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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | August 24, 2018


Researchers achieve multifunctional solid-state quantum memory
Research team from CAS Key Lab of Quantum Information developed multi-degree-of-freedom multiplexed solid-state quantum memory and demonstrate photon pulse operation functions with time and frequency degree-of-freedoms.
Cardio exercise and strength training affect hormones differently
Strength training and cardio exercise affect the body differently with regard to the types of hormones they release into the blood, new research conducted at the University of Copenhagen shows.
Protecting your health data -- Healthcare leaders share
Like other data-driven organizations, healthcare networks are vulnerable to potentially crippling cyberattacks - but may lag behind other sectors in preparing for and avoiding data breaches, according to a series of articles and commentaries in the Fall issue of Frontiers of Health Services Management, an official publication of the American College of Healthcare Executives (ACHE).
Nanotubes change the shape of water
Nanotubes of the right diameter can prompt water inside to solidify into a square tube, transitioning into a kind of ice.
An avatar uses your gait to predict how many calories you will burn
New avatar-based software developed at EPFL looks at how people walk in order to predict their energy expenditure.
Self-healing reverse filter opens the door for many novel applications
A self-healing membrane that acts as a reverse filter, blocking small particles and letting large ones through, is the 'straight out of science fiction' work of a team of Penn State mechanical engineers.
NASA looks at heavy rainmaker in Hurricane Lane
Cloud top temperatures provide scientists with an understanding of the power of a tropical cyclone.
Researchers stop cell suicide that worsens sepsis, arthritis
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have discovered a way to stop immune cell death associated with multiple diseases, including sepsis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and arthritis.
Illinois researchers develop method to cancel noise without ear-blocking headphones
Disruptive noise is almost everywhere, from people talking in the office corridor to road construction down the street to the neighbor's lawn mower.
NASA's OSIRIS-REx begins asteroid operations campaign
OSIRIS-REx caught its first glimpse of asteroid Bennu last week and began the final approach toward its target.
Shape-shifting material can morph, reverse itself using heat, light
A new material developed by University of Colorado Boulder engineers can transform into complex, pre-programmed shapes via light and temperature stimuli.
Scientists have developed an effective marker for cancer diagnosis and therapy
A research group consisting of scientists from NUST MISIS, the Technical University of Munich, Helmholtz Zentrum München, the University of Duisburg-Essen, and the University of Oldenburg have developed a system that allows doctors to both improve the accuracy of diagnosing malignant cells and to provide additional opportunities for cancer treatment.
Study reveals potential biomarkers of cerebral aneurysm risk
The study reveals specific molecular biological responses involved in flow-induced expansive remodeling of cerebral arteries that may influence differential expression of flowdependent cerebrovascular pathology.
UMass Amherst research discovers new channel-gating mechanism
Computational biophysicists are not used to making discoveries, says Jianhan Chen at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, so when he and colleagues cracked the secret of how cells regulate Big Potassium (BK) channels, they thought it must be a computational artifact.
MSU scientists closer to solving arthritic condition in teens
A new Michigan State University study has found that a malfunctioning gene associated with a common arthritic disease that often starts in teenagers is now directly linked to the loss of vital immune cells that may prevent it.
A new permafrost gas mysterium
Permafrost thaw allows biological activity in previously frozen ground, leading to a potential release of climate-relevant gases.
How low is too low? Study highlights serious risks for intensive blood pressure control
Kaiser Permanente research published today in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found if patients with hypertension taking prescribed medications experience unusually low blood pressures -- systolic blood pressure under 110mmHg -- they are twice as likely to experience a fall or faint as patients whose treated blood pressure remains 110mmHg and above.
Risk adjusting for race and poverty bolsters rankings of some hospitals
Sociodemographic risk adjustment of emergency care-sensitive mortality improves apparent performance of some hospitals treating a large number of nonwhite, Hispanic, or poor patients.
New nusinersen drug delivery method identified for spinal muscular atrophy patients
A new report has identified an alternative method to deliver nusinersen to patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) using a subcutaneous intrathecal catheter system (SIC) configured by connecting an intrathecal catheter to an implantable infusion port.
Smoked Out: Researchers develop a new wildfire smoke emissions model
A Brigham Young University chemical engineering professor and his Ph.D.
Disappearing into thin air
A major advance towards targeting cancer without harming healthy tissue has been discovered by University of Bristol researchers.
New insights on sperm production lay groundwork for solving male infertility
Using advanced techniques, Michigan Medicine researchers have created the most complete catalog of cells in the male gonads.
Flirting flies: More than just winging it
Studies of the song of the fruit flies reveal new findings of how the neurons in the brain function.
Tree species richness in Amazonian wetlands is three times greater than expected
Compilation of data from forest inventories and botanical collections generates a list of 3,615 tree species in wetland areas of the Amazon Basin.
Friends' influence helps telecom firms retain customers
A new study tested a strategy to help a telecommunications firm manage churn.
For first time in 40 years, cure for acute leukemia within reach
Acute myeloid leukemia is one of the most aggressive cancers.
Researchers discover epigenetic reason for drug resistance in a deadly melanoma
Mount Sinai researchers have discovered a previously unknown reason for drug resistance in a common subtype of melanoma, one of the deadliest forms of cancer, and in turn, have found a new therapy that could prevent or reverse drug resistance for melanoma patients with a particular gene mutation, according to a study published in Nature Communications in August.
Carbon emissions in African savannas triple previous estimates
Widespread tree felling in African savannas is producing at least three times as many carbon emissions as was previously thought, research suggests.
New immunotherapy inhibits tumor growth and protects against metastases
Scientists at the VIB-UGent Center for Medical Biotechnology have taken important steps forward in the development of a cancer-targeting immunotherapy.
From guts to glory: The evolution of gut defense
Gut 'missing link' shows how mammals evolved to live with their microbes.
Effective fisheries management can reduce extinction risk of marine fish stocks
Effective fisheries management plans, coupled with actions to limit greenhouse gas emissions, both separately, but especially in tandem, would have an immediate effect on the number of marine species that face extinction.
Chronic malnutrition in children: A new gut microbial signature
The Afribiota project, led by the Institut Pasteur in Paris, in Madagascar and in Bangui, in collaboration with the University of British Colombia, Inserm and Collège de France, was set up to advance our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of chronic malnutrition.
In ancient Rome, insults in politics knew hardly any boundaries
52nd Meeting of German Historians examines abuses and 'hate speech' in all epochs -- Ancient historian Martin Jehne: personal attacks were common among Roman senators -- The people in the popular assembly were allowed to insult, but not be offended themselves -- 'Enormous division between rich and poor' -- 'Modern societies could need some Roman robustness in dealing with abuse'.
Bowtie-funnel combo best for conducting light; team found answer in simple equation
Running computers on virtually invisible beams of light would make them faster, lighter and more energy efficient.
Producing hydrogen from splitting water without splitting hairs
Summary In our energy-hungry society, finding cheaper ways of producing and storing energy is a constant battle.
Mutations in this molecule may have helped mammoths tolerate the cold
Columbia University biomedical researchers have captured close-up views of TRPV3, a skin-cell ion channel that plays important roles in sensing temperature, itch, and pain.
Female basketball players face disproportionate racial bias: New study
New research has uncovered a recurring pattern of referee bias in women's college basketball.
ASA's Aqua satellite finds an Extra-Tropical Cyclone Cimaron
Cimaron has crossed the big island of Japan and became an extra-tropical cyclone.
Why polluted air may be a threat to your kidneys
Of the many well-documented risks of dirty air, one potential danger is lesser known: chronic kidney disease.
Many young adults lack financial literacy, economic stability, study finds
Many young people lack financial literacy and money-management skills, indicating an urgent need for educational programs to help them enter adulthood better equipped to handle their financial affairs, University of Illinois graduate student Gaurav Sinha found in a new study.
Kelp forests function differently in warmer oceans
The dynamics of kelp forests in the North-East Atlantic will experience a marked change as ocean warming continues and warm-water kelp species become more abundant, according to new research.
The youngest smoke more
An increasing number of children under 15 years old have started to smoke during the last 40 years in Europe.
Decline in uninsured hospitalizations for cardiovascular events after ACA Medicaid expansion
Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was associated with a decline in the proportion of uninsured hospitalizations for major cardiovascular events such as heart attack, stroke and heart failure.
College tours for Chinese teens a rapidly growing market for tourist industry
Middle-class teens in China are embarking on study tours of university campuses in the U.S., a market sector that could be lucrative for public colleges and tourism-related businesses in the Midwest, according to a new study led by Joy Huang, a professor of recreation, sport and tourism at the University of Illinois.
NASA tracks tropical storm Soulik into the Sea of Japan
NASA's Aqua satellite flew over Tropical Storm Soulik after it moved into the Sea of Japan and saw that wind shear was adversely affecting the storm.
Uninsured major cardiac-related hospitalizations declined in first year after ACA
States that expanded eligibility for their Medicaid program in 2014 when the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was implemented, saw fewer uninsured patients among major cardiac-related hospitalizations in the first year compared with states that did not expand the program, according to a study released today by the Journal of the American Medical Association Network.
One step closer to bioengineered replacements for vessels and ducts
Researchers bioprint complex tubular tissues to replace dysfunctional vessels and ducts in the body.
Sweeter dreams in a peaceful mind
A new study by researchers from the University of Turku, Finland and the University of Skövde, Sweden shows that people with more peace of mind in the waking state have more positive dreams, whereas those with more anxiety in the waking state have more negative dreams.
Being the market leader is not everything
Building customer relationships and strengthening the brand are key to a company's financial success -- more so than being the market leader, a recent study shows.
Getting a charge out of MOFs
Researchers at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have made a metal organic framework (MOF) with the highest electron charge mobilities ever observed, along with a technique to improve the conductivity of other MOFs.
Calcium-catalyzed reactions of element-H bonds
Calcium-catalyzed reactions of element-H bonds provide precise and efficient tools for hydrofunctionalization.
Scientists elaborated upon carbon sink/source patterns of the Yellow Sea and East China Sea
The sinks/sources of carbon in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea exert great influences on coastal ecosystem dynamics and regional climate change process.
A molecular pit crew responsible for refuelling in signaling cells
Raghu Padinjat's group from the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore, has identified a molecular pit crew that helps to refuel signaling cells efficiently.
INRS takes aim at the dreaded tropical disease leishmaniasis
Leishmania is a microorganism threatening the health of over 500 million people at risk of crossing its path.

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