Nav: Home

Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | June 15, 2018


JAK inhibitors associated with aggressive lymphoma
Austrian researchers have discovered that a small number of patients taking targeted drugs known as Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors to treat myelofibrosis may develop aggressive lymphomas.
Individual access to genomic disease risk factors has a beneficial impact on lifestyles
A large study from Finland shows that giving personal genomic information to individuals can have a long-term beneficial effect on their lifestyles.
Diet quality among adults in SNAP food assistance program
Participants in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) showed less improvement over time in an indicator of a healthful diet than both income-eligible individuals who didn't participate in SNAP and higher-income individuals, although it is possible dietary trends among SNAP recipients may have been even worse if they didn't participate in the program.
NASA finds Tropical Depression Bud's rains over mainland Mexico
Tropical Depression Bud's rains were falling over western Mexico when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead on June 15.
Studies provide new insights into the role of sleep in chronic pain
The results of two studies presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) provide insight into the role of sleep in chronic pain.
Florida's obesity rate may be higher than originally thought, new study finds
Florida's obesity rate may be higher than originally thought. A widely used national health survey puts the overall obesity rate in the state at 27.8 percent, but a new study based on an analysis of a robust clinical data repository shows a rate of 37.1 percent -- nearly 10 percentage points higher.
Novel method for investigating pore geometry in rocks
In a fusion of mathematics and earth science, researchers in Japan proposed a novel method for characterizing pore geometry in rock, based on persistence diagram analysis and a newly proposed parameter, the distance parameter H.
Obesity in childhood and adulthood shown to increase risk of knee and hip osteoarthritis
The results of a study to be presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) suggest childhood and adult obesity increase the risk of developing hip osteoarthritis (OA) and knee OA but not hand OA.
Electronic skin stretched to new limits
A metal carbide within a hydrogel composite senses, stretches and heals like human skin for use in medicine and robotics.
New treatment lenebasum shows promise for diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc)
The results of an open label extension of a phase II study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrate that lenabasum continues to have acceptable safety and tolerability in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) with no severe or serious adverse events (AE).
Rates of depression and anxiety may correlate with disease activity in early RA
The results of a study to be presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) suggest that rates of anxiety and depression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis correlate with measures of disease activity over the first year following diagnosis.
Access to investigational medicines for terminally ill through expanded access programs
A new study identified investigational medicines made available through expanded access programs for patients with life-threatening illnesses prior to approval from the US Food and Drug Administration to assess the timing and duration of investigational drug availability.
WGS helps diagnosis and reduces healthcare costs for neonates in intensive care
Two studies looking at the effect of carrying out rapid genome sequencing on children born seriously ill, but where diagnosis is difficult, show that it can provide speedy answers and lead to appropriate treatment.
Scientists predict a new superhard material with unique properties
An international team of scientists have predicted a new superhard material that can be used in drilling, machine building and other fields.
Genetic engineering researcher: Politicians are deaf to people's ethical concerns
New study from the University of Copenhagen reports that political discussions about genetically modified foods have ignored concerns among Danes that GM foods are 'unnatural'.
Blood biomarkers as a diagnostic tool for obstructive sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition causing daytime tiredness which can significantly impact a patient's quality of life and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
Researchers find combination can enhance ipilimumab immunotherapy
Using a targeted therapy to block a protein that suppresses T cell activity could improve cancer treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors, researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center report today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
Brain matures faster due to childhood stress
Stress in early childhood leads to faster maturation of certain brain regions during adolescence.
ICU telemedicine reduces interhospital ICU transfers of critically ill patients
A new study in the journal CHEST® examined transfers of ICU patients to acute care centers before and after the VA implemented its Tele-ICU program.
PIM-2 protein kinase regulates T-cell activity differently than PIM-1 or PIM-3 isoform
The PIM-2 protein kinase negatively regulates T cell responses in transplantation and tumor immunity, while PIM-1 and PIM-3 are positive regulators, report Medical University of South Carolina investigators in The Journal of Clinical Investigation.
Land-based portion of massive East Antarctic ice sheet retreated little during past eight million years
Large parts of the massive East Antarctic Ice Sheet did not retreat significantly during a time when atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations were similar to today's levels, according to a team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF).
Gum disease may be a key initiator of rheumatoid arthritis related autoimmunity
The results of a study presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrates increased levels of gum disease, and disease-causing bacteria, in individuals at risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Better be safe than sorry: Economic optimization risks tipping of Earth system elements
# While the concept of profit maximization can be successful in bringing down costs of greenhouse gas reductions...
Primates in peril
International experts call for immediate action to protect endangered primate species.
New method makes weather forecasts right as rain
Meteorologists have known for some time that rainfall forecasts have flaws, as failure to take into account factors such as evaporation can affect their accuracy.
Success is not just how you play your cards, but how you play your opponents
Poker-playing techniques can apply to strategies in many situations. Study can influence scientific approaches to negotiation
Scientists discover how to control the laquo excitation of electronics
An international team of scientists, including NUST MISIS's Professor Gotthard Seifert, have made an important step towards the control of excitonic (lat. excito -- «excite») effects in two-dimensional van der Waals heterostructures.
Orange, tea tree & eucalyptus oils sweeten diesel fumes
Waste oil from orange, tea tree and eucalyptus essential oil production mixed with diesel provides a sweet-smelling biofuel blend with comparable performance to diesel-only fuel.
Screening for aortic aneurysms in older men questioned
Screening programs for aortic aneurysms in the abdomen is now being questioned in a study published in The Lancet.
New compound as effective as FDA-approved drugs against life-threatening infections
Purdue University researchers have identified a new compound that in preliminary testing has shown itself to be as effective as antibiotics approved by the FDA to treat life-threatening infections while also appearing to be less susceptible to bacterial resistance.
Why the tongue of the Pine Island Glacier suddenly shrank
The Pine Island Glacier in Western Antarctica is not only one of the fastest-flowing ice streams in the Southern Hemisphere; over the past 11 years, four major icebergs have calved from its floating tongue.
When can ads intensify unhealthy cravings?
Holistic thinkers are more likely to experience cravings for unhealthy food after seeing advertisements that show the product in the context of a situation.
NASA's Aqua satellite sees Tropical Depression Gaemi exit Taiwan
Tropical Depression Gaemi moved through Taiwan and was tracking to the northeast in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean on June 15.
Canakinumab shown to reduce rates of gout in atherosclerosis by more than half
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrate that canakinumab significantly reduced the rate of gout by more than half compared to placebo, regardless of baseline serum urate level.
Gout in the elderly linked to higher risk of dementia
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) suggest that gout is associated with a 17-20 percent higher risk of dementia in the elderly.
Volcano music could help scientists monitor eruptions
A volcano in Ecuador with a deep cylindrical crater might be the largest musical instrument on Earth, producing unique sounds scientists could use to monitor its activity.
Critical plant gene takes unexpected detour that could boost biofuel yields
For decades, biologists have believed a key enzyme in plants had one function -- produce amino acids, which are vital to plant survival and also essential to human diets.
Obesity in women and current smoking in men predict lack of remission in early RA
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) report that obesity in women and current smoking in men were the strongest predictors of not achieving remission in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) within a year.
Deformation control and mass transfer in the tunic of Halocynthia roretzi
It has been previously reported that the tunic of Halocynthia roretzi, mainly composed of cellulose, is actively deformed with mass transfer by the mechanical stimuli.
Study suggests siblings of people with RA are at increased risk of acute coronary syndrome
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrate an increased risk of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in siblings of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), suggesting shared susceptibility between the two diseases.
Early, intensive treatment of RA offers long-term benefits, may normalise mortality rates
The results of a 23-year, follow-up study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) suggest early, intensive treatment of rheumatoid arthritis has long-term benefits including the normalization of mortality to levels consistent with the general population.
Greater levels of vitamin D associated with decreasing risk of breast cancer
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine suggest higher levels of vitamin D are associated with decreasing risk of breast cancer.
To forecast winter rainfall in Los Angeles, look to New Zealand in the summer
Variability in El Niño cycles was long considered a reliable tool for predicting winter precipitation in the Southwest United States, but its forecasting power has diminished in recent years.
Meat sensitivity spread by ticks linked to heart disease
Researchers have linked sensitivity to an allergen in red meat -- a sensitivity spread by tick bites -- with a buildup of fatty plaque in the arteries of the heart.
Both quantity and quality of sleep affect cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents
A study from a research team led by a MassGeneral Hospital for Children physician finds that both the quantity and quality of sleep -- the amount of time spent sleeping and the percentage of sleep that is undisturbed -- in young adolescents have significant effects on aspects of cardiovascular health.
Zoledronic acid has no effect on knee pain or bone marrow lesions in knee OA after two years
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) show that a one-yearly infusion of zoledronic acid (ZA) did not significantly reduce knee pain or bone marrow lesion (BML) size overall in knee osteoarthritis patients over two years.
NASA finds Tropical Depression 04E's heaviest rains approaching Mexico's Coast
Tropical Depression 04E formed close to the coast of southwestern Mexico on June 14, and early the next day NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the region.
NSAIDs shown to have causal role in cardiovascular risk of patients with osteoarthritis
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) suggest that over two thirds of the increased cardiovascular risk associated with osteoarthritis is linked to the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Opioid overdose responsible for over 500,000 years of life lost in Ohio
More than 500,000 years of life expectancy were lost in Ohio during a seven-year period, according to a study conducted by The Ohio Alliance for Innovation in Population Health (OAIPH) -- a collaborative initiative formed by Ohio University's College of Health Sciences and Professions and the University of Toledo's College of Health and Human Services.
No difference in malignancy rates seen between tocilizumab and TNFi in patients with RA
The results of a study presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) examined rates of malignancy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), excluding non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), and found no difference between those newly treated with tocilizumab (TCZ) versus TNF inhibitors (TNFi).
What are rates of Legionnaires disease among VA patients?
Rates of Legionnaires disease (LD) among US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) patients with overnight stays at a VA facility decreased from 2014 to 2016, even though overall rates of LD among VA patients increased in the same period; 91 percent of the 491 LD cases in the VA surveillance system had no VA exposure or only outpatient VA exposure.
Protein analysis may reveal new cancer treatment targets
Researchers have used lab technology called mass spectrometry to study the proteins expressed by human cancer cells.
Study with implications for opioid crisis finds opioids raise risk of fracture nonunion
Dr. Robert Zura, Professor and Chair of Orthopaedic Surgery at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, was part of a research team reporting that not only may opioid use increase the risk of bone fractures, but opioids may also impair healing.
Integrated lead discovery: An evolving toolbox
A new SLAS Discovery review article by GlaxoSmithKline researchers in the US and UK offers an informative guide to the established and emerging tools available for early drug discovery and screening, and provides illustrative scenarios demonstrating considerations that drive decisions on choice of lead discovery tactics.
Loving the sweet enemy
Foods rich in fats and carbohydrates stimulate the reward system in the brain particularly strongly.
Gene signatures and biomarkers predict onset of RA in at-risk individuals
The results of two studies presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) provide insight into molecular changes prior to the onset of arthritis which could inform future novel diagnostics and early therapeutic interventions.
To share or not to share?
When are primary school children willing to share valuable resources with others and when are they not?
Frequency of joint replacements halved in rheumatoid arthritis patients between 1997-2010
The results of two studies presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) investigate joint replacement procedures in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.
New ID pictures of conducting polymers discover a surprise ABBA fan
The first ever detailed pictures of the structure of conjugated polymers have been produced by a research team led by Professor Giovanni Costantini at the University of Warwick.
Squeezing light at the nanoscale
Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a new technique to squeeze infrared light into ultra-confined spaces, generating an intense, nanoscale antenna that could be used to detect single biomolecules.
MXene's tour de force
Is there anything MXene materials can't do? Since the discovery of a large new family of two-dimensional materials by Drexel University researchers in 2011, continued exploration has revealed their exceptional ability to store energy, block electromagnetic interference, purify water and even ward off bacteria.
Laser-sonic scanner aims to replace mammograms for finding breast cancer
Lihong Wang, Caltech's Bren Professor of Medical Engineering and Electrical Engineering, has developed a laser-sonic scanning system that can identify breast tumors quickly and safely.
Lifting of Saudi Arabia's ban on women driving poses policy challenges
This month Saudi Arabia will put an end to its ban on women driving, opening the way for millions of new drivers to navigate a country three times bigger than Texas.

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Don't Fear Math
Why do many of us hate, even fear math? Why are we convinced we're bad at it? This hour, TED speakers explore the myths we tell ourselves and how changing our approach can unlock the beauty of math. Guests include budgeting specialist Phylecia Jones, mathematician and educator Dan Finkel, math teacher Eddie Woo, educator Masha Gershman, and radio personality and eternal math nerd Adam Spencer.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#518 With Genetic Knowledge Comes the Need for Counselling
This week we delve into genetic testing - for yourself and your future children. We speak with Jane Tiller, lawyer and genetic counsellor, about genetic tests that are available to the public, and what to do with the results of these tests. And we talk with Noam Shomron, associate professor at the Sackler School of Medicine at Tel Aviv University, about technological advancements his lab has made in the genetic testing of fetuses.