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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | July 06, 2018


nTIDE June 2018 jobs report: downturn in jobs ends trend for americans with disabilities
A modest downturn for June indicated the end of 26 consecutive months of job gains for American with disabilities, according to today's National Trends in Disability Employment -- Monthly Update (nTIDE), issued by Kessler Foundation and the University of New Hampshire's Institute on Disability (UNH-IOD).
Savory foods may promote healthy eating through effects on the brain
Researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center have found that consuming a broth rich in umami -- or savory taste -- can cause subtle changes in the brain that promote healthy eating behaviors and food choices, especially in women at risk of obesity.
Training artificial intelligence with artificial X-rays
AI holds real potential for improving both the speed and accuracy of medical diagnostics -- but before clinicians can harness the power of AI to identify conditions in images such as X-rays, they have to 'teach' the algorithms what to look for.
UMN researchers develop algorithm to improve care delivery to seriously ill patients
The level of communication between patient and physician can make a monumental difference, specifically in the case of seriously ill hospitalized patients.
How is opioid use associated with health, other substance use, involvement in criminal justice system?
A public health approach to address the opioid epidemic in the United States needs to understand the populations of people affected, including their health, other substance use and any involvement they may have with the criminal justice system.
Obesity and overweight linked to long-term health problems after traumatic brain injury
Especially at longer follow-up times, overweight and obesity are associated with chronic disease risks for survivors of moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), reports a study in the July/August issue of the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation (JHTR).
Ancient DNA testing solves 100-year-old controversy in Southeast Asian prehistory
Two competing theories about the human occupation of Southeast Asia have been debunked by groundbreaking analysis of ancient DNA extracted from 8,000-year-old skeletons.
Novel HIV vaccine candidate is safe and induces immune response in healthy adults and monkeys
New research published in The Lancet shows that an experimental HIV-1 vaccine regimen is well-tolerated and generated comparable and robust immune responses against HIV in healthy adults and rhesus monkeys.
Researchers develop a new method for turning skin cells into pluripotent stem cells
Researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, and Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, have for the first time succeeded in converting human skin cells into pluripotent stem cells by activating the cell's own genes.
Biomarker discovered for pathogen that can blind or kill healthy young people
UB researchers have have discovered several biomarkers that can accurately identify hypervirulent K. pneumoniae, a pathogen that infects completely healthy people and can cause blindness in one day and flesh-eating infections, brain abscesses and death in just a few days.
Natural lipid acts as potent anti-inflammatory
National Institutes of Health researchers have identified a naturally occurring lipid -- a waxy, fatty acid -- used by a disease-causing bacterium to impair the host immune response and increase the chance of infection.
Listeria monocytogenes multi-country outbreak: 47 cases including 9 deaths
Frozen corn and possibly other frozen vegetables produced in a company in Hungary are the likely source of an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes that has been affecting Austria, Denmark, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
WSU researchers map DNA damage links to onset of skin cancer, melanoma
A critical link in mapping recurrent mutations of melanoma -- the most serious form of skin cancer in humans -- has been discovered by researchers at Washington State University School of Molecular Biosciences, in collaboration with researchers at Georgia State University.
In patients with heart failure, anxiety and depression linked to worse outcomes
Symptoms of depression and anxiety are present in about one-third of patients with heart failure - and these patients are at higher risk of progressive heart disease and other adverse outcomes, according to a review and update in the July/August issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry.
Research suggests new vaccine candidates for malaria
Researchers have shown that higher levels of Plasmodium falciparum antibodies are protective against severe malaria in children living in Papua New Guinea.
A gene linked to job-related exhaustion in shift workers increases the risk of Alzheimer's
A new study shows that a variation in the melatonin receptor 1A gene is linked to the risk of Alzheimer's disease in the elderly.
Tailored polymers from a printer
An ever-growing number of coatings, including varnishes and printing inks, as well as tooth fillings, are cured with light.
Model automates molecule design to speed drug development
Designing new molecules for pharmaceuticals is primarily a manual, time-consuming process that's prone to error.
Melting bacteria to decipher antibiotic resistance
With antibiotic resistance spreading worldwide, there is a strong need for new technologies to study bacteria.
Chinese scientists achieve success in nitrogen metallization
A Chinese research team announced it has successfully metallized nitrogen at extreme conditions.
Lifejackets could save 180 or more lives a year
About 180 people died because they weren't wearing a lifejacket in UK waters in the last decade, according to new research.
Breaking the bond: To take part or not?
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants.
UVA develops way to create medicines without side effects
A new technique for precisely targeting molecules within cells is paving the way for safer medicines that are free of side effects.
Scientists identify a protein complex that shapes the destiny of T cells
The protein complex is mTORC1, which regulates cell growth and metabolism.
UTSW scientists identify body's microreactors for innate immunity
A DNA-sensing enzyme forms droplets that act as tiny bioreactors creating molecules to stimulate innate immunity -- the body's first response to infection, UT Southwestern researchers report.
Fragment of impacting asteroid recovered in Botswana
On Saturday, June 23, 2018, a team of experts from Botswana, South Africa, Finland and the United States of America recovered a fresh meteorite in Botswana's Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR).
It's official -- spending time outside is good for you
Living close to nature and spending time outside has significant and wide-ranging health benefits -- according to new research from the University of East Anglia.
HKU develops an ultra-thin sensor that makes inflammation testing and curing 30 times faster
Researchers from Engineering and Medicine at the University of Hong Kong collaborate and develop a real-time ultraflexible sensor that makes inflammation testing and curing 30 times faster.
Particle physicists at TU Dresden involved in the discovery of scattering of W and Z bosons
Particle physicists from Technische Universität Dresden, together with international research colleagues, have discovered an extremely rare process that can be compared to tiny lightsabers.
Investigational treatment for acne appears promising in laboratory studies
Topical retinoids, which target retinoic acid receptors, are commonly used to treat acne.
NASA satellite imagery finds Fabio fizzling fast
NASA's Aqua satellite revealed showed deep convection in Fabio dissipated by the morning of July 6.
Smart bandages designed to monitor and tailor treatment for chronic wounds
A team of engineers has developed a prototype bandage designed to actively monitor the condition of chronic wounds and deliver appropriate drug treatments to improve the chances of healing.
Stripes may be cool -- but they don't cool zebras down
Susanne Åkesson, a biologist at Lund University in Sweden, refutes the theory that zebras have striped fur to stay cool in the hot sun.
New model for predicting neuroblastoma outcomes incorporates early developmental signals
Motivated by a desire to better understand the molecular circuitry underlying neuroblastoma and limitations of current methods for predicting disease progression and outcome, researchers from the Kulesa Lab at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research and collaborators at the University of Michigan and Oxford University set out to construct a logic-based model incorporating information about developmental signaling pathways implicated in the disease.
High-power thermoelectric generator utilizes thermal difference of only 5ºC
A team of Japanese researchers from Waseda University, Osaka University, and Shizuoka University designed and successfully developed a high-power, silicon-nanowire thermoelectric generator which, at a thermal difference of only 5ºC, could drive various IoT devices autonomously in the near future.
New hope for patients with incurable and disabling hand condition, Dupuytren's disease
Oxford scientists show anti-TNF inhibits the cells responsible for Dupuytren's disease.
Kirigami-inspired technique manipulates light at the nanoscale
Nanokirigami is based on the ancient arts of origami (making 3D shapes by folding paper) and kirigami (which allows cutting as well as folding) but applied to flat materials at the nanoscale.
Nature's antifreeze inspires revolutionary bacteria cryopreservation technique
The survival mechanisms of polar fish have led scientists at the University of Warwick to develop of a revolutionary approach to 'freeze' bacteria.
Research points to potential shortcoming of antibiotic lab tests
To determine which antibiotics reliably treat which bacterial infections, diagnostic laboratories that focus on clinical microbiology test pathogens isolated from patients.
NASA's Aqua Satellite zooms into Super Typhoon Maria's tiny eye
Super Typhoon Maria's seven nautical-mile wide eye appeared very clearly in a visible image from NASA's Aqua satellite on July 6.
NASA's Aqua satellite spots the tiny, mighty Beryl
Tropical Depression 2 strengthened into a compact hurricane on July 6 as NASA's Aqua satellite gathered temperature data on the storm.
Laser experiments lend insight into metal core at heart of the Earth
Experiments replicating conditions at the core of the Earth could help scientists understand how the planet and its atmosphere were formed.
How do state policies on alcohol use affect pregnant women and infants?
It is well known that if women drink while they are pregnant, they increase the chances that children may be affected by alcohol, including a broad range of serious defects referred to as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
Breast cancer growth signals are enhanced by a protein outside cells
New research uncovers how a sticky protein called fibronectin promotes the activity of estrogen in breast cancer cells.
City size plays crucial role in migration patterns
People from smaller cities are more likely to migrate than people from larger cities, according to a new study by UCL academics.

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