Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 27, 2018
X-ray technology reveals never-before-seen matter around black hole
In an international collaboration between Japan and Sweden, scientists clarified how gravity affects the shape of matter near the black hole in binary system Cygnus X-1.

Study reveals new geometric shape used by nature to pack cells efficiently
A multinational team of scientists have uncovered a previously undescribed shape -- they call the 'scutoid' -- adopted by epithelial cells during embryonic development that enables the cells to minimize energy use and maximize packing stability.

Cooking oil coating prevents bacteria from growing on food processing equipment
Many foods produced on an industrial scale include raw ingredients mixed together in enormous stainless steel machines that can be difficult to clean.

Cannabis does not improve breathlessness during exercise in patients with advanced COPD
Inhaled vaporized cannabis does not appear to improve or worsen exercise performance and activity-related breathlessness in patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a randomized controlled trial published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

NASA sees the development of Tropical Storm Gilma
The Eastern Pacific Ocean's Tropical Depression 8E formed on July 26 and strengthened into a tropical storm by 5 a.m.

Novel genome-wide association study risk loci for nonsyndromic orofacial clefts
At the 96th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the IADR Pan European Regional (PER) Congress, Azeez Butali, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA, gave an oral presentation titled 'Novel Genome-wide Association Study Risk Loci for Nonsyndromic Orofacial Clefts.'

55-70-year-old women and men with prediabetes get stronger bones with football training
Football scores from all angles for untrained middle-aged and elderly women and men with prediabetes.

Portfolio diet lowers many risk factors for heart disease
University of Toronto researchers have found that the portfolio diet, a plant-based way of eating previously shown to lower cholesterol levels, reduces other risk factors for cardiovascular disease including blood pressure, triglycerides and inflammation.

Key to artery health lies in LYVE-1 macrophage
NUS Medicine researchers have discovered that a population of macrophages associated with blood vessels actively protects our arteries from detrimental changes to their structure and function.

Japan's iconic extinct mammal: A sleeping treasure in a university collection
After more than 60 years, the bone of an iconic extinct Japanese mammal has been rediscovered by a team of researchers led by the University of Tsukuba.

NASA catches tropical depression 9E at peak before dissipation
The Eastern Pacific Ocean's Tropical Depression 9E formed on July 26 and by July 27 the depression had dissipated over 1,200 miles from Hilo, Hawaii.

Cost of flood losses in Maritimes could increase by up to 300 per cent
The financial costs of flooding in Canada's maritime region could spike by 300 per cent by the end of the century if steps are not taken to address the impacts of climate change.

Can pollution alter wildlife behavior?
A team of scientists from the University of Portsmouth have developed new scientific tests to better understand the effects of pollution on wildlife behavior.

Copper stearate proved to be promising for heavy oil oxidation
Copper salts have found place in many industries, from pharmaceutics to agriculture, but they are rarely seen in petrochemistry and petroleum extraction.

NASA's TESS spacecraft starts science operations
NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite has started its search for planets around nearby stars, officially beginning science operations on July 25, 2018.

Genetic basis of heart rhythms explored in large population study
New information about the biology behind the heart's electrical activity has been revealed in a major genome study with the largest sample size ever of a project of this type.

Study shows ocean acidification is having major impact on marine life
Carbon dioxide emissions are killing off coral reefs and kelp forests as heat waves and ocean acidification damage marine ecosystems, scientists have warned.

Artificial intelligence can predict your personality ... simply by tracking your eyes
It's often been said that the eyes are the window to the soul, revealing what we think and how we feel.

UB research suggests how stimulant treatments for ADHD work
Stimulant medications are an effective treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

USTC proposes a facile, general, and effective strategy to prepare carbon nanomaterials
Shuhong Yu's team and their collaborator proposes a simple, effective, and versatile method to prepare a series of functional CMs from small organic molecules (SOMs) by a transition metal assisted carbonization process.

Deglacial changes in western Atlantic Ocean circulation
A new study carried out by an international team of researchers, using the chemistry of ocean sediments has highlighted a widespread picture of Atlantic circulation changes associated with rapid climate change in the past.

Magnetic surgical cement heals spinal fractures, provides targeted drug delivery
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago report in the journal PLOS ONE, that by adding magnetic particles to surgical cement used to heal spinal fractures, they could guide magnetic nanoparticles directly to lesions near the fractures.

Why US universities need better policies against workplace bullying
Higher education institutions in the United States should change their faculty codes of conduct to define bullying as a distinctive form of harassment, according to a new paper published in the National Communication Association's journal First Amendment Studies.

'Nudging' doctors to prescribe cholesterol-lowering statins triples prescription rates
Pairing an online patient dashboard with 'nudges' to doctors tripled statin prescribing rates in a clinical trial led by Penn Medicine researchers.

Hollow trees host massive moth slumber parties
Moths are generally loners. So, when Florida Museum of Natural History lepidopterist Andrei Sourakov spotted a dozen glossy black Idia moths inside a hollow tree, he made a mental note.

Are caries linked to political regime?
At the 96th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the IADR Pan European Regional (PER) Congress, John Estrada-Montoya, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, gave a poster presentation titled 'Does a Country's Political Regime Influence Its DMTF Index.'

Dense breast notification and insurance legislation analysis
Increased awareness of breast tissue density masking cancer and thus decreasing the diagnostic sensitivity of mammography has brought about relevant state-level policies.

Epithelial cells adopt a new geometric shape so that tissue can curve
This finding allows organs to acquire very complex yet very stable shapes.

Luxembourgish researchers predict cell conversion factors
Thanks to a newly developed computational method, Luxembourg researchers can accurately predict how one subpopulation of cells can be converted into another.

Susceptible genes identified for childhood chronic kidney disease
Childhood nephrotic syndrome is the most frequently occurring chronic kidney disease among children.

The best spies in the skies analyze Mellaria
The University of Cordoba HUM-882 Archaeology research group has used an Italian radar network to analyze the territory of the ancient Roman city near the Upper Guadiato River.

Checking phones in lectures can cost students half a grade in exams
Students perform less well in end-of-term exams if they are allowed access to an electronic device, such as a phone or tablet, for non-academic purposes in lectures, a new study in Educational Psychology finds.

Scientists discover neurodegenerative disease in monkeys
OHSU scientists have discovered a naturally occurring disease in monkeys that mimics a deadly childhood neurodegenerative disorder in people -- a finding that holds promise for developing new gene therapies to treat Batten disease.

NASA's GPM sees another dangerous typhoon threatening Japan
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite provided a rainfall and cloud analysis on powerful Typhoon Jongdari as it moves toward Japan.

U of G study is first to find evidence that leopard geckos can make new brain cells
University of Guelph researchers have discovered the type of stem cell allowing geckos to create new brain cells.

Diabetes drugs act as powerful curb for immune cells in controlling inflammation
A common class of drugs used to treat diabetes has been found to exert a powerful check on macrophages by controlling the metabolic fuel they use to generate energy.

Scientists create 'impossible' materials in simple way
Scientists from NUST MISIS and colleagues from the University of Bayreuth, the University of Münster (Germany), the University of Chicago (US), and Linköping University (Sweden) have created nitrides, a material previously considered impossible to obtain.

NASA's Parker Solar Probe and the curious case of the hot corona
Something mysterious is going on at the Sun: Its atmosphere gets much, much hotter the farther it stretches from the Sun's blazing surface.

A new classification of symmetry groups in crystal space proposed by Russian scientists
The mutual arrangement of atoms in crystal space is known to correspond to the minimum of the potential energy of interaction of all crystal atoms.

Association between firearm caliber and likelihood of death from gunshot
The caliber of a firearm was associated with the likelihood of death from a gunshot, with shootings by large-caliber handguns likely to be more deadly than small-caliber guns.

Obstacles limiting the preservation of global heritage by UNESCO revealed
A researcher at Kanazawa University explained normative and institutional factors behind the increasing contentiousness of UNESCO's 'Memory of the World' program.

Making love can make men sad too: QUT research
A world-first study by QUT researchers concludes men can and do suffer from postcoital dysphoria (PCD) which results in feelings of sadness, tearfulness or irritability following sex.

Medical errors in the emergency room: Understanding why
Medical errors are estimated to cause 250,000 deaths per year in the US.

Russian scientists discovered a new mineral
A group of scientists from Ural Federal University, together with colleagues from Novosibirsk and Ulan-Ude, discovered a new mineral of uakitite in the iron meteorite Uakit, found in Buryatia in the summer of 2016.

Lennon or McCartney? Can statistical analysis solve an authorship puzzle?
Mark Glickman, senior lecturer in statistics at Harvard, and Jason Brown, professor of mathematics at Dalhousie University, apply a stylometric approach to help answer who wrote the Beatles' songs for which it's not known whether it was John Lennon or Paul McCartney.

Researchers are first to sequence rare bacteria that causes rampant tooth decay
Little is know about the bacteria Streptococcus sobrinus, which accelerates tooth decay in some people.

New algorithm could help find new physics
Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed an algorithm that could provide meaningful answers to condensed matter physicists in their searches for novel and emergent properties in materials.

Researchers demonstrate shark vertebral band pairs are related to growth, not time
Band pairs in shark vertebrae have been used for decades to estimate shark age, of practical use in conserving overfished sharks and managing the remaining shark fisheries. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to