Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 29, 2018
New technology enables man to hold his granddaughter again
In the first known study of how amputees use advanced sensory-enabled prostheses outside the lab, subjects used a mechanical hand more regularly and for longer periods of time compared to traditional prostheses--and also reported a greater sense of psychosocial well-being.

Enzyme may get key role in drug design for breast cancer and brain condition
In recent years, researchers have focused on the enzyme TLK2 suspecting it of playing a main role in several diseases.

Higher doses of rifampin appear more effective in fighting TB without increasing risk of adverse events
Higher daily doses of rifampin, a cornerstone of tuberculosis treatment, killed more TB bacteria in sputum cultures, and the higher doses did so without increasing the adverse effects of treatment, according to a randomized controlled trial published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Tallinn University researchers helped develop three serious games
When we talk about learning, the most fun way to do it seems to be through games.

Researchers report novel hybrid catalyst to split water
Researchers from the University of Houston and the California Institute of Technology have reported an inexpensive hybrid catalyst capable of splitting water to produce hydrogen, suitable for large-scale commercialization.

Surrey makes breakthrough in perovskite solar cell technology
The University of Surrey has helped to create a technique that has produced the highest performing inverted perovskite solar cell ever recorded.

The novel function of self-renewal factor of spermatogonial stem cells is identified
A research team found a novel function of FGF2 in mammalian testis.

UM study: Forests may lose ability to protect against extremes of climate change
A recent University of Montana study suggests that a warming climate in the Pacific Northwest would lessen the capacity of many forest microclimates to moderate climate extremes in the future.

NASA infrared data reveals Tropical Storm Emilia is strengthening
Infrared NASA satellite imagery provided cloud top temperatures of thunderstorms that make up Tropical Storm Emilia.

Up to half of childhood cancer survivors will develop hormone disorders
The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline advising healthcare providers on how to diagnose and treat the endocrine disorders that affect a significant portion of childhood cancer survivors in the United States today.

The hidden complexity underlying a common cause of autism
Genes located in a large chromosomal aberration associated with autism interact with each other to modulate the variable symptoms of the disease, according to new research.

Air pollution contributes significantly to diabetes globally
New research links outdoor air pollution -- even at levels deemed safe -- to an increased risk of diabetes globally, according to a study from Washington University School of Medicine in St.

NIST researchers simulate simple logic for nanofluidic computing
Invigorating the idea of computers based on fluids instead of silicon, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have shown how computational logic operations could be performed in a liquid medium by simulating the trapping of ions (charged atoms) in graphene (a sheet of carbon atoms) floating in saline solution.

Self-monitoring of type 2 diabetes reduces follow-up costs by more than half
Self-monitoring of type 2 diabetes used in combination with an electronic feedback system results in considerable savings on health care costs especially in sparsely populated areas, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows.

Is risk for endocrine disease higher in survivors of cancer in adolescence, young adulthood?
An increased risk of endocrine diseases, such as thyroid disease, testicular dysfunction and diabetes, was associated with people who survived cancer as adolescents and young adults.

Screening for postpartum depression in the emergency department
Lenore Jarvis, M.D., M.Ed.: Postpartum depression is the most common complication of childbirth, occurring in up to 20 percent of mothers and having significant implications for the mother, her baby and the entire family.

ClinGen Panel evaluates validity of genes reported to be associated with Brugada Syndrome
Clinical laboratories often rely on medical articles and public information on gene disease associations in determining genes to include on genetic testing panels for specific conditions or results to return to patients.

Most teens with gynecomastia don't need hormone lab tests
Routine assessment by an endocrinologist and laboratory tests to measure hormone levels aren't necessary in most adolescent boys with gynecomastia (male breast enlargement), concludes a study in the July issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

DBS treatment may slow the progression of Parkinson's tremor in early-stage patients
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) may slow the progression of tremor for early-stage Parkinson's disease patients, according to a Vanderbilt University Medical Center study released in the June 29 online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Administering hormones affects DNA
In pigs, endocrine disruptors can alter gene expression in a way that also affects the next generation.

Timing is key for bacteria surviving antibiotics
For bacteria facing a dose of antibiotics, timing might be the key to evading destruction.

New coatings make natural fabrics waterproof
A new process invented at MIT could provide a nontoxic alternative to conventional waterproof coatings for fabrics.

Newly developed therapeutic shown to combat drug addiction
A new therapeutic may help reverse chemical imbalances made to the brain by habitual drug use and could one day help recovering drug addicts avoid future drug use.

Researchers apply computing power to track the spread of cancer
Princeton researchers have developed a new computational method that increases the ability to track the spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another.

New mystery discovered regarding active asteroid phaethon
Based on a new study of how near-Earth asteroid Phaethon reflects light at different angles, astronomers think that its surface may reflect less light than previously thought.

Regional Earth system modeling: Review and future directions
The regional climate modeling community is actively engaged in the development of regional Earth system models (RESMs), applicable in different regional contexts.

Astronomers observe the magnetic field of the remains of supernova 1987A
For the first time, astronomers have directly observed the magnetism in one of astronomy's most studied objects: the remains of Supernova 1987A (SN 1987A), a dying star that appeared in our skies over thirty years ago.

NASA's GPM finds heavy rainfall on Tropical Storm Prapiroon's southwestern side
When the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed over the Northwestern Pacific Ocean, it saw very heavy rainfall occurring in one part of Tropical Storm Prapiroon.

Sintering atomically thin materials with ceramics now possible
For the first time, researchers have created a nanocomposite of ceramics and a two-dimensional material, opening the door for new designs of nanocomposites with such applications as solid-state batteries, thermoelectrics, varistors, catalysts, chemical sensors and much more.

Researchers find connection between genes, response to environmental chemicals
Researchers have pinpointed a genetic difference in zebrafish tied to differing responses to the same environmental chemical.

The scent of a man: What odors do female blackbuck find enticing in a male?
Jyothi Nair, a student from Uma Ramakrishnan's group at the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore, collaborated with Shannon Olsson's team, also from NCBS, to develop a pipeline for investigating odors in a quick, efficient way.

Plant fossils provide new insight into the uplift history of SE Tibet
Plenty of well-preserved plant fossils with well constrained geological ages were discovered from Markam Basin in SE Tibetan Plateau.

The culprit of some GaN defects could be nitrogen
As silicon-based semiconductors reach performance limits, gallium nitride is becoming the next go-to material for several technologies.

The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Study highlights diagnostic delays and inappropriate treatment of meningitis in UK hospitals
Viruses are the most common cause of meningitis in adults aged 16 and older in the UK, according to new research published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal.

Not all diversity is equally beneficial
Experts from the Higher School of Economics have determined that cultural diversity is beneficial for team performance in eSports, while language and experience diversity negatively affect performance.

Climate predictions should include impacts of CO2 on life
Climate change predictions are not taking account of the full range of possible effects of rising carbon dioxide levels, researchers say.

HKUST scientists discover autophagy inhibitory peptides from giant ankyrins
Recently, a research team led by structural biologist Prof. Mingjie Zhang from HKUST has discovered potent and specific inhibitory peptides to target the Atg8 family proteins (including LC3s and GABARAPs), central components in the autophagy pathway.

Drinking changes young adults' metabolite profile
Adolescent drinking is associated with changes in the metabolite profile, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital shows.

Otago researchers' discovery unlocks secrets behind cancer drug resistance
University of Otago research provides insights into an underlying mechanism that could explain why new cancer therapies to help treat metastatic melanoma do not always work on patients, paving the way for predicting which patients will benefit from certain drugs.

Simple sampling method eases identification of foot and mouth disease outbreaks
Sampling the environment is an effective way to detect foot and mouth disease, according to a paper published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Viruses are found to be the most common cause of meningitis but diagnosis is often delayed
The first major paper looking at the causes and consequences of meningitis in the UK has found that viruses are now the most common cause of meningitis in adults and a cause of substantial long-term ill health.

Complication of 'fat freezing' procedure may be more common than thought
Cryolipolysis is a noninvasive cosmetic procedure that eliminates excess fat by freezing it.

Lemurs can smell weakness in each other
Some people watch the competition carefully for the slightest signs of weakness.

Treating AFib with ablation reduces mortality and stroke
Using catheter-based ablation instead of medications alone reduces the risks of death and stroke in patients with the common form of heart arrhythmia known as atrial fibrillation, or AFib, new research from UC Davis physicians shows.

Small bee 'pollen thieves' are not effective bumblebee substitutes, study shows
As bumblebees decline, what other busy bees could step in?

Giant panda population research shows new challenges
In a recently published study in the journal Conservation Letters, a team of scientists reports results of a large-scale study examining giant panda habitat use trends and changing threats to their survival. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to