Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 24, 2018
How will climate change stress the power grid? Hint: Look at dew point temperatures
A new study suggests the power industry is underestimating how climate change could affect the long-term demand for electricity in the United States.

Alarmingly low awareness of urology across Europe
Results of a new international survey of more than 2,500 responders from five countries show that women know more about men's health issues than men do, men have poor knowledge of key urological symptoms and don't take early signs of potentially life-threatening urological conditions seriously.

Overweight pregnant women can safely cut calories, restrict weight gain
Obstetricians are often reluctant to recommend restricted weight gain for pregnant women due to safety concerns for the baby and lack of time and tools to safely guide women in their weight control efforts.

Leading addiction experts call for more neuroscience research on long-term recovery
Warren Bickel, the director of the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute (VTCRI) Addiction Recovery Research Center, and Keith Humphreys, the Esther Ting Memorial Professor in psychiatry and behavioral science at Stanford University, called their colleagues to action in an article published in JAMA Psychiatry, a journal of the American Medical Association.

Breakthrough in blending metals
Researchers in Japan have found a way to create innovative materials by blending metals with precision control.

Common weed killer linked to bee deaths
Honey bees exposed to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup, lose some of the beneficial bacteria in their guts and are more susceptible to infection and death from harmful bacteria.

Unprecedented study finds US ranks 27th among nations investing in education, health care
The United States ranks 27th in the world for its investments in education and health care as measurements of its commitment to economic growth, according to the first-ever scientific study ranking countries for their levels of human capital.

How nature, nurture shape the sleeping brain
Some patterns of electrical activity generated by the brain during sleep are inherited, according to a study of teenage twins published in JNeurosci.

Physical activity necessary to maintain heart-healthy lifestyle
Exercise and physical activity are of vast global importance to prevent and control the increasing problem of heart disease and stroke, according to a review paper published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Negative pressure wound therapy: violation of ethical and scientific standards
The treatment has been used in hospitals for over 20 years, and more than 100 studies have been completed worldwide.

New AGS-NIA conference report explores links between senses and cognitive health
Experts at a prestigious medical conference hosted by the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) and funded by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) hope their work --reported today in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society -- will have colleagues seeing eye-to-eye on an important but under-researched area of health care: The link between impaired vision, hearing, and cognition (the medical term for our memory and thinking capabilities, which are impacted as we age by health concerns like dementia and Alzheimer's disease).

Spinal cord stimulation, physical therapy help paralyzed man stand, walk with assistance
Spinal cord stimulation and physical therapy have helped a man paralyzed since 2013 regain his ability to stand and walk with assistance.

Screening for depression: benefit remains questionable
IQWiG still sees no basis for introducing a screening programme.

Technology and therapy help individuals with chronic spinal cord injuries take steps
Of four research participants living with traumatic, motor complete spinal cord injury, two are able to walk over ground with epidural stimulation following epidural stimulation paired with daily locomotor training.

Online diabetes prevention programs are as effective as in-person programs for weight loss
An intensive, multifaceted online diabetes prevention program is as effective as in-person programs and can make prevention programs more accessible to those at risk for developing diabetes.

Why it doesn't get dark when you blink
Understanding how perception and memory interact.

Small modulator for big data
Lithium niobate modulators are the backbone of modern telecommunications, converting electronic data to optical information in fiber optic cables.

Call for new approaches to fill significant gaps in understanding Parkinson's disease
New paper calls for the use of advances human-relevant methods to enable understanding of the initiation and progression of Parkinson's disease.

Asian-Americans more likely to be hired to lead troubled companies
Asian-Americans are more than twice as likely to be hired as CEOs when a company is struggling, possibly setting them up for failure, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Take a step back from yourself to better realize the benefits of awe
Religion and nature can both lead to awe, and turning to one or the other is a common coping strategy for the stress.

Children whose mothers use marijuana may try it at a younger age
Children whose mothers use marijuana are more likely to start their own marijuana use an average of two years earlier than children whose mothers don't use the drug, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

A new way to count qubits
Researchers at Syracuse University, working with collaborators at the University of Wisconsin (UW)-Madison, have developed a new technique for measuring the state of quantum bits, or qubits, in a quantum computer.

Rice U. study sheds light on -- and through -- 2D materials
Rice University scientists use a computational method to calculate the optical properties of two-dimensional materials.

Weight loss can be boosted fivefold thanks to novel mental imagery technique
A new study has shown how overweight people lost an average of five times more weight using Functional Imagery Training (FIT) -- a brief individual motivational intervention that teaches self-motivating skills using mental imagery -- compared with talking therapy alone.

Mosquitoes that can carry malaria eliminated in lab experiments
Researchers have eliminated caged mosquitoes using 'gene drive' technology to spread a genetic modification that blocks female reproduction.

How fruits got their eye-catching colors
New evidence supports the idea that plants owe their rainbow of fruit colors to the different animals that eat them.

Lawnmower injuries a persistent source of serious injury and high costs, new study affirms
In what Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers call an unusually comprehensive analysis of nationwide data, they conclude that the rate of lawnmower injuries persists at close to 6,400 a year, most of them requiring surgery and hospitalization, and costing an average of $37,000 per patient.

Burst of morning gene activity tells plants when to flower
In a paper published Sept. 24 in the journal Nature Plants, an international team of researchers has discovered that the gene FT -- the primary driver of the transition to flowering in plants each spring -- does something unexpected in Arabidopsis thaliana plants grown in natural environments, with implications for the artificial growing conditions scientists commonly used in the lab.

Four extremely young asteroid families identified
Brazilian researchers dated the families using a numerical simulation method to process current data to go back in time to the asteroid formation era.

Exploring the effects of integrative health in cancer
A Special Focus Issue on Integrative Oncology takes a wide-ranging view of the possible approaches and potential therapeutic benefits of complementary and integrative medicine in multiple age groups, nations, and special populations.

The taller you are, the more likely you may develop varicose veins
A person's height may be a risk factor for varicose veins, which can be associated with other health risks.

Height may be risk factor for varicose veins, Stanford-led study finds
The taller you are, the more likely you are to develop varicose veins, according to a study led by Stanford University School of Medicine researchers that examined the genes of more than 400,000 people in search of clues to what causes this common but little understood condition.

High-carbohydrates diet lead to weight loss, according to new study
Diets high in carbohydrates reduce body weight and body fat and improve insulin function in overweight individuals, according to a new study published in Nutrients.

Women with non-small cell lung cancers live longer than men, WCLC study shows
Women diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancers live longer than their male counterparts, according to results of a SWOG study presented today at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer's 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Know someone sick? Your own smell might give it away
Odors surround us, providing cues about many aspects of personal identity, including health status.

The theranostic complex with two toxic modules shows great toxicity for tumour cells
Emerging cancer nanotechnology enables target-delivery of substantial payloads of drugs to cancer sites with concomitant reduction of side-effects due to the lesser accumulation in the critical organs.

Birds reinvent voice box in novel evolutionary twist
Birds tote around two vocal organs inside their bodies, but only one works.

'Ground coffee' with soil perks in Brazil
Coffee harvesting is often done with heavy machinery that can compact the soil.

Stepfathers' 'Cinderella effect' challenged by new study
Long-held assumptions that stepfathers are far more likely to be responsible for child deaths than genetic parents have been challenged by researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA).

Smaller, faster and more efficient modulator sets to revolutionize optoelectronic industry
A research team comprising members from City University of Hong Kong (CityU), Harvard University and renowned information technologies laboratory has successfully fabricated a tiny on-chip lithium niobate modulator, an essential component for the optoelectronic industry.

Advanced animal society thrives without males
Termite colonies have been found to thrive and reproduce without males, new research from the University of Sydney reveals.

Expanding CEO-to-worker pay gap bad for business
Companies whose CEOs earn hundreds of times their average employee's pay are viewed as less desirable to work for, and to do business with, according to a new University of California, Berkeley, study.

Cryo-EM reveals structure of protein responsible for regulating body temperature
A team led by Van Andel Research Institute (VARI) scientists has revealed for the first time the atomic-level structure of TRPM2, a protein that may be a promising drug target for conditions such as Alzheimer's disease and bipolar disorder.

Even mild physical activity immediately improves memory function, UCI-led study finds
Researchers at the University of California, Irvine, and Japan's University of Tsukuba found that even very light workouts can increase the connectivity between parts of the brain responsible for memory formation and storage.

Organs are not just bystanders, may be active participants in fighting autoimmune disease
Findings from mouse study suggest organs affected by autoimmune disease suppress immune cells using methods similar to those used by cancer cells to evade detection.

Results from the OAC-ALONE trial reported at TCT 2018 and published in Circulation
The first randomized trial of its kind was unable to establish non-inferiority of oral anticoagulation (OAC) alone to combined OAC and a single antiplatelet agent (APT) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and stable coronary artery disease beyond one year after stent implantation.

Violence in pre-Columbian Panama exaggerated, new study shows
An oft-cited publication said a pre-Colombian archaeological site in Panama showed signs of extreme violence.

Neurobehavioral symptoms predictive of employment outcome after traumatic brain injury
'Our results indicate that frontal neurobehavioral symptoms may be predictive of the ability to achieve and maintain employment after TBI,' said Dr.

Illinois team finds Wigner crystal -- not Mott insulator -- in 'magic-angle' graphene
Recently, scientists at MIT created a stir in the field of condensed matter physics when they showed that two sheets of graphene twisted at specific angles display two emergent phases of matter.

Ancient Mars had right conditions for underground life, new research suggests
A new study shows that the breakdown of water molecules trapped in ancient Martian rocks likely produced enough chemical energy to sustain microorganisms for hundreds of millions of years beneath the Red Planet's surface.

Collection of JAMA articles focus on race, medicine and medical research
A collection of JAMA articles (an editorial and three Viewpoints) focuses on race, medicine and medical research.

Why are data ethics so challenging in a changing world?
We now live largely in a data-driven world, and ethical oversight and constraints are needed to be sure that data ethics can reach an appropriate balance between the risks and benefits of data technology.

Evidence that addictive behaviors have strong links with ancient retroviral infection
New research from an international team led by Oxford University's Department of Zoology and the National-Kapodistrian University of Athens, published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), shows that an ancient retrovirus -- HK2 -- is more frequently found in drug addicts and thus is significantly associated with addiction.

Photosynthesis discovery could help next-gen biotechnologies
Researchers from The University of Queensland (UQ) and the University of M√ľnster (WWU) have purified and visualized the 'Cyclic Electron Flow' (CEF) supercomplex, a critical part of the photosynthetic machinery in all plants, in a discovery that could help guide the development of next-generation solar biotechnologies.

A biomarker in the brain's circulation system may be Alzheimer's earliest warning
Leaks in the blood-brain barrier can provide early detection for Alzheimer's and diseases.

DNA islands effective as 'anti-bacterial drones'
Genomic 'islands' that evolved from viruses can be converted into 'drones' that disable Staphylococcus aureus, bacteria that are often resistant to antibiotics, a new study finds.

Cambridge scientists reveal ground-breaking plan to target cause of Alzheimer's disease
A breakthrough has been made in the fight against Alzheimer's disease -- researchers have found a new way to target the toxic particles that destroy healthy brain cells.

Taking a catnap? Mouse mutation shown to increase need for sleep
Researchers at University of Tsukuba showed that mutation of a single amino acid in the SIK3 protein caused mice to exhibit more non-REM sleep and increased 'sleep need,' including when awake, reflected in particular patterns of brainwave activity.

Some female termites can reproduce without males
Populations of the termite species Glyptotermes nakajimai can form successful, reproducing colonies in absence of males, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Biology.

NIRS-IVUS detects patients and plaques vulnerable to subsequent adverse coronary events
Results from the Lipid-Rich Plaque (LRP) study demonstrate the correlation between the presence of non-flow-limiting, non-intervened upon, lipid-rich plaques detected by NIRS-IVUS imaging and the development of a major adverse cardiac event (MACE) from a de novo culprit lesion at both the patient level (vulnerable patients) and segment level (vulnerable plaques) within 24 months post intravascular imaging.

Overlooked signal in MRI scans reflects amount, kind of brain cells
A six-minute MRI scan gives enough data for researchers to study how the brain develops, or to detect the loss of brain cells due to injury or illness.

How a molecular signal helps plant cells decide when to make oil
Scientists identify new details of how a sugar-signaling molecule helps regulate oil production in plant cells.

To dispel myths, redirect the belief, study says
Beliefs can be hard to change, even if they are scientifically wrong.

How common are traumatic brain injuries in children?
An estimated 2.5 percent of US children have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI) during their lifetime based on reports from parents in an analysis of national survey data.

New earthquake risk model could better inform disaster planning
Researchers have developed a new way to model seismic risk, which they hope will better inform disaster risk reduction planning in earthquake-prone areas.

Does our environment affect the genes in our brains?
Is there a link between differences in IQ test performance and the activity of certain genes?

Children whose mothers use marijuana are more likely to try it at younger age
When mothers use marijuana during the first 12 years of their child's life, their cannabis-using children are more likely to start at an earlier age than children of non-using mothers, according to a new study from the Harvard T.H.

A fracture anywhere reduces bone density everywhere
New studies from UC Davis Health are among the first to associate fractures with systemic bone loss.

DMP 'type 1 diabetes': Institute recommends revision
New guidelines change the results of the final report versus the preliminary report: Stronger focus, among other things, on the avoidance of hypoglycaemia by means of modern Technologies.

Study shows invasive lung cancer surgery can lead to long-term opioid use
Patients treated with more-invasive surgical techniques for a type of early-stage lung cancer are more likely to become chronic opioid users than patients treated with minimally invasive surgery.

North Korea's 2017 bomb test set off later earthquakes, new analysis finds
Using newly refined analysis methods, scientists have discovered that a North Korean nuclear bomb test last fall set off aftershocks over a period of eight months.

Mental distress associated with nonconforming gender expression among high school students
Mental distress was associated with gender nonconformity among female and male high school students.

Mitochondrial diseases could be treated with gene therapy, study suggests
Researchers have developed a genome-editing tool for the potential treatment of mitochondrial diseases: serious and often fatal conditions which affect 1 in 5,000 people.

Urbanization is cutting off life support to NYC's wetlands
Using sediment cores to trace the evolution of Jamaica Bay's wetlands, a team led by researchers within Columbia's Earth Institute finds that urbanization is weakening the shoreline and starving the marshes of vital mineral sediment, causing their gradual but dramatic erosion.

Results from the ULTIMATE trial reported at TCT 2018 and published simultaneously in JACC
The first study designed to determine the benefits of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance over angiography guidance during drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in all-comer patients found that IVUS improved clinical outcomes by lowering the rate of target vessel failure at one year.

Cancer cells evade immunotherapy by hiding telltale marker, suggesting how to stop relapse
Harnessing the immune system to treat cancer shows great promise in some patients, but for many, the response does not last long-term.

Optimizing dopaminergic treatment improves non-motor symptoms
Non-motor symptoms are common in late stage Parkinson's disease (PD) as the frequency and severity of most of these symptoms increase with advancing disease.

Protein produced in gut could stave off deadly bone marrow transplant complication
Researchers at Mount Sinai have discovered that an antimicrobial protein found in the gut can stave off a common and highly lethal side effect of bone marrow transplants, according to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation in September.

Where people live before hospitalization important for discharge planning, reducing readmissions
Forty per cent of older adults who leave hospital are discharged to home care or a long-term care facility, which, combined with where they lived before hospitalization, affects their risk of readmission, found a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Novel drug-eluting stent with improved radiographic visibility found to be safe and effective
This first randomized clinical study of a polymer-coated zotarolimus-eluting stent (Resolute Onyx) that utilizes a novel thin-strutted metallic platform allowing for better x-ray visibility was shown to be non-inferior to an ultrathin-strutted bioresorbable polymer-coated sirolimus-eluting stent (Orsiro) that uses a cobalt-chromium strut platform.

Children found capable of using the 'wisdom of crowds'
Children, like adults, can improve their response to difficult tasks by the power of group work, new research led by the University of Bristol has found.

Gender and race may shape how minority women address barriers to breast cancer screening
Black women are more likely to be diagnosed at later stages of breast cancer partly due to barriers to timely screening mammography. port for their health needs.

Chinese Cretaceous fossil highlights avian evolution
A newly identified extinct bird species from a 127-million-year-old fossil deposit in northeastern China provides new information about avian development during the early evolution of flight.

Common painkiller not effective for chronic pain after traumatic nerve injury
A new study out today in the Journal of Neurology finds that pregabalin is not effective in controlling the chronic pain that sometimes develops following traumatic nerve injury.

Results from the ReCre8 trial reported at TCT 2018
The first large, randomized trial comparing a novel polymer-free amphilimus-eluting stent to the latest-generation permanent polymer drug-eluting stent found that the polymer-free stent was clinically safe and effective.

LGBT community has poorer health outcomes, assessment finds
The local LGBT community reports twice the number of poor mental health days as the general population of Richmond and Columbia Counties, and those who identified as transgender report twice that, according to a health needs assessment conducted by faculty and students at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University.

Dosimetry and toxicity studies of a sulfonamide derivative of Sulforhodamine 101
The SR101 N-(3-[18F]Fluoropropyl) sulfonamide ([18F]SRF101) is a Sulforhodamine 101 derivative that was previously synthesised by our group.

Eradicating Helicobacter pylori infections may be a key treatment for Parkinson's disease
While human genetic mutations are involved in a small number of Parkinson's disease (PD) cases, the vast majority of cases are of unknown environmental causes, prompting enormous interest in identifying environmental risk factors involved.

Thousands of DNA changes in the developing brain revealed by machine learning
Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have developed new single-cell approaches wedded to machine learning that allow detection of CNVs below one million base pairs.

Research forecasts US among top nations to suffer economic damage from climate change
For the first time, researchers have developed a data set quantifying what the social cost of carbon -- the measure of the economic harm from carbon dioxide emissions -- will be for the globe's nearly 200 countries.

Older adults with a 'fall prevention plan' less likely to end up in hospital
Older adults at risk for falls are less likely to suffer fall-related hospitalizations when they have a 'fall plan of care,' according to new research featuring faculty at Binghamton University, State University at New York.

Promising phase 1/2 results for entrectinib against ROS1+ non-small cell lung cancer
Results of phase 1 and phase 2 clinical trials of the drug entrectinib in ROS1-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) presented on the press program of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer show a response rate of 77.4 percent for 53 patients evaluable for response, with median duration of response of 24.6 months.

Challenge continues in developing effective drug treatment for Alzheimer's disease
Nilvadipine shows no benefit for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease in mild and moderate stages of the disease, but further studies targeting the early phase of the disease may be warranted.

National parks bear the brunt of climate change
Human-caused climate change has exposed US national parks to conditions hotter and drier than the rest of the nation, says a new UC Berkeley and University of Wisconsin-Madison study quantifying for the first time the magnitude of climate change on all 417 parks in the system.

Breakthrough in designing a better Salmonella vaccine
UC Davis researchers have made a breakthrough in understanding which cells afford optimal protection against Salmonella infection -- a critical step in developing a more effective and safe vaccine against a bacterium that annually kills an estimated one million people worldwide.

Satellite sees short-lived Tropical Cyclone Kirk
Tropical Storm Kirk formed on Saturday, Sept. 22. By Monday, Sept.

Clinical trial investigators violate EU regulations: Entries in EU Register are incomplete
Compliance of pharma companies is relatively good, but very poor for university research groups.

Martian moon may have come from impact on home planet, new study suggests
Phobos, the larger of Mars' two tiny satellites, is the darkest moon in the solar system.

NASA's Terra Satellite glares at the 37-mile wide eye of Super Typhoon Trami 
NASA's Terra satellite provided a visible image of Super Typhoon Trami as it continued moving in a northwesterly direction in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Crowd counting through walls with WiFi
Researchers in UC Santa Barbara professor Yasamin Mostofi's lab have given the first demonstration of crowd counting through walls using only everyday communication signals such as WiFi.

Astronomers use Earth's natural history as guide to spot vegetation on new worlds
By looking at Earth's full natural history and evolution, astronomers may have found a template for vegetation fingerprints -- borrowing from epochs of changing flora -- to determine the age of habitable exoplanets.

Parasite makes quick exit when researchers remove the handbrake
Australian researchers have discovered a way to halt the invasion of the toxoplasmosis-causing parasite into cells, depriving the parasite of a key factor necessary for its growth.

Desert ants have an amazing odor memory
Desert ants can quickly learn many different food odors and remember them for the rest of their lives.

How Earth sheds heat into space
New insights into the role of water vapor may help researchers predict how the planet will respond to warming.

NASA's Terra Satellite finds Subtropical Storm Leslie drifting in Central Atlantic
NASA's Terra satellite provided a visible image of Subtropical Storm Leslie as it was meandering around the North Central Atlantic Ocean on Sept.

Birds' voiceboxes are odd ducks
Birds' voiceboxes are in their chests instead of their throats like mammals and reptiles.

Establishing metastasis
Scientists at the Medical University of South Carolina have discovered that a protein called VRK1 might help cancer to take root in new parts of the body.

Examining gratitude in buyer-seller relationships
Research demonstrates that customer gratitude is linked to increases in share of wallet, sales revenue, sales growth and customer commitment. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to