are twice as likely to survive if they are overweight or obese
A study of more than 18,000 patients in Denmark, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (23-26), shows that patients admitted to hospital for treatment for any infectious disease are around twice as likely to survive if they are overweight or obese.

South Asian Americans are at high risk for heart disease and stroke
South Asian Americans are more likely to die of atherosclerosis than other Asians and people of European ancestry.

A cascade of immune processes offers insights to triple-negative breast cancer
Researchers at the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center have discovered that tumor cells reprogram metabolic pathways to gain control over a type of immune cell that allows cancer growth.

Cancer cells co-opt pain-sensing 'wasabi receptor' to survive oxidative stress
Some cancers express unusually high levels of a neural calcium channel known as the 'wasabi receptor,' which plays a role in detecting pain, cold and other sensations.

Birds at the head of a flock are the more efficient, tactical fliers
Detailed tracking of a flock of juvenile storks -- birds known for lengthy migrations sustained by thermal winds -- reveals very different flight tactics among those leading the group and those following; notably, leaders were more efficient at harnessing thermal winds, and they also flapped less.

Plant symbioses -- fragile partnerships
Symbioses between plants and nitrogen-fixing bacteria can be ecologically advantageous for both parties.

How other people affect our interpersonal space
A study has shown for the first time how the size of your interpersonal space can be affected by the tone and content of conversations taking place between other people nearby.

What the asteroid that wiped out dinosaurs meant for birds
Sixty-six million years ago, an asteroid struck the earth and wiped out non-avian dinosaurs.

Programming synthetic molecular codes to turn genes 'on'
A team of researchers in Japan developed a synthetic molecular code to script gene activation.

For the past 70 years, the Danube has almost never frozen over
Today, only the eldest inhabitants of the Danube Delta recall that, in the past, you could skate on the river practically every winter; since the second half of the 20th century, Europe's second-largest river has only rarely frozen over.

EOVSA reveals new insights into solar flares' explosive energy releases
Last September, a massive new region of magnetic field erupted on the Sun's surface next to an existing sunspot.

Gut bacteria play key role in anti-seizure effects of ketogenic diet, say UCLA scientists
UCLA scientists have identified specific gut bacteria that play an essential role in the anti-seizure effects of the ketogenic diet -- research published today in the journal Cell.

Each hour of delay in detecting abnormal lactates in patients with sepsis increases the odds of in-hospital death
Because of a known association between elevated lactate levels and increased mortality, sepsis guidelines mandate that lactate levels should be tested soon after the onset of sepsis.

Fukushima radioactive particle release was significant says new research
Scientists say there was a significant release of radioactive particles during the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear accident.

Optimizing taxi fleet size the subject of multi-university research
A study conducted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Senseable City Laboratory - with important input from Steven Strogatz, the Jacob Gould Schurman Professor of Applied Mathematics at Cornell University - offers a network-based solution to size and operate a fleet of taxis.

UTA researchers shed light on immune response in diseased corals
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington have found a correlation between a strong immune response in diseased corals and a lower expression of genes associated with growth and reproduction.

How greener grids can stay lit
Without careful management, distributed energy resources have the potential to cause unreliable power delivery, or even outages, and lead utility companies to overcharge customers.

Dusty rainfall records reveal new understanding of Earth's long-term climate
Ancient rainfall records stretching 550,000 years into the past may upend scientists' understanding of what controls the Asian summer monsoon and other aspects of the Earth's long-term climate.

Researchers devise more effective location awareness for the Internet-of-(many)-Things
Anticipating a critical strain on the ability of fifth generation (5G) networks to keep track of a rapidly growing number of mobile devices, engineers at Tufts University have come up with an improved algorithm for localizing and tracking these products that distributes the task among the devices themselves.

Solar energy: Mixed anion compounds with 'fluorine' works as new photocatalytic material
Scientists in Japan have shown that an oxyfluoride is capable of visible light-driven photocatalysis.

Study suggests obese children who meet milk guidelines have less risk of metabolic syndrome
Obese children who consume at least two servings of any type of cow's milk daily are more likely to have lower fasting insulin, indicating better blood sugar control, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

Reconstructing Zika's spread
The urgent threat from Zika virus, which dominated headlines in early 2016, has passed.

Towards a sensor you could swallow to detect gut-related woes, in real time
A newly developed device could one day detect the presence of disease-driving molecules in the gut -- an otherwise difficult-to-access environment -- reading out these results to a cell phone in real time.

Selective neural connections can be reestablished in retina after injury, study finds
The brain's ability to form new neural connections, called neuroplasticity, is crucial to recovery from some types of brain injury, but this process is hard to study and remains poorly understood.

Wood to supercapacitors
Carbon aerogels are ultralight, conductive materials, which are extensively investigated for applications in supercapacitor electrodes in electrical cars and cell phones.

Pediatric and law experts define abusive head trauma
Abusive head trauma (AHT), a medical diagnosis of infants and young children who suffer from inflicted intracranial and associated spinal injuries, is often misrepresented in legal proceedings of child abuse, according to a consensus statement supported by nine pediatric and radiology international organizations published in Pediatric Radiology.

South Asian-Americans at higher risk for heart disease and stroke
South Asians living in the United States are more likely to die of heart conditions caused by atherosclerosis, such as heart attacks and strokes, than East Asians and non-Hispanic whites in the US.

The big clean up after stress
When cells become stressed, they activate specific response patterns. Würzburg researchers have identified new details of these responses, which can help to get a better understanding of neurodegenerative diseases.

Hey Alexa: Amazon's virtual assistant becomes a personal assistant to software developers
UBC computer scientists have turned Amazon Alexa into a tool for software engineers, tasking the virtual assistant to take care of mundane programming tasks, helping increase productivity and speed up workflow.

Less muscle wasting in obese people in intensive care may mean they have a better chance of survival
Further evidence that obese people who are seriously ill could have a better chance of survival than their normal weight counterparts is presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26).

Ultrasound-firewall for mobile phones
Mobile phones and tablets through so-called audio tracking, can be used by means of ultrasound to unnoticeably track the behaviour of their users: for example, viewing certain videos or staying in specific rooms and places.

New theory finds 'traffic jams' in jet stream cause abnormal weather patterns
A study published in Science offers an explanation for a mysterious and sometimes deadly weather pattern in which the jet stream, the global air currents that circle the Earth, stalls out over a region.

Tiny particles could help fight brain cancer
MIT researchers have now devised a new drug-delivering nanoparticle that could offer a better way to treat glioblastoma.

For banded mongooses, 'cultural inheritance' decides what's for dinner
It's no surprise that people behave differently depending upon what they've learned from other people, from the language they speak to the foods they like to eat.

Is lower-fat diet associated with breast cancer overall survival?
Women diagnosed with breast cancer during the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification trial who were following a lower-fat diet had increased breast cancer overall survival, although the increase was likely partly due to better survival from several causes of death.

Mongooses inherit behavior from role models rather than parents
Young mongooses learn lifelong habits from role models rather than inheriting them from genetic parents, new research shows.

New blood test to detect liver damage in under an hour
A quick and robust blood test that can detect liver damage before symptoms appear has been designed and verified using clinical samples by a team from UCL and University of Massachusetts.

Using the K computer, scientists predict exotic "di-Omega" particle
Based on complex simulations of quantum chromodynamics performed using the K computer, one of the most powerful computers in the world, the HAL QCD Collaboration, made up of scientists from the RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-based Science and the RIKEN Interdisciplinary Theoretical and Mathematical Sciences (iTHEMS) program, together with colleagues from a number of universities, have predicted a new type of

Using Facebook to help young adults quit smoking
A national clinical trial testing a smoking cessation intervention for young adults that was conducted entirely on Facebook has found that smokers are 2.5 times more likely to quit after three months with the Facebook-based treatment than if they were referred to an online quit-smoking program.

UTSA researcher studies math achievement among Hispanic high school students
A researcher at The University of Texas at San Antonio has co-authored a study examining important cognitive and non-cognitive predictors of entering science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields for Hispanic high school students.

Nationwide USA data shows that overweight and obese patients are less likely to die from sepsis in hospital than patients with normal weight
Data from 3.7 million hospital admissions for sepsis from 1,000 US hospitals, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, shows that patients who are overweight or obese are more likely to survive than those who are normal weight.

Loyola Medicine survey finds 16 percent of burn patients test positive for PTSD
A Loyola Medicine survey has found that 15.8 percent of adult burn patients screened positive for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Cell damage caused by the pesticide DDT is palliated
University of Cordoba researchers manage to reduce oxidative stress brought about by this well-known pesticide in mice via a selenium-enriched diet.

Will treating sleep apnea with CPAP improve sexual quality of life?
Long-term use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment for obstructive sleep apnea was associated an improvement in sexual quality of life for women, but not men.

Obese and overweight patients hospitalized with pneumonia are 20 percent to 30 percent less likely to die than normal-weight patients
New research from over 1,000 US hospitals presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria, shows that obese and overweight patients hospitalized for pneumonia are 20-30 percent less likely to die than patients of a normal weight.

Early lactate measurements appear to improve results for septic patients
The controversial Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Early Management Bundle study adds weight to the belief that early lactate measurements can make a big difference.

Molecular network boosts drug resistance and virulence in hospital-acquired bacterium
In response to antibiotics, a gene regulation network found in the bacterium Acinetobacter baumannii acts to boost both virulence and antibiotic resistance.

Did the Chicxulub asteroid knock Earth's thermometer out of the ballpark?
When the Chicxulub asteroid smashed into Earth 65 million years ago, the event drove an abrupt and long-lasting era of global warming, with a rapid temperature increase of 5°Celsius (C) that endured for roughly 100,000 years, a new study reports.

Kessler Foundation study compares neuropsychological tests for assessing deficits in MS
Kessler Foundation researchers compared two neuropsychological tests for assessing learning in individuals with multiple sclerosis.

Tick bite protection: New CDC study adds to the promise of permethrin-treated clothing
The case for permethrin-treated clothing to prevent tick bites keeps getting stronger.

Antiferromagnetic materials allow for processing at terahertz speeds
Data hurtle down fiber-optic cables at frequencies of several terahertz.

New study highlights opportunity to restore abundance to Hawaiian reef fisheries
A recently published study, led by researchers at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa, identified areas in the Hawaiian Islands that would provide the greatest increase in coastal fishery stocks, if effectively managed.

Storks on the wing
Scientists can predict which storks will migrate to Africa in autumn and which will remain in Europe.

Why we won't get to Mars without teamwork
If humanity hopes to make it to Mars anytime soon, we need to understand not just technology, but the psychological dynamic of a small group of astronauts trapped in a confined space for months with no escape, according to a paper published in American Psychologist, the flagship journal of the American Psychological Association.

Revealed mechanism behind citrus canker bacteria's defense system for predators
A study published by Brazilian researchers describes one of Xanthomonas citri's secretion systems and a signaling pathway that enhances its resistance against amoebae.

Portland State study measures free-base form of nicotine in electronic cigarettes
Researchers at Portland State University have developed methods for measuring levels of free-base nicotine in electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) liquids and vapor, the levels of which are associated with harshness upon inhalation of e-cigarette vapors and tobacco smoke.

Tumor cells evade death through in extremis DNA repair
p38 blockage has been shown to increase the death of tumor cells, thus causing tumors to shrink.

UMass Amherst chemists, team develop new blood test to quickly detect liver damage
Chemist Vincent Rotello at UMass Amherst, with others at University College London, have developed a 'quick and robust' blood test that can detect liver damage before symptoms appear, offering what they hope is a significant advance in early detection of liver disease.

NCI study finds gut microbiome can control antitumor immune function in liver
Scientists have found a connection between bacteria in the gut and antitumor immune responses in the liver.

Telemedicine helps improve participation in clinical trials
Videos and creative uses of other visuals provide a novel way to obtain informed consent during clinical trials to improve participants' understanding and retention of trial information, according to a study by Nemours Children's Health System presented at the American Thoracic Society (ATS) Annual Conference.

Rare element to provide better material for high-speed electronics
Purdue researchers have discovered a new two-dimensional material, derived from the rare element tellurium, to make transistors that carry a current better throughout a computer chip.

New computational tool could help optimize treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Scientists have developed a novel computational approach that incorporates individual patients' brain activity to calculate optimal, personalized brain stimulation treatment for Alzheimer's disease.

A system of check and balances in the blood
Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs) give rise to blood and immune cells of the body, and are therefore essential for our survival.

The changing shape of DNA
The shape of DNA can be changed with a range of triggers including copper and oxygen - according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

Radiative decay rates in Si crystallites with a donor ion
A team of Lobachevsky University researchers headed by Prof. Vladimir Burdov investigates radiative properties of silicon nanocrystals having sizes of the order of one nanometer, with phosphorus or lithium impurity ion introduced into them.

Study finds black Americans face education, income barriers to healthy behaviors
A new University of Iowa-led study reports educational opportunities and higher incomes may be key to closing the health gap between most black and white Americans.

Study shows in-home therapy effective for stroke rehabilitation
Stroke remains a leading cause of human disability and rehabilitation therapy can help.

Past use of disinfectants and PPE for Ebola could inform future outbreaks
Data from the 2014 Ebola virus outbreak at two Sierra Leone facilities reveal daily usage rates for disinfectant and personal protective equipment, informing future outbreaks, according to a study published May 24, 2018 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Michaela Mallow of International Medical Corps in Los Angeles, Calif., and colleagues.

Imminent extinction of northern white rhinoceros motivates new genetic recovery efforts
In a study published today in the journal Genome Research, researchers investigated the genetic history of nine northern white rhino (NWR) cryopreserved cell lines compared to that of a closely related subspecies, the southern white rhino (SWR).

400 million year-old evolutionary arms race helps researchers understand HIV
Researchers at Western University were interested in the origin of a gene that encodes for protein, HERC5, shown to potently inhibit HIV.

Bursts of brain activity linked to memory reactivation
Leading theories propose sleep presents an opportune time for important, new memories to become stabilized.

Volcano 'libraries' could help plan for future volcanic crises
Crystals from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption have demonstrated a new way to recognise pre-eruption signals at Eyjafjallajökull and potentially other, similar volcanoes around the world.

Genome study presents new way to track historical demographics of US populations
Sharon Browning of the University of Washington and colleagues developed a method to estimate historical effective population size, which is the number of individuals who pass on their genes to the next generation, to reveal the shifting demographic history of US populations during the last several thousand years.

Sepsis patients treated and released from emergency departments do well with outpatient follow-up
National guidelines assume that all patients who're diagnosed with clinical sepsis in an emergency department will be admitted to the hospital for additional care, but new research has found that many more patients are being treated and released from the ED for outpatient follow-up than previously recognized.

Jet streams experience traffic jams, too, driving extreme weather events
High above our heads, an unseen traffic jam is occurring as meandering jet streams cause eastward atmospheric circulations to become blocked, a process that can in turn create extreme events such as heat waves.

Why do we need one pair of genome?
Scientists have unraveled how the cell replication process destabilizes when it has more, or less, than a pair of chromosome sets, each of which is called a genome -- a major step toward understanding chromosome instability in cancer cells.

Experts look back at the impact of a global surgical safety checklist
A new BJS (British Journal of Surgery) article examines the past decade since the Safe Surgery Saves Lives Study Group at the World Health Organization introduced a surgical safety checklist.

Physical properties of solids elucidated by zooming in and out of high resolution
A single simulation of a solid can have two different resolutions to minimise the amount of computational power required to understand such matter, according to a recent paper published in EPJ E.

Hot cars can hit life-threatening levels in approximately one hour
Researchers from University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Arizona State University found that if a car is parked in the sun on a summer day, the interior temperature can reach 116 degrees F. and the dashboard may exceed 165 degrees F. in approximately one hour -- the time it can take for a young child trapped in a car to suffer fatal injuries.

Some veterans at higher risk of Zika complications
Zika virus (ZIKV) has affected roughly half a million people in the Western hemisphere in recent years, including US veterans.

When the dinosaurs died, so did forests -- and tree-dwelling birds
Sixty-six million years ago, the world burned. An asteroid crashed to Earth with a force one million times larger than the largest atomic bomb, causing the extinction of the dinosaurs.

Ingestible 'bacteria on a chip' could help diagnose disease
MIT researchers have built an ingestible sensor equipped with genetically engineered bacteria that can diagnose bleeding in the stomach or other gastrointestinal problems.

Milk and dairy do not promote childhood obesity according to comprehensive new review
A comprehensive review of the scientific evidence over the last 27 years concludes that cow's milk and other dairy products do not play a role in the development of childhood obesity.

Better together: How ecosystem services and adaptive decision-making can improve land management
An ecosystem services approach combined with adaptive decision-making can aid land and resource managers in administering their regions for the benefit of communities and stakeholders, according to a recent report by the US Geological Survey and Resources for the Future.

Switching with molecules
Molecular switch will facilitate the development of pioneering electro-optical devices

People with dementia more likely to go missing
The tendency of people with dementia to wander and become lost has led QUT researchers to recommend a 'Silver Alert' system, similar to Amber Alerts for missing children, be activated when someone with the diagnosis of dementia is reported lost.

Cyclist/motorist crashes worse at stop/give way junctions
Cyclists are being more seriously hurt in crashes with motor vehicles at intersections with 'Stop' or 'Give-way' signs than at intersections with traffic signals or without any signage, a study from QUT's Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety -- Queensland has found after examining police records.

Giant clams tell the story of past typhoons
A highly precise method to determine past typhoon occurrences from giant clam shells has been developed, with the hope of using this method to predict future cyclone activity.

Researchers identify bacteria and viruses ejected from the ocean
Certain types of bacteria and viruses are readily ejected into the atmosphere when waves break; others less so, researchers reported May 22.

Low-cost membrane cleans up light and heavy oils in a single step
Researchers at the University of British Columbia have developed a low-cost membrane that effectively separates oil and water on demand -- potentially paving the way for faster cleanups of oil spills and improved treatment of industrial wastewater in the future. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to