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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | June 08, 2018


Cooling by laser beam
A laser pulse that for a few picoseconds transforms a material into a high-temperature superconductor.
Infrared NASA imagery shows Hurricane Aletta strengthening
When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Aletta in the Eastern Pacific Ocean it had just become the first hurricane of the season.
First public forecasts from ViEWS, a political Violence Early-Warning System
The challenges of preventing, mitigating, and adapting to largescale political violence are daunting, particularly when violence escalates where it is not expected.
High food insecurity found in a sample of adults on probation in Rhode Island
A new study led by public health researchers at Tufts University School of Medicine reports significant food insecurity for adults on probation in Rhode Island.
Science of racism examined in new set of research articles
Psychological scientists describe research on the enduring and often hidden presence of racism at both the interpersonal and societal levels in the June issue of Current Directions in Psychological Science.
Food allergies connected to children with autism spectrum disorder
A new study from the University of Iowa and published by the Journal of the American Medical Association finds that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more than twice as likely to suffer from a food allergy than children who do not have ASD.
Dogs can detect agricultural diseases early
Laurel wilt disease has had a devastating effect on the avocado industry in South Florida in past harvest seasons.
New hope from the 'seven year switch' in Type 1 diabetes
A team at the University of Exeter Medical School found evidence that the amount of insulin produced declines by almost 50 percent each year for seven years.
Ukrainian villages still suffering legacy of Chernobyl more than 30 years on
Milk in parts of Ukraine has radioactivity levels up to five times over the country's official safe limit, new research shows.
Virtual brain gives insights into memory deficits in depression
During a depressive episode the ability of the brain to form new brain cells is reduced.
Reducing opioids not associated with lower patient satisfaction scores
A Kaiser Permanente study of nearly 2,500 patients who used high doses of opioids for at least six months showed that reducing their opioid use did not lower their satisfaction with care.
Gene editing just got easier
An international team of researchers has made CRISPR technology more accessible and standardized by simplifying its complex implementation in a way that offers a broad platform for off-the shelf genome engineering.
'Monstrous' new Russian saber-tooth fossils clarify early evolution of mammal lineage
Fossils representing two new species of saber-toothed prehistoric predators have been described by researchers from the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences (Raleigh, USA) and the Vyatka Paleontological Museum (Kirov, Russia).
Thorny life of new-born neurons
The hippocampus is a critical region in the brain for learning and memory.
New system recovers fresh water from power plants
A system devised by MIT engineers recovers fresh water from power plants.
Face transplantation -- An established option to improve quality of life in patients with severe facial trauma
Thirteen years after the first successful face transplant, US trauma surgeons should be aware of the current role of facial transplantation for patients with severe facial disfigurement -- including evidence that the final appearance and functioning are superior to that provided by conventional reconstructive surgery.
Scientists find ordered magnetic patterns in disordered magnetic material
A team of scientists working at Berkeley Lab has confirmed a special property known as 'chirality' -- which potentially could be exploited to transmit and store data in a new way -- in nanometers-thick samples of multilayer materials that have a disordered structure.
How stem cells move
Scientists from Newcastle University have shown that human embryonic stem cells move by travelling back and forth in a line, much like ants moving along their trails.
In desert trials, next-generation water harvester delivers fresh water from air
UC Berkeley scientists who last year built a prototype harvester to extract water from the air using only the power of the sun have scaled up the device to see how much water they can capture in arid conditions in Arizona.
Oldest bubonic plague genome decoded
An international team of researchers led by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History has analyzed two 3,800-year-old Y. pestis genomes that suggest a Bronze Age origin for bubonic plague.
'Supersized alcopops' pose unique danger to youth
College students seriously underestimate the effects of drinking a new class of beverages being marketed across the country, according to a new George Mason University study.
Visual worlds in mirror and glass
The Visual Perception and Cognition Laboratory research team at the Toyohashi University of Technology has uncovered a material perception mechanism with which humans discriminate between reflective and transparent materials (mirror and glass).
Nano-saturn
Saturn is the second largest planet in our solar system and has a characteristic ring.
Scientists go deep to quantify perovskite properties
Scientists led by Rice University and Los Alamos National Laboratory have discovered properties in naturally occurring solution-processed quantum wells that are likely to impact the growing field of low-cost perovskite based optoelectronics.
Holes in the head
UM neurorehabilitation expert Dr. David S. Kushner, who helps modern patients recover from brain surgery, chronicles the remarkable skill of ancient Peru's cranial surgeons.
Increased safety in diagnosing cardiac infarction with more sensitive analytical method
Five percent more cardiac infarctions detected and 11 percent fewer patients suffering a relapse.
Water users associations approve remote control watering systems
Researchers at the University of Cordoba assess the success or failure of installing remote control systems and data measuring in water users associations.
New method helps make orthotopic brain-tumor imaging clearer and faster
A research team led by Prof. ZHENG Hairong from the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology (SIAT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, in collaboration with Prof.
Researcher creates 3D printed multimaterial with programmed stiffness
The technology could be useful in various applications, including aircraft wing structures, protective coatings, energy absorption, actuation, flexible armor, artificial muscles, and microrobotics.
The burglary microbiome project
Researchers have demonstrated that microbial signatures, the unique microbial make-up of each individual, from the built environment can identify persons involved in crimes occurring in the home, such as burglaries.
Coral tricks for adapting to ocean acidification
A molecular process that signals distress could also help corals adapt to climate change.
Are antibiotics overused in treatment of outpatient acute respiratory infections?
Antibiotics are most commonly prescribed for acute respiratory infections, although most of these infections are caused by viruses for which antibiotics aren't effective.
Tropical Storm Ewiniar landfall in China seen by NASA's Aqua satellite
When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the South China Sea on June 7 infrared imagery showed Tropical Storm Ewiniar's center made landfall in southeastern China.
Bone apetit: How bacteria eat bone to sustain invasive infection
Researchers from Vanderbilt University Medical Center have determined the metabolic pathway that Staphylococcus aureus use to survive in bones.
NASA's Aqua satellite sees formation of Tropical Storm Maliksi
Tropical Storm Maliksi formed in the Philippine Sea, off the northeastern coast of the Philippines as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead.
A new way to measure energy in microscopic machines
In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy.
Temple researchers reverse cognitive impairments in mice with dementia
Reversing memory deficits and impairments in spatial learning is a major goal in dementia research.
New insight into why Pierce's disease is so deadly to grapevines
Scientists are gaining a better understanding of Pierce's disease and how it affects grapevines.
ARS scientists are working to ensure safe waterways in Georgia
Scientists with USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) are developing ways to identify the sources of any potentially harmful bacteria found in the surface waters around Athens, Georgia.
Bees and the thought of naught
Honeybees can conceive and interpret zero. This has just been demonstrated by a scientist from the Research Centre on Animal Cognition (CNRS / Université Toulouse III--Paul Sabatier) and her Australian colleagues, proving for the first time ever that insects are capable of mathematical abstraction.
Study: Are birth mothers satisfied with decisions to place children for adoption?
New research findings from Baylor University's Diana R. Garland School of Social Work could change the adoption landscape for birth mothers struggling with the life-altering decision to place their children.
Consumers beware: High user 'star ratings' don't mean a mobile medical app works
By screening 250 user reviews and comments for a once popular -- but proven inaccurate -- mobile app claiming to change your iPhone into a blood pressure monitor, Johns Hopkins researchers have added to evidence that a high 'star rating' doesn't necessarily reflect medical accuracy or value.
Move over, 'Laurel or Yanny': Study looks at why we hear talking as singing after many repetitions
A team from the University of Kansas has investigated the 'Speech-to-Song Illusion,' where a spoken phrase is repeated and begins to sound as if it were being sung.
Close encounters of the fishy kind
Global Fishing Watch releases the first-ever 'live' global view of likely transshipping at sea -- a practice that can mask illegal fishing activity, and imagery of night-time fishing and its location, exposing vessels often hidden from other monitoring systems.
A 'super' receptor that helps kill HIV infected cells
Researchers have discovered a unique set of 'super' receptors on immune cells capable of killing HIV across genetically diverse populations, making them a potential candidate for immunotherapy treatments.
Antioxidants developed by MSU scientists slow down senescence in plants
A team from the Faculty of Biology, MSU tested on plants mitochondria-targeted antioxidants developed in the university lab under the guidance of Academician Vladimir Skulachev.
Electrons take one step forward without two steps back
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside, have, for the first time, successfully used electric dipoles to completely suppress electron transfer in one direction while accelerating in the other.
Carbon dioxide reduces belly fat
The first randomized, controlled trial testing carbon dioxide gas injections (carboxytherapy) to reduce belly fat found the new technique eliminates fat around the stomach.
Research reveals secret to whale shark hotspots
A study has uncovered the secret to why endangered whale sharks gather on mass at just a handful of locations around the world.
Ten thousand bursting genes
Scientists can now image the activity of 10,421 genes at once within individual cells, using a new technique developed at Caltech.
The cartography of the nucleus
A new technique creates maps of the folded structures of DNA, RNA, and proteins within the cellular nucleus, revealing elegant 'hubs' of organization.
Association of food allergy, other allergies with autism spectrum disorder
Food and other types of allergies are more likely to be reported in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) than in children without ASD but the underlying reasons for this association aren't clear.
Silicon provides means to control quantum bits for faster algorithms
Quantum bits are now easier to manipulate for devices in quantum computing, thanks to enhanced spin-orbit interaction in silicon.
Study: Populations of widely spread tree species respond differently to climate change
A new Portland State University study shows that not all populations of a single, widely spread tree species respond the same to climate change, something scientists will need to consider when making climate change projections.
Unexpected new dynamics for large DNA molecules in liquid suspension
Polymer physicists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst are today reporting the unexpected and previously unknown behavior of a charged macromolecule such as DNA embedded in a charged hydrogel, where it displays what they call a 'topologically frustrated' inability to move or diffuse in the gel, a phenomenon they describe in the current Nature Communications.
New way to predict caries progression
A team of researchers form Russia discovered that an increase in the concentration of several substances in oral fluid can serve as the indication of caries development.

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