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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | September 03, 2018


Pathology and social interactions: Safety in numbers
What if social behavior affected the progression of even noncontagious diseases?
8,000 new antibiotic combinations are surprisingly effective, UCLA biologists report
UCLA biologists have identified more than 8,00 new combinations of antibiotics that are surprisingly effective.
Targeted and population-based strategies both necessary for blood pressure control
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is the leading risk factor for heart disease, and improvements in both targeted and population-based strategies for blood pressure control can lead to better prevention and control of hypertension, according to a review paper published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Experiencing homelessness for longer than six months can cause significant damage to a child's heal
Researchers at Children's HealthWatch, based out of Boston Medical Center (BMC), found that children who experienced both pre- and post-natal homelessness and those who experienced homelessness for longer than six months were at highest risk of negative health outcomes.
Children born through IVF may have higher risk of hypertension
Children conceived through assisted reproductive technologies may be at an increased risk of developing arterial hypertension early in life, among other cardiovascular complications, according to a Swiss study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Stanford scientists engineer way to prevent immune response to gene therapy in mice
Stanford University School of Medicine researchers have demonstrated that gene therapy can be effective without causing a dangerous side effect common to all gene therapy: an autoimmune reaction to the normal protein, which the patient's immune system is encountering for the first time.
Terahertz spectroscopy enters the single-molecule regime
University of Tokyo-led researchers showed that long-wavelength terahertz (THz) spectroscopy can detect motion of single molecules, not just molecular ensembles.
Tracking marine migrations across geopolitical boundaries aids conservation
A new study uses tracking data for 14 species of migratory marine predators, from leatherback turtles to blue whales and white sharks, to show how their movements relate to the geopolitical boundaries of the Pacific Ocean.
Lack of social mobility more of an 'occupational hazard' than previously known
American workers' occupational status reflects that of their parents more than previously known, reaffirming more starkly that the lack of mobility in the United States is in large part due to the occupation of our parents.
Chaos-inducing genetic approach stymies antibiotic-resistant superbugs
A genetic disruption strategy developed by University of Colorado Boulder researchers effectively stymies the evolution of antibiotic-resistant bacteria such as E. coli, giving scientists a crucial leg up in the ongoing battle against deadly superbugs.
Evolutionary origins of animal biodiversity
A new study by an international team of researchers, led by scientists from the University of Bristol, has revealed the origins and evolution of animal body plans.
Scientists pioneer a new way to turn sunlight into fuel
A new study, led by academics at St John's College, University of Cambridge, used semi-artificial photosynthesis to explore new ways to produce and store solar energy.
How sickled red blood cells stick to blood vessels
An MIT study describes how sickled red blood cells get stuck in tiny blood vessels of patients with sickle-cell disease.
Falling stars hold clue for understanding dying stars
An international team of researchers has proposed a new method to investigate the inner workings of supernovae explosions.
Infants can distinguish between leaders and bullies, study finds
A new study finds that 21-month-old infants can distinguish between respect-based power asserted by a leader and fear-based power wielded by a bully.
Patients with new-onset AFib after TAVR at highest risk for complications
Patients developing AFib after TAVR are at higher risk of death, stroke and heart attack compared to patients who already had AFib prior to the procedure, according to a study today in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.
New research shows how children want their food served
Getting children to eat their food is a challenge for many parents and new research from Future Consumer Lab at the Department of Food Science at the University of Copenhagen could help.
Mud from the deep sea reveals clues about ancient monsoon
The Sonoran Desert is one of the world's most biodiverse deserts, thanks to the annual monsoon, which provide a source of moisture in addition to seasonal winter rains.
Age, race or need for instant gratification -- which best predicts how much you will earn?
Traditional statistics have allowed researchers to understand which things -- like education, occupation and gender -- predict how much a person will earn.
Neutrophil nanosponges soak up proteins that promote rheumatoid arthritis
Engineers have developed neutrophil 'nanosponges' that can safely absorb and neutralize a variety of proteins that play a role in the progression of rheumatoid arthritis.
Can social media networks reduce political polarization on climate change?
Political bias often leads to polarization on topics like climate change.
Natural 'breakdown' of chemicals predicts lung damage in 9/11 firefighters
Abnormal levels of more than two dozen metabolites -- chemicals produced in the body as it breaks down fats, proteins and carbohydrates -- can reliably predict which Sept.
Veiled supernovae provide clue to stellar evolution
At the end of its life, a red supergiant star explodes in a hydrogen-rich supernova.
Telescope maps cosmic rays in large and small magellanic clouds
A radio telescope in outback Western Australia has been used to observe radiation from cosmic rays in two neighbouring galaxies, showing areas of star formation and echoes of past supernovae.
Nalbuphine may help manage opioid-induced urine retention
Nalbuphine may help to manage opioid-induced urine retention. Findings from a brief case report are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
Anti-inflammatory use during surgery could improve cancer outcomes
The world's first clinical trial (SURGUVANT) evaluating anti-inflammatory use at the time of surgery in colon cancer patients to improve their cancer outcome has been published in scientific journal, BMC Cancer.
Induced changes to political attitude can last over time
Cognitive scientists at Lund University and Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have demonstrated that experimentally induced changes in political attitudes can last over time.
Breaking osteoporosis: New mechanism activates bone-building cells
The number of osteoporosis medications that promote bone formation are few compared to those that suppress bone resorption.
Satellites more at risk from fast solar wind than a major space storm
Satellites are more likely to be at risk from high-speed solar wind than a major geomagnetic storm according to a new UK-US study published this week in the journal Space Weather.
Superradiance: Quantum effect detected in tiny diamonds
An atom gives off energy and causes many other atoms in its vicinity to emit light as well.
Individual metering of heating consumption could lead to savings of up to 20 percent
The UPV/EHU's ENEDI group has conducted a detailed study of the changes in habits brought about by individual metering and charging of heating and domestic hot water in a community of residents in Bilbao, a measure that is due to become compulsory once a Royal Decree currently being drawn up has been passed.
Blue-green algae promises to help boost food crop yields
Scientists at The Australian National University (ANU) have engineered tiny carbon-capturing engines from blue-green algae into plants, in a breakthrough that promises to help boost the yields of important food crops such as wheat, cowpeas and cassava.
Severely traumatized refugees may not necessarily develop PTSD -- study
Heavily traumatized people such as refugees fleeing war, torture and natural catastrophes may not necessarily develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a new study reveals.
Body temperature regulation: how fever comes
Researchers from Kanazawa University report in Journal of Neuroscience performed a microdialysis study on mice to determine mechanisms underlying the inflammatory response in the brain associated with fever that might be used to develop new strategies for treatment.
Tiny microbes playing a big (and even bigger in the future) role in the carbon cycle of China Seas
Although microbial carbon pump (MCP) in the ocean was reported very important in the carbon sequestration, it has not yet been quantified in the China Seas.
Like a zipper -- how cells form new blood vessels
Blood vessel formation relies on the ability of vascular cells to move while remaining firmly connected to each other.
Enhancers are easier to predict in the adult stage than those in the fetal stage
Enhancers are short DNA regions that improve transcription efficiency by recruiting transcription factors.
Greenhouse emissions from Siberian rivers peak as permafrost thaws
Permafrost soils store large quantities of frozen carbon and play an important role in regulating Earth's climate.
Quantum weirdness in 'chicken or egg' paradox
The 'chicken or egg' paradox was first proposed by philosophers in Ancient Greece to describe the problem of determining cause-and-effect.
New imagery solves mystery of why Mount St. Helens is out of line with other volcanoes
Some of the clearest, most comprehensive images of the top several miles of the Earth's crust have helped scientists solve the mystery of why Mount St.
Powerful tools from VTT to solve challenges in bio- and circular economy
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed an efficient synthetic biology toolbox for industry and research organizations.
Light exchange
The quantum computers of the future will be able to perform computations that cannot be done on today's computers.
Oregon researchers offer new way to see dirty underside of glaciers
Accurate projections of sea level rise require sophisticated models for glacier flow, but current approaches do a poor job capturing the physical processes that control how fast glaciers slide over sediments, according to University of Oregon researchers.
Boosting gravitational wave detectors with quantum tricks
A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors.

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