Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 14, 2018
Climate change means fish are moving faster than fishing rules, Rutgers-led study says
Climate change is forcing fish species to shift their habitats faster than the world's system for allocating fish stocks, exacerbating international fisheries conflicts, according to a study led by a Rutgers University-New Brunswick researcher.

Social rejection is painful and can lead to violence. Mindfulness may provide a solution.
People who have greater levels of mindfulness -- or the tendency to maintain attention on and awareness of the present moment -- are better able to cope with the pain of being rejected by others, according to a new study led by a team of Virginia Commonwealth University researchers.

Without 'yoga and chardonnay' leukemia stem cells are stressed to death
University of Colorado Cancer Center researchers nix leukemia stem cell (LSC) stress-relief pathway to kill LSCs without harming healthy blood stem cells, paving the way for new therapies targeting these most dangerous cancer cells.

Early birds less prone to depression
A study of 32,000 women found that those with an early chronotype, or sleep-wake preference, were significantly less likely to develop depression.

NASA finds small strength in newly formed Tropical Depression 08W
Tropical Depression 08W formed around the same time as Tropical Storm 07W, and both are in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean basin.

Black + white = Not white
A new study suggests that the so-called 'minority bias' exerts a powerful influence -- important since one in five Americans is expected to identify as multiracial by 2050.

New position paper recommends treatment options for nightmare disorder in adults
A variety of treatment options may be effective for nightmare disorder in adults, according to a position paper from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM).

Researchers can count on improved proteomics method
Princeton's Martin Wühr has improved upon his method to accurately count the proteins present in a cell under different circumstances.

Yellow fever: A new method for testing vaccine safety
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, the CNRS and Sanofi Pasteur have recently developed a novel alternative method to animal testing that can be used to verify the safety of vaccines such as the yellow fever vaccine.

A maestro that conducts the invasiveness of glioblastoma tumors
Glioblastoma is the most severe form of brain cancer in adults.

Naming rights for five new snail-sucking snake species auctioned to save forests in Ecuador
Five new species of eye-catching snakes with curious eating habits were found to inhabit forests in Ecuador.

Clinical advances in systemic lupus erythematosus
The results of two studies presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrate exciting advances for individuals suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

Parents see cancer prevention potential as best reason for HPV vaccination
Parents of adolescents believed that the potential to prevent certain types of cancer is the best reason for their children to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, whereas other reasons health care providers often give were far less persuasive.

Gene testing could identify men with prostate cancer who may benefit from immunotherapy
Scientists have identified a pattern of genetic changes that could pick out men with advanced prostate cancer who are likely to benefit from immunotherapy.

Study identifies key challenges when communicating potential policies
A team of Cambridge researchers sets out to define a new science for policy communications, with ambitions of finding the 'Goldilocks zone' between too much and not enough information when informing both legislators and the public on complex issues.

The molecules that energize babies' hearts
A metabolic process that provides heart muscle with energy fails to mature in newborns with thickened heart walls, according to a Japan-Canada research team.

Key ocean fish can prevail with changes to farmed fish, livestock diets
A new study shows that if current aquaculture and agriculture practices remain unchanged into the future, wild forage fish populations likely will be overextended by the year 2050, and possibly sooner.

Non-coding DNA changes sex determination
Scientists have identified a key enhancer of Sox9 -- a gene critical for male sex development -- and demonstrated that deleting this non-coding DNA results in male-to-female sex reversal.

CLOVES Syndrome: Remarkable improvement in the health of 19 patients medical first
Dr Guillaume Canaud at the Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital AP-HP, the Paris Descartes University, Inserm and his team recently demonstrated the efficacy of a novel medication in a cohort of 19 patients suffering from CLOVES Syndrome (Congenital Lipomatous Overgrowth, Vascular Malformation, Epidermal Naevi) or similar disorders.

Emergency departments help close gaps in opioid abuse and addiction treatment
Following emergency care for an opioid overdose, an emergency department-facilitated transition to outpatient care is more likely to lead to healthier patient outcomes when it begins with Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) in the emergency department, according to a review of current evidence published in Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Racial differences uncovered in debilitating itchy skin condition
An international team led by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers has conducted what is believed to be the largest detailed published study of people with a poorly understood skin condition known as prurigo nodularis (PN).

New evidence sheds light on how Parkinson's disease may happen
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital have identified unexpected new key players in the development of an early onset form of Parkinson's disease called Parkinsonism.

System allows surveillance cameras to 'talk' to the public through individual smartphones
Purdue University researchers have created a technology that allows public cameras to send personalized messages to people without compromising their privacy.

American College of Physicians urges federal court to reject lawsuit seeking to overturn essential patient protections
The American College of Physicians, together with the American Medical Association, the American Academy of Family Physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry have filed an amicus curiae (friend of the court) brief in the case of Texas vs. the United States.

Microbe breaks 'universal' DNA rule by using two different translations
DNA is often referred to as the blueprint for life, however scientists have for the first time discovered a microbe that uses two different translations of the DNA code at random.

Girls with high level of vitamin D have stronger muscles
Girls are stronger with higher levels of vitamin D, but the association was not found in boys.

Rapid genetic testing can prevent hearing loss in newborns treated for sepsis
More than a million neonatal deaths worldwide each year are estimated to be due to sepsis.

Numbers of Maori and Pacific students training to be doctors and dentists skyrocket
There has been a significant increase in diversity of students entering the University of Otago's health professional programmes in recent years, especially among Maori and Pacific students and those from rural areas.

US smokers don't believe vaping is less harmful than smoking
A growing proportion of US adults do not believe that e-cigarettes are less harmful than smoking, according to an analysis of the US Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study data from 2013 to 2015.

Agricultural intensification not a 'blueprint' for sustainable development
New research suggests that the combined social and ecological results of increased agricultural intensification in low and middle-income countries are not as positive as expected.

Network theory links behavioral information flow with contained epidemic outbreaks
Over the last two decades, large-scale outbreaks of infectious diseases have resulted in high levels of morbidity, mortality, and overall economic burden for affected regions.

Amber fossils provide oldest evidence of frogs in wet, tropical forests
99-million-year-old amber fossils from Myanmar provide the earliest evidence of frogs in wet, tropical forests.

Five new species of snail-sucking snakes discovered
New research led by the American Museum of Natural History has uncovered five new species of snakes in Ecuador and Peru with peculiar dining etiquette: they suck the viscous bodies of snails out of their shells.

Daily text message may improve adherence and treatment outcomes in patients with gout
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrate significant improvements in adherence and clinical outcomes in gout patients who received a daily text message to remind them to take allopurinol.

Two-faced South Asian monsoons both propagate and purify pollution in the air
An airborne research campaign exploring the 'self-cleaning capacity' of the atmosphere has revealed summer monsoons in South Asia may both purify the air of some pollutants but disperse others.

Novel in vitro approaches for toxicity testing of inhaled substances
Integrated approaches that avoid the use of animals to assess the toxicity of inhaled materials may include a computational model to screen for chemical reactivity, a human tissue-based assay to predict the absorption of a chemical into the respiratory tract, and other types of advanced systems based on in vitro and in vivo respiratory biology.

Climate change has fish moving faster than regulations can keep up
The world's system for allocating fish stocks is being outpaced by the movement of fish species in response to climate change, according to a study undertaken by an international team of marine ecologists, fisheries and social scientists, and lawyers.

Scientists show that drugs targeting tumor metabolism will not stop Natural Killer cells
The scientists discovered that while glutamine is a key fuel for many tumors, it is not so for natural killer cells.

Mainz scientists identify enzyme responsible for vascular damage caused by aircraft noise
In a recent study, scientists at the Department of Cardiology at the University Medical Center of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have identified an enzyme responsible for aircraft-related vascular damage.

Gene therapy restores hand function after spinal cord injury in rats
Researchers at King's College London have shown that rats with spinal cord injuries can re-learn skilled hand movements after being treated with a gene therapy that could be switched on and off using a common antibiotic.

UTSW researchers find transport molecule has unexpected role
UT Southwestern researchers recently reported a basic science finding that might someday lead to better treatments for neurodegenerative diseases like a hereditary form of Lou Gehrig's disease.

Sculpting with graphene foam
Rice University scientists have developed a simple way to produce conductive, three-dimensional objects made of graphene foam.

Children in India demonstrate religious tolerance, study finds
A new investigation of how children reason about religious rules reveals a remarkable level of acceptance of different religions' rules and practices.

Synodos for NF2 Consortium publishes key results of its work
The Synodos for NF2 consortium of the Children's Tumor Foundation (CTF) today published its first set of results in the scientific journal PLOS ONE.

The Lancet: Study questions the benefits of abdominal aortic aneurysm screening in men
Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm -- swelling of the major artery in the abdomen, which can cause sudden death if it ruptures -- may not substantially reduce deaths from the condition, according to a Swedish cohort study of more than 130,000 men published in The Lancet.

Bone mass may suffer when teenage girls binge drink
Teenage girls who regularly binge drink may fail to reach their peak bone mass, according to a new study published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Dads often earn more, even if they're not harder workers
When it comes to earning potential, it pays to be a dad, new UBC research suggests.

Drexel's ExCITe Center releases first national study of K-12 education makerspaces
Drexel University's ExCITe Center released Making Culture, the first in-depth examination of K-12 education makerspaces nationwide, revealing the significance of cultural aspects of making that enable learning.

Markers, erasers, and germs, oh my!
A thorough, terminal cleaning of hospital rooms between patients is essential for eliminating environmental contamination, and a checklist is a standard tool to guide the cleaning staff.

Proteins as a 'shuttle service' for targeted administration of medication
Medication that reaches the spot where it's needed without placing strain on the rest of the body is no longer a vision of the future.

Combining NSAIDs and TNFi may reduce radiographic progression in ankylosing spondylitis
The results of a cohort study presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) showed that, in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) taking tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors, the addition of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) was associated with significantly less radiographic progression in a dose-related manner at four years.

161 genetic factors for myopia identified
The international Consortium for Refractive Error and Myopia (CREAM) recently published the worldwide largest genetic study of myopia, which identified 161 genetic factors for short-sightedness.

Water fluoridation confirmed to prevent dental decay in US children and adolescents
The fluoridation of America's drinking water was a great public health achievement in the twentieth century but there are few studies from the last three decades investigating the impact of water fluoridation on US dental health.

Humans are causing mammals to increasingly adopt the nightlife
Human activity is driving many mammals worldwide to be more active at night, when they are less likely to encounter humans, a new study reveals.

New type of photosynthesis discovered
The discovery changes our understanding of the basic mechanism of photosynthesis and should rewrite the textbooks.

Quantum transfer at the push of a button
In the new quantum information technologies, fragile quantum states have to be transferred between distant quantum bits.

Youth-R-Coach: A peer-to-peer program for young people suffering with chronic disease
The details of a youth project presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrate how, by empowering patients to become 'experts-by-experience,' young people can give support to peers as well as provide insights into living with a chronic illness as a young person.

Rise of carbapenem-resistant Enterobactericaeae
Infections with bacteria resistant to carbapenems, a group of highly effective antibiotics, pose a significant threat to patients and healthcare systems in all EU/EEA countries, warns ECDC in a Rapid Risk Assessment.

3D imaging and computer modeling capture breast duct development
Working with hundreds of time-lapse videos of mouse tissue, a team of biologists joined up with civil engineers to create what is believed to be the first 3D computer model to show precisely how the tiny tubes that funnel milk through the breasts of mammals form.

Astronomers see distant eruption as black hole destroys star
Scientists get first direct images showing fast-moving jet of particles ejected as a supermassive black hole at the core of a galaxy shreds a passing star.

Parents ranked cancer prevention as number one provider reason for HPV vaccination
Parents ranked cancer prevention as the most compelling reason health care providers can give for recommending the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, according to a survey led by University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers.

Distant moons may harbor life
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside and the University of Southern Queensland have identified more than 100 giant planets that potentially host moons capable of supporting life.

Spontaneous fluctuations of brain activity influence what you see
Luca Iemi from HSE University, jointly with Niko A Busch from Westfälische Wilhelms- Universität, have found that the state of excitability of the brain -- indexed byspontaneous neural oscillations -- biases a person's subjective perceptual experience, rather than their decision-making strategy.

Researchers develop molecular assembly method for cancer therapy and diagnostics
Cancer is a complex disease to treat, and yet the operating principle of many current treatments is to simply kill healthy cells a little slower than cancerous ones.

NIH-supported researchers find link between allergen in red meat and heart disease
A team of researchers says it has linked sensitivity to an allergen in red meat to the buildup of plaque in the arteries of the heart.

Personel management - when self-doubt misjudges achievement
Individuals who have a pervasive sense that their reputations are not justified by their achievements may suffer from impostor syndrome.

Learning a scene that's unseen, without human help
Scientists at Google DeepMind have developed a machine-learning system that can 'observe' a scene from multiple angles and predict what the same space would look from an entirely different view -- one not encountered during training.

EEG can determine if a depressed patient will do better on antidepressants or talk therapy
A simple, in-office EEG-based test can help determine if a depressed patient will do better on antidepressants or talk therapy.

Pharmacists intervention improves management of diseases among Syrian refugees in Jordan
As global political conflicts continue, refugees are facing challenges such as the unavailability of proper medical care.

Tripling the energy storage of lithium-ion batteries
Scientists have synthesized a new cathode material from iron fluoride that surpasses the capacity limits of traditional lithium-ion batteries.

Pre-delivery risk factors associated with C-section infections
Having a prior cesarean section (C-section), smoking, illicit drug use, and obesity increase the likelihood of developing an infection during a C-section delivery, according to new research presented at the 45th Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

Modern alchemists are making chemistry greener
Modern alchemists are trying to replace precious metals with greener, cheaper alternatives.

Online information on vaccines and Autism not always reliable, study shows
Google search results in several countries can provide unreliable information based on old, 'weak' scientific studies.

UAlberta research identifies possible new pathway to treat anxiety
William Colmers, a University of Alberta professor in the Department of Pharmacology, has identified a new pathway in the brain that might be a good target for a drug to reduce the symptoms of anxiety.

Rheumatoid arthritis in pregnancy associated with low birth weight and premature birth
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrate that pregnancies in women with rheumatoid arthritis are associated with premature delivery and low birth weight.

Large international study links blood vitamin D levels to colorectal cancer risk
A new study authored by scientists from more than 20 medical centers and organizations finds that higher circulating vitamin D concentrations are significantly associated with lower colorectal cancer risk.

Significant increase in self-harm attempts following ankylosing spondylitis diagnosis
The results of a population study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrate a significantly increased rate of self-harm attempts in inflammatory arthritis (IA), particularly following a diagnosis of Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS).

Minimalist biostructures designed to create nanomaterials
Researchers from the IBB-UAB fabricate 4 molecules of only 7 amino acids with the ability to self-assemble and rapidly and inexpensively form nanomaterials for biomedical and nanotechnological purposes.

NASA finds heaviest rainfall north of Tropical Storm Bud's center
NASA's Terra satellite captured an infrared image of Tropical Storm Bud that revealed strongest storms were in a band extending from north to east of the center.

Sorting ghosts
A team made of a scientific start-up company and academic researchers has invented a new cell identification and sorting system called Ghost Cytometry.

UNC study: Tdap vaccine given during pregnancy reduces occurrence of infant pertussis
A study led by UNC's Sylvia Becker-Dreps, M.D., M.P.H., reviewed more than 675,000 pregnancies in the US to determine if the Tdap vaccine given to a mother will reduce the chances of her child developing pertussis during the first 18 months of life.

TNT could be headed for retirement after 116 years on the job
Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the US Army Research Laboratory in Aberdeen, Md., have developed a novel 'melt-cast' explosive material that could be a suitable replacement for Trinitrotoluene, more commonly known as TNT.

Undersea fiber optics: A new way to detect quakes
Monitoring earthquake-induced changes in fiber optic cables on the ocean floor represents a new way to detect quakes, researchers say.

Long suspected theory about the moon holds water
A team of Japanese scientists led by Masahiro Kayama of Tohoku University's has discovered a mineral known as moganite in a lunar meteorite found in a hot desert in northwest Africa.

The chances of detecting clumps in atomic nuclei are growing
What do atomic nuclei really look like? Are the protons and neutrons they contain distributed chaotically?

This is what a stretchy circuit looks like
Researchers in China have made a new hybrid conductive material -- part elastic polymer, part liquid metal -- that can be bent and stretched at will.

Depressive symptoms associated with disease severity in patients with knee osteoarthritis
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrate that among individuals with radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA), decreased physical performance and greater structural disease severity are associated with a higher risk of experiencing depressive symptoms.

New discovery about the brain's water system may prove beneficial in stroke
Water is transported from the blood into the brain via an ion transporter, a new study on mice conducted at the University of Copenhagen reveals.

Foods combining fats and carbohydrates more rewarding than foods with just fats or carbs
Researchers show that the reward center of the brain values foods high in both fat and carbohydrates -- i.e., many processed foods -- more than foods containing only fat or only carbs.

Researchers pinpoint new subtype of prostate cancer
Researchers led by the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center have identified a new subtype of prostate cancer that occurs in about 7 percent of patients with advanced disease.

Syringe exchange program played key role in controlling HIV outbreak
A study by researchers investigating the 2015 HIV outbreak in Scott County, Indiana, found that a syringe services program is an important tool to control and prevent HIV outbreaks among people who inject drugs in a nonurban area.

Sepsis-3 criteria 'preferable' in prognostication of critically ill patients
Researchers from the University of Ottawa sought to compare the prognostic accuracy of the Sepsis-3 septic shock criteria with the SIRS-based septic shock criteria for prediction of in-hospital mortality among patients hospitalized with suspected infection, receiving a RRT assessment for acute deterioration.

When emotional memories intrude, focusing on context could help, study finds
When negative memories intrude, focusing on the contextual details of the incident rather than the emotional fallout could help minimize cognitive disruption and redirect the brain's resources to the task at hand, suggests a new study by psychologists at the University of Illinois.

Endocrine-disrupting pesticides impair frog reproduction
In a new study, researchers from Sweden and Britain have investigated how the endocrine-disrupting substance linuron affects reproduction in the West African clawed frog, Xenopus tropicalis.

Antarctic ice sheet mass loss has increased
An international study involving scientists from TU Dresden delivers comprehensive facts.

Certain eye conditions in children may affect performance on timed, standardized tests
Children with eye conditions commonly referred to as lazy eye and crossed eyes were slower at marking answers on multiple-choice answer forms typically used in timed, standardized tests.

Caesar's last breath and Einstein's lost fridge (video)
Are you breathing air molecules that were once exhaled by Caesar, Joan of Arc or Madame Curie?

There's Waldo!
Caltech researchers in collaboration with Cedars-Sinai and West Virginia University have discovered the neurons that activate when a person finds an item they are looking for.

Few early parent education programs available to help dads
Umpteen books and programs are available to help new moms before and after their child is born, but the same can't be said for fathers, a new University of Michigan study found.

ACP calls for continued efforts in reducing physician burdens in Red Tape Roundtable
Excessive administrative tasks divert physicians' time and focus away from patient care, the American College of Physicians (ACP) told a panel of members of Congress this afternoon.

Plants open their pores and scientists strike gold
Plants containing the element gold are already widely known. The flowering perennial plant alfafa, for example, has been cultivated by scientists to contain pure gold in its plant tissue.

Repair and regeneration of peripheral nerves possible with dual polymer hydrogel adhesive
Researchers have demonstrated that a novel biocompatible adhesive made of two naturally derived polymers is 15 times stronger than adhesive materials currently used for nerve reconstruction and can support the survival, extension, and proliferation of cells essential for nerve regeneration.

Scientists have captured the elusive cell that can regenerate an entire flatworm
Researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research have captured the one cell that is capable of regenerating an entire organism.

Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei
Many large galaxies have a bright central region called an active galactic nucleus, powered by matter spiraling into a supermassive black hole.

NASA finds Tropical Storm 07W near Kadena Air Base, Okinawa
NASA satellite imagery captured Tropical Storm 07W soon after it developed near Kadena Air Base on the island of Okinawa, Japan, in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Camouflaged nanoparticles used to deliver killer protein to cancer
A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers.

Realization of high-performance magnetic sensors due to magnetic vortex structures
Magnetic sensors play a key role in a variety of applications, such as speed and position sensing in the automotive industry or in biomedical applications.

Human and artificial intelligence join forces to study complexity of the brain
A team of scientists lead by prof. Stein Aerts (VIB-KU Leuven) is the first to map the gene expression of each individual brain cell during aging, though they started small: with the brain of a fruit fly.

Financial literacy linked to lower hospitalization risk in older adults
Could being more knowledgeable about finances help to keep you out of the hospital?

Who is to blame for marine litter?
Members of the public are more likely to blame the global marine litter crisis on retailers, industry and government, according to new research led by the University of Plymouth.

UW study shows how instruction changes brain circuitry in
Using MRI measurements of the brain's neural connections, or 'white matter,' UW researchers have shown that, in struggling readers, the neural circuitry strengthened -- and their reading performance improved -- after just eight weeks of a specialized tutoring program.

Tobacco aside, e-cigarette flavorings may harm blood vessels
Flavoring chemicals widely used in e-cigarettes and other tobacco products may be toxic to the cells that line and regulate blood vessel function.

Elevated androgens don't hinder dads' parenting -- at least not in lemurs
Surprising new research findings show that male lemurs' androgen levels increase the more they engage in child care behaviors.

Mammals going nocturnal to avoid humans
Human activity is causing the planet's mammals to flee daylight for the protection of night, according to a new study from the University of California, Berkeley.

Non-coding DNA changes the genitals you're born with
Male mice grow ovaries instead of testes if they are missing a small region of DNA that doesn't contain any genes -- a finding that could help explain disorders of sex development in humans, at least half of which have an unknown genetic cause.

A sprinkle of platinum nanoparticles onto graphene makes brain probes more sensitive
Graphene electrodes could enable higher quality brain imaging thanks to new research by a team of engineers and neuroscientists at UC San Diego.

Study: Patients maintain muscle mass five years after surgically-induced weight loss
Newly-published research provides important evidence supporting the long-term safety and viability of bariatric surgery.

Parent cleansing paramount prior to skin-to-skin care
Neonatal intensive care units increasingly encourage meaningful touch and skin-to-skin care -- aka 'kangaroo care' -- between parents and premature babies to aid the babies' development.

Study finds behavioral-related youth hospitalizations complicated by suicidality
A recent study published in American Psychiatric Association's Psychiatric Services journal found previous research on youth hospitalizations associated with behavioral and mental disorders failed to adequately consider children exhibiting suicidality or self-harm.

Are portable music players associated with hearing loss in children?
The effect of portable music players on the hearing of children is unclear.

International research team finds brain changes linked to sleep need
We've all experienced going to bed tired and waking up refreshed, yet how that happens at the molecular level remains a mystery.

Pancreatic cancer patients with BRCA mutation may benefit from targeted drug
Rachna Shroff, M.D., led a landmark study on the use of targeted drugs called PARP inhibitors in pancreatic cancer patients with BRCA mutations.

Flavored electronic cigarettes linked to possible cardiovascular disease
Could flavored electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) cause bodily harm? There has been a rapid rise in e-cigarette use, partially due to flavoring additives in tobacco products and perception of less harm than traditional combustible cigarettes.

The same characteristics can be acquired differently when it comes to neurons
Distinct molecular mechanisms can generate the same features in different neurons, a team of scientists has discovered.

Study finds less corruption in countries where more women are in government
The new research is the most comprehensive study on this topic and looks at the implications of the presence of women in other occupations as including the shares of women in the labor force, clerical positions, and decision making positions such as the CEOs and other managerial positions.

Increased helmet use in alpine sports fails to reduce risk of traumatic brain injury
A new study published in Wilderness & Environmental Medicine confirms that helmets are generally effective in protecting skiers and snowboarders from head injuries, but questions their effect in reducing traumatic brain injury, especially concussion.

The neurons that rewrite traumatic memories
Neuroscientists at EPFL have located the cells that help reprogram long-lasting memories of traumatic experiences towards safety, a first in neuroscience.

Early source of irritable bowel syndrome discovered
Michigan State University scientists have identified an early cause of intestinal inflammation, one of the first stages of inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome, which afflict around 11 percent of the world's population.

American Academy of Ophthalmology reiterates long-standing guidance on LASIK education
The American Academy of Ophthalmology, the world's leading professional association of eye physicians and surgeons, today reiterated its long-standing guidance for patients considering LASIK vision correction surgery.

When the river runs high
A massive world-wide study of dry riverbeds has found they're contributing more carbon emissions than previously thought, and this could help scientists better understand how to fight climate change.

UM study confirms that bromeliads contribute to mosquito breeding in Miami
With vector-borne diseases posing an increasing public health threat to communities in South Florida and elsewhere, a new study led by public health researchers at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine has revealed that ornamental bromeliad plants contribute to breeding of the Aedes aegypti mosquito--a key culprit for the Zika outbreak that hit Miami-Dade County and other areas of Florida and the Americas in 2016. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to