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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | July 09, 2018


Parents who had severe trauma, stresses in childhood more likely to have kids with behavioral health problems
A new study finds that severe childhood trauma and stresses early in parents' lives are linked to higher rates of behavioral health problems in their own children.
Motivating gamers with personalized game design
A team of multidisciplinary researchers at the University of Waterloo has identified three basic video game player traits that will help to make game design more personalized and more effectively motivate gamers in both entertainment and work applications.
Genome editing reduces cholesterol in large animal model, laying human trial groundwork
Using genome editing to inactivate a protein called PCSK9 effectively reduced cholesterol levels in rhesus macaques.
The sea anemone, an animal that hides its complexity well
Despite its apparent simplicity -- a tube-like body topped with tentacles -- the sea anemone is actually a highly complex creature.
Senolytics improve health, extend life: Preclinical research findings
The presence of senescent or dysfunctional cells can make young mice age faster.
Change health messaging to focus on potential impact to help stop the next pandemic
Changing public health messaging to focus on the impact of our actions -- for example the potentially harmful impact of infecting a colleague with a cold, rather than whether we will infect them if we go into work in the first place -- could have significant implications for how we deal with global threats, according to a new study from City University of London, the Oxford Martin School (University of Oxford), and Yale University.
From corn to flake: Health-promoting phenolic acids lost during food processing
For many Americans, highly processed foods are on the menu for breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
Novel PET imaging method more fully evaluates extent of rheumatoid arthritis inflammation
A new positron emission tomography (PET) imaging method more fully evaluates the extent of rheumatoid arthritis by targeting translocator protein (TSPO) expression in the synovium (joint lining tissue).
Farming fish alter 'cropping' strategies under high CO2
Fish that 'farm' their own patches of seaweed alter their 'cropping' practices under high CO2 conditions, researchers at the University of Adelaide in Australia have found.
Medical errors may stem more from physician burnout than unsafe health care settings
Physician burnout is at least equally responsible for medical errors as unsafe medical workplace conditions, if not more so, according to a study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
UAB researchers cure type 2 diabetes and obesity in mice using gene therapy
A single administration of a therapeutic vector in mouse models cures type 2 diabetes and obesity in the absence of long-term side effects.
Pucker up, baby! Lips take center stage in infants' brains, study says
Researchers used brain imaging to gauge how the hand, foot and lips are represented in the brains of 2-month-olds -- a much younger age than has been studied previously.
Research brief: Human rights in a changing sociopolitical climate
In a new study to understand the current sociopolitical climate, particularly as it relates to Syrians, researchers from the University of Minnesota conducted a comprehensive needs and readiness assessment of the United States Refugee Resettlement Program.
New insight into Huntington's disease may open door to drug development
McMaster University researchers have developed a new theory on Huntington's disease which is being welcomed for showing promise to open new avenues of drug development for the condition.
NASA gets infrared view of Carolina Chris, the tropical storm
Tropical Storm Chris was strengthening when NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the US Eastern Seaboard on July 9.
Brain cancer: Typical mutation in cancer cells stifles immune response
The exchange of a single amino acid building block in a metabolic enzyme can lead to cancer.
Gene-editing technique cures genetic disorder in utero
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and Yale University have for the first time used a gene editing technique to successfully cure a genetic condition in a mouse model.
Depression screening rates among adults increased slightly in recent years, but remain low
Rates of routine screening of U.S. adults for depression have increased slightly in recent years, but remain very low.
National school food policies have potential to improve health now and later
Providing free fruits and vegetables and limiting sugary drinks in schools could have positive health effects in both the short- and long-term, finds a new Food-PRICE study led by researchers from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.
Oil rigs may end their days as valuable artificial reefs
A large group of international researchers have just published a scientific article in which they encourage environmental authorities across the globe to rethink the idea of removing oil rigs, wind turbines and other installations in the sea when they are worn out.
Pay less, take more: Success in getting patients to take their medicine
New evidence shows the power of a method aimed at changing the longstanding problem of encouraging patients with chronic diseases to take their medicine faithfully: insurance plans that charge patients less for the medicines that could help them most.
Charcoal: Major missing piece in the global carbon cycle
Most of the carbon resulting from wildfires and fossil fuel combustion is rapidly released into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide.
Forest ecology shapes Lyme disease risk in the eastern US
In the eastern US, risk of contracting Lyme disease is higher in fragmented forests with high rodent densities and low numbers of resident fox, opossum, and raccoons.
It takes a village...
A group of researchers led by Edgar Gomes, Group Leader at Instituto de Medicina Molecular João Lobo Antunes (iMM; Portugal) identifies in muscle cells a new mechanism that activates locally the movement of the nucleus to its correct position.
Nanoparticles give immune cells a boost
MIT researchers have devised a novel way to boost the effectiveness of T cell therapy against solid tumors.
The best radiocarbon-dated site in all recent Iberian prehistory
This project, the result of a five-year collaboration between the Universities of Seville, Huelva, Cardiff and the Museum of Valencina, includes a statistical modelled complex of the radiocarbon datings to give a more precise approximation of the time of use of the Valencina site, and to know in a more detailed manner the social processes and cultural phenomena that occurred there
Birds eat 400 to 500 million tonnes of insects annually
Birds around the world eat 400 to 500 million metric tonnes of beetles, flies, ants, moths, aphids, grasshoppers, crickets and other anthropods per year.
New insights on mosquitoes that spread disease
The Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) is a highly invasive species and a vector of multiple pathogens including various viruses, such as chikungunya, dengue, and Zika.
Environmental impact passed on to offspring
Exposure to cold prior to conception causes the resulting offspring to have more brown adipose tissue, which protects against excess weight and metabolic disorders.
Altitude sickness drug appears to slow progression of glioblastoma
A drug used to treat altitude sickness may help patients with glioblastoma, according to a study published July 4, 2018, in the journal Science Translational Medicine.
New pediatric asthma yardstick has treatment guidance for children of every age
The Pediatric Asthma Yardstick, a new guideline from the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), offers a user-friendly 'operational document'.
Teenagers can thank their parents' positive attitude for avoiding obesity
Teenagers are less likely to be overweight if their mum or dad had a positive attitude during pregnancy, a new study by the University of Bristol and Emory University revealed today (Monday 9 July).
Physician burnout in small practices is dramatically lower than national average
Physicians who work in small, independent primary care practices -- also known as SIPs -- report dramatically lower levels of burnout than the national average (13.5 percent versus 54.4 percent), according to a study led by researchers at NYU School of Medicine publishing online July 9 in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.
Under pressure: The surgeon's conundrum in decision making
In a small study based on conversations with 20 hospital-based surgeons, Johns Hopkins researchers say they found that most report feeling pressure to operate under severe emergency situations, even when they believe the patients would not benefit.
Manipulating single atoms with an electron beam
All matter is composed of atoms, which are too small to see without powerful modern instruments including electron microscopes.
Medicare Advantage rankings penalize plans serving disadvantaged populations, study finds
A new study from Brown University shows that Medicare Advantage plans suffer in quality rankings when they serve more non-white, poor and rural Americans.
New targets found to reduce blood vessel damage in diabetes
In diabetes, both the tightly woven endothelial cells that line our blood vessels and the powerhouses that drive those cells start to come apart as early steps in the destruction of our vasculature.
Leukemia researchers discover way to predict healthy people at risk for developing AML
An international team of leukemia scientists has discovered how to predict healthy individuals at risk of developing acute myeloid leukemia (AML), an aggressive and often deadly blood cancer.
Study finds link between river outflow and coastal sea level
Sea levels in coastal areas can be affected by a number of factors: tides, winds, waves, and even barometric pressure all play a role in the ebb and flow of the ocean.
Flavors are key to smokers switching to vaping -- US study
New peer-reviewed research published today in the Harm Reduction Journal shows that flavors play a critical role in attracting -- and retaining -- smokers into the vaping category, directly contributing to tobacco harm reduction.
Why gold-palladium alloys are better than palladium for hydrogen storage
A research team led by The University of Tokyo investigated why alloying with gold improves hydrogen storage in palladium.
Biosensor chip detects single nucleotide polymorphism wirelessly, with higher sensitivity
A team led by the University of California San Diego has developed a chip that can detect a type of genetic mutation known as a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and send the results in real time to an electronic device.
PPPL diagnostic is key to world record of German fusion experiment
Article describes measurement by PPPL spectrometer that contributed to W7-X world record fusion product for a stellarator.
Lifetime sentence: Incarcerated parents impact youth behavior
Young adults who had parents incarcerated during childhood do not receive timely healthcare and have more unhealthy behaviors, Lurie Children's researchers find.
Study finds that babies introduced to solids early slept longer and woke less frequently
A study by King's College London and St. George's University of London has found that babies introduced to solid foods early, slept longer, woke less frequently at night and suffered fewer serious sleep problems, than those exclusively breastfed.
Where river meets ocean
Oceanographer uncovers the relationship between size and productivity in one of the world's most complex ecosystems.
Protein function repairing genetic damage in spermatogenesis identified
Researchers from the Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology and the Institute for Biotechnology and Biomedicine of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, have unmasked the functioning of a protein involved in DNA repair, ATR, in the meiotic recombination process which takes place during the development of spermatocytes -- sperm precursor cells -- and how inhibiting this protein causes anomalies which block spermatogenesis.
Qubits as valves: Controlling quantum heat engines
Researchers from Aalto University are designing nano-sized quantum heat engines to explore whether they may be able to outperform classical heat engines in terms of power and efficiency.
How antifreeze proteins stop ice cold
How do insects survive harsh northern winters? Unlike mammals, they don't have thick coats of fur to keep warm.
Genome's gyrations fit right into Rice University model
Computer models developed at Rice University show that energy landscape theory can predict not only the form of DNA contained in a cell's nucleus during interphase, but also its dynamic behavior.
Intense conditions turn nitrogen metallic
New work from a team led by Carnegie's Alexander Goncharov confirms that nitrogen, the dominant gas in Earth's atmosphere, becomes a metallic fluid when subjected to the extreme pressure and temperature conditions found deep inside the Earth and other planets.
The ideal of equality makes opera thrive in Finland
Instead of court aristocrats and mythological heroes, the contemporary Finnish opera brings characters such as addicts, smugglers, miners and plumbers to the center stage.
NASA sees a well-organized typhoon Maria
Maria appeared as a well-organized storm on infrared NASA satellite imagery on July 9.
Meningococcal infection: Bacterial aggregates form a thick honey-like liquid that flows through blood vessels
The Inserm team led by Guillaume Duménil at the Institut Pasteur, in collaboration with several teams of physicists, has unraveled a key stage in infection by Neisseria meningitidis, a human pathogen responsible for meningitis in infants and young adults.
Sleeping sickness: Pathogens camouflage themselves with sugar
It has long been known that the pathogens causing sleeping sickness evade the immune system by exchanging their surface proteins.
Brazil's Forest Code can balance the needs of agriculture and the environment
If fully implemented, Brazil's Forest Code, an environmental law designed to protect the country's native vegetation and regulate land use, will not prevent growth in Brazilian agriculture, according to new IIASA-led research.
Immunity could be key to addressing coral crisis
Coral reefs support a quarter of all marine life, feed hundreds of millions of people and contribute vastly to the global economy.
Salt is key ingredient for cheaper and more efficient batteries
A new design of rechargeable battery, created using salt, could lead the way for greener energy.
Penn study finds mutation driving deadlier brain tumors and potential therapy to stop it
A poorly understood mutation in the brain cancer glioblastoma (GBM) is now being implicated for the first time as the driver of rare but deadlier cases of the disease.
Fighting back: New study reveals unprecedented details of plant-pathogen co-evolution
The co-evolution of plant-pathogen interactions has been revealed in unprecedented detail in a study of one of the world's deadliest crop killers.
NASA satellite tracking remnants of ex-Tropical Cyclone Beryl
Infrared imagery from NASA revealed two small area of strong storms remained in the remnants of Tropical Storm Beryl, moving into the eastern Caribbean Sea.
Stormwater ponds not a major source of greenhouse gas emissions
Stormwater retention ponds, a ubiquitous feature in urban landscapes, are not a significant source of climate-warming nitrous oxide emissions, a new Duke-led study finds.
ANU scientists discover the world's oldest colors
Scientists from the Australian National University and overseas have discovered the oldest colors in the geological record, 1.1-billion-year-old bright pink pigments extracted from rocks deep beneath the Sahara desert in Africa.
Younger patients don't attain survival benefit from current rectal cancer treatment recommendations
A new study reveals that individuals younger than 50 years of age who are diagnosed with rectal cancer do not experience an overall survival benefit from currently recommended treatments.
Mitochondrial DNA in exosomes is the alarm that initiates the antiviral response
CNIC researchers demonstrate that exosomes transferred from T lymphocytes to dendritic cells contain mitochondrial DNA.
How our cells build different antennae to sense the world around us
Our cells communicate with each other and with the environment using tiny antennae, called cilia.
New way to regenerate hearts after a heart attack
New research from the University of Oxford has revealed that an injection of a protein called VEGF-C can repair damaged hearts in mice, after a heart attack -- treated mice regained almost all of their heart function while untreated lost nearly half.
Plasma-spewing quasar shines light on universe's youth, early galaxy formation
A team led by Carnegie's Eduardo Bañados found a quasar with the brightest radio emission ever observed in the early universe, due to it spewing out a jet of extremely fast-moving material.
UTEP, UNT study sheds light on composition of dust carried by rainwater across Texas
Across the US Southwest, severe drought and land?use change are projected to increase in the future, contributing to more frequent and intense dust storms and eventually dry dust fallout and dust washout from the atmosphere with rain.
Breakthrough discovery will change treatment for COPD patients
Permanent lung damage caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) starts much earlier than previously thought, even before patients are showing symptoms.
New patch boosts brightness in medical diagnostic tests
A multidisciplinary team from Washington University in St. Louis and the Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base has developed a high-tech fix that brings some medical diagnostic tests out of the dark and into the light.
Fluorescent fish genes light path to neuroblastoma
Neurodevelopmental biologist Rosa Uribe, a CPRIT Scholar who was recruited to Rice University in 2017 with a grant from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, has a new tool in the search for the origins of neuroblastoma, the third-most common pediatric cancer in the United States.
Realization of color filter-free image sensors
A research team in DGIST succeeded in discovery of a high efficiency organic image sensor which is expected to replace silicon image sensors.
Human clinical trial reveals verapamil as an effective type 1 diabetes therapy
Researchers have discovered a safe and effective novel therapy to reduce insulin requirements and hypoglycemic episodes in adult subjects with recent onset type 1 diabetes by promoting the patient's own beta cell function and insulin production -- the first such discovery to target diabetes in this manner.
Long-term survival worse for black survivors of in-hospital cardiac arrest
Blacks who survived cardiac arrest while hospitalized have more than 10 percent lower rate of long-term survival after discharge than white survivors.
Crystal structure reveals how curcumin impairs cancer
Through x-ray crystallography and kinase-inhibitor specificity profiling, University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers, in collaboration with researchers at Peking University and Zhejiang University, reveal that curcumin, a natural occurring chemical compound found in the spice turmeric, binds to the kinase enzyme dual-specificity tyrosine-regulated kinase 2 (DYRK2) at the atomic level.
Insurance gaps linked to five-fold rise in hospital stays for adults with type 1 diabetes
A new study finds that one in four working-age adults with type 1 diabetes had at least one gap of at least 30 days in their private health insurance, within an average of a three-year period.
Discoveries by archaeology team give new clues on life in ancient Jewish village
Recent discoveries at Huqoq in Israel's Galilee, led by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill professor Jodi Magness, shed new light on the life and culture of an ancient Jewish village.
What natural greenhouse gases from wetlands and permafrosts mean for Paris Agreement goals
Global fossil fuel emissions would have to be reduced by as much as 20 percent more than previous estimates to achieve the Paris Agreement targets, because of natural greenhouse gas emissions from wetlands and permafrost, new research has found.
Researchers discover llama-derived nanobody can be potential therapy for hard-to-treat diseases
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have found a nanobody that holds promise to advance targeted therapies for a number of neurological diseases and cancer.
All Party Parliamentary Group's report on children's social care criticizes new policies
When he speaks at the Westminster launch of a new all-party report on children's social care, the University of Huddersfield's Professor Paul Bywaters will stress the vital importance of gathering data on parents as way of fully understanding the problems faced by families.
New study finds that e-cigarettes increase cardiovascular risk as much as cigarettes
The usage of e-cigarettes containing nicotine has a significant impact on vascular functions claims new study.
NASA added up Typhoon Prapiroon's rainfall
Tropical cyclones can generate a tremendous amount of rainfall, and NASA's IMERG program utilizes a variety of data to create rainfall maps.
First-trimester screening of pregnant women for elevated bacteria levels in urine
First-trimester screening of pregnant women for asymptomatic bacteriuria -- higher than normal bacteria levels without symptoms of a bladder infection -- is recommended by the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care in an updated guideline in CMAJ.
New microscopy works at extreme heat, sheds light on alloys for nuclear reactors
A new microscopy technique allows researchers to track microstructural changes in real time, even when a material is exposed to extreme heat and stress.
Whooping cough vaccine: The power of first impressions
In their latest study, researchers at La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LJI) report that individuals who had been inoculated with the newer pertussis vaccine as part of their initial series of shots, mount a weaker recall response when receiving booster shots later on.
Can we get the immune system to tolerate organ transplants?
Currently, people receiving organ transplants must take drugs to suppress the inflammatory immune response that leads to rejection.
Scientists capture breaking of glacier in Greenland
A team of scientists has captured on video a four-mile iceberg breaking away from a glacier in eastern Greenland, an event that points to one of the forces behind global sea-level rise.
Discovery of a new on/off switch affecting cell-to-cell communications
INRS Prof. Nicolas Doucet's research team was involved in the discovery of a key high-speed control mechanism for cell signalling.
Long term use of some pesticides is killing off dung beetle populations
New research led by scientists at the University of Bristol has uncovered that long-term use of some pesticides to treat cattle for parasites is having a significantly detrimental effect on the dung beetle population.
New chemical compounds make catalysts more efficient
A team from Ruhr-Universität Bochum has developed new chemical compounds that make catalysts more efficient.
Insights from metabolites get us closer to a test for chronic fatigue syndrome
A study led by researchers at the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health has identified a constellation of metabolites related to myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome.
Alarming trend shows first-time smoking among young adults
Millennials living more dangerously and settling down later could be creating a new generation of addicted smokers and e-cigarette users, according to the surprising results of research by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).
Rare pediatric skin conditions often get expensive, inconsistent care
New research shows that death and recurrence are rare in children with Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis, but children who experience these skin conditions have high rates of complications that treatment strategies varied among health care providers.
Using hepatitis C-infected donor kidneys could reduce time on dialysis for transplant patients with HCV
Transplanting hepatitis C-infected dialysis patients with HCV-positive donor organs and then treating the infection later is more effective, cheaper and shortens organ wait time.
Pancreatic cancer: Mutable cancer cells are more dangerous
Pancreatic cancer often spreads, forming metastases in the liver or lungs.
Following the fresh water
A research team led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution found the fingerprint of a massive flood of fresh water in the western Arctic, thought to be the cause of an ancient cold snap that began around 13,000 years ago.
How does Parkinson's disease develop? Study raises doubts on theory of Parkinson's disease
Parkinson's disease was first described by a British doctor more than 200 years' ago.
Senolytic drugs reverse damage caused by senescent cells in mice
Injecting senescent cells into young mice results in a loss of health and function but treating the mice with a combination of two existing drugs cleared the senescent cells from tissues and restored physical function.
Haemophilia A/sialorrhoea: Comparator therapies not implemented, added benefit not proven
In two early benefit assessments, IQWiG was unable to derive an added benefit from the data presented because current standards of care were not implemented in the studies.
Distant quasar providing clues to early-universe conditions
The sharp radio 'vision' of the VLBA gives astronomers a detailed look at a galaxy as it appeared when the Universe was a small fraction of its current age, providing clues about conditions at that early time.
Ludwig-developed candidate drug may be effective against broader class of brain cancers
A Ludwig Cancer Research study explains why a particular mutation in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a cell surface protein, results in more aggressive tumors and poorer overall survival of patients diagnosed with the brain cancer glioblastoma multiforme (GBM).
Physicists uncover why nanomaterial loses superconductivity
Physicists have discovered that superconducting nanowires made of MoGe alloy undergo quantum phase transitions from a superconducting to a normal metal state when placed in an increasing magnetic field at low temperatures.
Research confirms a new way for cells to conserve energy
By proving a theory that was first proposed almost 40 years ago, researchers have confirmed a new way that cells conserve energy.
Majority of drivers don't believe texting while driving is dangerous
New study shows that many drivers are still willing to take the risk, as 'fear of missing out' and separation anxiety keep them from abiding by the law.
Visual perceptual skills are updated by process similar to memory reconsolidation, study finds
A new study shows that updating visual perceptual skills -- which humans rely on to recognize what they see, including potential threats, and ignore unimportant background -- is an active process with many similarities to the way they stabilize memories.
Releasing our inner jellyfish in the fight against infection
How mucus genes dating back to our time as a jellyfish could be key in our quest for new antibiotics.
Oxygen levels on early Earth rose, fell several times before great oxidation even
Earth's oxygen levels rose and fell more than once hundreds of millions of years before the planetwide success of the Great Oxidation Event about 2.4 billion years ago, new research from the University of Washington shows.
Synthetic surfactant could ease breathing for patients with lung disease and injury
In a collaborative study between Lawson Health Research Institute and Stanford University, scientists have developed and tested a new synthetic surfactant that could lead to improved treatments for lung disease and injury.
Can fasting improve MS symptoms?
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) can find an abundance of conflicting advice suggesting that special diets will ease their symptoms.
Kissing bugs kiss their hiding spots goodbye, thanks to tiny radio transmitters
In a new pilot study, researchers in Texas successfully attached miniature radio transmitters to kissing bugs and tracked their movements.
In responding to predation risk, secondhand experience can be as good as new
Throughout the living world, parents have many ways of gifting their offspring with information they will need to help them survive.
Switching brain circuits on and off without surgery
By combining ultrasound, gene therapy, and synthetic drugs, researchers have figured out a way to noninvasively control the brain.
Insectivorous birds consume annually as much energy as the city of New York
The world's insectivorous birds consume annually 400 to 500 million tons of prey and thereby use as much energy as the megacity New York.
Evolution of melanoma reveals opportunities for intervention
UC San Francisco researchers have identified the sequence of genetic changes that transform benign moles into malignant melanoma in a large cohort of human skin cancer patients and have used CRISPR gene editing to recreate the steps of melanoma evolution one by one in normal human skin cells in the lab.
Roots of leukemia reveal possibility of predicting people at risk
Scientists have discovered that it is possible to identify people at high risk of developing acute myeloid leukemia (AML) years before diagnosis.
Transmission of NDM bacteria between dogs and humans established
In 2015, a New Delhi-metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM) Escherichia coli bacteria was discovered in two Finnish dogs.
NUS researchers confine mature cells to turn them into stem cells
Recent research led by Professor G.V. Shivashankar of the Mechanobiology Institute at the National University of Singapore and the FIRC Institute of Molecular Oncology in Italy, has revealed that mature cells can be reprogrammed into re-deployable stem cells without direct genetic modification -- by confining them to a defined geometric space for an extended period of time.
Blood flow in the heart revealed in a flash
Researchers at Linköping University have for the first time been able to use information from computer tomography images to simulate the heart function of an individual patient.
Vaginal microbiome may influence stress levels of offspring
Exposing newborn mice to vaginal microbes from stressed female mice may transfer the effects of stress to the newborns, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.
Seeing yourself as Einstein may change the way you think
People experiencing Albert Einstein's body as their own through a virtual reality simulation were less likely to unconsciously stereotype older people, while those with low self-esteem scored better on a cognitive test.
Generating electrical power from waste heat
Researchers from Sandia National Laboratories have developed a tiny silicon-based device that can harness what was previously called waste heat and turn it into DC power.
Certain antibodies against a sugar are associated with malaria protection
Certain type of antibodies against α-Gal- a carbohydrate expressed by many organisms including the malaria parasite- could protect against malaria, according to a new study led by ISGlobal, an institution supported by 'la Caixa' Foundation.
Scientists create a complete atlas of lung tumor cells
Researchers from VIB, Leuven University and University Hospital Leuven studied thousands of healthy and cancerous lung cells to create the first comprehensive atlas of lung tumor cells.
What is association of infant sleep, early introduction of solid foods?
Infants waking during the night is a reason some British mothers introduce solid foods earlier than recommended by the British government, which advises exclusive breastfeeding for about six months.
Stronger west winds blow ill wind for climate change
A new explanation for the Heinrich 1 event, where temperatures over Antarctica rose 5C in less than a century, suggests strengthening westerlies around the Antarctic led to a substantial increase in atmospheric carbon.
A new study identifies 40 genes related to aggressive behavior in humans and mice
The origins of the violent behavior are multifactorial and respond to the interaction of several factors --biological, cultural, social, etc.
Could mental health apps lead to overdiagnosis?
Mental health app marketing commonly presents mental health problems as ubiquitous and individuals as responsible for mental wellbeing; overdiagnosis and denial of the social factors related to mental health could result.
Researchers improve conductive property of graphene, advancing promise of solar technology
Among researchers, graphene has been the hottest material for a decade.
Peering deep into the cell to reveal essential components in cell division
The nucleolus has been shown to disassemble at the onset of mitosis; however, the relationship between cell cycle progression and nucleolar integrity remains unclear.

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