Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 25, 2018
Thinking about quitting Facebook? There's a demographic analysis for that
New research by Eric P.S. Baumer of Lehigh University shows that current Facebook use is more common among respondents who are: middle aged (40 to 60), female, not seeking employment, of Asian descent, or currently married.

A century-old model for life's origin gets significant substantiation
A century-old model for life's origin gets significant substantiation.

Multi-disease health fairs, 'test and treat' help E. African communities achieve HIV goals
People living with HIV in rural East African communities that hosted annual community health campaigns initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) earlier and had higher levels of overall survival and viral suppression than communities receiving standard HIV care, according to study data presented today at a press conference at the 22nd International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2018) in Amsterdam.

The dark side of antibiotic ciprofloxacin
Researchers have found that ciprofloxacin, a widely prescribed antibiotic, increases the risk of tears and rupture on the main artery of the body, the aorta, in a mouse model of human aortic aneurysms and dissections, a disease that carries high risk of death from aortic rupture.

The hidden hazards of antibiotic resistance genes in air
People are often notified about poor air quality by weather apps, and this happens frequently in urban areas, where levels of outdoor pollution containing particulates and soot are high.

It's time to 3D sketch with air scaffolding
People often use their hands when describing an object, while pens are great tools for describing objects in detail.

Benefits of early antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected children
The initial findings of the ANRS CLEAC study coordinated by Pierre Frange (Hôpital Necker -- AP-HP), help define the immunological and virological benefits of early antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected children living in France.

How was Mediterranean diet associated with severity of psoriasis?
Adherence to a Mediterranean diet, an eating plan filled with fruits and vegetables, legumes, cereals, bread, fish, fruit, nuts and extra-virgin olive oil, may be associated with the severity of the skin condition psoriasis.

Fish body shape holds key to make fishery management cheaper, easier
A simple body-shape analysis can reveal what part of the ocean a fish came from, according to a new study from Smithsonian scientists working to develop better tools for managing small-scale fisheries.

First-time observation of genetic/physiological damage caused by nanoplastics in mussels
Researchers at the UAB, in collaboration with the University of Aveiro, Portugal, were able to confirm for the first time that small concentrations of nanoplastics cause genetic and physiological damage in the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis.

Chemicals that keep drinking water flowing may also cause fouling
Many city drinking water systems add softening agents to keep plumbing free of pipe-clogging mineral buildup.

Kissing up to the boss can increase employees' bad behavior in the workplace, study shows
Kissing up to the boss at work may help boost employees' careers but it also depletes the employees' self-control resources, leaving them more susceptible to behaving badly in the workplace, a new study has found.

An insect-inspired drone deforms upon impact
An origami-like drone developed at EPFL is flexible enough to absorb shocks without breaking before returning to its initial shape.

Better clinical trials must address 'critically low' dementia research shortfall
Against a backdrop of a number of high-profile clinical trial failures, research by the University of Exeter, presented in posters at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference (AAIC) 2018, highlights the importance of conducting more targeted trials.

A breath test for early-stage Parkinson's
Symptoms of Parkinson's disease include tremor, loss of smell and neuropsychiatric problems.

Huge reservoir of liquid water detected under the surface of Mars
Providing resolution to a decades-long debate over whether liquid water is present on Mars, researchers using radar to probe the planet's polar ice caps have detected a lake of liquid water under the Martian ice.

Something fishy on the high seas
In two new groundbreaking studies, researchers from Dalhousie University, Global Fishing Watch and SkyTruth have applied cutting-edge technology to map exactly where fishing boats may be transferring their catch to cargo vessels at sea.

New method adds missing functionality to brain organoids
In a collaborative study between Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, the New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) Research Institute, and George Washington University, researchers have developed a new procedure for generating miniature 3D versions of the brain called 'organoids' from human stem cells.

Scientists identify biomarkers to detect and prevent stillbirth
New biomarkers found in maternal blood may allow doctors to prevent stillbirth, according to new research at the University of Alberta.

Smokers hazy on actual benefits of lung cancer screenings
Patients seem to be confused about the actual benefits and limitations of lung cancer screenings, according to a study by the Veterans Affairs Center of Innovation for Veteran-Centered and Value-Driven Care in Seattle.

New diagnostic blood test helps rule out need for CT scans in patients with possible TBI
Research conducted at the Wayne State University School of Medicine has helped confirm the effectiveness of a blood biomarker that can indicate if patients with a head injury can avoid a costly CT scan because the blood test results indicate no traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Among golden-crowned sparrows, a false crown only fools strangers
Scientists studying winter flocks of golden-crowned sparrows at the UC Santa Cruz Arboretum have discovered surprisingly complex social behavior in these small migratory birds.

Study show PD-1 role in maintaining stem cell function
At the 96th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the IADR Pan European Regional (PER) Congress, Yao Liu, China Medical University, Taiwan, Province of China gave an oral presentation titled 'PD-1 is Required to Dental Pulp Stem Cell Properties.'

Brain activity cautions against buying stocks
Despite long-term profit expectations, many Germans shy away from investing their money in supposedly riskier forms of investment.

Women and older people under-represented in drug trials for heart disease
In the US, it's estimated the number of people aged 65 and older will double over the next 30 years.

Billions of dollars on AIDS prevention: Did any of it work?
Researchers studied the effects of varying levels of PEPFAR funding for PMTCT -- prevention of mother-to-child transmission -- of AIDS among the Kenyan provinces over time, along with trends in local infant mortality, and then compared them to other provinces with similar demographics that did not have PMTCT programs -- or had them but with less financial support.

Manure slipping through (soil) cracks
A new study shows water infiltrates deeper into cracking clay when liquid hog manure is applied.

Tickborne diseases are likely to increase, say NIAID officials
The incidence of tickborne infections in the United States has risen significantly within the past decade.

Leggy lizards don't survive the storm
Biologists at Washington University in St. Louis have published a first-of-its-kind look at the physical characteristics of lizards that seem to make the difference between life and death in a hurricane, as reported in the July 25 issue of the journal Nature.

Tropical Storm Jongdari more organized in NASA's Terra satellite imagery
Tropical Storm Jongdari appeared much more organized in visible imagery from NASA's Terra satellite when passed over the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

New film reveals experiences of LGBTQ young people in care
Experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and questioning (LGBTQ) young people coming out in the care system are revealed in a new film premiering this weekend.

NASA's most technically complex space observatory requires precision
The James Webb Space Telescope is of one the most ambitious and technically complex missions NASA has ever set its focus upon.

A new roadmap for repairing the damage of multiple sclerosis
Research published today in the journal Nature provides new understanding about how drugs can repair damaged brain cells that cause disability in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Fauci: HIV remission free of antiretroviral therapy is a feasible goal
Long-lasting control of HIV infection without antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a feasible goal that deserves vigorous pursuit, Anthony S.

UCalgary researchers discover why sepsis from a staph infection causes organ failure
Scientists have known for some time that one of the reasons a staph infection is so deadly is that the bacteria send out a toxin, known as Alpha Toxin (AT), which quickly worsens sepsis.

New enzyme discovery may help improve drugs against cancer, diabetes and obesity
A new study reveals that several drugs for treating haematological cancers are less effective than expected in inhibiting a special enzyme.

Time is running out in the tropics -- researchers warn of global biodiversity collapse
A global biodiversity collapse is imminent unless we take urgent, concerted action to reverse species loss in the tropics, according to a major scientific study in the prestigious journal Nature.

A new milestone in laboratory grown human brain tissue
A cutting-edge laboratory technique that turns human stem cells into brain-like tissue now recapitulates human brain development more accurately than ever, according to a new study from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.

All thyroid cancers are not 'created equal'-- avoiding unnecessary or 'excessive' treatment
Drs. H. Gilbert Welch (The Dartmouth Institute) and Gerard Doherty (Brigham and Women's Hospital), analyze the steep increase in the number of people being diagnosed with thyroid cancer.

Parkinson's treatments being developed could benefit most people with the disease
A gene linked to 3 to 4 percent of people with Parkinson's disease could play an important role in most, if not all, people with the disease, according to a new study.

Neural link between depression and bad sleep identified
The neural link between depression and sleep problems has been identified for the first time in a new study by researchers at the University of Warwick (UK) and Fudan University (China).

Unconventional connections: How inhibition hones cortical selectivity
Understanding how neural circuits build response selectivity poses an enormous challenge since a single neuron receives thousands of synaptic inputs derived from other neurons and these inputs can differ in their response properties.

Newly identified target may help with drug discovery for chronic inflammatory diseases
In a study published online July 25 in the journal Nature, University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers identified a signaling pathway that activates the NLRP3 inflammasome implicated in several severe chronic inflammatory disorders.

Yellowstone super-volcano has a different history than previously thought
The long-dormant Yellowstone super-volcano in the American West has a different history than previously thought, according to a new study by a Virginia Tech geoscientist.

Turbo-charging chemotherapy for lung cancer
Lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer death, is often treated with chemotherapy - but its effectiveness is limited by cancer cell resistance and by a harmful side effect: kidney damage.

A new catalyst for water splitting that is the best of both worlds
Taking water and ripping it apart into hydrogen and oxygen could form the basis of artificial photosynthetic devices that could ultimately power homes and businesses.

Multiple pregnancies might make women's cells 'age' faster
Multiple pregnancies might make women's cells age more quickly, a new Northwestern University study suggests.

Despite negative consequences, benevolent sexism helps in search for mate
Some women may like it when a man opens the door on a first date or offers to pay the bill at dinner, while others may find the gestures insulting.

Possible death of the Universe scenario proposed
Some catastrophic scenarios may include the Big Rip during which matter of the Universe and the spacetime are progressively torn apart through the expansion.

New study offers hope of recovery from spinal cord injury
A new Tel Aviv University study finds the intravenous injection of a potent enzyme, just hours after an accident, has the potential to diminish a cascade of pathological events responsible for neuronal death, such as inflammation and scarring.

Vibrations at an exceptional point
A team of international researchers led by engineers at Washington University has developed a way to use a light field to trigger a mechanical movement that will generate an acoustic wave.

Harvey samples saddled with antibiotic-resistant genes
High levels of fecal bacteria as well as genes associated with antibiotic resistance were found in Houston floodwaters and sediment after Hurricane Harvey.

Engaging patients in health care redesign improves outcomes
Engaging patients in the redesign of health care services can lead to reduced hospital admissions and more efficient and effective health care, a study led by a St.

Easy-Bake fossils
Scientists have discovered a new way to simulate the fossilization process in a lab in about 24 hours.

NE Australian marine heatwave shakes up coral reef animal populations
Research published today in Nature describes upheaval among fish and invertebrate communities after a marine heatwave hit Australia's Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea in early 2016.

Increased caries risk among perinatally HIV-infected youth on integrase inhibitors
At the 96th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the IADR Pan European Regional (PER) Congress, Caroline Shiboski, University of California, San Francisco, USA gave an oral presentation titled 'Increased Caries Risk Among Perinatally HIV-infected Youth on Integrase Inhibitors.'

Faulty cytoskeleton impairs immune cells
The rearrangement of the cell´s inner scaffold, the cytoskeleton, is a vital process for immune cells.

Light device is effective ulcer treatment
University of Manchester and Salford Royal NHS Trust scientists have developed a lamp which could treat chronic ulcers with light.

Relationship between amount and frequency of sugars intake by children
At the 96th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the IADR Pan European Regional (PER) Congress, Paula Moynihan, Newcastle University, England, gave an oral presentation titled 'Relationship Between Amount and Frequency of Sugars Intake by Children.'

Half of female students experience psychological distress, CAMH study shows
For the first time, just over 50 per cent of female students in Ontario, Canada show signs of moderate to serious psychological distress, according to the latest Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (OSDUHS), released by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH).

Assault during pregnancy can lead to low birth weight and pre-term babies
Physical assault during pregnancy, especially in the third trimester, can significantly increase the rates of babies born at very low birth weights (under 3.3 pounds) and very pre-term (fewer than 34 weeks gestation), according to a study published by researchers at Princeton University, Stanford University and the University of Michigan.

Brain discovery could block aging's terrible toll on the mind
Aging vessels connecting the brain and the immune system play critical roles in both Alzheimer's disease and the decline in cognitive ability that comes with time, new research reveals.

Adult fish 'predict' availability of food for their young
A recently published study led by University of Hawai'i (UH) at Mānoa oceanographer Anna Neuheimer, revealed that fish parents 'predict' a beneficial environment for their offspring with populations 'adjusting' spawning time so that the young can meet their prey.

New clues to origins of mysterious atmospheric waves in Antarctica
CU Boulder team finds link between gravity waves in the upper and lower Antarctic atmosphere, helping create a clearer picture of global air circulation.

Sunless tanning may not be the answer to preventing skin cancer
In the study 'Characteristics and Skin Cancer Risk Behaviors of Adult Sunless Tanners in the United States,' published in JAMA Dermatology, Mansh and fellow University of Minnesota Medical School researchers sought to assess the demographic characteristics and skin cancer risk behaviors of adult sunless tanners in the United States.

Tropical forests may soon hinder, not help, climate change effort
Forests in tropical regions could soon become a source of greenhouse gases, contributing to global warming and hampering efforts to meet the main goal in the Paris Agreement of 2015.

Mapping mountaintop coal mining's yearly spread in Appalachia
A new mapping tool shows, in more detail than ever before, the land laid bare by mountaintop coal mining in central Appalachia each year, going back more than three decades.

Amphibians face many challenges in Brazilian rain forest
Deforestation remains the biggest threat to animals that call the rain forest 'home.' However, even measured, sensible development projects can have unforeseen effects because there's no model to follow.

An elastic puff of air
Airy, Airier, Aerogel. Until now, brittleness has limited the practical application of these delicate solids, which consist almost entirely of air-filled pores.

Creating 'synthetic' fossils in the lab sheds light on fossilization processes
A newly published experimental protocol, involving University of Bristol scientists, could change the way fossilization is studied.

How to design better clinical trials to address 'critically low' dementia research shortfall
New research gives insights into how the design of clinical trials can improve to address the 'critically low' research pipeline and improve the chances of finding effective dementia therapies.

Diamond doves do not optimize their movements for flexible perches
The diamond dove may preferentially select large, stiff materials for takeoff and landing sites, according to a study published on July 25 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE.

Fires, floods and satellite views: Modeling the Boreal forest's future
The 2014 megafires in Canada's Northwest Territories burned 7 million acres of forest, making it one of the most severe fire events in Canadian history.

Risk factors associated with revision for prosthetic joint infection after hip replacement
Researchers from the University of Bristol have identified the most important risk factors for developing severe infection after hip replacement.

Homing pigeons use local natural odors to find their way
Homing pigeons use familiar smells to navigate their way across hundreds of kilometers of unfamiliar territory.

Survey: nearly two-thirds of americans oppose cuts to SNAP program
A majority of registered voters oppose recent efforts to scale back Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) food benefits and believe the government should be doing more to meet the needs of people facing food insecurity and other challenges, according to a new survey commissioned by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for a Livable Future (CLF).

Unfolded protein response is associated with dentinogenesis imperfecta
At the 96th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the IADR Pan European Regional (PER) Congress, Tian Liang, Texas A&M University, Dallas, USA gave an oral presentation titled 'Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) Is Associated With Dentinogenesis Imperfecta (DGI).' The IADR/PER General Session & Exhibition is in London, England, at the ExCeL London Convention Center from July 25-28, 2018.

University researchers discover new species of venomous snake
Researchers at Swansea University's College of Science are part of an international team that has discovered a new species of venomous snake in Australia.

New strategy for cancer therapy spells double trouble for tumors
The study, published recently in Nature Communications, shows that a molecule in cells, called Rad52, repairs special kinds of damaged DNA that accumulate in some cancers.

Typhoon Wukong opens an Eye to NASA's Terra satellite
When NASA's Terra satellite passed over the Northwestern Pacific Ocean it found that Typhoon Wukong developed an eye.

Saliva extracellular RNA: new horizon in dental, oral and craniofacial research
At the 96th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the IADR Pan European Regional (PER) Congress in London, England, David Wong and Roger Alexander hosted the symposium 'Saliva Extracellular RNA: New Horizon in Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Research.'

Experts strongly recommend catheter based closure for 'hole in the heart' patients
A catheter based procedure to close a type of 'hole in the heart' followed by antiplatelet drugs (e.g. aspirin) should be recommended for patients under 60 years old, who have also had a stroke, say a panel of experts in The BMJ today.

'All-star' team of molecules could be key to improving cancer therapy
The molecules, called microRNAs, could potentially be combined with chemotherapy to more effectively block cancer growth.

Curbs on legal highs cut need for hospital care, study suggests
Fewer people sought hospital treatment for the toxic effects of so-called legal highs following temporary restrictions, a study based at an Edinburgh hospital suggests.

Artificial enzymes perform reactions on living cells
Nature has evolved thousands of enzymes to facilitate the many chemical reactions that take place inside organisms to sustain life.

Demon in the details of quantum thermodynamics
Researcher in physics in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St.

And then there was (more) light: Researchers boost performance quality of perovskites
In a paper published online this spring in the journal Nature Photonics, scientists at the University of Washington report that a prototype semiconductor thin-film has performed even better than today's best solar cell materials at emitting light.

Zika viruses show potential as treatment for high-risk childhood cancer
Zika virus may hold potential as a cancer treatment for neuroblastoma, a rare-but-deadly childhood cancer, according to early findings from basic research published today in PLOS ONE.

Switching sides: The betrayal of an anti-cancer gene
Reeducating cells in the tumor microenvironment reverses some of the malignancy.

Greater market liquidity actually increases risk, according to Ben-Gurion University researchers
'The model we developed is richer than the classic theory because, among other reasons, it takes into account a more realistic treatment of financial markets in which various investors have different investment strategies,' the researchers say.

Agricultural & urban habitat drive long-term bird population changes
Land use changes are a major driver of species declines, but in addition to the habitat to which they're best adapted, many bird species use 'alternative' habitats such as urban and agricultural land.

Archeological plant remains point to southwest Amazonia as crop domestication center
The remains of domesticated crop plants at an archaeological site in southwest Amazonia supports the idea that this was an important region in the early history of crop cultivation, according to a study published July 25, 2018 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jennifer Watling from the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at the University of São Paulo, Brazil and colleagues.

Protein affected by rare Parkinson's mutation may lurk behind many cases of the disease
Mutations in the gene LRRK2 have been linked to about three percent of Parkinson's disease cases.

UBC researcher develops tool to reduce slavery in seafood supply chains
A new screening tool developed at the University of British Columbia is giving seafood companies the ability to pinpoint the highest risks of forced labour in their supply chain.

Traffic jams in the brain
'Traffic jams' can also occur in the brain and they can be damaging.

Blood plasma during emergency air transport saves lives
Two units of plasma given in a medical helicopter on the way to the hospital could increase the odds of traumatically injured patients with severe bleeding surviving by 10 percent, according to the results of a national clinical trial.

Contact sports associated with Lewy body disease, Parkinson's disease symptoms, dementia
There is mounting evidence that repetitive head impacts from contact sports and other exposures are associated with the neurodegenerative disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and dementia.

Researchers upgrade organic solar cells to be used in roof tiles generating power
An international team of materials scientists from France, Russia and Kazakhstan found a way to boost the efficiency of organic solar cells several times.

Team shatters theoretical limit on bio-hydrogen production
A bacterium engineered at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln produced 46 percent more hydrogen per cell than a naturally occurring form of the same species.

Combined approach offers hope to lung cancer patients who become resistant to drugs
Three drugs together block growth from without and within.

Unisexual salamander evolution: A long, strange trip
The reproductive history of the unisexual, ladies-only salamander species is full of evolutionary surprises.

Soil bugs munch on plastics
Thin mulch films made of polyethylene are used in agriculture in numerous countries, where they cause extensive soil contamination.

Study identifies possible treatment target for Alzheimer's, age-related cognitive decline
The study, published this week in Nature, demonstrated that meningeal lymphatic vessels in the brain play an essential role in maintaining a healthy homeostasis in aging brains and could be a new target for treatment.

Great Barrier Reef reveals rapid changes of ancient glaciers
New analysis of the first Great Barrier Reef samples covering the time 22,000 years ago to 19,000 years ago finally adds detail to the poorly understood Last Glacial Maximum (27,000 to 20,000 years ago), providing valuable insights for models of climate and ice sheet dynamics.

New data show dramatic progress in Namibia toward HIV epidemic control; gaps elsewhere
The Government of the Republic of Namibia, PEPFAR, the CDC, and ICAP at Columbia University released new data today at the 2018 International AIDS Conference demonstrating that the HIV epidemic is coming under control in Namibia.

Tokyo Tech Hosono's story of IGZO TFT development features in Nature Electronics
Each issue of the journal Nature Electronics contains a column called 'Reverse Engineering,' which examines the development of an electronic device now in widespread use from the viewpoint of the main inventor.

New class of materials could be used to make batteries that charge faster
Researchers have identified a group of materials that could be used to make even higher power batteries.

Feel lightheaded when standing up? You may have a greater risk of dementia
People who feel faint, dizzy or lightheaded when standing up may be experiencing a sudden drop in blood pressure called orthostatic hypotension.

Bacterial communities use sophisticated strategy to communicate over long distances
A concept known as 'percolation' is helping microbiologists at UC San Diego explain how communities of bacteria can effectively relay signals across long distances.

Cognitive and motor training combined may slow dow progress of dementia or even reverse it
York University study shows Those in the early stages of dementia who were exposed to 30 minutes a week to a game which used rules to make visually-guided movements, were able to slow down the progress of dementia and for some, even reverse their cognitive function to healthy status.

Immune response likely culprit in eyelid gland condition that causes dry eye
Immune cells that normally rush in to protect the eyes from infection might actually be disrupting moisturizing glands and causing dry eye, a disease that afflicts more than 30 million people in the United States.

Are boys more cliquey than girls?
Children's friendship groups in secondary school remain consistent over time and are often structured around gender, with boys forming the most tight-knit bands, according to new research published in PLOS ONE.

Study: Intensive blood pressure control reduces risk of mild cognitive impairment
Significant reductions in the risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and the combination of MCI and dementia, have been shown for the first time through aggressive lowering of systolic blood pressure in new research results from the federally funded SPRINT MIND Study reported at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference (AAIC) 2018 in Chicago.

This cat-borne parasite might just make you more entrepreneurial
Infection from the globally prevalent parasite Toxoplasma gondii may increase a person's likelihood of pursuing entrepreneurial and business-related activities, new University of Colorado Boulder research finds.

The blueprint for El Niño diversity
A new research study isolates key mechanisms that cause El Niño events to differ amongst each other.

Why men say they've had more lifetime sexual partners than women
The disparity between the number of sexual partners reported by men and women can largely be explained by a tendency among men to report extreme numbers of partners, and to estimate rather than count their lifetime total, a new study in The Journal of Sex Research finds.

EPFL uses excitons to take electronics into the future
EPFL researchers have developed a transistor based on excitons -- a type of particle most people have not heard of -- that is able to function at room temperature.

Direct evidence of biodegradation of polymers in agricultural soil
Scientists studying a polyester called PBAT widely used in agriculture have demonstrated its biodegradation in soil -- a process that has been suspected to occur, though not conclusively proven, they say.

Discovery of a new potential treatment for visceral leishmaniasis
A new preclinical candidate drug with the potential to treat visceral leishmaniasis, one of the world's major neglected diseases, has been discovered through a close collaboration between the University of Dundee, GSK and Wellcome.

Heart disease and cancer kill more people in developing nations than in Western countries
Diseases such as cancer, heart disease and stroke are deadlier in the developing world than in rich nations.

Technique to easily fabricate ceramic films used as OPV inter-layers developed
Researchers developed a technique for coating Zinc related oxide (ZnOx, ZnOHx) simply by depositing the films in a solution process using the Metal Organic Decomposition method at ambient temperature and pressure without heating.

MMP20 may initiate enamel formation via basement membrane degradation
At the 96th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the IADR Pan European Regional (PER) Congress, John Bartlett, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA, gave an oral presentation titled 'MMP20 May Initiate Enamel Formation via Basement Membrane Degradation.' The IADR/PER General Session & Exhibition is in London, England at the ExCeL London Convention Center from July 25-28, 2018.

Next generation ALS drug silences inherited form of the disease in animal models
NIH-funded researchers delayed signs of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in rodents by injecting them with a second-generation drug designed to silence the gene, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1). is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to