Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 12, 2018
Researchers turn exercise into a game and see encouraging results
A team of University of Iowa researchers built a web-based app called MapTrek.

Army researchers teaching robots to be more reliable teammates for soldiers
Researchers at the US Army Research Laboratory and the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University developed a new technique to quickly teach robots novel traversal behaviors with minimal human oversight.

Science fiction enthusiasts have a positive attitude to the digitizing of the brain
The goal of a technology known as mind upload is to make it possible to create functional copies of the human brain on computers.

The more you smoke, the greater your risk of a heart rhythm disorder
The more you smoke, the greater your risk of a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation.

WSU researchers use coal waste to create sustainable concrete
Washington State University researchers have created a sustainable alternative to traditional concrete using coal fly ash, a waste product of coal-based electricity generation.

Novel therapy delays muscle atrophy in Lou Gehrig's disease model
Supplementing a single protein found in the spinal cord could help prevent symptoms of Lou Gehrig's disease, according to a new study out of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.

5,300-year-old Iceman's last meal reveals remarkably high-fat diet
In 1991, German tourists discovered a human body that was later determined to be the oldest naturally preserved ice mummy, known as Otzi or the Iceman.

One step closer to finding a cure for brain diseases
Korean researchers identified a mechanism for signaling brain nerve cells through excitatory synaptic binding proteins.

Systematic review examines walnut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors
An updated systematic review from Harvard University examines 25 years of evidence for the role of walnut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors, including cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, and weight.

Immunotherapy doubles survival rates for patients with melanoma brain metastases
A new study evaluates data from more than 1,500 cancer programs across the country to determine the effectiveness of checkpoint blockade immunotherapies, finding that these therapies provided significant improvements in overall survival for patients with melanoma brain metastases.

More studies needed to determine impact of air pollution on gynecologic health
While initial studies suggest a potential relationship between air pollution and both infertility and menstrual irregularity, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine believe more studies are needed to validate these findings in other populations.

Bioengineers create pathway to personalized medicine
Matthew DeLisa, the William L. Lewis Professor of Engineering in the Smith School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Cornell University, and Michael Jewett, associate professor of chemical and biological engineering at Northwestern University, have teamed up on work that could provide sustainable ways to make chemicals, medicines and biomaterials.

Machine learning helps to predict the treatment outcomes of schizophrenia
University of Alberta researchers have used artificial intelligence to help identify patients suffering from schizophrenia and to ascertain if they would respond to treatment.

Concussion may bring greater risks for athletes with ADHD
Athletes who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at greater risk for experiencing persistent anxiety and depression after a concussion than people who do not have ADHD, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's Sports Concussion Conference in Indianapolis, July 20-22, 2018.

Algae have land genes
The genome of the algae species Chara braunii has been decoded.

Immunotherapy associated with improved survival for patients with melanoma brain metastases
Among patients with cutaneous melanoma who had brain metastases (MBM), first-line treatment with a checkpoint inhibitor was associated with a 1.4-fold increase in median overall survival, according to results from a national cohort.

Study: Obesity alone does not increase risk of death
Researchers at York University's Faculty of Health have found that patients who have metabolic healthy obesity, but no other metabolic risk factors, do not have an increased rate of mortality.

Hawaii telescopes help unravel long-standing cosmic mystery
In a paper published this week in the journal Science, scientists have, for the first time, provided evidence for a known blazar, designated TXS 0506+056, as a source of high-energy neutrinos.

New technologies for producing medical therapeutic proteins
Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins.

NASA's GPM satellite examined Tropical Storm Chris' power
As Tropical Storm Chris was strengthening into a short-lived hurricane, the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite investigated the storm's rainfall and cloud heights.

New model quantifies communities' vulnerability to the spread of fire
Disaster-mitigation experts in Colorado State University's Walter Scott, Jr. College of Engineering wanted to bring attention to the complexity of the so-called wildland-urban interface of fires.

Scientists ID protein exploited by virus ravaging West Africa
New research has uncovered a protein enabling the replication of arenaviruses, pathogens now widespread in West Africa that are carried by rodents and can infect humans with lethal fevers.

Is risk for inner ear disorders higher in people with history of migraines?
A study of health insurance claims data from Taiwan suggests there may be increased risk of inner ear disorders, especially ringing in the ears, among patients with a history of migraines than those without.

First machine learning method capable of accurate extrapolation
Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation.

Study forecasts growth rates of loblolly pine trees
Researchers used ecological forecasting to predict how changes in temperature, water, and concentrations of carbon in the atmosphere in the Southeastern United States may affect the future growth rates of trees.

Hospitals may take too much of the blame for unplanned readmissions
A new study out of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center reveals that the preventability of readmissions changes over time: readmissions within the first week after discharge are often preventable by the hospital, whereas readmissions later are often related to patients' difficultly accessing outpatient clinics.

Headers may cause balance issues
Soccer players who head the ball may be more likely to experience short-term balance problems, suggesting that repetitive head impacts could have the potential to cause subtle neurological deficits not previously known, according to a preliminary study by University of Delaware researchers.

Mapping species range shifts under recent climatic changes
The inclusion of taxon-specific sensitivity to a shifting climate helps us understand species distributional responses to changes in climate.

Magnetic vortices: Two independent magnetic skyrmion phases discovered in a single material
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material.

Blazar accelerates cosmic neutrinos to highest energies
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos.

Why internal scars won't stop growing
A study has newly identified an immune trigger of some fibrotic diseases and an experimental compound to treat it.

Blood biomarker can help predict disease progression in patients with COPD
Some patients with COPD demonstrate signs of accelerated aging. In a new study published in the journal CHEST® researchers report that measuring blood telomeres, a marker of aging of cells, can be used to predict future risk of the disease worsening or death.

Study finds room for improvement in South Korea's polluted river basin
A new Portland State University study shows that even though water quality has improved in South Korea's Han River basin since the 1990s, there are still higher-than-acceptable levels of pollutants in some of the more urbanized regions in and around the capital Seoul.

Ghostly particle points to long-sought high-energy cosmic ray source
With the help of an icebound detector situated a mile beneath the South Pole, an international team of scientists has found the first evidence of a source of high-energy cosmic neutrinos, ghostly subatomic particles that can travel in a straight line for billions of light-years, passing unhindered through galaxies, stars and anything else nature throws in its path.

New neurons archive old memories
The ability to obtain new memories in adulthood may depend on neurogenesis -- the generation of new neurons in the hippocampus -- to clear out old memories that have been safely stored in the cortex, according to research in male rats published in JNeurosci.

NASA sees ex-Tropical Cyclone Beryl's remnants fighting for survival
Former Tropical Storm Beryl doesn't seem to want to dissipate into hurricane history.

New method reveals how well cancer drugs hit their targets
Scientists have developed a method to measure how well cancer drugs reach their targets inside the body.

Time invested in the past dictates our willingness to wait for future rewards
The longer an individual waits for a reward, the less willing they will be to give up pursuit of the reward, a new study in mice, rats and humans reports.

Study reveals opioid patients face multiple barriers to treatment
In areas of the country disproportionately affected by the opioid crisis, treatment programs are less likely to accept patients paying through insurance of any type or accept pregnant women, a new Vanderbilt study found.

Ant soldiers don't need big brains
Army ant (Eciton) soldiers are bigger but do not have larger brains than other workers within the same colony that fulfill more complex tasks, according to a study published in the open-access journal BMC Zoology.

Intensive care patients' muscles unable to use fats for energy
The muscles of people in intensive care are less able to use fats for energy, contributing to extensive loss of muscle mass, finds a new study co-led by UCL, King's College London and Guy's and St.

Study estimates eyeglass use by Medicare patients
Traditional Medicare doesn't cover eyeglasses except after cataract surgery and changing the policy has been discussed.

VERITAS supplies critical piece to neutrino discovery puzzle
The VERITAS array has confirmed the detection of high-energy gamma rays from the vicinity of a supermassive black hole located in a distant galaxy, TXS 0506+056.

Whole genome sequencing reveals cluster of resistant bacterium in returning travelers
Thirteen patients with OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST392 have been reported by Sweden and Norway between January and April 2018 -- all returning travelers with prior hospital admission in Gran Canaria.

New species may arise from rapid mitochondrial evolution
Genetic research at has shed new light on how isolated populations of the same species evolve toward reproductive incompatibility and thus become separate species.

Can ultrashort electron flashes help harvest nuclear energy?
EPFL physicists have now demonstrated experimentally the ability to coherently manipulate the wave function of a free electron down to the attosecond timescale (10-18 of a second).

VLA gives tantalizing clues about source of energetic cosmic neutrino
The track of an elusive, energetic neutrino points to a distant galaxy as its source and VLA observations suggest high-energy particles may be generated in superfast jets of material near the galaxy's core.

Smell receptors in the body could help sniff out disease
A review of more than 200 studies reveals that olfactory receptors -- proteins that bind to odors that aid the sense of smell -- perform a wide range of mostly unknown functions outside the nose.

About half of parents use cell phones while driving with young children in the car
A new study from a team of researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing found that in the previous three months, about half of parents talked on a cell phone while driving when their children between the ages of 4 and 10 were in the car, while one in three read text messages and one in seven used social media.

Safety-net clinics adapt integrated systems' best practices to manage blood pressure
A new study led by UC San Francisco researchers, partnering with clinical leaders in the San Francisco Department of Public Health, shows that a simplified intervention can significantly improve rates of blood pressure control in the city's safety net clinics.

Bridging the gap between human memory and perception
The hippocampus may relay predictions about what we expect to see based on past experience to the visual cortex, suggests a human neuroimaging published in JNeurosci.

Rats trail behind shrews, monkeys, and humans in visual problem solving
Rats take a fundamentally different approach toward solving a simple visual discrimination task than tree shrews, monkeys, and humans, according to a comparative study of the four mammal species published in eNeuro.

Graphene could be key to controlling water evaporation
Graphene coatings may offer the ability to control the water evaporation process from various surfaces, according to new research.

Understanding the social dynamics that cause cooperation to thrive, or fail
In a new report in the journal Nature Communications, Erol Akçay, a biologist at the University of Pennsylvania, addresses the question of how an evolving social network influences the likelihood of cooperation in a theoretical social group.

Breakthrough in the search for cosmic particle accelerators
In a global observation campaign, scientist have for the first time located a source of high-energy cosmic neutrinos, ghostly elementary particles that travel billions of light years through the universe, flying unaffected through stars, planets and entire galaxies.

Imaging technique illuminates immune status of monkeys with HIV-like virus
Findings from an animal study suggest that a non-invasive imaging technique could, with further development, become a tool to assess immune system recovery in people receiving treatment for HIV infection.

MAGIC telescopes trace origin of a rare cosmic neutrino
For the first time, astrophysicists have localized the source of a cosmic neutrino originating outside the Milky Way.

Controlling the manufacture of stable aerogels
Kyoto University researchers have developed a new approach to control the fabrication of soft, porous materials, overcoming a primary challenge in materials science.

Quantum dot white LEDs achieve record efficiency
Researchers have demonstrated nanomaterial-based white-light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that exhibit a record luminous efficiency of 105 lumens per watt.

Voters do not always walk the talk when it comes to infidelity
Democrats, who generally have a more liberal take on sexual matters, were least likely to use an adultery dating service, while members of the conservative Libertarian party had the greatest tendency to do so.

Why baby's sex may influence risk of pregnancy-related complicatations
The sex of a baby controls the level of small molecules known as metabolites in the pregnant mother's blood, which may explain why risks of some diseases in pregnancy vary depending whether the mother is carrying a boy or a girl, according to new research from the University of Cambridge.

New research: Financial incentives create critical waterbird habitat in extreme drought
New research from scientists at Point Blue Conservation Science and The Nature Conservancy shows how financial incentive programs can create vital habitat for waterbirds, filling a critical need in drought years.

The Lancet: UK-US post-Brexit trade deal risks increased drug prices, and may threaten the NHS
A trade deal between the UK and USA could risk increasing drug prices in the UK, which could diminish the affordability and accessibility of the NHS, according to a Viewpoint published in The Lancet.

New perspective on tumor genome evolution
An interdisciplinary team of scientists at the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, Spain, deepens understanding of tumor genome evolution and suggests negative selection acting on cancer-essential genes plays a more important role than previously anticipated.

A blazar is a source of high-energy neutrinos
A celestial object known as a blazar is a source of high-energy neutrinos, report two new studies.

IceCube neutrinos point to long-sought cosmic ray accelerator
An international team of scientists, with key contributions from researchers at the University of Maryland, has found the first evidence of a source of high-energy cosmic neutrinos, ghostly subatomic particles that travel to Earth unhindered for billions of light years from the most extreme environments in the universe.

Climate change-induced march of treelines halted by unsuitable soils: study
University of Guelph researchers have discovered unsuitable soil at higher altitudes may be halting the advancement of treelines.

Ferroelectric perovskites go organic
Engineers have created 23 all-organic perovskites, one of which offers ferroelectric properties comparable to the widely used inorganic perovskite ferroelectrics BaTiO3 (BTO), a new study reports.

Potential new surgical options for women with multiple ipsilateral breast cancer
Initial results of a new national clinical trial show that the majority of women with breast cancer who have two to three sites of disease in a single breast at the time of diagnosis are able to successfully complete breast-conserving surgery without conversion to mastectomy.

In Medicaid patients, high opioid doses and concurrent sedative use are risk factors for fatal opioid overdose
Among Medicaid recipients taking prescription opioids, high opioid doses and concurrent treatment with benzodiazepine sedatives are among the key, potentially modifiable risk factors for fatal overdose, reports a study in the August issue of Medical Care.

Polyps will let unrelated 'others' fuse to them and share tissue, scientists discover
University of Kansas scientists discovered that polyps have no qualms about treating a nonrelated individual like part of the family.

Finding the proteins that unpack DNA
A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins called 'nuclesome displacing factors' that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions.

New control of cell division discovered
When a cell divides, its constituents are usually evenly distributed among the daughter cells.

Massive genome havoc in breast cancer is revealed
Researchers using long-read DNA sequencing have made one of the most detailed maps ever of structural variations in a cancer cell's genome.

Light receptors determine the behavior of flashlight fish
Biologists at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum characterized new, unknown photoreceptors from the bioluminescent flashlight fish Anomalops katoptron.

Rice plants evolve to adapt to flooding
Although water is essential for plant growth, excessive amounts can waterlog and kill a plant.

A gene required for addictive behavior
Cocaine can have a devastating effect on people. It directly stimulates the brain's reward center, and, more importantly, induces long-term changes to the reward circuitry that are responsible for addictive behaviors.

Could gravitational waves reveal how fast our universe is expanding?
An MIT study finds black holes and neutron stars are key to measuring our expanding universe.

Research finds new molecular structures in boron-based nanoclusters
Researchers have shown that clusters of boron and lanthanide atoms form interesting 'inverse sandwich' structures that could be useful as molecular magnets.

New study finds 93 million people vulnerable to death from snakebites
A new scientific study finds 93 people live in remote areas with venomous snakes and, if bitten, face a greater likelihood of dying than those in urban settings because of poor access to anti-venom medications.

Moving fish farms enables seagrass meadows to thrive, study shows
Off the coast of Cyprus in the Mediterranean Sea, many fish farms have been moved into deeper waters -- and on the seabeds beneath their previous locations, the meadows are flourishing once again.

Melting triggers melting
The melting of glaciers on one side of the globe can trigger disintegration of glaciers on the other side of the globe, as has been presented in a recent paper by a team of AWI scientists, who investigated marine microalgae preserved in glacial deposits and subsequently used their findings to perform climate simulations.

Parental controls do not stop teens from seeing pornography, new research finds
New research from the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford has found that Internet filtering tools are ineffective and in most cases, were an insignificant factor in whether young people had seen explicit sexual content.

New evidence of two subspecies of American pikas in Rocky Mountain National Park
Rocky Mountain National Park provides habitat for not one, but two subspecies of the American pika.

Why the left hemisphere of the brain understands language better than the right
Nerve cells in the brain region planum temporale have more synapses in the left hemisphere than in the right hemisphere -- which is vital for rapid processing of auditory speech, according to the report published by researchers from Ruhr-Universität Bochum and Technische Universität Dresden in the journal Science Advances.

Study finds potential link between alcohol and death rates
Heavy drinking causes iron loading which puts strain on vital organs, research finds.

Turbulence is good for the blood
Scientists at Kyoto University have used induced pluripotent stem cells to make platelets at numbers (> 100 billion) that can be used in the clinic.

Scientists on Twitter: Preaching to the choir or singing from the rooftops?
SFU professor Isabelle Cote published a paper today in FACETS on Twitter use for scientists.

UCLA researchers discover gene that controls bone-to-fat ratio in bone marrow
UCLA researchers have found that the PGC-1α gene, previously known to control human metabolism, also controls the equilibrium of bone and fat in bone marrow and also how an adult stem cell expresses its final cell type.

Geological records reveal sea-level rise threatens UK salt marshes, study says
Sea-level rise will endanger valuable salt marshes across the United Kingdom by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated, according to an international study co-authored by a Rutgers University-New Brunswick professor.

Putting gas under pressure
Understanding gas flames' response to acoustic perturbations at high pressure should make next-generation turbines safer and more efficient.

Study shows biomarker panel boosts lung cancer risk assessment for smokers
A four-protein biomarker blood test improves lung cancer risk assessment over existing guidelines that rely solely upon smoking history, capturing risk for people who have ever smoked, not only for heavy smokers, an international research team reports in JAMA Oncology.

New study highlights Alzheimer's herpes link, experts say
A new commentary by scientists at the Universities of Manchester and Edinburgh on a study by Taiwanese epidemiologists supports the viability of a potential way to reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease.

Origin of neutrinos proved by Drexel University astrophysicist, IceCube colleagues
With nine-and-a-half years of data and a South Pole observatory, a Drexel University professor and her colleagues has shown the origin of at least some of the high-energy particles known as 'neutrinos.'

Electrical contact to molecules in semiconductor structures established for the first time
Electrical circuits are constantly being scaled down and extended with specific functions.

Neutrino observation points to one source of high-energy cosmic rays
Observations made by researchers using a National Science Foundation (NSF) detector at the South Pole and verified by ground- and space-based telescopes have produced the first evidence of one source of high-energy cosmic neutrinos.

Longer contracts leverage the free fuel in solar power at little O&M cost
Solar contracts are usually only for 20 years. But ACWA Power's contract with DEWA in Dubai will run until 2055 -- the world's first 35 year solar contract.

University of Alabama professors help in discovery of potential cosmic ray source
Three professors at The University of Alabama are part of an international team of scientists who found evidence of the source of tiny cosmic particles, known as neutrinos, a discovery that opens the door to using these particles to observe the universe.

New era of space research launched by IceCube Observatory and global team of astronomers
The first-ever identification of a deep-space source of the super-energetic subatomic high-energy neutrino particles has launched a new era of space research.

The VIPs of the nervous system
Biologists at Washington University in St Louis unlocked a cure for jet lag in mice by activating a small subset of the neurons involved in setting daily rhythms.

Genetic adaptation allows rice to survive long-term flooding
When floodwaters rise, some rice varieties rapidly grow taller to keep from drowning.

Scientists of SibFU proposed to use Siberian plants for treatment of serious diseases
Scientists of Siberian Federal University found possible sources of medicinal and antimicrobial drugs.

Wearable device can predict older adults' risk of falling
Every year, more than one in three individuals aged 65 and older will experience a fall.

Solved protein puzzle opens door to new design for cancer drugs
Researchers at have solved a longstanding puzzle concerning the design of molecular motors, paving the way toward new cancer therapies.

Speaking up for patient safety
In a new study, a team led by clinician-researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) surveyed family members and patients with recent ICU experiences about their willingness to speak up about care concerns to medical providers.

International collaboration finds land plant genes in ancient aquatic alga
An international team, which included three University of Maryland researchers, sequenced and analyzed the genome of Chara braunii, a freshwater green alga closely related to land plants.

LGBQ teens more likely than peers to use dangerous drugs
Lesbian, gay, bisexual or questioning (LGBQ) teens are at substantially higher risk of substance use than their heterosexual peers, according to a new study led by San Diego State University researchers and published in the American Journal of Public Health.

An orange a day keeps macular degeneration away: 15-year study
A new study has shown that people who regularly eat oranges are less likely to develop macular degeneration than people who do not eat oranges.

Chemists achieve unprecedented molecular triple jump with multi-ringed metal complexes
For decades, Texas A&M University chemist Dr. John A. Gladysz has been mixing metals and carbon to create novel molecules, from the world's longest molecular wires to microscopic gyroscopes controllable by cage size, molecular access and even progress toward unidirectional rotation via external electrical field manipulation.

Brain function partly replicated by nanomaterials
Osaka University-centered researchers created extremely dense, random SWNT/POM network molecular neuromorphic devices, generating spontaneous spikes similar to nerve impulses of neurons.

Chemicals associated with oxidative stress may be essential to development
Some level of molecules linked to oxidative stress may be essential to health and development, according to new animal studies.

'No evidence' grammar schools can promote social mobility, study suggests
Expanding the number of grammar schools is unlikely to promote social mobility by providing more opportunities for disadvantaged pupils, a new study published in Educational Review finds.

How gold nanoparticles could improve solar energy storage
Star-shaped gold nanoparticles, coated with a semiconductor, can produce hydrogen from water over four times more efficiently than other methods - opening the door to improved storage of solar energy and other advances that could boost renewable energy use and combat climate change, according to Rutgers University-New Brunswick researchers.

Tree shrews can tolerate hot peppers: Mutation in pain receptor makes peppery plant palatable
Almost all mammals avoid eating chili peppers and other 'hot' foods, because of the pain they induce.

Scientists find evidence of far-distant neutrino source
An international team of scientists, including from the University of Adelaide and Curtin University, has found the first evidence of a source of high-energy particles called neutrinos: an energetic galaxy about 4 billion light years from Earth.

Guardian of the cell
Scientists have defined the structure and key features of a human immune-surveillance protein that guards against cancer and bacterial and viral infections.

University of Leicester scientists involved in discovery of origins of 'ghost particles' in space
Researchers help to resolve a more than century-old riddle about what sends subatomic particles such as neutrinos and cosmic rays speeding through the universe.

Army researchers suggest uncertainty may be key in battlefield decision making
Army researchers have discovered that being initially uncertain when faced with making critical mission-related decisions based on various forms of information may lead to better overall results in the end.

Study highlights genetic risk of heart failure
Heart failure is known to be more common in certain families but whether this familial transition is caused by genetic or lifestyle factors.

CHOP researchers develop easy-to-implement predictive screening tool for retinopathy
A multi-hospital collaboration led by researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) has found a simple method of determining which premature infants should be screened for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

Turbulence allows clinical-scale platelet production for transfusions
Turbulence is a critical physical factor that promotes the large-scale production of functional platelets from human induced pluripotent stem cells, researchers in Japan report July 12 in the journal Cell.

Parental chromosomes kept apart during embryo's first division
It was long thought that during an embryo's first cell division, one spindle is responsible for segregating the embryo's chromosomes into two cells.

Hubble and Gaia team up to fuel cosmic conundrum
Using the power and synergy of two space telescopes, astronomers have made the most precise measurement to date of the universe's expansion rate.

Scientists create nano-size packets of genetic code aimed at brain cancer 'seed' cells
In a 'proof of concept' study, scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have successfully delivered nano-size packets of genetic code called microRNAs to treat human brain tumors implanted in mice.

Treatment prevents symptoms of schizophrenia in tests with rats
Researchers carried out studies in animal model that mimics condition in children and adolescents considered at risk for development of the disease in adulthood.

In search of dark matter
An international team of scientists that includes UC Riverside physicist Hai-Bo Yu has imposed conditions on how dark matter may interact with ordinary matter.

Invasive plants adapt to new environments, study finds
Invasive plants have the ability to adapt to new environments -- and even behave like a native species, according to University of Stirling research.

Subaru Telescope helps pinpoint origin of ultra-high energy neutrino
For the first time, the source object which produced an ultra-high energy neutrino has been identified.

Mystery of the Basel papyrus solved
Since the 16th century, Basel has been home to a mysterious papyrus. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to