Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 10, 2018
Superconductivity above 10 K discovered in a novel quasi-one-dimensional compound K2Mo3As3
A research team led by Dr. Zhian Ren from Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences discovered a quasi-one-dimensional superconductor K2Mo3As3, with the Tc value exceeding 10 K for the first time.

Mere expectation of checking work email after hours harms health of workers and families
The study demonstrates that employees do not need to spend actual time on work in their off-hours to experience harmful effects.

Amazingly 'green' synthesis method for high-tech dyes
Dyes that are also of great interest for organic electronics have recently been prepared and crystallized at TU Wien.

Adolescent health undervalued and under-invested across the globe
Adolescent health programs across the developing world receive only a tiny share of international aid, even though young people make up 30 percent of the population of low-income countries.

Association of radiation therapy plus lumpectomy in reduced risk of dying in women with DCIS
Lumpectomy plus radiation was associated with a small clinical benefit in reduced risk of breast cancer death compared with lumpectomy or mastectomy alone in women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a noninvasive early form of breast cancer.

Precision public health method identifies clusters of respiratory disease in Uganda
A study led by researchers at Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the Department of Medicine at the Columbia University Irving Medical Center reports on the use of a genetic sequencing method to identify viral pathogens behind unexplained respiratory illnesses in Uganda over a five-year period.

Novel blood test predicts kidney cancer risk and survival five years prior to diagnosis
In a new study published in Clinical Cancer Research, investigators explore whether a blood test can detect higher concentrations of KIM-1 in patients who will go on to develop kidney cancer up to five years later.

Deep in the weeds: Using eDNA sequencing to survey pondweed diversity
Researchers at the University of Guelph have developed a protocol using environmental DNA (eDNA) to identify aquatic plant diversity, making ecological biodiversity surveys of these plant communities faster and less expensive.

NASA eyes Tropical Storm Kristy's strong core
NASA's Aqua satellite found strong storms circling the center of Tropical Storm Kristy.

Novel approach keeps liquids from freezing at very low temperatures for extended periods
Investigators from the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Engineering in Medicine have developed a simple method to maintain water and water-based solutions in a liquid state at temperatures far below the usual 'freezing point' for greatly extended periods of time.

NASA sees the wind knocked out of Tropical Storm John
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Eastern Pacific Ocean on Aug.

A land model with groundwater lateral flow, water use, and soil freeze-thaw front dynamics
Scientists synchronously incorporated the schemes of anthropogenic water regulation, groundwater lateral flow and the movement of soil frost and thaw fronts into a land surface model, which is then named the Land Surface Model for Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS-LSM).

An ion channel differentiates newborn and mature neurons in the adult brain
Newborn granule cells show high excitability that disappears as the cells mature.

Mechanism of fibrosis development discovered
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an incurable lung disease of unknown origin with limited treatment options.

Research may help rescue antibiotics' effectiveness in the face of drug-resistant bacteria
Bacteria--especially Gram-negative strains--are becoming increasingly resistant to current antibiotic drugs, and the development of new classes of antibiotics has slowed.

More than 40 percent of women with asthma may develop COPD, but risk may be reduced
More than four in 10 women with asthma may go on to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study conducted in Ontario, Canada, and published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Global funding for adolescent health misses the target
Adolescents make up more than a quarter of the population in developing countries, but only 1.6 percent of global development assistance for health from 2003-2016 went to adolescent health.

Breastfeeding in Germany from a scientific viewpoint
Is breastfeeding really better? The intense debate on this question has been going on for decades -- and is often controversial and emotionally discussed.

Dealing with digital distraction
Our digital lives may be making us more distracted, distant and drained, according to research presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association.

NRL's sun imaging telescopes fly on NASA Parker Solar Probe
The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory's unique expertise in sun-viewing telescopes will be an integral part of the historic NASA Parker Solar Probe mission scheduled to launch Aug.

New study finds fake, low-quality medicines prevalent in the developing world
A new study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill found that substandard and falsified medicines, including medicines to treat malaria, are a serious problem in much of the world.

Autoimmune response drives vision loss in glaucoma
A research team from Massachusetts Eye and Ear and MIT has shown that immune cells in the eye that developed in response to early exposure to bacteria are a key contributor to progressive vision loss from glaucoma, the second leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world.

Francisella tularensis infections from foods unlikely
Francisella (F.) tularensis is a highly virulent bacterial pathogen that is resistant to environmental stresses and causes tularemia.

Making weight: Ensuring that micro preemies gain pounds and inches
A quality-improvement project to standardize feeding practices for micro preemies helped to boost their weight and nearly quadrupled the frequency of lactation consultations ordered in the neonatal intensive care unit, a multidisciplinary team from Children's National Health System finds.

New study provides next clue to prevent dangerous episodes of low blood sugar in diabetics
A new LSU Pennington Biomedical Research Center study reveals that a novel biomarker might give us new answers necessary to creating a diagnostic tool for hypoglycemia-associated autonomic failure (HAAF).

Breaking down the Wiedemann-Franz law
A study exploring the coupling between heat and particle currents in a gas of strongly interacting atoms highlights the fundamental role of quantum correlations in transport phenomena, breaks the revered Wiedemann-Franz law, and should open up an experimental route to testing novel ideas for thermoelectric devices.

Tough life in the savannah? Chimpanzee foods are mechanically more demanding than previously thought
A study led by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology has analysed the mechanical properties and the isotopic composition of plant foods eaten by chimpanzees living in the tropical rain forest and savannah woodland.

Study suggests glaucoma may be an autoimmune disease
A new study from MIT and Massachusetts Eye and Ear finds glaucoma may be an autoimmune disorder, mediated by T cells that target heat shock proteins in the retina.

Early type 1 diabetes shortens women's lives by 18 years
Women who developed type 1 diabetes before the age of ten years die an average of nearly 18 years earlier than women who do not have diabetes.

Ice sheets of the last ice age seeded the ocean with silica
New research led by glaciologists and isotope geochemists from the University of Bristol has found that melting ice sheets provide the surrounding oceans with the essential nutrient silica.

Laziness helped lead to extinction of Homo erectus
New archaeological research from The Australian National University has found that Homo erectus, an extinct species of primitive humans, went extinct in part because they were 'lazy'.

Biomimetic micro/nanoscale fiber reinforced composites
For the first time, through a programmed and consecutive 'brushing-and-laminating' assembly strategy, macroscopic 3-D bulk biomimetic twisted plywood structural materials with comprehensive mimicry of structural and mechanical characteristics of their natural counterparts are successfully fabricated from 1D micro/nanoscale building blocks under mild conditions.

UT-ORNL team makes first particle accelerator beam measurement in six dimensions
The first full characterization measurement of an accelerator beam in six dimensions will advance the understanding and performance of current and planned accelerators around the world.

Initiation of potentially inappropriate drugs linked to higher fracture, mortality risk
A recent study published in The European Journal of Health Economics finds that the initiation of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) is associated with a higher risk of fracture-specific hospitalizations and mortality.

New water simulation captures small details even in large scenes
When designers select a method for simulating water and waves, they have to choose either fast computation or realistic effects; state-of-the-art methods are only able to optimize one or the other.

Experts highlight ebola vaccine progress and suggest next steps
Despite promising advances, important scientific questions remain unanswered in the effort to develop a safe and effective Ebola vaccine, according to members of an international Ebola research consortium.

USTC develops a family of bioinspired artificial woods by traditional resins
A research team from the University of Science and Technology of China demonstrates a novel strategy for large-scale fabrication of a family of bioinspired polymeric woods with similar polyphenol matrix materials, wood-like cellular microstructures, and outstanding comprehensive performance by a self-assembly and thermocuring process of traditional resins.

MSU scientists unraveled the influence of aging on kidneys regeneration ability
A group of researchers from MSU under the supervision of Professor Dmitry Zorov and Professor Egor Plotnikov studied the effect of aging on key cell processes, such as autophagy, the functions of mitochondria, and response to oxidative stress.

Findings from Marshall University researcher reveal insights into brain circuitry
New research from a team led by Marshall University scientist W.

Generating DNA sequence data in the developing world
For many laboratories in the developing world, lack of funding and practical experience are hurdles to generating their own DNA sequence data.

Men take care of their spouses just as well as women (new research suggests)
Men respond to their spouse's illness just as much as women do and as a result are better caregivers in later life than previous research suggests, according to a new Oxford University collaboration.

For many, 'flexible work boundaries' become 'work without boundaries'
Personal relationships and home life suffer for those tied to their work emails round-the-clock, according to a new study.

How young people choose their news impacts how they participate in politics
Young people who seek out news online on their own, rather than relying on conventional news media or news articles posted on social media, are more likely to participate in political activism and campaigning, according to research by a University of Arizona sociology graduate student.

Fresh insight into invasive plant that blights UK rivers
New research into the behaviour of an invasive plant seen on riverbanks across the UK could help improve the management of the problem, experts have found.

Why we're susceptible to fake news, how to defend against it
Thought processes and belief systems that people develop early in life to help protect against the anxiety and stress of an uncertain world may help explain why some individuals fall victim to what has come to be known as fake news, but psychologists can offer some strategies to defend against it, according to a series of presentations at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association.

Risk-taking, antisocial teens 5 times more likely to die young
Adolescents with serious conduct and substance use problems are five times more likely to die prematurely than their peers, with roughly one in 20 dying by their 30s, according to new CU Boulder research.

Over-the-counter drugs, dietary supplements and their effect on lab test results
The study reports on the results of a survey of patients in 18 European countries which shows that those taking OTC products and dietary supplements are not aware of the potential effects on laboratory test results they may have.

Research Brief: No defense for some plants in the eat-or-be-eaten world of grasslands
University of Minnesota researchers are showing the important role such plant-eating consumers play in an ecosystem's ability carry out key jobs like storing carbon -- and, in turn, the role plants play in supporting these organisms and the others that depend on them.

New type of bed net could help fight against malaria
A new type of bed net could prevent millions of cases of malaria, according to new research published in The Lancet today.

AI model 'learns' from patient data to make cancer treatment less toxic
MIT researchers are employing novel machine-learning techniques to improve the quality of life for patients by reducing toxic chemotherapy and radiotherapy dosing for glioblastoma, the most aggressive form of brain cancer.

Sea stars critical to kelp forest resilience
A study by Simon Fraser University resource and environmental management researcher Jenn Burt reveals that sunflower sea stars play a critical role in the resilience of B.C.'s kelp forests, which are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth.

Young salmon may leap to 'oust the louse'
A study by Simon Fraser University aquatic ecologists Emma Atkinson and John Reynolds reveals that young salmon may jump out of water to remove sea lice. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to