Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 30, 2018
Teaching chores to an AI
Recently, computer scientists have been working on teaching machines to do a wider range of tasks around the house.

New review highlights benefits of plant-based diets for heart health
A new review study published in Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases finds that vegetarian, especially vegan diets, are associated with better cardiovascular health.

Microscopic universe provides insight into life and death of a neutron
Experiments on the lifetime of a neutron reveal surprising and unexplained deviations.

Ants provide clues to why biodiversity is higher in the tropics
New global data of invertebrate distributions suggests time holds key to species diversity.

One-step, 3D printing for multimaterial projects developed by WSU researchers
New WSU research could potentially help manufacturers reduce 3D printing manufacturing steps and use one machine to make complex products with multiple parts in one operation.

Radish cover crop traps nitrogen; mystery follows
New research supports the use of radish as a cover crop as a trap crop for fall nitrogen.

Pigs digest fiber efficiently even at high inclusion rates, study finds
The use of high-fiber feed ingredients in swine diets is on the rise due to their wide availability and relatively low cost.

Two-pronged antibodies draw immune killers directly to cancer cells
Dubbed 'T-cell engaging bi-specific antibodies,' these cancer combatants attack malignant cells but leave healthy cells untouched.

Here is what it looks like, when a massive black hole devours a star
Dr. Jane Lixin Dai, theoretical astrophysicist and assistant professor and Professor Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz, both from the DARK Cosmology Center at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have recently provided the scientific community with a much-needed computer model.

Welfare backlash tied to white fear of declining status
White Americans' fear of losing their socioeconomic standing in the face of demographic change may be driving opposition to welfare programs, even though whites are major beneficiaries of government poverty assistance, according to new research from the University of California, Berkeley, and Stanford University.

Recycled electrical products lead to hazardous chemicals appearing in everyday items
Hazardous chemicals such as bromine, antimony and lead are finding their way into food-contact items and other everyday products because manufacturers are using recycled electrical equipment as a source of black plastic, according to a new study.

New study finds parasites affect flight ability of wild seabirds
A study led by the University of Liverpool and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) has found that parasites affect flight ability of wild seabirds, which may make it harder for them to raise chicks.

Even a shark's electrical 'sixth sense' may be tuned to attack
Imagine having superhuman hearing. You're at a noisy, cocktail party and yet your ears can detect normally inaudible sounds.

Ban e-cig flavors and misleading adverts to protect youth, says global respiratory group
In a statement published in the European Respiratory Journal, a coalition of respiratory doctors and scientists from six continents have warned of the dangers posed to children and adolescents by electronic cigarettes.

Poll: Half of older adults don't use health provider's secure patient communication site
A new poll suggests that many older adults still aren't using online systems to communicate with the doctors and other health care providers they rely on -- despite the widespread availability of such systems.

Price competition for generic drugs linked to increase in manufacturing-related recalls
Researchers from three universities have found that extreme price competition in the generic pharmaceutical market -- designed to make medications more affordable -- may be putting more patients at serious health risk, as evidenced by a higher number of product recalls caused by manufacturing-related problems.

Using telemedicine to bring genetic counseling to community cancer care
Genetic counseling for cancer patients has become standard of care at academic medical centers, but patients cared for at community-based medical practices across the United States may not have access to these resources.

Free tax services in pediatrics clinics yield high returns
During its first two years, StreetCred, a free tax preparation program developed at Boston Medical Center (BMC), helped 753 clients in pediatric clinics receive over $1.6 million in federal tax returns.

Global warming hits poorest hardest, new research shows
Australia will still be the lucky country when it comes to changes in local climate as a result of climate change if global average surface temperatures reach the 1.5°C or 2°C limit set by the Paris agreement.

Sensory-based food education encourages children to eat vegetables, berries and fruit
Sensory-based food education given to 3-5 year-old children in the kindergarten increases their willingness to choose vegetables, berries and fruit, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.

The smallest biggest theropod dinosaur
Spinosaurus is the longest, and among the largest predatory dinosaurs.

Creating an automated high-throughput flow cytometry system
New research highlights a diversity of approaches that automated high-throughput flow cytometry has enabled for phenotypic drug discovery.

Insomnia is a likely long-term side effect of stroke
Stroke patients experience sustained problems with insomnia potentially reducing their ability to relearn key skills and putting them at increased risk of depression, a new study in the journal Scientific Reports finds.

Researchers devise new way to discern what microbes eat
A new technique helps researchers determine food eaten by microbes.

Scientists use photonic chip to make virtual movies of molecular motion
Scientists from IUPUI, MIT, Nokia Bell Labs, NTT and the University of Bristol (UK), which led the study, have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level.

Paradoxically, environmental noise helps preserve the coherence of a quantum system
In work that could lead to scalable quantum computers, scientists from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science and collaborators have shown that thanks to the 'quantum Zeno effect,' with a three-particle system, that they can use dephasing -- a process that normally would reduce the coherence -- to paradoxically maintain coherence in a quantum system.

Promise of faster, more accessible schizophrenia diagnosis, Rutgers study shows
A Rutgers study shows how the hand-held device RETeval may prove to be a more accessible way to diagnose schizophrenia, predict relapse and symptom severity, and assess treatment effectiveness.

Details that look sharp to people may be blurry to their pets
Blind as a bat or eagle-eyed? Scientists compared hundreds of species by the sharpness of their sight.

New tool improves fishing efficiency and sustainability
New software targets most abundant fishing grounds and reduces catch of unwanted or protected species using satellite data, maps and observations.

Huddling for survival: monkeys with more social partners can winter
Wild monkeys which have more social partners form larger huddles in adverse weather and have a better chance of surviving winter, new research has found.

Magic in metal could help put excess carbon dioxide to good use
A University of Delaware researcher has identified a kind of magic in a metal that may be just what the doctor ordered for Planet Earth.

Supercomputers give scientists key insight into the lifetime of neutrons
Using the largest supercomputers in the country, scientists have reached a milestone decades in the making.

Prevalence of eating disorders taken from largest sample in the United States
Biological Psychiatry has published a new study revising the outdated estimates of the prevalence of eating disorders in the United States.

Public transit agencies should not have to disclose safety planning records in court, similar to laws for state highway agencies and passenger railroads, says new report
To enable public transit agencies to engage in more rigorous and effective safety planning, their safety planning records should not be admissible as evidence in civil litigation, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Goodbye 'stress granules': Study expands possibilities for treating neurological diseases
Cell biologists have deepened understanding of proteins associated with neurodegenerative diseases.

Alternative inflation rate may offer more accurate economic guidance
Consumer prices may be more volatile than are represented in current inflation indexes, which are used to guide a range of economic decisions, including guidance on interest rates and Social Security cost-of-living adjustments.

Flexible and dynamic transport solution for future 5G communications developed
A consortium of 20 industry-leading companies and organizations has announced the successful completion of the European research project 5G-Crosshaul, coordinated by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M).

Statistics: Brazil will play Germany in the FIFA World Cup final
The favorites for this year's World Cup title are Brazil and Germany.

As colorectal cancer rises in young people, new guidelines recommend screening start at 45
Study published today the journal Cancer recommends colorectal cancer screening start at age 45, five years younger than currently recommended for both men and women of all races and ethnicities.

New mums' voices get lower after pregnancy, shows a University of Sussex study
The pitch of new mothers' voices temporarily drops after they have had their first baby.

High protein diet slightly increases heart failure risk in middle-aged men
For middle-aged men, eating higher amounts of protein was associated with a slightly elevated risk for heart failure than those who ate less protein, according to new research from the University of Eastern Finland.

ESA tipsheet for June 2018
This is the ESA tipsheet for June 2018.

From Haifa to Tokyo: Medical detectives team up on selenoprotein1/EPT1
Ordinary tests couldn't diagnose an Israeli infant's developmental disorder. Until they completed whole-exome sequencing, his doctors were stumped.

Whiskered auklets lack wanderlust, are homebodies instead
A new study from The Auk: Ornithological Advances presents some of the best evidence that whiskered auklets are an outlier in the auklet family by not migrating and instead staying close to 'home' (their breeding colonies) year-round.

New study shows evidence that health information exchanges improve care, reduce costs
An updated systematic review of recent studies of health information exchanges found evidence the exchanges reduced both the cost of health care and its use.

Along Alaska's Pacific coast, early humans could have migrated to the Americas
New dating of rocks and reanalysis of animal bones from islands along the shore of southeastern Alaska suggests that a narrow corridor between the Pacific Ocean and the Cordilleran Ice Sheet (CIS) in Alaska may have enabled the migration of humans to the Americas as early as 17,000 years ago.

Screening for colorectal cancer in under-55-year-olds with family history: Benefit unclear
An update of the 2013 assessment shows that, due to a lack of suitable studies, data are missing for people with a family history of colorectal cancer.

Campylobacter -- the germ on chicken eggs
Eggs are a popular food. In fact, Germans consumed almost 20 billion of them in 2016, which equates to a per capita consumption of 235 eggs.

With supercomputing power, scientists solve a next-generation physics problem
Using the Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, a team of researchers has calculated a fundamental property of protons and neutrons, known as the nucleon axial coupling, with groundbreaking precision.

Italy's oldest olive oil discovered in peculiar pot
Chemical analysis conducted on ancient pottery discovered from the Early Bronze Age proves Italians started using olive oil 700 years sooner than what's previously been recorded.

Queen Mary research forecasting the evolution of cancer
Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a computer model that forecasts the changes that occur within tumors as they develop.

In ancient boulders, new clues about the story of human migration to the Americas
A geological study provides compelling evidence to support the hypothesis that ancient humans migrated into the Americas via a coastal route.

Lone water molecules turn out to be directors of supramolecular chemistry
A broken seal of a lab cuvette led an American researcher in the Netherlands to the origin of many an inexplicable result: the weather.

Song from the distant past, a new fossil pheasant from China preserves a super-elongated windpipe
A well preserved, nearly complete skeleton of a new extinct species of pheasant that lived between seven and 11 million years ago adjacent to the northeastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau in China preserves the oldest evidence of a bird having modified and specialized its vocalization sounds (songs or calls).

Getting conservationists and fishers on the same page
Historically, fisheries and the conservation community have struggled to find common ground.

Oil and gas wastewater on the road could mean health and environment woes
A truck kicking up dust as it speeds down a dirt road is a typical image in country music videos.

Seismometer readings could offer debris flow early warning
A debris flow that struck Montecito, Calif., in January was detected by a nearby seismometer.

A novel data-driven method to personalize cancer treatment
Identify and prioritize treatment options based on a patient's profile of genetic alterations is a major challenge in personalized cancer medicine.

Law firms do not encourage men to take parental leaves
The professional ethos of law firms discourages men from taking parental leave, a new Finnish-Canadian study shows.

SNU Researchers developed electronic skins that wirelessly activate fully soft robots
A research team of Seoul National University has developed a skin-like electronic system that is soft, thin, lightweight and can wirelessly activate soft robots through a simple lamination process.

American Cancer Society updates colorectal cancer screening guideline
An updated American Cancer Society guideline says colorectal cancer screening should begin at age 45 for people at average risk, based in part on data showing rates are increasing in young and middle-aged populations.

Self-driving cars must reduce traffic fatalities by at least 75 percent to stay on the roads
The race is on for companies to present their driverless cars to the public, but recent collisions involving autonomous vehicles developed by Uber Technologies Inc. and Tesla Inc. have led consumers to questions whether these vehicles can alleviate traffic issues and increase safety.

Mouse study links triclosan, a common antimicrobial, to colonic inflammation
A large research team led by senior author Guodong Zhang at the University of Massachusetts Amherst reports that the antimicrobial ingredient triclosan, found in hand soaps and toothpastes among other products, could have adverse effects on colonic inflammation and colon cancer by altering gut microbiota, the microbes found in our intestines.

Surgical technique improves sensation, control of prosthetic limb
An MIT study describes first human implementation of a surgical technique that improves a patient's sensation and control of a prosthetic limb.

New research predicts likelihood that one will believe conspiracy theories
Two new social psychology studies co-authored by Lehigh University researchers predict the likelihood that one will believe conspiracy beliefs or theories.

Some blood stem cells are better than others
In your body, blood stem cells produce approximately 10 billion new white blood cells, which are also known as immune cells, each and every day.

Iron-sulfur cluster research offers new avenues of investigating disease
Researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the University of Kentucky have discovered that disruptions in the construction of iron-sulfur clusters can lead to the buildup of fat droplets in certain cells.

'Hidden' driver discovered that helps prime the anti-tumor immune response
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital researchers have used systems biology approaches to reveal key details about regulation of immune function, including T cells that are central to cancer immunotherapy.

Study: Disease-causing stomach bug attacks energy generation in host cells
Researchers report in a new study that the bacterium Helicobacter pylori -- a major contributor to gastritis, ulcers and stomach cancer -- resists the body's immune defenses by shutting down energy production within the cells of the stomach lining that serve as a barrier to infection.

Adults with high blood pressure face higher healthcare costs
Adults with high blood pressure are estimated to pay almost $2,000 more in annual healthcare costs compared to those without high blood pressure.

Supercomputers provide new window into the life and death of a neutron
A team has enlisted powerful supercomputers to calculate a quantity, known as the 'nucleon axial coupling' or gA, that is central to our understanding of a neutron's lifetime.

New guidance on treating diabetes in elderly and frail adults
The new guidance will advise clinicians on helping elderly people with type 2 diabetes get the most out of treatment options, and for the first time contains guidance on how and when to stop diabetes treatments in particularly frail adults.

Heat is driving off clouds that dampen California wildfires
Sunny California may be getting too sunny. Increasing summer temperatures brought on by a combination of intensifying urbanization and warming climate are driving off once common low-lying morning clouds in many southern coastal areas of the state, leading to increased risk of wildfires, says a new study.

New cooking training significantly decreases sodium levels in Chinese take-out meals
While Chinese dishes are known to have one of the highest salt contents of all food categories, new research finds that a cooking training for Chinese take-out chefs and restaurant owners can result in substantial reductions in sodium in the foods they serve with no substantial loss of taste.

How to build a brain: discovery answers evolutionary mystery
Researchers at King's College London have discovered a fundamental process by which brains are built, which may have profound implications for understanding neurodevelopmental conditions like autism and epilepsy.

OSU, NOAA researchers document widespread methane seeps off Oregon coast
For the past two years, scientists from Oregon State University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have surveyed the Pacific Northwest near-shore region mapping sites where underwater bubble streams signify methane gas is being released from the seafloor.

Scientists use a photonic quantum simulator to make virtual movies of molecules vibrating
Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals.

Kicking the car(bon) habit better for air pollution than technology revolution
Changing our lifestyles and the way we travel could have as big - if not more of an impact on CO2 transport emissions, as electric vehicles and the transport technology revolution, according to new Oxford University research.

Sugarcane pest produces foam to protect itself from heat
Brazilian researchers found that the root spittlebug nymph produces bubbles by feeding on sap, to form a thermal insulator foam that maintains an optimal body temperatures during development.

New compound effective against drug-resistant pathogens, could lead to new antibiotics
Researchers have synthesized an analog of lipoxazolidinone A, a small molecule that is effective against drug-resistant bacteria such as MRSA.

Body knows best: A natural healing mechanism for inflammatory bowel disease
The findings suggest that boosting signals in certain cells and not in others might even help treat colon cancer.

No more sweet tooth? Scientists switch off pleasure from food in brains of mice
New research in mice has revealed that the brain's underlying desire for sweet, and its distaste for bitter, can be erased by manipulating neurons in the amygdala, the emotion center of the brain.

Sniffing out real truffles
At a cost of thousands of dollars per pound, truffles are an expensive food.

Growth of Greenlandic children is no longer stunted
Previous studies of growth of the indigenous Inuit people of Greenland, Canada and Alaska has characterized them as shorter but with the same weight as European or continental US citizens.

A crowded neighborhood
Glowing brightly about 160,000 light-years away, the Tarantula Nebula is the most spectacular feature of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy to our Milky Way.

Bioanalysis explores novel LC-MS assays impacting CYP and transporter DDI evaluations
Bioanalysis, a leading MEDLINE indexed journal for bioanalytical scientists, has published a Special Focus Issue on LC-MS assays impacting CYP and transporter DDI evaluations.

Cometh the cyborg: improved integration of living muscles into robots
Researchers at the University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science developed a novel method of growing whole muscles from hydrogel sheets impregnated with myoblasts.

NCI-MATCH precision medicine trial reaches milestone
NCI-MATCH (Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice), the largest precision medicine trial of its kind, achieves a milestone with the release of results from three treatment arms of the trial at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2018 annual meeting.

NUS scientists discover a new way to control blood pressure
NUS Medicine researchers have found a new means of controlling blood pressure that involves the protein Galectin-1, present in blood vessels and various other tissues.

Hormone therapy may lead to improved cognitive function
Hormones affect just about everything that goes on in a woman's body, from reproductive function and sexual libido to weight gain and overall mood.

Cellular recycling process is key to longer, healthier life
Building on two decades of research, investigators at UT Southwestern have determined that 'cellular housekeeping' can extend the lifespan and healthspan of mammals.

Building nanomaterials for next-generation computing
Nanoscientists at Northwestern University have developed a blueprint to fabricate new heterostructures from different types of 2-D materials, single atom layers that can be stacked together like 'nano-interlocking building blocks.' Materials scientists and physicists are excited about the properties of 2-D materials and their potential applications.

Nuclear scientists calculate value of key property that drives neutron decay
Supercomputer simulations of neutrons' inner turmoil and a new method that filters out 'noise' yield the highest-ever precision calculation of nucleon axial coupling, a property crucial to predicting neutron lifetime.

Life recovered rapidly at impact site of dino-killing asteroid
New research led by the University of Texas at Austin finds that life rebounded in the crater left by the asteroid that killed the dinosaurs much faster than previously thought.

NIH scientists show how tularemia bacteria trick cells to cause disease
Francisella tularensis is the bacterium that causes tularemia, a life-threatening disease spread to humans via contact with an infected animal or through mosquito, tick or deer fly bites.

Igniting the rheumatoid arthritis flame through a cellular cascade
Osaka University-led international researchers identified a network of cells responsible for secretion of a key inflammatory cytokine in development of rheumatoid arthritis in a mouse model of disease.

Swabbing cesarean-born babies with vaginal fluids potentially unsafe and unnecessary
'Vaginal seeding,' whereby cesarean-delivered babies are immediately swabbed with the mother's vaginal fluids, is unjustified and potentially unsafe, finds a comprehensive scientific review of this practice.

Research finds pain expectation is pain reality for children
The study reinforces that pain expectation informs pain experience in children, significantly.

Researchers find leukemia and lymphoma drug may benefit glioblastoma patients
New Cleveland Clinic research shows for the first time that ibrutinib, an FDA-approved drug for lymphoma and leukemia, may also help treat the most common -- and deadliest -- type of brain tumor.

Mixing science and politics 
The inaugural March for Science, held last year in Washington, D.C., and other cities across the world, celebrated science and its role in our everyday lives.

ASCO to honor Ludwig scientists at 2018 Annual Meeting
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) will honor two Ludwig scientists at its 2018 Annual Meeting in Chicago, Ill., June 1-5, 2018.

The xB3 platform efficiently delivers antibodies across the BBB at therapeutic doses
Bioasis Technologies Inc, a biopharmaceutical company developing its xB3 TM proprietary platform technology for the delivery of therapeutics across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the treatment of CNS disorders in areas of high unmet medical-need, including brain cancers and neurodegenerative diseases, today announced the publication of independent research validating the ability of the company's xB3 platform to efficiently deliver antibodies across the blood-brain barrier to the central nervous system in therapeutically relevant doses.

CLL patient treated at Penn goes into remission thanks to single CAR T cell
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's Abramson Cancer Center say a patient treated for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in 2013 went into remission because of a single CAR T cell and the cells it produced as it multiplied, and has stayed cancer free in the five years since, with CAR T cells still present in his immune system.

Workplace dress codes present barriers to people living with disabilities
According to the US Census, nearly 20 million people of working age live with a disability.

Metabolically 'healthy' obesity still linked to higher risk of cardiovascular disease
Women who are obese face an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, even if they have maintained good metabolic health for decades.

Is a common antimicrobial harmful to gut health?
Scientists have discovered that triclosan, an antimicrobial additive found in thousands of consumer products, causes colon inflammation and exacerbates colon cancer in mice.

Study examines tax compliance behavior in small business owners
A new Applied Psychology study examines the ethical behaviors of small business owners in terms of tax compliance versus avoidance, and how internalized values and external punishment may come into play.

NASA finds Subtropical Depression Alberto's center over Indiana
NASA's Terra satellite provided infrared data on Subtropical Depression Alberto when it was centered over Indiana and as it moved through the Ohio Valley.

Having an abortion does not lead to depression
Having an abortion does not increase a woman's risk for depression, according to a new University of Maryland School of Public Health-led study of nearly 400,000 women.

Older men with higher levels of sex hormones could be less religious
The level of sex hormones such as testosterone in a man's body could influence his religiosity.

Oil and gas wastewater as dust suppressant less than ideal
At the least, wastewater from oil and gas drilling should be treated in a waste treatment facility before it is used on dirt roads to suppress dust or deice roads.

Breaking good -- Key discovery made for battling opioid epidemic
Making opioids from sugar instead of from field grown opium poppies has the potential to solve many of the problems associated with manufacturing strong pain killers.

Insufficient vitamin D linked to miscarriage among women with prior pregnancy loss
Among women planning to conceive after a pregnancy loss, those who had sufficient levels of vitamin D were more likely to become pregnant and have a live birth, compared to women with insufficient levels of the vitamin, according to an analysis by researchers at the National Institutes of Health.

Promising news from biomedicine: DNA origami more resilient than previously understood
Study shows these nanostructures can survive in extremely low magnesium concentrations, opening up a broad spectrum of biophysical and biomedical applications.

Old Maori village discovered by Otago archaeologists
A group of University of Otago archaeologists have uncovered the peripheries of a 14th century Maori village in Gisborne, New Zealand. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to