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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | September 10, 2018


Algorithm accurately predicts how electromagnetic waves and magnetic materials interact
UCLA Samueli engineers have developed a new tool to model how magnetic materials, which are used in smartphones and other communications devices, interact with incoming radio signals that carry data.
Robot can pick up any object after inspecting it
MIT CSAIL system suggests that robots could one day be able to 'see' well enough to be in people's homes and offices.
Smart technology to help diagnose sepsis in children in Canada
Smart technology and artificial intelligence could be used to improve detection of sepsis in children in Canada, write authors of a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
NASA finds Typhoon Mangkhut lashing Guam and the Northern Marianas Islands
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and captured a visible image of Typhoon Mangkhut lashing Guam and the Northern Marianas Islands.
Scientists suggested a new method for detecting dangerous nitrogen-containing liquids
A team of researchers from the Institute of Physical and Mathematical Sciences and Information Technologies of Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (BFU) together with their colleagues from Gebze Technical University used the nuclear magnetic resonance method to detect toxic and flammable nitrogen-containing liquids.
Switch in the climatic factors controlling vegetation dynamics on the Tibetan Plateau
The dominant climate factor controlling the vegetation activity over Tibetan Plateau may have switched from precipitation to temperature in the mid-1990s.
Birds help each other partly for selfish reasons
Up to now, researchers have believed that birds stay at home and altruistically help raise younger siblings because this is the only way to pass on genes when you cannot breed yourself.
Discovered: Optimal magnetic fields for suppressing instabilities in tokamaks
Embargoed release reports new method for reducing instabilities in fusion plasmas without triggering fresh problem.
Acute critical illness increases risk of kidney complications and death
Acute critical illness in people without previous renal disease puts them at risk of kidney complications as well as death, according to a study in published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Mechano-sensing and resistance during development of the fruitfly wing
How cells arrange themselves into precise tissue structures like wings is a response, and a resistance, to global mechanical patterning in a tissue.
NASA sees Tropical Storm 27W moving through Luzon Strait
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Luzon Strait and captured a visible image of the latest tropical storm to form in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean, Tropical Storm 27W.
Checkpoint-targeting immunotherapies get a helping hand from natural killer cells
Immunotherapies targeting the immune checkpoint receptor PD-1 and its ligand, PD-L1, have been shown to successfully activate T cells against certain cancers, but their efficacy varies between cancer types and between individual patients.
Scientists block RNA silencing protein in liver to prevent obesity and diabetes in mice
Obesity and its related ailments like type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease pose a major global health burden, but researchers report in Nature Communications that blocking an RNA-silencing protein in the livers of mice keeps the animals from getting fat and diabetic conditions.
Study reveals 'dark motives' behind brain teaser questions in job interviews
A new Applied Psychology study asks why brain teaser questions are often used in employment interviews despite their known lack of validity and reliability.
New technique reveals how Zika virus interacts inside our cells
Scientists have developed a new technique that can determine how viruses interact with a host's own RNA.
New research shows how we turn on and off languages
A team of researchers has uncovered the distinct computations that occur when we switch between different languages, a finding that provides new insights into the nature of bilingualism.
Screen strategies for off-target liability prediction & ID small-molecule pharmaceuticals
A new review in SLAS Discovery explores how improved safety screening strategies and methods are improving the pharmaceutical discovery and development process.
Binge drinking affects male and female brains differently
Repeated binge drinking activates genes in an area of the brain linked to addiction differently in males and females.
Use of bivalirudin for anticoagulation in interventional cardiovascular procedures
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume3, Number 2, 2018, pp.
Encouraging scientists to collaborate on the tropics
'The changing nature of collaboration in tropical ecology and conservation,' recently published in Biotropica, investigates collaboration among scientists, researchers, and other figures whose work advances the field of tropical ecology.
Analyzing roadside dust to identify potential health concerns
Car and truck pollution isn't confined to the exhaust that comes from their tail pipes.
Global nutrition group issues first-ever consensus criteria for diagnosing malnutrition
Despite the serious concern associated with malnutrition's adverse outcomes and cost, no single existing approach to malnutrition diagnosis has achieved broad global acceptance.
Coastal erosion in the Arctic intensifies global warming
The loss of arctic permafrost deposits by coastal erosion could amplify climate warming via the greenhouse effect.
Patients with sepsis at higher risk of stroke, heart attack after hospital discharge
Patients with sepsis are at increased risk of stroke or myocardial infarction (heart attack) in the first 4 weeks after hospital discharge, according to a large Taiwanese study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Social support is critical to life satisfaction in young patients with cancer
Among adolescents and young adults with cancer, social support was the most decisive factor associated with life satisfaction.
New innovation improves the diagnosis of dizziness
Half of over-65s suffer from dizziness and problems with balance.
Peatland carbon sinks at risk
Peatlands are extremely effective at storing carbon, but an international study featuring a University of Queensland researcher has found climate change could stop that.
Transparency may improve US home buyout programs
New research finds government buyouts of homes in floodplains have often lacked transparency.
Researchers unlock secret of deadly brain cancer's 'immortality'
UC San Francisco researchers have discovered how a mutation in a gene regulator called the TERT promoter -- the third most common mutation among all human cancers and the most common mutation in the deadly brain cancer glioblastoma -- confers 'immortality' on tumor cells, enabling the unchecked cell division that powers their aggressive growth.
Artificial intelligence helps track down mysterious cosmic radio bursts
Fast radio bursts are powerful blasts of energy from across the cosmos caused by unknown events, perhaps emissions from a collapsed and highly magnetized neutron star.
Primary care is an untapped resource for depression screening
A new study has identified at-risk populations for whom depression screening combined with hazardous alcohol use screening could detect depressive symptoms that might otherwise go untreated.
Farewell flat biology -- Tackling infectious disease using 3-D tissue engineering
In a new invited review article, ASU Biodesign microbiologists and tissue engineers Cheryl Nickerson, Jennifer Barrila and colleagues discuss the development and application of three-dimensional (3-D) tissue culture models as they pertain to infectious disease.
Parkinson matters: A call to action to improve patient care
Amsterdam, NL, September 10, 2018 -- Deaths associated with Parkinson's disease and related disorders increased substantially between 2001 and 2014.
Understanding deep-sea images with artificial intelligence
More and more data and images are generated during ocean research.
New high-throughput screening study may open up for future Parkinson's disease therapy
Parkinson's disease is the most common neurodegenerative diseases; currently there is no cure.
UNM study shows medical cannabis effective in treating a wide range of health conditions
Utilizing new mobile application technology, researchers at The University of New Mexico found that medical cannabis provides immediate symptom relief across dozens of health symptoms with relatively minimal negative side effects.
NASA satellites show Hurricane Florence strengthening
NASA satellites are providing a lot of different kinds of data to forecasters at the National Hurricane Center to help them understand what's happening Hurricane Florence.
Reliability, learnability and efficiency of two tools for cement crowns retrieval in dentistry
This research work aims to help other researchers in the field to set up an experimental bench to assess the performance of different tools for the retrieval of cement crowns, in terms of reliability, learnability and efficiency.
Optimizing technologies for discovering cancer cell mutations
Cancer cells often have mutations in their DNA that can give scientists clues about how the cancer started or which treatment may be most effective.
Racial wealth inequality overlooked as cause of urban unrest, study says
More than 50 years ago, riots tore through many U.S.
Syrian War study yields new predictive model for attrition dynamics in multilateral war
According to new study of Syrian War in INFORMS journal Operations Research, unless there is a player so strong it can guarantee a win regardless of what others do, the likely outcome of multilateral war is a gradual stalemate that leads to mutual annihilation of all players.
What time is it in your body?
The first simple blood test to identify your body's precise internal time clock as compared to the external time has been developed by scientists.
The current state of transradial access
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume3, Number 2, 2018, pp.
Researchers identify molecule with anti-aging effects on vascular system, study finds
A molecule produced during fasting or calorie restriction has anti-aging effects on the vascular system, which could reduce the occurrence and severity of human diseases related to blood vessels, such as cardiovascular disease, according to a study led by Georgia State University.
Articles focus on Medicaid work requirements
Two research letters and an invited commentary examine work requirements for Medicaid recipients, a move favored by some states that have federal waivers or have applied for them to impose work rules.
Study links BAP1 protein to tumor suppression in kidney, eye, bile duct and mesothelioma cancers
Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have shown how BRCA-associated protein 1 (BAP1) serves as a tumor suppressor gene in kidney, eye, bile duct, mesothelioma and other cancers by regulating a form of cell death called ferroptosis, opening up a potential new area of therapy research.
Graphene enables clock rates in the terahertz range
Graphene is considered a promising candidate for the nanoelectronics of the future.
A 'reset' of regulatory T-cells reverses chronic heart failure in mouse model
A severe heart attack, however, can cause chronic and sustained inflammation that leads to heart failure and death.
Reward of labor in wild chimpanzees
Wild chimpanzees of the Taï National Park, Ivory Coast, hunt in groups to catch monkeys.
Kidnapping in the Antarctic animal world?
Pteropods or sea snails, also called sea angels, produce chemical deterrents to ward off predators, and some species of amphipods take advantage of this by carrying pteropods piggyback to gain protection from their voracious predators.
Just seven photons can act like billions
A system made of just a handful of particles acts just like larger systems, allowing scientists to study quantum behaviour more easily.
Study links widely-used drug azathioprine to skin cancers
A drug used to treat inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis and vasculitis as well as to prevent organ rejection in transplant patients has been identified as an important contributor to skin cancer development.
Significant amount of cancer-causing chemicals stays in lungs during e-cigarette use
E-cigarettes have become increasingly popular as a smoke-free alternative to conventional tobacco cigarettes, but the health effects of 'vaping' on humans have been debated in the scientific and tobacco manufacturing communities.
Computer model reveals effect of increased cholesterol on specific ion channel in heart
Using a computer model, researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of Illinois at Chicago have revealed the effect of increased amounts of cholesterol on a specific ion channel involved in regulating potassium levels in the heart.
Chip controlling exoskeleton keeps patients' brains cool
Scientists developed a model for predicting hand movement trajectories. The predictions relys on lineal model, not neural networks.
Three new species of fish discovered in the extreme depths of the Pacific Ocean
An exploration to one of the deepest places on earth has captured rare footage of what is believed to be three new species of the elusive Snailfish.
SwRI scientists find evidence for early planetary shake-up
Scientists at Southwest Research Institute studied an unusual pair of asteroids and discovered that their existence points to an early planetary rearrangement in our solar system.
Low-severity wildfires impact soils more than previously believed
Low-severity wildland fires and prescribed burns have long been presumed by scientists and resource managers to be harmless to soils, but this may not be the case, new research shows.
Large trucks are biggest culprits of near-road air pollution
A new U of T Engineering study reveals large diesel trucks to be the greatest contributors to harmful black carbon emissions close to major roadways, indicating that vehicle types matter more than traffic volume for near-road air pollution.
Mental imagery manages pain independent of opioid system
Mentally reframing pain as a pleasant experience is an effective regulation strategy that acts independently of the opioid system, finds new human research published in JNeurosci.
Jumping genes drive sex chromosome changes in strawberries
The discovery shows that plant sex regions can 'jump' and indicates that the phenomenon may be adaptive by gathering and locking new genes into linkage with sex.
Nitrous oxide emissions from rice farms are a cause for concern for global climate
Intermittently flooded rice farms can emit 45 times more nitrous oxide as compared to the maximum from continuously flooded farms that predominantly emit methane, according to a new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Study prevents cognitive decline in older blacks with memory loss
A behavioral treatment that helps adults set goals toward a more active social, cognitive, and physical lifestyle can reduce memory decline, in a randomized controlled trial.
Following Twitter conversations around hacked diabetes tools to manage blood sugar
Researchers at University of Utah Health examined the diabetes community's online Twitter conversation to understand their thoughts concerning open source artificial pancreas (OpenAPS) technology.
Researchers decode mood from human brain signals
By developing a novel decoding technology, a team of engineers and physicians at the University of Southern California (USC) and UC San Francisco have discovered how mood variations can be decoded from neural signals in the human brain--a process that has not been demonstrated to date.
The universality of shame
An implicit mental map of how negatively others will perceive them sets the level of shame people feel about a potential action.
UTSA researchers develop tools to prepare for chemical attacks
New plume dispersal model alerts authorities how much time people have to flee after an attack.
Following the tumour DNA trail to crack the secrets of personalised medicine
Individualised therapies that target the specific genetic features of tumours have the potential to transform cancer diagnosis, treatment and care.
Diamond dust enables low-cost, high-efficiency magnetic field detection
UC Berkeley engineers have created a device that dramatically reduces the energy needed to power magnetic field detectors, which could revolutionize how we measure the magnetic fields that flow through our electronics, our planet, and even our bodies.
Clinical need absent, unclear in nearly 30 percent of outpatient opioid prescriptions
Nearly 30 percent of outpatient opioid prescriptions in the United States lack documented clinical reasons to justify dispensing the drugs.
Often-overlooked Natural Killer cells may be key to cancer immunotherapy
Immune checkpoint inhibitors are revolutionizing the treatment of cancer, but new research challenges the central dogma of how these drugs work.
In gut we trust when it comes to choices
Why do some people trust their gut instincts over logic?
Molecular switches are not just 'on' or 'off'
It is not always easy to see if a switch is on or off!
Special antibodies could lead to HIV vaccine
Around one percent of people infected with HIV produce antibodies that block most strains of the virus.
UNM, USF scientists find stable sea levels during last interglacial
The magnitude and trajectory of sea-level change during the Last Interglacial, more specifically Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5e, is uncertain.
The role of cardiac catheterization after cardiac arrest
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume3, Number 2, 2018, pp.
Power of tiny vibrations could inspire novel heating devices
Ultra-fast vibrations can be used to heat tiny amounts of liquid, experts have found, in a discovery that could have a range of engineering applications.
Farmers on the front lines
First analysis of impacts to marine aquaculture production warns proactive measures needed to protect global food security.
Drought, conflict and migration in Kenya
A new study is the first to use a nationwide survey representing an entire country in sub-Saharan Africa to find connections between droughts, migration and violence.
Zika virus strips immune cells of their identity
Macrophages are immune cells that are supposed to protect the body from infection by viruses and bacteria.
Fitness, physical activity and low sedentary time all associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) shows that cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), high-intensity physical activity (HPA) and low sedentary time (ST) are all associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
Novel nano material for quantum electronics
An international team led by Assistant Professor Kasper Steen Pedersen, DTU Chemistry, has synthesized a novel nano material with electrical and magnetic properties making it suitable for future quantum computers and other applications in electronics.
BioIVT publishes new research on the mechanisms underlying the C-DILI assay
BioIVT, a leading provider of research models and services for drug development, today announced its research into the mechanisms involved in cholestatic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has been published in Applied In Vitro Toxicology.
Research by the UPNA states that muscle strength training improves cardiovascular health
A paper published recently in the scientific journal Nature Reviews Cardiology shows that regular physical exercise and, specifically, that which is undertaken to increase muscle strength, improves cardiovascular health through non-traditional mechanisms, such as, for example, the release through the skeletal muscles of substances that are healthy for the heart (known as myokines) or the improvement in intestinal microbiota (the microorganisms in the intestines).
Chronic pain may be an important contributor to suicide
Chronic pain may be an important contributor to suicide. Nearly 9 percent of people who died by suicide in 18 states from 2003 to 2014 had documentation of chronic pain in their incident records.
NASA covers Hurricane Isaac's ragged center
NASA's Aqua satellite found a thick ring of powerful storms around Hurricane Isaac's ragged eye and southwest of center on Sept.
Intravascular ultrasound-guided percutaneous coronary intervention: An updated review
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume3, Number 2, 2018, pp.
Prescribing antibiotics for children with cough does not reduce hospitalization risk
Doctors and nurses often prescribe antibiotics for children with cough and respiratory infection to avoid return visits, symptoms getting worse or hospitalization.
One in four older adults prescribed a benzodiazepine goes on to risky long-term use
They may start as well-intentioned efforts to calm anxiety, improve sleep or ease depression.
Did tai ji quan balance training program reduce fall risk for older adults?
A program of tai ji quan balance training classes, developed on the classic concept of tai chi, was more effective at reducing falls among older adults at high risk for them than stretching exercises or a training program that incorporated aerobic, strength, balance and flexibility exercises after six months.
Immune cells destroy healthy brain connections, diminish cognitive function in obese mice
Obesity leads to cognitive impairment by activating microglial cells, which consume otherwise functional synapses in the hippocampus, according to a study of male mice published in JNeurosci.
Change your diet to save both water and your health
Shifting to a healthy diet is not only good for us, but it also saves a lot of fresh water, according to a new study by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC), published in Nature Sustainability.
NASA sees an organized Hurricane Helene near Africa
Visible image from NASA's Aqua satellite showed that newly developed Hurricane Helene had strengthened and organized quickly.
Modern antiplatelet therapy: When is clopidogrel the right choice?
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume3, Number 2, 2018, pp.
NASA's SDO spots 2 lunar transits in space
On Sept. 9, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory saw two lunar transits over the course of just six hours.
You probably made a better first impression than you think
After we have conversations with new people, our conversation partners like us and enjoy our company more than we think, according to findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Peatlands will store more carbon as planet warms
Global warming will cause peatlands to absorb more carbon -- but the effect will weaken as warming increases, new research suggests.
Decoupling stress and corrosion to predict metal failure
The research challenges the traditional viewpoint that the simultaneous presence of stress and a corrosive environment is a requirement for SCC and demonstrates that stress and corrosion can act independently.
NASA tracking Hurricane Olivia's track toward Hawaii
Hurricane Olivia moved from the Eastern Pacific into the Central Pacific and is expected to affect Hawaii.
Study identifies key features of interventions to help patients in need find jobs
Health care organizations can play a key role in supporting unemployed patients find a job, suggests a new study from the Centre for Urban Health Solutions (C-UHS) of St.
Device to corral viable sperm may speed IVF process
For couples hoping for a baby via in vitro fertilization, chances have improved.
SUTD researchers resolve a major mystery in 2D material electronics
SUTD researchers have discovered a one-size-fits-all master equation that shall pave the way towards better design of 2D material electronics.
Positive psychological well-being can improve overall heart health
Maintaining positive thoughts and feelings through intervention programs can help patients achieve better overall outcomes when it comes to their cardiovascular health, according to a review paper published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Researchers discover how caged molecules 'rattle and sing'
A team of energy researchers from the University of Minnesota and University of Massachusetts Amherst has discovered that molecular motion can be predicted with high accuracy when confining molecules in small nanocages.
Researchers develop new approach to conserving tree species
Researchers from The Morton Arboretum and The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew have developed an evidence-based approach to designing ex situ collections that effectively preserve a target species' genetic diversity, which can be tailored for conservation of any tree species.
McMaster study identifies an unexpected cell population key to blood cancer relapse
The study published today in the journal Cancer Cell suggests that leukemia cells change in unique ways in response to chemotherapy allowing them to masquerade for a short time so they are able to start disease regeneration.
First interactive model of human cell division
Mitosis -- how one cell divides and becomes two -- is one of the fundamental processes of life.
NASA finds wind shear affecting Tropical Storm Paul
Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite showed that newly developed tropical storm Paul in the Eastern Pacific is dealing with wind shear.
Global warming pushing alpine species higher and higher
For every one-degree-Celsius increase in temperature, mountaintop species shift upslope 100 metres, shrinking their inhabited area and resulting in dramatic population declines, new research by University of British Columbia zoologists has found.The study -- the first broad review of its kind -- analyzed shifts in elevation range in 975 populations of plants, insects and animals.
US wildfire smoke deaths could double by 2100
A new study simulating the effects of wildfire smoke on human health finds continued increases in wildfire activity in the continental United States due to climate change could worsen air quality over the coming decades.
Can you evolve while being robust?
Biophysical constraints on evolvability and robustness uncovered -- study published in Nature Ecology and Evolution
A subway map for diabetes
High or low concentrations of insulin activate different cell signaling pathways, according to a new scientific method that combines data from multiple databases and large-scale lab experiments.

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