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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | August 09, 2018


Community health centers can help boost rates of colorectal cancer screening
An innovative program in community health centers to mail free colorectal cancer screening tests to patients' homes led to a nearly 4 percentage point increase in CRC screening, compared to clinics without the program, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Americans may have outgrown traditional advice of having a varied diet
When it comes to diet in the Western world of overconsumption where cheap convenience food rules, the age-old adage 'everything in moderation' has been put to the test, prompting the American Heart Association (AHA) to issue a science advisory led by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).
NASA satellites assist states in estimating abundance of key wildlife species
Climate and land-use change are shrinking natural wildlife habitats around the world.
New study views cancer treatment as a game to find strategies that improve patient outcomes
Game theory can be utilized to identify potential flaws in current cancer treatment approaches and suggest new strategies to improve outcomes in patients with metastatic cancer, according to a new article published online today by JAMA Oncology.
There can be no sustainable development without profound changes in food systems
An international group of experts, including researchers from CIRAD, is calling for profound changes in food systems in order to meet the sustainable development goals (SDGs) set by the UN in 2015, and the terms of the Paris Agreement on climate.
A video game can change the brain, may improve empathy in middle schoolers
A fantastical scenario involving a space-exploring robot crashing on a distant planet is the premise of a video game developed for middle schoolers by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers to study whether video games can boost kids' empathy, and to understand how learning such skills can change neural connections in the brain.
Despite ACA, lesbian, gay and bisexual adults still have trouble affording health care
Though rates of insurance since the Affordable Care Act's implementation are similar, LGB individuals avoid or delay medical treatment more frequently than their straight peers due to cost.
Recording every cell's history in real-time with evolving genetic barcodes
A new method from the Wyss Institute uses evolving genetic barcodes to actively record the process of cell division in developing mice, enabling the lineage of every cell in a mouse's body to be traced back to its single-celled origin.
Evolutionary changes in the human brain may have led to bipolar disorder and schizophrenia
The same aspects of relatively recent evolutionary changes that make us prone to bad backs and impacted third molars may have generated long, noncoding stretches of DNA that predispose individuals to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and other neuropsychiatric diseases.
New online tool provides more efficient way for professionals to monitor diet
Research carried out to prove the validity of the new myfood24 online diet monitoring tool has shown it is as effective as similar tools already available to health care practitioners, researchers and educators, and more efficient to use.
Pass the salt: Study finds average consumption safe for heart health
New research shows that for the vast majority of individuals, sodium consumption does not increase health risks except for those who eat more than five grams a day, the equivalent of 2.5 teaspoons of salt.
Kaiser Permanente Northern California's colorectal cancer screening program saves lives
Kaiser Permanente members in Northern California are 52 percent less likely to die from colorectal cancer since the health care system launched a comprehensive, organized screening program, according to a new study in the specialty's top journal, Gastroenterology.
CU researchers identify potential target for developing obesity and diabetes treatment
A newly published study by researchers from the University of Colorado School of Medicine has identified a potential therapeutic target for treating obesity and diabetes.
Reef corals have endured since 'age of dinosaurs' and may survive global warming
The relationship between corals and the micro-algae that enable them to build reefs is considerably older and more diverse than previously assumed, according to an international team of scientists.
Doctors reduced opioid prescriptions after learning a patient overdosed
Doctors confronted with information about patient deaths by opioid overdose became more careful in prescribing the painkillers once they learned the risks first-hand.
Why the system needs sleep
Sleep is essential for brain functionality and overall health but understanding how sleep delivers its beneficial effects remains largely unknown.
Nuclear gatekeeper could block undruggable prostate cancer targets
Blocking nuclear gateways that traffic cancer-promoting molecules to nucleus, could offer a new way to target aggressive cancer.
Scientists identify genetic marker for gastric cancer prognosis
Although immunotherapy is seen as a very promising treatment for cancer, currently only 20 to 30 percent of patients respond positively.
Discovery could lead to better treatment for leukemia
Scientists from the University of Illinois at Chicago report on how a certain mutation helps improve sensitivity to chemotherapy in patients in the journal JCI Insight.
A diverse diet may not be the healthiest one
Scientific evidence to date does not support the notion that eating a diverse diet is healthy or promotes a healthy weight.
New computational strategy reveals genes that may help microbes adapt to the gut
Microbes living in a person's gut can impact their health, but it is unclear why certain microbes colonize the gut and others do not.
Finally, a potential new approach against KRAS-driven lung cancer
University of Colorado Cancer Center and M.D. Anderson Cancer Center study shows KRAS-driven lung cancers are also marked by high levels of 'gel-forming mucins,' as seen in some forms of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cystic fibrosis.
Are pet owners abusing animals to get opioids?
Veterinarians in Colorado are concerned that some of their clients may have intentionally hurt their pets in the hopes of receiving prescription painkillers, according to a recent survey conducted by the Center for Health, Work & Environment at the Colorado School of Public Health and a local veterinary association.
ASU astrophysicist helps discover that ultrahot planets have starlike atmospheres
An unusual kind of star-planet hybrid atmosphere is emerging from studies of ultrahot planets orbiting close to other stars.
Kidney cancer's developmental source revealed
In the first experiment of its kind, scientists have revealed the precise identity of cancer cells of the most common childhood and adult kidney cancers.
Study defines spending trends among dual-eligible beneficiaries
While there has been much effort to control spending for individuals eligible for both Medicaid and Medicare in the United States, for the first time a team of Vanderbilt University health policy researchers have analyzed spending trends for this population over a multiyear period in order to gain a much clearer understanding of exactly how much is being spent and by whom.
Dogs set to benefit from simple blood test to spot liver disease
Vets have developed a blood test that quickly spots early signs of liver disease in dogs, a study suggests.
New UNH research identifies need for Title IX tune up on college campuses
A mystery shopper approach uncovered a need for more education about Title IX regulations and sexual assault on college campuses, according to new research from the University of New Hampshire.
Wearable 'microbrewery' saves human body from radiation damage
The same way that yeast yields beer and bread can help hospital lab workers better track their daily radiation exposure, enabling a faster assessment of tissue damage that could lead to cancer.
New technology improves CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing in mosquitoes, other species
A technology designed to improve CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing in mosquitoes and other arthropods succeeds with a high degree of efficiency, while eliminating the need for difficult microinjection of genetic material, according to researchers.
North American diets require more land than we have: Study
University of Guelph researchers found that if the global population followed the United States Department of Agriculture's dietary guidelines, there would not be enough land to provide the food required.
Why house sparrows lay both big and small eggs
Bigger isn't always better, as biologists who spent six years looking at the egg sizes of an insular population of house sparrows on Hestmannoy in Norway discovered.
Common skin cancer can signal increased risk of other cancers, Stanford researchers say
People who develop abnormally frequent cases of a skin cancer known as basal cell carcinoma appear to be at significantly increased risk for the development of other cancers, including blood, breast, colon and prostate cancers, according to a preliminary study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
Melanoma linked with CLL, close monitoring recommended
While studying a large group of individuals with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), a Wilmot Cancer Institute scientific team made an important discovery -- these patients had a sizable 600 percent higher risk of melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer.
Lichen is losing to wildfire, years after flames are gone
As increasingly hot and severe wildfires scorch the West, some lichen communities integral to conifer forests aren't returning, even years after the flames have been extinguished, according to a study from scientists at the University of California, Davis.
Discovery presents treatment hope for Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases
There is new hope for the treatment of Alzheimer's and other neurological diseases following a ground-breaking discovery made by an Australian-Chinese research collaboration.
Young drinkers beware: Binge drinking may cause stroke, heart risks
Research by Mariann Piano, senior associate dean of research at Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, has found that young adults who frequently binge drink were more likely to have specific cardiovascular risk factors such as higher blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar at a younger age than non-binge drinkers.
CU School of Medicine's Kenneth Tyler article in New England Journal of Medicine
Kenneth Tyler, M.D., the Louise Baum Endowed Chair in Neurology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, is author of a review article about acute viral encephalitis in the current issue of The New England Journal of Medicine.
Roles of emotional support animals examined
Airlines are not the only organizations grappling with the complexities surrounding emotional support animals.
New theory may explain cause of depression and improve treatments
Researchers suggest dysfunction in mitochondria -- the main source of energy for cells -- may be the root cause of depression.
Epigenetic reprogramming of human hearts found in congestive heart failure
Congestive heart failure is a terminal disease that affects nearly 6 million Americans.
Potential solutions to drug shortages and the lack of competition in generic medicines
Physicians at BWH published a new article to highlight the issues and recommend potential solutions.
Satellite measurements of the Earth's magnetosphere promise better space weather forecasts
A Japan-based research team led by Kanazawa University equipped the Arase satellite with sensors to study the convoluted interactions between high-energy particles in the inner magnetosphere and the Earth's electric and magnetic field.
The Lancet: Early age of type 1 diabetes diagnosis linked to greater heart risks and shorter life expectancy, compared to later diagnosis
Peer reviewed / Observational study / People Life-expectancy for individuals with younger-onset disease is on average 16 years shorter compared to people without diabetes, and 10 years shorter for those diagnosed at an older age.
Supercomputer simulations show new target in HIV-1 replication
Nature study found naturally-occurring compound inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) promotes both assembly and maturation of HIV-1.
Corals and algae go back further than previously thought, all the way to Jurassic Period
Algae and corals have been leaning on each other since dinosaurs roamed the earth, much longer than had been previously thought.
SERSitive: New substrates make it possible to routinely detect one molecule in a million
SERS, an extremely sensitive laboratory method of analysing chemical composition, is set to become widespread decades after its invention.
Changes in gut microbiome in only one subset of helminth-infected patients
Over the last decade, it's become clearer than ever that bacteria in the human gut-- collectively termed the microbiome--play a key role in health and disease.
The underestimated cooling effect on the planet from historic fires
Historic levels of particles in the atmosphere released from pre-industrial era fires, and their cooling effect on the planet, may have been significantly underestimated according to a new study.
Researchers help close security hole in popular encryption software
Cybersecurity researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have helped close a security vulnerability that could have allowed hackers to steal encryption keys from a popular security package by briefly listening in on unintended 'side channel' signals from smartphones.
Researchers use 'biological passport' to monitor Earth's largest fish
Whale sharks, the world's largest fish, roam less than previously thought.
Diverse symbionts of reef corals have endured since 'age of dinosaurs'
Coral-algal partnerships have endured numerous climate change events in their long history, and at least some are likely to survive modern-day global warming as well, suggests an international team of scientists.
Genetic mutation underlying severe childhood brain disorder identified
Ashleigh Schaffer, PhD, assistant professor of genetics at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, and a team of global genetics experts have discovered a genetic mutation and the faulty development process it triggers, causing a debilitating brain-based disorder in children.
Researchers call for comprehensive transformation of food systems
Agriculture and food systems policies should ensure more than just the supply of food.
Mini antimatter accelerator could rival the likes of the Large Hadron Collider
Researchers have found a way to accelerate antimatter in a 1000x smaller space than current accelerators, boosting the science of exotic particles.
Machine learning technique reconstructs images passing through a multimode fiber
Through innovative use of a neural network that mimics image processing by the human brain, a research team reports accurate reconstruction of images transmitted over optical fibers for distances of up to a kilometer.
US juveniles with conduct problems face high risk of premature death
We already know that adolescents with conduct and/or substance use problems are at increased risk for premature death.
You're only as old as you think and do
Could increasing your physical activity or feeling more in control of your life be the secret to staying young?
A way to block fat from entering tissues
Scientists have identified a way in which fat is transferred into tissues, finding that altering this mechanism stopped mice from becoming obese while on a high-fat diet.
Late effects of treatment hinder independence of adult survivors of childhood brain tumors
In the first study of its kind, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators have found that more than half of pediatric central nervous system tumor survivors do not achieve complete independence as adults.
MRI may facilitate the diagnosis and evaluation of the treatment outcomes of depression
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could identify morphological and functional brain changes of major depressive disorder (MDD).
NASA sees Hector's large eye after passing Hawaii
Hurricane Hector continued to move west through the Central Pacific Ocean when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead and saw the storm's large eye that was a result of eyewall replacement.
'Tic'-tock
Scientists in Japan have found a potential marker to identify which people with abnormally fast heartbeats are at high risk of developing heart failure.
Key role found for enzymes in DNA replication and sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs
Published in Science Advances, the study shows that the TLK1 and TLK2 enzymes are critical for ensuring the copying of DNA.
Estrogen may protect against depression after heart attack
Estrogen may protect against heart failure-related depression by preventing the production of inflammation-causing chemicals in the brain.
Surprise finding in neurons
Do viruses trigger psychiatric disorders? A new Würzburg study suggests this conclusion.
Genes drive aging, making normal processes damaging
Aging in worms mainly results from the direct action of genes and not from random wear and tear/loss of function, and the same is likely to be true in humans.
Drugs in development for cancer may also fight brain diseases, including ALS
A class of cancer drugs called PARP inhibitors could be useful for treating and preventing brain disorders, including ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease) and some forms of frontotemporal degeneration, by halting the misplacement of specific proteins that affect nerve cells.
SNS completes full neutron production cycle at record power level
The Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has reached a new milestone by operating a complete neutron production run cycle at 1.3 megawatts.
Marine mammals lack functional gene to defend against popular pesticide
As marine mammals evolved to make water their primary habitat, they lost the ability to make a protein that defends humans and other land-dwelling mammals from the neurotoxic effects of a popular man-made pesticide.
Nordic nations, North Americans and Antipodeans rank top in navigation skills
People in Nordic countries, North America, Australia, and New Zealand have the best spatial navigational abilities, according to a new study led by UCL and the University of East Anglia.
Study: Brain proteins, patterns reveal clues to understanding epilepsy
A team of UNLV, Tufts University, and international researchers has identified which brain proteins might be most influential in controlling neural activity associated with epilepsy and anxiety, paving the way for better prevention and treatments someday.
UBC study: Kidney transplant chains more effective in saving lives
New research from the UBC Sauder School of the Business has found that transplant societies which prioritize kidney transplant chains over kidney exchanges can increase the total number of transplants, thereby saving more lives.
New study shows that most teens do have, and use, behavioral brakes
Children who struggle with weak cognitive control at an early age are at most risk for trouble in adulthood following their engagement in risk-taking activities in adolescence, according to new research.
Following federal guidelines may help acceptance of police use of body-worn cameras
A new study that examined how Tempe, Ariz., planned and carried out a body-worn camera program found that adhering to federal guidelines helped ensure integration and acceptance among police, citizens, and other stakeholders.
In apoptosis, cell death spreads through perpetuating waves, Stanford study finds
In a cell, death is akin to falling dominoes: One death-inducing molecule activates another, and so on, until the entire cell is shut down, a new Stanford study finds.
Popping balloons with style (video)
Orange peels contain limonene, and this chemical is the key to a party trick in which you can pop a balloon with a twist.
Need a job? Get a tattoo
New study out of the University of Miami Business School shows that discriminating against workers with tattoos puts hiring managers at a competitive disadvantage.
Loss of a gene long ago puts marine mammals at risk today, as environments change
Ancient loss of gene function across ancestral marine mammal lineages may now be putting modern marine mammals at risk, leaving them defenseless against toxic organophosphates.
Palliative care may reduce suicide risk in veterans with lung cancer
New research finds patient care focused on relieving symptoms, stress reduces suicide risk by 81 percent
Arsenic in combination with an existing drug could combat cancer
Investigators have discovered that arsenic in combination with an existing leukemia drug work together to target a master cancer regulator.
Back to the future of climate change
Researchers at Syracuse University are looking to the geologic past to make future projections about climate change.
Dietary carbohydrates could lead to osteoarthritis, new study finds
In a study led by Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation scientist Tim Griffin, Ph.D., researchers found that the carbohydrate composition of diets increased the risk of osteoarthritis in laboratory mice -- even when the animals didn't differ in weight.
American College of Rheumatology: CMS decision an affront to America's sickest Medicare patients
The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) today expressed its extreme disappointment with a new Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) decision to allow Medicare Advantage (MA) plans to implement step therapy for Part B drugs and cross-manage Part B and D drug utilization.
Why do some microbes live in your gut while others don't?
A new study published in the scientific journal PLOS Computational Biology led by Patrick Bradley, a postdoctoral scholar in Katherine Pollard's laboratory at the Gladstone Institutes, found a new approach to identify the genes that may be important to help microbes live successfully in the human gut.
More than half of drivers don't look for cyclists and pedestrians before turning right
U of T Engineering researchers studied the eye movements of drivers at busy Toronto intersections and found that more than half failed to make necessary scans for pedestrians or cyclists at right turns.
Yale-NUS scientist and collaborators solve open theoretical problem on electron interactions
New discovery published in Science explains what happens during the phase transition in Dirac materials, paving the way for engineering advanced electronics that perform significantly faster.
Single transplantation of therapeutic macrophages improves rare lung disease in mice
Hereditary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (herPAP) is a rare disease characterized by the slow build-up of lipo-protein material in the lungs due to the failure of highly specialized cells called macrophages, which usually eat away this material from the pulmonary air-space.
Only 36.5 percent of Russian companies now pursuing intensive intangible strategy
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics have developed an approach towards analyzing strategies for employing intangibles.
Higher alcohol taxes are cost-effective in reducing alcohol harms
Increasing taxes on alcohol is one of the most cost-effective methods of reducing the harms caused by alcohol consumption, according to research in the new issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
PSD as a molecular platform for understanding synapse formation and plasticity
A group of scientists from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology employed a biochemical reconstitution approach to show that, both in solution and on supported membrane bilayers, multivalent interaction networks formed by major excitatory postsynaptic density (PSD) scaffold proteins led to formation of PSD-like assemblies via phase separation.
Neuroscientists get at the roots of pessimism
MIT neuroscientists have shown that stimulating the caudate nucleus can generate negative moods that lead to irrational decision-making.
Does rain follow the plow?
There are many factors that play a role in whether or not it rains, and new research from the University of Arizona shows that human activity may be one of them.
For UW physicists, the 2-D form of tungsten ditelluride is full of surprises
In a paper published online July 23 in the journal Nature, a UW-led research team reports that the 2-D form of tungsten ditelluride can undergo 'ferroelectric switching.' Materials with ferroelectric properties can have applications in memory storage, capacitors, RFID card technologies and even medical sensors -- and tungsten ditelluride is the first exfoliated 2-D material known to undergo ferroelectric switching.
NASA's Terra Satellite finds Shanshan's strength sapped
NASA's Terra satellite caught an infrared view of former typhoon Shanshan off the east coast of Japan and saw the storm fading.
Men are still more likely than women to be perceived as leaders, study finds
Women hold just 26 percent of executive-level positions in S&P 500 companies -- and sadly that is no accident, according to a new study by researchers in the University at Buffalo School of Management.
Bribing bacteria to play nicely is good for everyone
Salk Institute researchers report that giving mice dietary iron supplements enabled them to survive a normally lethal bacterial infection and resulted in later generations of those bacteria being less virulent.
A new, highly effective and selective molecule is developed to fight malaria
In tests with mice and in vivo culture, molecule designed in Brazil was capable of killing Plasmodium resistant strains and reducing the number of parasites in the bloodstream by 62 percent without attacking cells of the host organism.
Tbx6 revealed as crucial to heart and skeleton formation from stem cells
In a study of over 50 transcription factors, Tbx6 alone was able to stimulate mesoderm formation in laboratory-grown stem cells, and could cause those stem cells to become cardiovascular or musculoskeletal cells; the University of Tsukuba-led research team found that this essential role of Tbx6 in mesoderm and cardiovascular speci?cation is conserved from lower organisms to mammals.
Synapses of the reward system at stake in autistic disorders
Autism spectrum disorders are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders, one of the main characteristics of which is impaired social communication.
Can psychedelic drugs heal?
Many people think of psychedelics as relics from the hippie generation or something taken by ravers and music festival-goers, but they may one day be used to treat disorders ranging from social anxiety to depression, according to research presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association.
Targeting a brain mechanism could treat aggression
EPFL neuroscientists have identified a brain mechanism that is linked to aggression and violent behavior, potentially forming the basis for treating aggression in several psychiatric disorders.
How ions gather water molecules around them
Charged particles in aqueous solutions are always surrounded by a shell of water molecules.
Can rare lymphocytes combat rheumatoid arthritis?
Immunologists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg have demonstrated that ILC2, a group of rare lymphoid cells, play a key role in the development of inflammatory arthritis.
Scientists uncover new details in how sense of smell develops
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have uncovered new details in how the olfactory epithelium develops.
The Lancet: Sodium reduction programmes may only be appropriate for communities with very high salt intake
Peer reviewed / Observational Study / People A new study shows that for the vast majority of communities, sodium consumption is not associated with an increase in health risks except for those whose average consumption exceeds 5g/day (equivalent to 12.5g of salt, or two and a half teaspoons).
Biomarkers link fatigue in cancer, Parkinson's
Biological markers responsible for extreme exhaustion in patients with cancer have now been linked to fatigue in those with Parkinson's disease, according to new research from Rice University.
Elderly patients on dialysis have a high risk of dementia
Older kidney disease patients who are sick enough to require the blood-filtering treatment known as dialysis are at high risk of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, according to a study led by scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Prehistoric peopling in southeast Asia -- genomics of Jomon and other ancient skeletons
Current evidence suggests that Southeast Asia was occupied by Hoabinhian hunter-gatherers until ~4000 years ago, but the human occupation history thereafter with farming economies remains unsettled.
The physician's white coat: Iconic and comforting or likely covered in germs?
A new study from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has found that although the physicians' white coat is one of the most iconic symbols of the trade, whether or not they wear it, doesn't impact patients' satisfaction.
Ebola virus experts discover powerful, new approach for future therapeutics
A one-two punch of powerful antibodies may be the best way to stop Ebola virus, reports an international team of scientists in the journal Cell.
Pairs of small colliding galaxies may seed future stars
In a new study, astronomers show how gas expelled in the merger of two small galaxies can linger across vast distances for billions of years, where it may eventually feed gas to more massive galaxies to make new stars.
Quantum chains in graphene nanoribbons
Empa researchers, together with researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research in Mainz and other partners, have achieved a breakthrough that could in future be used for precise nanotransistors or -- in the distant future -- possibly even quantum computers, as the team reports in the current issue of the scientific journal ''Nature''.
A conversation between plants' daily and aging clocks
IBS Scientists have found out how the two clocks talk to each other genetically.
Cellular self-destruction at 30 micrometers per minute
Like a wildfire spreading through a dry field, for cells, death comes in an unrelenting wave.
Hybrid catalyst with high enantiomer selectivity
A group of Japanese researchers has developed a technology to create a hybrid catalyst from simple-structured, commercially available rhodium and organic catalysts, which reduces chemical waste and produces molecules with high selectivity of an enantiomer, a pair of molecular structures that are non-superimposable mirror images of each other.
Research brief: New 3D-printed device could help treat spinal cord injuries
Engineers and medical researchers at the University of Minnesota have teamed up to create a groundbreaking 3D-printed device that could someday help patients with long-term spinal cord injuries regain some function.
Ph.D. student develops spinning heat shield for future spacecraft
A University of Manchester Ph.D. student has developed a prototype flexible heat shield for spacecraft that could reduce the cost of space travel and even aid future space missions to Mars.
Penalty kick research hits the spot
New research from the University of Portsmouth could help Premiership footballers ahead of the new season, which starts tonight (Aug.
New cyberattacks against urban water services possible warn Ben-Gurion University researchers
The researchers analyzed and found vulnerabilities in a number of commercial smart irrigation systems, which enable attackers to remotely turn watering systems on and off at will.
Scientists discover how to protect yeast from damage in biofuel production
Some chemicals used to speed up the breakdown of plants for production of biofuels like ethanol are poison to the yeasts that turn the plant sugars into fuel.
Learning of a patient's fatal overdose reduces opioid prescribing
A letter from a medical examiner to a physician notifying them of a recent patient's fatal overdose due to opioids may help inspire safer prescribing habits, a new San Diego-based study says.

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