Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 23, 2018
Writing the future of rewritable memory
Scientists at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada have created the most dense, solid-state memory in history that could soon exceed the capabilities of current hard drives by 1,000 times.

Enabling technology in cell-based therapies: Scale-up, scale-out or program in-place
Technologies that are reducing costs and changing the ways in which researchers and clinicians process and use therapeutic cells are showcased in the August 2018 special issue of SLAS Technology.

The Scream: What were those colorful, wavy clouds in Edvard Munch's famous painting?
What inspired the iconic red-and-yellow sky in The Scream, the painting by Norwegian artist Edvard Munch that sold for a record $119.9 million in 2012?

Novel intervention for anxiety symptoms among people with Bipolar Disorder
Psychologists at Lancaster University have devised a novel psychological intervention to address Anxiety in Bipolar Disorder (AIBD).

Screening for paternal depression in primary care clinics
Fathers screened positive for depression almost as often as mothers during well-child care visits with their young children in a small study at community health care centers in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Cloud formation and distribution follows simple thermodynamic, statistical laws
Clouds are exceptionally complex creatures, and that complexity makes it difficult to predict how and where they'll form.

Artificial intelligence saves water for water users associations
A research group at the University of Cordoba has developed a model based on artificial intelligence techniques that can predict how much water each water user will use.

Environmental changes in the Mekong Delta spell trouble for farmers
The Mekong Delta is home to 15 million people, many of whom rely on the delta's rich soil and water resources for farming and fishing.

Materials scientists of Lomonosov MSU proposed a novel approach for obtaining films for solar cells
Scientists of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department Materials Science explained the key mechanisms of interaction of hybrid perovskites with solvents and suggested new approaches to obtain perovskite light-absorbing layers for thin-film solar cells from weakly coordinating aprotic solvents.

TGen-led study shows mutated gene is likely cause of 3-year-old girl's severe disorder
A young girl with severe neurological symptoms finally has a diagnosis, following the discovery by TGen of a genetic mutation that likely caused the girl to experience a cascade of symptoms.

New strategy for recruitment and participation in Alzheimer's disease clinical trials
Increased public and private investments in Alzheimer's disease research have brought about a proliferation of potential therapeutic targets.

Breast cancer fuelled by mysterious Yin Yang protein
Scientists have unveiled clues about a mysterious molecule called Yin Yang1 -- and revealed it may fuel tumour growth in breast cancer.

Vessel tracking exposes the dark side of trading at sea
Transshipment -- exchanging seafood, crew or supplies between boats at sea -- is common in many fisheries, but it creates opportunity for illegal activity involving drugs and people.

Researchers explore popular food trends in nutritional review
What's the bottom line on the potential heart health benefits of popular health foods?

Build an ark? biologists discuss conservation prioritization
Supported by Leipzig, Germany-based sDIV, Will Pearse, Utah State University; Florent Mazel, Arne Mooers and Caroline Tucker, Simon Fraser University and the University of British Columbia; Marc Cadotte , University of Toronto; Sandra Diaz, National University of Cordoba, Argentina; Giulio Valentino Dalla Riva, University of British Columbia; Richard Grenyer, University of Oxford; Fabien Leprieur, University of Montpellier and David Mouillot, James Cook University, explore phylogenetic diversity as a metric of conservation prioritization.

New stroke imaging technology could reduce potential for patient brain damage
A new study, presented today at the Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery's (SNIS) 15th Annual Meeting, found that new stroke imaging technology could decrease delays in care by up to 60 minutes, giving patients a better chance at making a full recovery.

Microclimates may provide wildlife with respite from warming temperatures
researchers suggest that locally variable habitats such as hummocky hillsides or shaded valleys could help a range of native species survive this modern warming episode - in much the same way as species such as red deer and squirrel survived the Ice Age by seeking refuge in pockets of warmer conditions sheltered from the extreme cold.

Mandate patient access to primary care medical records
Canada's provincial governments should mandate patient access to their electronic medical records, argue authors of a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite catches Tropical Depression Ampil over Eastern China
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and captured a visible image of Tropical Depression Ampil moving over land in eastern China.

Time delays to thrombectomy for stroke reduce patient lifetime and economic value of care
Every minute that endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) for a stroke patient is delayed decreases the patient's quality of life and lifespan, and reduces the significant monetary benefits that EVT provides.

Greater efforts are needed to address 'financial toxicity' of cancer treatment
In addition to facing new concerns about their health, individuals who are diagnosed with cancer often worry about the financial burdens of treatment.

Curing breast cancer but at what cost? Patients report heavy financial toll
A new study led by researchers at the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center finds many breast cancer patients are concerned about the financial impact of their diagnosis and treatment, and that they feel their doctor's offices are not helping with these concerns.

How students view intelligence affects how they internalize stress
As students transition into high school, many see their grades drop.

Cold wave reveals potential benefits of urban heat islands
Researchers from Princeton University have found that the urban heat island effect -- cities are hotter in the summer than their surrounding areas -- also helps keep cities warmer during extreme cold.

NASA finds Tropical Depression 13W hugging southeastern coast
Tropical Depression 13W formed on July 22 and the next day, NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the storm hugging the coast of southeastern China.

Pregnancy and reproductive history may impact dementia risk
Research reported at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference (AAIC) 2018 in Chicago highlighted sex differences associated with dementia and Alzheimer's disease across the life course, including the first ever large-scale study of reproductive history and dementia risk in women.

Rationalizations by low-paid microworkers raise questions of ethics, rigor
Researchers found that lower-paid Amazon Mechanical Turk microworkers -- or Turkers -- were more likely to reduce their efforts, as well as experience psychological states that could impact the results of the study.

Sulfur analysis supports timing of oxygen's appearance
A team led by a Rice University scientist analyzes water to assess the sulfur composition of ancient rock used to mark the 'great oxygenation event' that gave rise to abundant life on Earth.

A 3-D model of a human heart ventricle
Harvard University researchers have bioengineered a three-dimensional model of a human left heart ventricle that could be used to study diseases, test drugs and develop patient-specific treatments for heart conditions such as arrhythmia.

Warming temperatures could increase suicide rates across the US and Mexico
By comparing historical temperature and suicide data, researchers found a strong correlation between warm weather and increased suicides.

New health calculator can help predict heart disease risk, estimate heart age
A new online health calculator can help people determine their risk of heart disease, as well as their heart age, accounting for sociodemographic factors such as ethnicity, sense of belonging and education, as well as health status and lifestyle behaviors.

Democracies are more prone to start wars -- except when they're not
A new study reveals surprising findings about how democracy affects international peace.

Diverse salmon populations enable 'resource surfing' bears to eat tons of fish
Research shows that Kodiak brown bears that sync their stream-to-stream movements to salmon spawning patterns eat longer and more than bears that don't, with one bear in the study consuming greater than 2 tons of fish in one summer.

How cannabis and cannabis-based drugs harm your brain
Long-term use of either cannabis or cannabis-based drugs impairs memory say researchers.

Study provides insight into how dying neurons control eating behaviors of the brain microglia
Aberrant clearance activity of microglia in particular brain regions leads to changes associated with neurodegenerative diseases.

Inspiration for Dr. Seuss's 'The Lorax' may be from real plant and animal life in Kenya
The inspiration for 'The Lorax' by Dr. Seuss may have been based on an actual tree and monkey species in Kenya, according to a new Dartmouth-led study in 'Nature Ecology & Evolution.' The co-authors propose a new theory that the Lorax viewed himself as a part of the Truffula forest and was speaking as the personification of nature rather than as some sort of ecopoliceman.

Imaging in living cells reveals how 'junk DNA' switches on a gene
Researchers have captured video showing how pieces of DNA once thought to be useless can act as on-off switches for genes.

Ancient farmers transformed Amazon and left an enduring legacy on the rainforest
Ancient communities transformed the Amazon thousands of years ago, farming in a way which has had a lasting impact on the rainforest, a major new study shows.

NIST builds statistical foundation for next-generation forensic DNA profiling
When forensic experts compare DNA left at a crime scene with DNA from a suspect, they generate statistics that describe how closely those DNA samples match.

'Hijacked' cell response to stress reveals promising drug targets for blood cancer
A signaling pathway that helps promote normal cell growth worsens a form of leukemia by taking control of another pathway better known for protecting cells from biological stress, a new study shows.

Public support for Endangered Species Act is widespread
The Endangered Species Act is portrayed -- by critics of the law, often by the media, and sometimes by conservation professionals -- as increasingly controversial, partly due to the protection of species such as wolves and spotted owls.

Bigger eyes but reduced brain power in nocturnal fishes
How does living life in darkness influence the way nocturnal fishes see?

An overview of healthcare monitoring by flexible electronics
Flexible electronics integrated with stretchable/bendable structures and various microsensors that monitor the temperature, pressure, sweat, bioelectricity, body hydration, etc., have a wide range of applications in the human healthcare sector.

We can feed the world if we change our ways
Current crop yields could provide nutritious food for the projected 2050 global population, but only if we make radical changes to our dietary choices, a new study shows.

Should you share data of threatened species?
Scientists and conservationists have continually called for location data to be turned off in wildlife photos and publications to help preserve species but new research suggests there could be more to be gained by sharing a rare find, rather than obscuring it, in certain circumstances.

Largest genetic database on Alzheimer's disease now re-open for business
The National Institute on Aging Genetics of Alzheimer's Disease Data Storage Site will begin making large-scale DNA sequence data available to investigators.

Rise in vehicle ramming attacks a 'social virus' spread through media networks
The rise in vehicle ramming attacks (VRAs) is as much the product of a virus-like spread of the act due to mass media coverage and online networks inspiring others to do likewise, as it is the rise of terrorist propaganda or a response to heightened security at high-profile targets.

Estrogen could promote healthy development of preterm infants
Premature birth alters the balance of interneurons in the cerebral cortex that can be restored with estrogen treatment, according to a study of human brain tissue and preterm rabbits published in JNeurosci.

Surprising findings on the physics of water entry could lead to smarter design of ships
The phenomenon of objects entering water is commonplace, yet a full understanding of the physics of water entry remains elusive, especially as it pertains to instances where a solid object enters a body of water that contains other solid objects.

Researchers find connection between viruses and inflammatory bowel disease
A study led by a researcher at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus reveals a key connection between viruses and inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.

New scholarly focus needed to help solve global food crisis, U-M experts say
The global food system is unsustainable and urgently needs an overhaul.

Overnight brain stimulation improves memory
New research in humans demonstrates the potential to improve memory with a non-invasive brain stimulation technique delivered during sleep.

A warmer Midwest could lead to a common bird being less common over the next century
Discussion of how climate change might affect wildlife has largely centered on the effects of change on habitat, but a study published today in the journal Nature Climate Change suggests that predicting how climate will affect wildlife demands an understanding of exactly how complex ecological interactions are in nature.

Mother's touch supports pup's brain development
A mother's presence may have immediate and long-term effects on her child's developing brain by modulating the serotonin system, suggests a study of rat moms and their pups published in eNeuro.

Discovery reveals how obesity causes disease -- and two ways to stop it
New research explains why obesity causes harmful inflammation that can lead to diabetes, clogged arteries and other health problems.

NUST MISIS scientists present metamaterial for solar cells and nanooptics
A research team from the NUST MISIS Laboratory of Superconducting Metamaterials led by Alexey Basharin, Senior Lecturer and Candidate of Technical Sciences, has developed a metamaterial-dielectric that has unique characteristics and is easy to manufacture.

Emergency departments can be an effective venue for Hepatitis C virus testing
Boston Medical Center has shown that testing for the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) outside the typical high-risk population can be successfully implemented in an emergency department setting.

Children of mothers with type 1 diabetes have a higher body mass index
Children of mothers with type 1 diabetes are at significantly higher risk of being overweight and of exhibiting insulin resistance.

The shape in water: First nanoscale measurements of biomolecule folding in liquid
For the first time, scientists have measured at the nanometer scale the characteristic folding patterns that give proteins their three-dimensional shape in water.

Scientists uncover new connection between smell and memory
Neurobiologists at the University of Toronto have identified a mechanism that allows the brain to recreate vivid sensory experiences from memory, shedding light on how sensory-rich memories are created and stored in our brains.

Natural chromium sources threaten California groundwater
Natural sources of the toxic form of chromium appear in wells that provide drinking water to a large population in California, offering a new perspective on California's groundwater management challenges.

Virtual reality may help students experience life with dementia first hand
Virtual reality technology gives high school students greater insight into what it's like to be Alfred -- a 74-year-old African American man with suspected mild cognitive impairment (MCI), plus age-related vision and hearing loss, or Beatriz, a middle-aged Latina, as she progresses through the continuum of Alzheimer's disease.

NASA's MAVEN spacecraft finds that 'stolen' electrons enable unusual aurora on Mars
NASA's MAVEN spacecraft just found a new type of Martian aurora that occurs over much of the day side of the Red Planet, where auroras are very hard to see.

NASA eyes Tropical Storm Son-Tinh affecting Hainan Island, China
NASA's Terra satellite found Tropical Storm Son-Tinh continuing to drop rain over Hainan Island and mainland China.

How experience changes basics of memory formation
We know instinctively that our experiences shape the way we learn.

Pilot program improves staff confidence in dealing with airway emergencies
A patient safety team has restructured their protocols for treating airway failure in such a way that the change has measurably improved staff confidence to handle airway emergencies and can serve as a model for other health systems.

Test to save patients from invasive open biopsies
University of Queensland researchers are developing diagnostic tests for a genetic condition which can cause the body to fatally overheat while under a general anaesthetic.

Blindness gene discovered
Researchers from UNIGE have investigated a recessive genetic disorder that destroys the eyes from developing and results in childhood blindness.

Acidic oceans cause fish to lose their sense of smell
Fish are losing their sense of smell because of increasingly acidic oceans caused by rising levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere, new research shows.

Ytterbium: The quantum memory of tomorrow
Quantum communication and are the future of high-security communication. One of the major challenges is to create memories with the capacity to store quantum information carried by light.

Depleting microbiome with antibiotics can affect glucose metabolism
A new study from the Salk Institute has found that mice that have their microbiomes depleted with antibiotics have decreased levels of glucose in their blood and better insulin sensitivity.

Archaeologists identify ancient North American mounds using new image analysis technique
Researchers at Binghamton University, State University at New York have used a new image-based analysis technique to identify once-hidden North American mounds, which could reveal valuable information about pre-contact Native Americans.

What midlife risk factors are associated with late onset of epilepsy?
Potentially changeable lifestyle and vascular risk factors in midlife were associated with onset later in life of epilepsy, a neurological disorder with higher risk in older age.

Gene study pinpoints superbug link between people and animals
Scientists led by the University of Edinburgh have shed light on how a major cause of human and animal disease can jump between species, by studying its genes.

If only A.I. had a brain
A team of researchers from Pitt's Swanson School of Engineering have developed an 'artificial synapse' that does not process information like a digital computer but rather mimics the analog way the human brain completes tasks.

New research: High burden of hepatitis C among people who inject drugs
Globally, more than one in three (39 percent) people who have injected drugs in the last year are living with hepatitis C infection, according to new research from the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre and the Kirby Institute at UNSW Sydney.

Ever gone to put your keys in the fridge, not the milk? New research sheds light on why
New research shows for the first time that forming a strong mental picture of a motor action can make a person involuntarily do it.

Exhaled e-vapor particles evaporate in seconds -- new study
Study shows exhaled e-vapour product particles are liquid droplets that evaporate within seconds with particle counts returning rapidly to background values, reinforcing evidence that vaping has minimal impact on indoor air quality

Breakthrough in battle against type 2 diabetes
Experts from the University of Stirling have made a breakthrough in understanding how people respond to lifestyle treatment for preventing Type 2 diabetes.

Giant neurons in the brain may play similarly giant role in awareness and cognition
Scientists find that certain neurons release nitric oxide onto nearby blood vessels, and potentially use this mechanism to control awareness in the brain.

A new model to estimate lifetime risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
Considering the enormous public health burden imposed by atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), accurate and early estimation of individuals' lifetime risk is an important step for ASCVD prevention.

Solving the cave shrimp mystery: Geology and evolution in action
Although they live isolated for millions of years small shrimp that occur in various caves in Israel and Italy, are related.

'Ribbon' wraps up mystery of Jupiter's magnetic equator
New data from Jupiter observations is a gift to Leicester astronomers.

Slimy chemical clues: Changing algae could alter ecosystems
Acidification of ocean waters from rising global temperatures is changing a type of rock-like algae that sets the tone for what species are welcome in ecological communities.

Researchers unravel more mysteries of metallic hydrogen
Liquid metallic hydrogen is not present naturally on Earth and has only been created in a handful of places, including the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics.

Paying parents to read to their children boosts literacy skills
Researchers have found a surprising way to help boost the skills of children with language impairment: Pay their parents to read to them.

Cognitive consequences of age-related increase in brain activity
Increased frontal brain activity in healthy older adults reflects reduced efficiency rather than a way to maintain cognitive function, finds a study of two human samples published in JNeurosci.

Standardized stroke protocol can ensure ELVO stroke patients are treated within 60 minutes
A new study shows that developing a standardized stroke protocol of having neurointerventional teams meet suspected emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) stroke patients upon their arrival at the hospital achieves a median door-to-recanalization time of less than 60 minutes.

A promising approach to translational research on stem cells for Parkinson's disease
A major factor underlying Parkinson's Disease (PD) pathology is the loss of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra, and thus current therapies often aim to restore dopamine signaling.

Two quality improvement programs lead to fewer postoperative complications
Two presurgery checklists from the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Strong for Surgery (S4S) program that incorporate best practices for engaging patients in preparing for their upcoming operations significantly improved lifestyle factors that pose an increased risk for postoperative complications or help support healing and postoperative recovery.

Liquid microscopy technique reveals new problem with lithium-oxygen batteries
Using an advanced, new microscopy technique that can visualize chemical reactions occurring in liquid environments, researchers have discovered a new reason lithium-oxygen batteries -- which promise up to five times more energy than the lithium-ion batteries that power electric vehicles and cell phones -- tend to slow down and die after just a few charge/discharge cycles.

Study finds flushing water lines protects inconsistently and may increase lead exposure
Research conducted by LSU Health New Orleans School of Public Health finds that the current recommendations for running water to flush out lead are not consistently effective and may not be the best way to protect children from lead in drinking water.

Scientists get first look at T cell responses in Ebola virus survivors
Scientists conducting the first comprehensive study of key immune system cells-collected from West African Ebola survivors-that kill Ebola infected cells have made a surprising discovery that provides important clues to developing effective vaccines against the infection.

The Milky Way's long-lost sibling finally found
Scientists at the University of Michigan have deduced that the Andromeda galaxy, our closest large galactic neighbor, shredded and cannibalized a massive galaxy two billion years ago.

Scientists develop new materials that move in response to light
Researchers at Tufts University School of Engineering have developed magnetic elastomeric composites that move in different ways when exposed to light, raising the possibility that these materials could enable a wide range of products that perform simple to complex movements, from tiny engines and valves to solar arrays that bend toward the sunlight.

Scientists generate key life event in artificial mouse 'embryo' created from stem cells
The creation of artificial embryos has moved a step forward after an international team of researchers used mouse stem cells to produce artificial embryo-like structures capable of 'gastrulation', a key step in the life of any embryo.

Birth study empowers pregnant women
New QUT research has shed light on why some women have 'normal' births and many don't, delivering vital information to help women make more informed maternity care decisions.

Study shows how the brain controls food cravings
A newly published study from the University of Waterloo shows that when activity in a specific part of the brain is suppressed, our desire for high-calorie foods increases.

How we see others' emotions depends on our pre-conceived beliefs
How we see emotions on another person's face depends on our pre-conceived views of how we understand these emotions.

Princeton researchers discover the 'optimism' of E. coli bacteria
E. coli bacteria have different solutions to cope with different types of nutrient deprivation, including an 'optimistic' response to carbon limitations, according to a team of Princeton researchers.

Slacking on your savings? Cognitive bias could be to blame
A new study by Cornell neuroscientists suggests that, to some degree, we can blame limited savings on our brains in addition to our bills.

Elastic slingshot powers snipefish feeding
The snipefish, an ocean-dwelling relative of the seahorse, has a very long, skinny snout ending in a tiny mouth.

Enzyme lays the foundations for allergic immune response
While in search of the causes of allergies and asthma, a chance discovery has yielded new clues: researchers led by Dr Marcus Peters have ascertained that the enzyme guanylate cyclase in cells lays the foundations for the type of immune response.

A scientific study characterises our circles of friendships
The organisation of our friendships is guided to a large degree by our cognitive capacity when it comes to managing them, that is, by the amount of time and mental effort we can devote to them.

Honeybee pheromones safely repel elephants, study finds
A study conducted at Greater Kruger National Park in South Africa found that a formulation that steadily released bee pheromones successfully repelled elephants, offering a potential management strategy to prevent elephants from trampling crops and causing other damage in places where humans and elephants are in conflict.

Ocean acidification a challenge for science, governments & communities
A new IMAS-led paper published in the science journal Nature Climate Change has highlighted the challenges faced by scientists, governments and communities as rising levels of CO2 are absorbed by the world's oceans.

States boost renewable energy and development when utilities adopt renewable standards
States that require utilities to increase renewable energy see expansion of renewable energy facilities and generation -- including wind and other renewable sources, but especially solar -- according to new research from Indiana University and two other institutions.

Right-sided colon cancer patients have poorer survival than those with left-sided disease
Surgeons report that patients with tumors on the right side may benefit from greater lymph node harvest during their operations.

Slowdown of North Atlantic circulation rocked the climate of ancient northern Europe
The scientists used intelligent computer algorithms based on machine learning when studying geological deposits from Sokli, Northern Finland.

Abnormal gene copying seen in tauopathy fruit fly models
A phenomenon by which genes clone themselves and paste their copies into other parts of DNA is drawing the attention of Alzheimer's disease researchers at UT Health San Antonio.

Model fuses social media, remote sensing data with goal of identifying nuclear threats
A new computational model allows researchers to draw on normally incompatible data sets, such as satellite imagery and social media posts, to answer questions about what is happening in targeted locations.

NASA finds tropical storm Wukong's comma shape
Tropical Depression 14W formed on July 22 and the next day, NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the storm that had strengthened into a tropical storm and taken on a comma shape.

Nanocrystals emit light by efficiently 'tunneling' electrons
Using advanced fabrication techniques, engineers at the University of California San Diego have built a nanosized device out of silver crystals that can generate light by efficiently 'tunneling' electrons through a tiny barrier.

A year in words
In a recent study published in the journal PLOS One, Lynn Perry and a team of fellow researchers who examined child speech interactions over the course of a year at the UM Linda Ray Intervention Center found that vulnerable children benefit from conversations with their peers and their teachers.

Material formed from crab shells and trees could replace flexible plastic packaging
Researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology have created a material derived from crab shells and tree fibers that has the potential to replace the flexible plastic packaging used to keep food fresh.

Detecting damage in non-magnetic steel with the help of magnetism
Magnetic test methods are used to detect damages to materials, which was previously impossible with non-magnetic steel.

Cell-sized robots can sense their environment
MIT researchers have created what may be the smallest robots yet that can sense their environment, store data, and even carry out computational tasks.

NASA finds an ill-defined Tropical Depression 15W getting organized
Tropical Depression 15W appeared ill-defined on NASA satellite imagery on July 23.

Hip fracture patients recover from operations faster with enhanced care recovery program
The use of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) approach for hip fracture operations allows patients to return home faster and get back to normal activities sooner, according to new findings presented today by researchers at the American College of Surgeons 2018 Quality and Safety Conference.

Increases in westerly winds weaken the Southern Ocean carbon sink
A new study of lake sediments from the sub-Antarctic reveals for the first time that increases in westerly winds are likely to reduce the ability of the Southern Ocean to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Turmeric eye drops could treat glaucoma
A derivative of turmeric could be used in eye drops to treat the early stages of glaucoma, finds a new study led by UCL and Imperial College London researchers.

In Southern Mozambique, only half of people diagnosed with HIV enroll in medical care
HIV diagnosis is the first of many steps in the path to global disease control.

Organic Mega Flow Battery transcends lifetime, voltage thresholds
Harvard researchers have demonstrated a new organic molecule that outlives and outperforms its predecessors, offering the longest-lasting high-performance organic flow battery to date.

'Stable marriages' between microbes, nutrients may explain diverse yet stable communities
A mathematical model created by University of Illinois researchers could help scientists better understand an intriguing characteristic of microbial communities: their ability to achieve stability despite being so diverse.

NIST unblinded me with science: New application of blue light sees through fire
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated that ordinary blue light can be used to significantly improve the ability to see objects engulfed by large, non-smoky natural gas fires -- like those used in laboratory fire studies and fire-resistance standards testing.

New study uncovers how lutemax 2020 protects the eyes against blue light damage
Morristown, N.J., June 29, 2018 - In a new study published in Nutrients titled 'Lutein and Zeaxanthin Isomers Protect Against Light-induced Retinopathy via Decreasing Oxidative and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in BALB/cJ Mice', Lutemax 2020 supplementation was shown to protect photoreceptors against blue light damage by mitigating oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress -- a primary mechanism associated with photoreceptor damage and visual impairment.

WSU researcher sees possibility of Moon life
While the Moon is uninhabitable today, there could have been life on its surface in the distant past.

Scientists ID more than 1,200 genes linked to educational attainment
An international research team including CU Boulder scientists has identified more than 1,200 genetic variants associated with how much schooling an individual completes.

The 'secret sauce' for high-performing NICUs
The nation's neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) use similar interventions in similar fashions but often do not achieve identical results.

Alarming error common in survey analyses
But possibly worst of all, these problems were just as prevalent in the peer-reviewed literature in their sample as they were in technical reports and conference presentations.

Accredited bariatric center reduces postop complications while increasing surgical volume
Bariatric surgical team lowers rates of rehospitalization, surgical site and urinary tract infections, and bleeding during a five-year quality improvement project.

Generation of random numbers by measuring phase fluctuations from a laser diode with a silicon-on-in
Researchers have shown that a chip-based device measuring a millimeter square could be used to generate quantum-based random numbers at gigabit per second speeds.

A new 'periodic table' for nanomaterials
A new simulation could help scientists decide what molecules best interact with each other to build nanomaterials from scratch.

Unwrapping the brewing secrets of barley
University of Adelaide researchers have uncovered fundamental new information about the malting characteristics of barley grains. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to