Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 01, 2018
Don't treat e-cigarettes like cigarettes
Assuming e-cigarettes are equal to cigarettes could lead to misguided research and policy initiatives, reports a new Northwestern Medicine commentary, published Friday, Sept.

New study reveals association between diuretic drug use in type 2 diabetes and risk of lower limb amputation
New research presented at this year's annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Berlin, Germany, reveals that the use of diuretic drugs in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with a significantly increased risk of serious problems in their lower limbs which can lead to amputation.

More bad news for artificial sweetener users according to Ben-Gurion University researchers
The collaborative study indicated relative toxicity of six artificial sweeteners (aspartame, sucralose, saccharine, neotame, advantame, and acesulfame potassium-k) and 10 sport supplements containing these artificial sweeteners.

Satellite sees extra-Tropical Cyclone Trami moving past Japan
NOAA's NOAA-20 satellite captured a visible image of Typhoon Trami on Oct.

High CO2 levels cause plants to thicken their leaves, could worsen climate change effects
When levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere rise, most plants do something unusual: They thicken their leaves.

Designing a more productive corn able to cope with future climates
An international research team has found they can increase corn productivity by targeting the enzyme in charge of capturing CO2 from the atmosphere.

Drought losses in China will soar with continuing global warming: Study
Economic losses caused by drought in China may double, if the global temperature rises by 1.5°C to 2.0°C above pre-industrial levels, with increasing drought intensity and areal coverage across China, a new economic assessment study by Chinese scientists found.

Keeping our cells stable: A closer look at microtubules
Microtubules help to regulate cell structure throughout our bodies. A group of Japanese researchers have used cryo-electron microscopy to shed light on how a certain protein keeps microtubules stable, and regulates microtubule-based transport within cells.

Experiencing extreme weather is not enough to convince climate chance sceptics
Experiencing extreme weather is not enough to convince climate change sceptics than humans are damaging the environment, a new study shows.

Facebook 'viable method' for implementing critical care ultrasound curriculum
Critical care ultrasound (CCUS) is an important skill for all critical care physicians to understand.

What's in your DNA? Poll of older adults shows high interest, with a dose of skepticism
A new poll shows that only a small percentage of people in their 50s and early 60s have had their DNA tested -- either for medical reasons, to learn their ancestry or out of curiosity -- but far more have an interest in getting tested.

No 'reservoir': detectable HIV-1 in treated human liver cells found to be inert
In a proof-of-principle study, researchers at Johns Hopkins report that a certain liver immune cell called a macrophage contains only defective or inert HIV-1 copies, and aren't likely to restart infection on their own in HIV-1-infected people on long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Eco-friendly nanoparticles for artificial photosynthesis
Researchers at the University of Zurich have developed a nanoparticle type for novel use in artificial photosynthesis by adding zinc sulfide on the surface of indium-based quantum dots.

Penn discovers new, rare mechanism for ALL to relapse after CAR T cell therapy
A single leukemia cell, unknowingly engineered with the leukemia-targeting chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) lentivirus and infused back into a patient, was able to reproduce and cause a deadly recurrence of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

Genes key to identifying drug resistant parasites in Brazil
Researchers at the University of York have identified genes in a parasite that could help clinicians predict drug treatment outcomes for patients with visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil.

Eighth-century skeleton found at Torcello
On the island of Torcello, at the Ca' Foscari University of Venice excavation site, some protagonists of the island's thousand-year history have begun to emerge.

CWRU scientists develop new method to more efficiently generate brain stem cells
In two newly published papers, a scientific team at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine reports on the discovery and implementation of a new, more efficient method for generating an important brain stem cell in the laboratory.

Focus on neuroscience, nociception to improve anesthesia, paper says
By focusing on nervous system circuits of nociception, the body's sensing of tissue damge, anesthesiologists can achieve unconsciousness in patients using less drug and manage post-operative pain better, leading to less need for opioids.

A free electronic management repository for zebrafish
Effective and efficient electronic systems for managing zebrafish colony operations are available but expensive.

Defects promise quantum communication through standard optical fiber
An international team of scientists led by the University of Groningen's Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials has identified a way to create quantum bits that emit photons that describe their state at wavelengths close to those used by telecom providers.

Mayo researchers develop new genetics-based prognostic tool for myelodysplastic syndrome
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have developed a new genetics-based prognostic tool for myelodysplastic syndrome.

Specific protein identified as regulator of glioblastoma tumor migration
Mount Sinai study has important implications for treatment of the most common and devastating brain tumor.

Do price spikes on some generic drugs indicate problems in the market?
Sudden price spikes in certain generic drugs occur more often, causing concern for USC scientists who studied the problem.

Shifting causes of death in Shanghai, China, over many decades
A large study conducted over 42 years in Shanghai -- China's largest city -- indicates that socioeconomic development most likely contributed to lower death rates for most diseases (except for cancer and diabetes, for which death rates increased), likely because of lifestyle factors.

How to improve health care in Canada
Expanding public funding for cost-effective treatments, investing in primary care, embracing technology and engaging patients are some of the ways Canada can improve the quality of health care, according to an analysis in CMAJ.

This wild plant could be the next strawberry
By combining genomics and gene editing, researchers have figured out how to rapidly bring a plant known as the groundcherry toward domestication.

Children's violent video game play associated with increased physical aggressive behavior
Violent video game play by adolescents is associated with increases in physical aggression over time, according to a Dartmouth meta-analysis published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Familiar voices are easier to understand, even if we don't recognize them
Familiar voices are easier to understand and this advantage holds even if when we aren't able to identify who those familiar voices belong to, according to research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Journey to precision cancer treatment takes off with new passports tool
Cancer research and the future of precision cancer treatment will be accelerated by a new tool developed by scientists at the Wellcome Sanger Institute.

Health-related quality of life overlooked in cancer drug studies
A McMaster University-led review and analysis of randomized clinical trials is questioning whether interventions which prolong progression-free survival in cancer patients, improve their health-related quality of life.

Psychotropic polypharmacy is common in Alzheimer's disease
Up to half of people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) use a psychotropic drug, and one in five uses two or more psychotropics concomitantly, according to a study conducted at the University of Eastern Finland.

A universe aglow
Deep observations made with the MUSE spectrograph on ESO's Very Large Telescope have uncovered vast cosmic reservoirs of atomic hydrogen surrounding distant galaxies.

Delayed pregnancy -- heart health risks for moms and sons, study shows
Delaying pregnancy may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in both women and their children, with boys at higher risk of disease, according to a new study.

Genetic variants reveal new targets for chronic kidney disease treatment
By investigating how genetic variations drive the expression of genes within the filtering cells of the kidney, researchers have found new pathways to explain CKD development and could inform its treatment.

Yo-yoing weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar readings may raise heart attack and stroke risk
People with fluctuating weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and/or blood sugar levels are at higher risk of heart attack and stroke than those with more stable readings.

Can chiropractic care disrupt vision?
For those in the habit of getting their neck adjusted by a chiropractor, there's an interesting case from Kellogg Eye Center to know about: High velocity neck manipulation has been shown to create stress on the eye and lead to spotty vision.

Anxious and forgetful after menopause? Low estrogen may be to blame
Lack of estrogen may play a role in the development of anxiety and memory problems, according to a new rodent study.

Maryland Health Enterprise Zones linked to reduced hospitalizations and costs
Maryland's Health Enterprise Zones, state-funded initiatives designed to improve health care outcomes and prevent unnecessary hospitalizations in underserved communities, were associated with large reductions in inpatient stays, according to a study by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Irreversible damage to color vision linked to popular erectile dysfunction drug
In a first-of-its-kind study, Mount Sinai researchers have shown that color vision problems caused by retinal damage on a cellular level can result from a high dose of sildenafil citrate, the popular erectile-dysfunction medication sold under the brand name Viagra.

'Turbocharging' photosynthesis in corn hikes yield
Scientists from the Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) and Cornell University have boosted a carbon-craving enzyme called RuBisCO to turbocharge photosynthesis in corn.

Red glow helps identify nanoparticles for delivering RNA therapies
A new screening process could dramatically accelerate the identification of nanoparticles suitable for delivering therapeutic RNA into living cells.

Progressive movement
Benchmark data and the standard of living in the regions of Russia affect student mobility, according to a study by HSE Centre for Institutional Studies researchers Ilya Prakhov and Maria Bocharova.

Special issue of Health Physics highlights women in radiation protection
A special November issue of Health Physics journal presents 13 original research papers, reviews, and commentaries related to women's contributions to and experiences in radiation protection and safety. Health Physics, the official journal of the Health Physics Society (HPS) is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer. 

Adherence to annual lung cancer screening needs improvement
A study from the Thoracic Oncology Research Group (TORG), Division of Pulmonary Critical Care, Medical University of South Carolina aimed to examine the adherence to annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening after baselines LDCT within the Veteran Health Administration Lung Cancer Screening Demonstration Project (LCDSDP).

Did rate of concussions change following experimental kickoff rule in Ivy League football?
The kickoff return in football has been associated with a substantial number of concussions because players run toward each other and there is potential for significant hits.

Microresonators offer a simpler approach to sensing with light pulses
Researchers at EPFL have found a way to implement an optical sensing system by using spatial multiplexing, a technique originally developed in optical-fiber communication.

Study finds that DFMO increases survival for children with high risk neuroblastoma
A paper published September 27 in Scientific Reports shows the positive results of a phase II clinical trial using the oral medication DFMO to prevent relapse in children with High Risk Neuroblastoma (HRNB).

New weather model could increase tornado-warning times
Penn State researchers are the first to use data obtained from recent next-generation satellites in a numerical weather-prediction model used to provide guidance for tornadic thunderstorm forecasting.

Conflict management improves ICU team knowledge, mindfulness, and awareness
The Intensive Care Unit is a stressful place, and conflicts invariably arise.

Immune cells help older muscles heal like new
The immune system's macrophage cells are critical to growing muscle tissues in a lab, say the biomedical engineers at Duke University who earlier reported the world's first self-healing lab-grown muscles.

A 'recipe book' that creates color centers in silicon carbide crystals
Silicon carbide has enjoyed renewed interest for its potential in quantum technology.

Exercise helps bones, but not metabolism, in ovarian function loss
Exercise may reduce the risk of osteoporosis associated with the loss of ovarian function, but fitness may not protect against related metabolic changes and weight gain, a new study reports.

Blue light special: FSU researcher finds new chemical clusters emit highly efficient light
A Florida State University research team has discovered that a unique organic-inorganic compound containing zero-dimensional molecular clusters emits a highly efficient blue light.

Decline in native fish species -- Invasive species on the increase
The majority of Bavaria's watercourses are in poor ecological condition.

A wrench in Earth's engine
Researchers from CU Boulder report that they may have pinned down the cause of 'stagnant slabs,' which resemble a wrench in the engine of the planet.

Pioneering biologists create a new crop through genome editing
For the first time, researchers from Brazil, the USA and Germany have created, within a single generation, a new crop from a wild plant -- the progenitor of our modern tomato -- by using a modern process of genome editing.

Researchers discover highly active organic photocatalyst
Scientists from the University of Liverpool, University College London and East China University of Science and Technology have synthesized a new organic material that can convert water into hydrogen fuel using sunlight.

High water bills can unintentionally harm disadvantaged tenants
Landlords in disadvantaged communities can be so unsettled by increasing water bills and nuisance fees that they take it out on their tenants, threatening the housing security of those who need it most.

NASA sees Walaka becoming a powerful Hurricane
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed over the Central Pacific Hurricane Center and analyzed Walaka's rainfall and cloud structure as it was strengthening into a hurricane.

Future cars to be made from revolutionary new material
A new material that is as stiff as metal but flexible enough to withstand strong vibrations could transform the car manufacturing industry, say experts from the University of Surrey.

Typhoon Kong-rey Moving through northwestern Pacific
At 11 am EDT (1500 UTC) on Oct 1 , Kong-rey was located near 16.8 north and 134.4 east, about 488 miles north-northwest of Yap.

Dog intelligence 'not exceptional'
People who think dogs are exceptionally intelligent are barking up the wrong tree, new research shows.

A biofuel for automated heat generation
Biomass is an obvious resource for energy generation with a lower environmental impact.

New study finds nanoparticles show promise in therapy for triple-negative breast cancer
A team led by Dr. Adam Friedman from the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences found nanoparticle technology shows promise in therapy for triple-negative breast cancer.

Checked off 'the talk' with your teen? Not so fast: Once isn't enough
New BYU research shows that one vague conversation with your teen about sex is not enough.

Asking questions, testing improves student learning of new material
Iowa State University researchers know memory retrieval is beneficial for learning, but their new meta-analysis found there are limits.

Where did broadleaved evergreen trees survive during the last glacial period in Japan?
Japanese scientists modeled the phylogeographic relationships and demographic changes of Castanopsis sieboldii, which is a dominant tree of the broadleaved evergreen forests of Japan, dating back to about 100,000 years ago.

Drug cocktail may treat postmenopausal PCOS complications
A combination of a diabetes drug and a high blood pressure medication may effectively treat all symptoms of postmenopausal polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Democrat/Republican divide is worst it's ever been
Party polarization is even worse than most people think, according to a new Michigan State University study.

Virtual reality can reduce pain and increase performance during exercise
Using Virtual Reality (VR) headsets while exercising can reduce pain and increase how long someone can sustain an activity, according to new research from the School of Engineering and Digital Art.

Finding middle ground on the range
Cattle ranching and conservation may seem an unusual pair in the American West, but new research reveals a clear link between the economic health of ranches and the ability to maintain habitat for an iconic wild bird that for years has been at the center of public land policy debate: the greater sage grouse.

Songbird data yields new theory for learning sensorimotor skills
During such trial-and-error processes of sensorimotor learning, a bird remembers not just the best possible command, but a whole suite of possibilities, suggests a study by scientists at Emory University.

University of Oxford: Bold male birds fall faster and harder for their partners
Research from Oxford University has revealed that bold male birds focus on forming strong relationships with their future breeding partners while shy male birds play the field.

Every day spent in the hospital, readmission likelihood increases by 2.9 percent in rural cities
Hospital readmissions, cost hospitals about $26 billion annually. Systems like the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP) within the Affordable Care Act penalize hospitals with higher readmission rates for targeted diagnoses.

3D bioprinting of living structures with built-in chemical sensors
A new method enables non-invasive monitoring of oxygen metabolism in cells that are 3D bioprinted into complex living structures.

Populations served by CPC+ medical home model are wealthier, use fewer inpatient services
Researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice examined participation in the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' Comprehensive Primary Care Plus (CPC+) program to determine what types of practices joined the CPC+ model.

Disease causing mutation found in French-Canadians
A team of Canadian scientists, including researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital (The Neuro) has discovered the first French-Canadian founder mutation gene linked to synucleinopathies, a group of neurodegenerative diseases that includes Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy-Bodies (DLB) and multiple system atrophy (MSA).

Like a butterfly, immune protein 'flutters' in search of viruses, says Rutgers scientists
Researchers at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School have identified an important step in the process that allows our bodies to fight viruses.

BU: Stress reduces fertility in women
In North America, 20 to 25 percent of women and 18 to 21 percent of men of reproductive age report daily psychological stress.

Medicaid expansion improved immigrants' access to health care, but disparities persist
Though the percentage of uninsured noncitizens decreased after the ACA went into effect, noncitizens were still nearly three times more likely to be uninsured than native citizens in 2015.

Ciprofloxacin has dramatic effects on the mitochondrial genome
A study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland and published in Nucleic Acids Research investigated the effect of ciprofloxacin on mitochondria, the important cell organelles in our body that produce the energy for cellular function.

Doctors issue caution over missed cancer diagnoses tied to immune disorder
Physicians who specialize in a devastating and aggressive immune disorder called hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) report in a new study that extra care should be taken to ensure an HLH diagnosis doesn't obscure possible underlying cancers.

Insufficient sleep associated with risky behavior in teens
In a new study, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital examined a national data sample of risk-taking behaviors and sleep duration self-reported by high school students over eight years and found an association between sleep duration and personal safety risk-taking actions.

Stanford students deploy machine learning to aid environmental monitoring
Cash-strapped environmental regulators have a powerful and cheap new weapon.

Nurseries may trump informal or childminder care for kids' psychological development
Attendance at a nursery/crèche staffed by professionals may be linked to better psychological development than being looked after by family/friends or a childminder in early childhood, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Immune system's balancing act keeps bowel disease in check
The study, published in the journal Nature Communications, showed that the increased presence of a protein responsible for sensing infection -- called NLRP1 -- meant there were fewer good bacteria and anti-inflammatory molecules in the gut, leading to higher levels of inflammation and an increased risk of IBD.

Scientists uncover why you can't decide what to order for lunch
Caltech researchers explore the choice overload effect, a phenomenon that hampers the brain's ability to make a decision when there are too many options.

How have mortality rates changed over time for infants, children?
Mortality rates for death from any cause declined in all age groups from 1999 to 2015 in a study that analyzed death certificate data for people younger than 25 in the United States, Canada and England/Wales. More than 1.1 million deaths occurred during the study period in the United States, where mortality rates for death from any cause were the highest.

Study: Improvement in glycemic parameters by adding dapagliflozin to metformin in T2D
Researchers used continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) to assess the effects of adding dapagliflozin to a regimen of either metformin or insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and found significant reductions in mean glucose and other glycemic factors, with greater improvements seen in patients taking metformin compared to insulin.

Expert: Keep up with latest discoveries through automated updates in reporting genetic test results
A genome informatics scientist proposes a new model to generate ongoing automated updates to account for new evidence after a previous genetic test report.

New research aims to help catch child killers
Violent crimes against children are especially abhorrent. New research will help law enforcement learn more from juvenile and infant remains in order to help bring perpetrators to justice.

European Psychiatric Association (EPA) comprehensive review demonstrates that exercise is an effective treatment for major mental health conditions and should form a core part of treatment
Based on compelling evidence from a meta-review of existing research, the European Psychiatric Association (EPA) has issued new guidelines to promote exercise as a key additional treatment for mental health conditions.

NASA finds Tropical Storm Sergio on the verge of hurricane status
The National Hurricane Center noted that Tropical Storm Sergio was on the verge of becoming a hurricane in the Eastern Pacific Ocean and NASA's Aqua satellite confirmed very powerful storms within.

Attosecond pulse leads to highest molecular level probe resolution
Devising a source of ultra-fast X-ray pulsating in the attosecond range is no mean feat.

Removal of ovary for fertility preservation found safe in girls as young as 5 months
In the first publication from the U.S. on surgical techniques and outcomes of single ovary removal for fertility preservation in girls, surgeons from Ann & Robert H.

Researchers: Redesign dating apps to overcome racial bias
Mobile dating apps that allow users to filter their searches by race -- or rely on algorithms that pair up people of the same race -- reinforce racial divisions and biases, according to a new paper by Cornell University researchers.

Invasive plants can boost blue carbon storage
When invasive species enter the picture, things are rarely black and white.

Drinking more water reduces bladder infections in women
Drinking an additional 1.5 liters of water daily can reduce recurring bladder infections in premenopausal women by nearly half, a yearlong study of otherwise healthy women with a history of repeated infections has found.

Community satisfaction demands interaction
Being a good neighbor can have a powerful effect on residents' attitudes and behaviors even for those living in highly disadvantaged communities, according to the results of a new study by a University at Buffalo sociologist.

A new global marine environmental forecasting system will serve the public soon
Since September 2016, a project entitled 'Development of a Global High-resolution Marine Dynamic Environmental Forecasting System' has been funded by the 'Program on Marine Environmental Security Guarantee' of the National Key Research and Development Program of China.

Newborns face increased risk of thrombosis
Russian scientists have carried out tests to compare the process of blood coagulation in adults and newborns and discovered that the latter face an increased risk of thrombosis.

Story tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2018
ORNL story tips: Recycled hard drives give magnets new life in motors; new organ-on-a-chip design to test radiation effects on cells that mimic breathing; supercomputers analyze molecules that could increase yield of certain rare earth elements important for energy applications

Chemists of TU Dresden develop highly porous material, more precious than diamonds
Researchers of the TU Dresden's Faculty of Chemistry broke a world record: DUT-60 is a new crystalline framework with the world's highest specific surface and the highest specific pore volume (5.02 cm3g-1) measured so far among all known crystalline framework materials

Nitrite's got to be cruel to be kind
The research group of Felipe Cava at Umea University studied this bacteria now under low-oxygen and different pH-conditions.

Dormant genes brought to life in new generations
The genetic differences in phyloplankton living in close geographic proximity can be great, something which long has surprised researchers.

Disruption in combination inhaled corticosteroid therapy may lead to an increased rate of costly exacerbations and hospitalizations for Medicare patients
Disruption of the refill of patients' regular combination inhaled corticosteroid therapy brand may have impacted symptoms and disease control and potentially lead to an increased rate of costly exacerbations and hospitalizations.

Set in amber, fossil ants help reconstruct evolution of fungus farming
A new study makes it clear that the constant threat of crop parasites repeatedly pushed evolution in strikingly similar directions in ants, creating structures that helped the ants reinforce their partnership with bacteria.

Research brief: A look at 377 metros -- can local food product meet local household demand?
Many US cities have established goals to increase local food self-reliance, suggesting that metropolitan areas do not produce enough food to support local household demand.

Women who drank more water had less frequent urinary tract infections
Premenopausal women with recurrent urinary tract infections (cystitis) who drank more water had less frequent infections in a randomized clinical trial.

Learning to see friendly faces in different places
Meaningful social interactions train visual cortex neurons to recognize a familiar face in different visual locations, suggests new research published in eNeuro.

Providers often fail to consider ehrlichia when treating tick-borne infections
When patients present to providers in North Carolina for a possible tick bite, clinicians are not testing them for Ehrlichia, a tick-borne illness that occurs more frequently than Lyme disease and as frequently as Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.

Genetics of cholesterol point to possible drug targets for heart disease, diabetes
From the DNA of nearly 300,000 veterans, scientists have singled out a handful of genetic mutations that not only govern levels of cholesterol, but may also inform the development and use of drugs for cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and the Palo Alto Veteran Affairs Health Care System.

A new way to manufacture small batches of biopharmaceuticals on demand
MIT researchers have developed a new way to rapidly manufacture biopharmaceuticals on-demand.

CRISPR tames the wild groundcherry
The delicious groundcherry is a nutritional powerhouse, packed with Vitamin C, Vitamin B, antioxidants, medicinal properties, and much more!

Super-resolution microscopy builds multicolor 3D from 2D
A new technique developed by EPFL overcomes the noise and color limitations of super-resolution microscopy by creating three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions from single-color two-dimensional (2D) images of protein complexes.

How can we reduce concussions in football? Change kickoffs, experts say
A new study published today in JAMA points to one way to make American football safer: move the kickoff line.

NASA finds bulk of Tropical Storm Leslie's storms northwest of center
Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite showed the location of the strongest storms in reborn Tropical Storm Leslie is it moved through the Central North Atlantic Ocean.

Siberian paleontologists discovered the oldest macro-skeleton remains
The oldest skeleton remains known to fossil chronicle of the Earth belonged to the microorganisms that lived 700-650 million years ago.

A golden ticket to faster muscle recovery
Anyone who has ever torn or injured a muscle knows that swelling, redness, and pain soon follow the injury: classic signs of inflammation.

New best practices recommended for feeding tube location verification in pediatric patients
Placement of nasogastric (NG) tubes (feeding tubes) in pediatric patients is a common practice, however, the insertion procedure carries risk of serious or even potentially lethal complications.

NASA's infrared vision reveals Rosa's extent into the US southwest
Hurricane Rosa continued weakening as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead and collected temperature information.

Dutch study estimates 1 in 2 women and 1 in 3 men set to develop dementia/parkinsonism/stroke
One in two women and one in three men will likely be diagnosed with dementia, Parkinson's disease, or stroke in their lifetime, estimate Dutch researchers in an observational study published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

Molecule flight speed is the new key for detecting drugs
The University of Cordoba is participating in the development of an analytical methodology able to quickly differentiate cannabinoids in plant material and in waste remaining after being manipulated.

'Spacesuits' protect microbes destined to live in space
UC Berkeley researchers have created a unique system that pairs light-absorbing semiconductors with anaerobic bacteria to capture light and fix carbon dioxide: an artificial leaf.

Americans favor women politicians over men, says Stevens study
As midterm elections approach with an unprecedented number of women candidates running for Congress, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology reveal that both women and men prefer female politicians, with men rating women politicians significantly higher than men in politics.

UM researchers publish discoveries on antibiotic resistance
University of Montana researchers recently published their new insights into how pathogenic bacteria resist antibiotic treatment in Proceedings of the Natural Academy of Sciences.

Study: Having an online social forum for class networking gives physics students a boost
A new study of online social forums indicates the online tool is valuable to helping students succeed in collegiate physics courses.

New concept to cool boiling surface may help prevent nuclear power plant accidents
Mechanical Engineering Assistant Professor Sangwoo Shin has demonstrated a novel concept that overcomes the tolerable heat limit or what's known as the critical heat flux (CHF). is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to