Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 28, 2018
Observing the development of a deep-sea greenhouse gas filter
In a long-term study, marine scientists from Bremen for the first time observed the colonization of a deep-sea mud volcano after its eruption.

Moffitt researchers use new technique to identify a novel drug combination for NSCLC
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among men and women.

How do minority resident physicians view the role of race/ethnicity in training experiences?
Workplace experiences of minority resident physicians in training are described in a new study.

Vitamin B supplements may protect kidney function in children with diabetes
Vitamin B supplements have a protective effect on kidney function in children and adolescents with type-1 diabetes, according to research presented today at the 57th Annual European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Meeting.

Hidden health problems can appear up to two years after elective hip surgeries
Up to two years following elective, arthroscopic hip surgery, a substantial proportion of patients reported troubling new health issues ranging from sleep problems, to arthritis to cardiovascular disease.

Cancer risk due to certain lifestyle and environmental factors is preventable
Almost four in every 10 new cases of cancer in Germany are attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors, including smoking, low physical activity, overweight, and infections.

Discovery paves way for improved ovarian cancer care
A new ovarian cancer study could help to better match patients with the appropriate therapy for their cancer.

Quantum mechanics work lets oil industry know promise of recovery experiments
Vanderbilt University physicists developed detailed quantum mechanical simulations that accurately predict the outcomes of various additive combinations in water used for enhanced oil recovery.

Crime, not money, drives migration from El Salvador and Honduras
A new analysis shows that immigration policies designed to deter economic migrants do not dissuade Central American migrants fleeing crime from seeking asylum.

Kidney disease biomarker may also be a marker for COPD
A commonly used biomarker of kidney disease may also indicate lung problems, particularly COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Minority medical residents face burden of bias during training
Black, Hispanic, and Native Americans constitute one-third of the US population, but only 9 percent of practicing physicians.

Ice-free corridor sustained Arctic marine life during last Ice Age
During the last ice age, there was an ice free corridor wedged between two large ice masses in the Arctic.

Machine learning helps improving photonic applications
Photonic nanostructures can be used for many applications, not just in solar cells, but also in optical sensors for cancer markers or other biomolecules, for example.

NSF awards new level of support for tribal colleges, establishes STEM centers
The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Tribal Colleges and Universities Program (TCUP) has awarded $14 million to tribal colleges and universities (TCUs) to establish four new centers -- the first of their kind.

In dangerous fungal family's befriending of plants, a story of loss
Researchers show that gene loss -- not the evolution of new genes -- helped drive the fly amanita mushroom into its symbiotic relationship with plants.

New research helps to inform the design of scientific advisory committees
At a time of 'fake news' and a growing mistrust of scientific experts, researchers at York University's Global Strategy Lab have produced new research to help inform the design of scientific advisory committees and help maximize the application of high-quality scientific research towards future policy and program decisions.

NASA identifies wind shear tearing apart Tropical Cyclone Liua
Visible imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite revealed that strong wind shear was adversely affecting Tropical Cyclone Liua in the Southern Pacific Ocean.

Child Mind Institute study: Wearables could inform selective mutism research, diagnosis, treatment
Child Mind Institute researchers found that specially-designed wearable devices have the potential to inform research into selective mutism by providing standardized, objective measurements that can aid in diagnosis and assess the efficacy of treatment approaches.

UCF selling experimental Martian dirt -- $20 a kilogram, plus shipping
The University of Central Florida is selling Martian dirt, $20 a kilogram plus shipping.

Now is the time to answer questions about climate engineering disease impacts
Radical solutions to climate change might save lives, but a commentary in the October 2018 issue of the journal Nature Climate Change calls for caution because geoengineering still lacks a 'clean bill of health.'

Early Parkinson's patients waiting too long to seek medical evaluation
Too many early Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are treating symptoms before they appear, shrinking the pool of candidates for clinical trials and limiting the chances for a cure.

Diagnostic protocol effective in identifying ED patients with acute chest pain
A relatively new accelerated diagnostic protocol is effective in identifying emergency department patients with acute chest pain who can be safely sent home without being hospitalized or undergoing comprehensive cardiac testing, according to researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Scientists discover genetic basis for how harmful algae blooms become toxic
Scientists have uncovered the genetic basis for the production of domoic acid, a potent neurotoxin produced by certain harmful algae blooms.

Global study finds taller plant species taking over as mountains and the Arctic warm
A study by more than 100 global researchers, including Simon Fraser University biologist David Hik, is linking the effects of climate change to new and taller plant species in the Arctic and alpine tundra.

The cart before the horse: A new model of cause and effect
In a recent paper in Nature Communications, scientists led by Albert C.

To what extent are adolescents using multiple types of cannabis?
Most 10th-graders who had ever used cannabis had used more than one type of the drug, including cannabis products that were combustible, edible or vaporized.

New, highly stable catalyst may help turn water into fuel
Breaking the bonds between oxygen and hydrogen in water could be a key to the creation of hydrogen in a sustainable manner, but finding an economically viable technique for this has proved difficult.

Cancer hijacks the microbiome to glut itself on glucose
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published today in the journal Cancer Cell shows that leukemia actively undercuts the ability of normal cells to consume glucose, thus leaving more glucose available to feed its own growth.

Building a flu factory from host cell components
A quantitative proteomic study of how influenza virus affects lung-derived cell lines found that protein synthesis machinery relocates to the autophagosome in infected cells.

A role for Scn5a missplicing in cardiac arrhythmias in myotonic dystrophy
New evidence supports the hypothesis that alternative splicing of Scn5a is a contributing factor in the arrhythmias associated with myotonic dystrophy type 1.

Fewer biofuels, more green space: Climate action researcher calls for urgent shift
Growing and harvesting bioenergy crops -- corn for ethanol or trees to fuel power plants, for example -- is a poor use of land, which is a precious resource in the fight against climate change, says a University of Michigan researcher.

NASA finds Trami an organized, wide-eyed typhoon
Visible imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite revealed Typhoon Trami was symmetrical and had a large eye on its approach to Japan's southern islands.

How some algae may survive climate change
Green algae that evolved to tolerate hostile and fluctuating conditions in salt marshes and inland salt flats are expected to survive climate change, thanks to hardy genes they stole from bacteria, according to a Rutgers-led study.

Steelhead life cycle linked to environment, pink salmon abundance
A Simon Fraser University study has found that steelhead trout have a remarkable life-cycle variation that responds to changes in temperature and numbers of other species of salmon.

Natto, the stinky, slimy soybean snack (video)
Natto, a food made from fermented soybeans, often turns off newcomers to Japanese food due to its strong smell and stringy slime.

Scientists studied the influence of gravity on liquid evaporation characteristics
A team from Siberian Federal University (SFU) together with their colleagues from the Institute of Computational Modeling of SB RAS presented a calculation describing the structure of flows and evaporation processes in the two-layer system with liquid-gas vapor mixture.

Teens who've tried marijuana have used it in more than one form
Most teens who've tried marijuana used it in more than one form, raising concerns about adolescent health amid a booming cannabis market.

NASA looks at Tropical Storm Kirk's Caribbean rainfall
Tropical Storm Kirk just passed through the Leeward Islands and when the GPM satellite passed overhead, it revealed that Kirk continued to bring rain to the chain on Sept.

Green mango peel: A slick solution for oil-contaminated soils
Nanoparticles derived from green mango peel could be the key to remediating oil sludge in contaminated soil according to new research from the University of South Australia.

Medicaid expansions linked to slower rises in overdose deaths
In a study examining the potential impact of 2001-02 Medicaid expansions by Arizona, Maine and New York -- expansions that occurred just prior to the rise in overdose mortality nationwide -- researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found that from the time of these expansions through 2008, overdose mortality rates (mostly driven by fatal overdoses of opioids) rose significantly less in the expansion states than in non-expansion states.

New insights into the structure of a killer protein
Researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum and the University of Tübingen have gained new insights into the structure of the killer protein Bax.

Perovskite solar cells leap toward commercialization
OIST scientists' research on perovskite solar cells indicates a promising future towards sustainability.

Model System Researchers identify factors linked to mortality after traumatic brain injury
'Among individuals who died, we found significantly poorer performance on all measures,' noted co-author Erica Weber, PhD, of Kessler Foundation.

Acne stigma linked to lower overall quality of life, Irish study finds
Many people with acne are negatively impacted by perceived social stigma around the skin condition, a new study from University of Limerick (UL), Ireland, has found.

Cosmetic surgeons offering incomplete information for breast augmentation customers
Brighton and Sussex Medical School study finds many cosmetic surgery websites fail to adequately inform potential breast augmentation clients about details of the procedure, potential complications and its' overall effectiveness.

Programs to reduce absenteeism more successful for youth with more absences
The study found that interventions for youth with the highest rates of absenteeism were more successful than those for youth with fewer absences.

Improved In vivo imaging of atherosclerotic plaque development
University of Tsukuba researchers developed a method for quantitatively assessing atherosclerotic plaque buildup in mice.

Researchers challenge our assumptions on the effects of planetary rotation
The Coriolis effect impacts global patterns and currents, and its magnitude, relative to the magnitude of inertial forces, is expressed by the Rossby number.

NASA looks at major Hurricane Rosa's water vapor concentration
When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Eastern Pacific Ocean, water vapor data provided information about the intensity of Hurricane Rosa.

Bacterial protein mimics DNA to sabotage cells' defenses
In a new study published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, researchers at Imperial College London and the Francis Crick Institute report some of the details of how Salmonella shuts down an immune pathway after infection.

Researchers find value in unusual type of plant material
UW-Madison scientists have shown that a recently-discovered variety of lignin called catechyl lignin (C-lignin) has attributes that could make it well-suited as the starting point for a range of bioproducts.

Scientists created proteins controlled by light
Researchers developed fluorescent proteins that can be controlled by orange and green light.

Neglected baby beetles evolve greater self-reliance
Cambridge zoologists exposed hundreds of burying beetles to two levels of parental care, for 13 generations.

Finding new combination therapies for neuroblastoma
A phase 2 clinical trial has found that combining a novel compound called alisertib with chemotherapy has anti-tumor activity in children with high-risk, relapsed neuroblastoma.

Clinical trials, radiation oncology research to be featured at ASTRO's Annual Meeting
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) announced today the 10 top-rated studies that will be highlighted in the press program for the 2018 ASTRO Annual Meeting. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to