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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | October 26, 2018


Novel insights into the heart health benefits of cocoa flavanols and procyanidins
A new study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition adds to the body of data demonstrating that bioactive compounds found in cocoa can keep the heart healthy -- but two types of bioactives called flavanols and procyanidins behave differently in the body.
Financial education key to reducing student loan stress
It is estimated that a quarter of American adults currently have student loans to pay off, and most do not have the financial literacy to manage debt successfully.
CU researchers provide resource for patient care in chemical and biological attacks
The neurologic effects and treatment options for exposure to biologic and chemical agents are outlined in a newly published article by neurologists from the University of Colorado School of Medicine who collaborated on the article with military physicians.
New data provides guidance for management of moderately dysplastic moles
Study suggests close observation is a reasonable management strategy for moderately dysplastic moles, but certain patients require continued screening for risk for melanoma.
Small risks may have big impact on breast cancer odds of childhood cancer survivors
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists found that the combined effect of common genetic variations can dramatically increase risk of breast cancer for female pediatric cancer survivors.
New driverless car technology could make traffic lights and speeding tickets obsolete
New driverless car technologies developed at a University of Delaware lab could lead to a world without traffic lights and speeding tickets.
Proinflammatory diet linked to higher risk of kidney disease progression
Among patients with chronic kidney disease, individuals with pro-inflammatory diets had a higher risk of developing kidney failure.
Brainwave activity reveals potential biomarker for autism in children
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects children's social and intellectual development.
When it comes to respiratory effects of wood smoke, sex matters
Exposure to wood smoke can have different effects on the respiratory immune systems of men and women -- effects that may be obscured when data from men and women are lumped together, according to a study published today in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine by scientists at the UNC School of Medicine and the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health.
Sex, drugs and estradiol: why cannabis affects women differently
Sex differences in cannabis use are beginning to be explained with the aid of brain studies in animals and humans.
Estrogens in cows' milk are unlikely to pose a threat to adult health
Estrogens found naturally in cows' milk are likely to be safe for consumption in adults, according to a new review published in the European Journal of Endocrinology.
Bioactive novel compounds from endangered tropical plant species
A Japan-based research team led by Kanazawa University has isolated 17 secondary metabolites, including three novel compounds from the valuable endangered tropical plant species Alangium longiflorum.
Loss of work productivity in a warming world
Heat stress affects the health of workers and reduces the work productivity by changing the ambient working environment thus leading to economic losses.
Study: Animal migration requires both movement corridors and food
Stopover sites are critical locations for mule deer migrations in two areas of Wyoming, researchers have documented.
Five out of five? Study reveals psychological influences in online reviews
A new study reveals how psychological factors affect the ratings people provide and how they describe their experiences when posting online reviews.
Nephrologists may need more training in women's health issues
Nephrologists often lack confidence in managing women's health issues that may be related to kidney disease.
Two-pronged approach -- Novel combined therapy tackles excess fatty tissue
A new combined therapy for obesity and diabetes has been shown to suppress the appetite and at the same time increase energy expenditure.
First study on climate change impact in Mediterranean
As the Mediterranean Basin is experiencing the impact of climate change more than ever, an international network of scientists has worked together to synthesize the effects of climate change and environmental problems, as well as the incurred risks, in the region, to facilitate decision-making in addressing the issues.
stem cells can differentiate into neurons and may be useful post-stroke therapeutics
Researchers have performed a careful comparison between locally generated, ischemia-induced, multipotent stem cells (iSCs) and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in an effort to determine which cell type has greater central nervous system (CNS) repair capacity.
NASA's IMERG reveals Hurricane Willa's rainfall
NASA uses satellite data to calculate the amount of rainfall generated from tropical cyclones, and used that capability for the Eastern Pacific Ocean's Hurricane Willa.
Earth's dust cloud satellites confirmed
A team of Hungarian astronomers and physicists may have confirmed two elusive clouds of dust, in semi-stable points just 400,000 kilometres from Earth.
Easier treatment for blinding eye disease shows promise in clinical trial
A new study shows that an implantable delivery system for a widely used medication to treat a blinding eye disease has enabled some patients to go 15 months in between treatments.
3D 'organ on a chip' could accelerate search for new disease treatments
Researchers have developed a three-dimensional 'organ on a chip' which enables real-time continuous monitoring of cells, and could be used to develop new treatments for disease while reducing the number of animals used in research.
Getting the most out of atmospheric data analysis
An international team including researchers from Kanazawa University used a new approach to analyze an atmospheric data set spanning 18 years for the investigation of new-particle formation.
Fruit fly study challenges theories on evolution and high-carb diets
UNSW fruit fly research challenges neutral theory of molecular evolution and suggests one day we may be prescribed diets according to our genes.
Concussion and college football: how many hits to the head is too much?
Whether some American football players suffer from concussion after a hit on the head may depend on the number and severity of head impacts that they sustain in the days, weeks, and months leading up to the concussion, rather than a single large head impact.
A black bear playbook: Conservationists predict bear/human conflict hot-spots in new study
A new study by WCS, American Museum of Natural History, and other partners uses long term data on bear mortality to map high-probability hot-spots for human-bear conflicts.
Cigarette pictorial warning labels most effective when including body parts, testimonials
As the United States moves toward implementing image-based warning labels on cigarette packs, label designers must consider what types of pictorial warnings will be most effective.
Ecologists ask: Should we be more transparent with data?
In a new Ecological Applications article, authors Stephen M. Powers and Stephanie E.
Testing cells for cancer drug resistance
Biophysicists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have demonstrated that Raman microscopy can be used to detect the resistance of tumour cells to cancer drugs.
Turning cells against pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer is infamously resistant to treatment options because the tumor is often surrounded by cells which are ''tricked'' into protecting it.
Scientists from the University of Granada debunk the effectiveness of glasses for colorblind people
The EnChroma® glasses, commercialized by a North American company, do not improve color vision for color blind people or correct their color blindness, and their effect is similar to that of other glasses such as the ones used for hunting.
Rationalizing phonon dispersion: an efficient and precise prediction of lattice thermal conductivity
A linear phonon dispersion of Debye, the most common approximation in the past century, often leads to a significant overestimation on lattice thermal conductivity.
Low cost, energy-saving radiative cooling system ready for real-world applications
University of Colorado Boulder and University of Wyoming engineers have successfully scaled up an innovative water-cooling system capable of providing continuous day-and-night radiative cooling for structures.
Shielded quantum bits
A theoretical concept to realize quantum information processing has been developed by Professor Guido Burkard and his team of physicists at the University of Konstanz.
Cappuccino made with jackfruit seed flour has chocolate aroma
A study conducted in Brazil shows that flour made from roasted jackfruit seeds can replace cocoa powder in a mixture of milk and coffee used to make cappuccino.
Large cells for tiny leaves
Scientists identify protein that controls leaf growth and shape.
I will drink to that
Researchers at the Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST) report a key signaling network for alcohol fermentation in sake yeast.
Mouse study suggests vaccine strategy for immunocompromised patients
A study led by Som Nanjappa at the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine identifies a cellular target that may improve efficacy in vaccines designed to protect immunocompromised individuals from potentially deadly opportunistic infections.
Baby's tears and mom's libido
A substance in young mice's tears makes female mice more likely to reject male sexual advances.
Study explains why tall individuals are more prone to cancer
For most cancers, risk increases dramatically with age. But what about the effect of having more cells in the body?
Highly efficient wet-processed solar cells with molecules in the same orientation
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in the journal Organic Electronics documents a new method for controlling the orientation of conducting molecules in organic solar cells that results in the enhanced light adsorption and performance of the cells.
'Navigator' neurons play critical role in sense of smell
Researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research have identified 'navigator' neurons that are key to setting up connections in the system responsible for the sense of smell.
Humans help robots learn tasks
With a smartphone and a browser, people worldwide will be able to interact with a robot to speed the process of teaching robots how to do basic tasks.
Genetic profiling may inform breast cancer risk in young childhood cancer survivors
A combined evaluation of common variants with small effects and rare predisposing mutations among young female childhood cancer survivors may further stratify this high-risk population for subsequent breast cancer risk.
Location of large mystery source of banned ozone depleting substance uncovered
Researchers from the University of Bristol have found significant ongoing emissions of a potent ozone-depleting substance from eastern China.
Tampering with cellular fats holds great promise
Researchers have found a way to engineer the lipid composition of cell membranes.
Researchers examine prescription opioid use in patients with chronic kidney disease
Individuals with kidney disease have a higher likelihood of using prescription opioids, and the prevalence of prescription opioid use in the chronic kidney disease population has increased in recent years.
New composite material that can cool itself down under extreme temperatures
A cutting-edge material, inspired by nature, that can regulate its own temperature and could equally be used to treat burns and help space capsules withstand atmospheric forces is under development at the University of Nottingham.
Researchers observe how Canadian and Californian rainbow trout respond to higher temps
Natural variation may help decide which rainbow trout strains are likely to survive worldwide global warming, according to a new study.
Gut microbiota products can favor diabetes
A study published in the journal Cell shows that the gut microbiota has the ability to affect how cells respond to insulin, and can thus contribute to type 2 diabetes.
Link between what we see and how we remember 'breaks' as we get older
Forgetfulness and age-related memory lapses are a common complaint among older adults, but what is still not understood is what causes these changes.
Majority of CIS economies halt growth
Experts from the HSE Centre for Business Tendency Studies (CBTS) analysed for the first time the growth of the manufacturing industry in CIS countries between 2004 and 2016.
You are the company you keep -- A new screening method detects direct biomolecule interactions
Researchers at the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) in Barcelona, Spain, have developed a new high-throughput screening method to detect direct biomolecule interactions.
Diagnosing strokes is complicated by 'mimics' and 'chameleons'
Stroke specialists often see conditions known as stroke 'mimics' and 'chameleons' that can complicate accurate diagnoses, Loyola Medicine neurologists report in Neuroimaging Clinics of North America.
SibFU scientists simulated the intracellular environment of a luminescent bacteria cell
A team from the Institute of Fundamental Biology and Biotechnology of SFU used glycerol and sucrose to simulate the intracellular environment of luminescent bacteria and carried out a number of enzymatic reactions in it.
Interleukin IL-22, a new target to inhibit the progression of liver disease
Naglaa Shoukry, Ph. D., and her team have made a significant breakthrough in their research aiming to limit the progression of liver disease.
NASA's Aqua Satellite tracks super Typhoon Yutu's oblong eye
Visible satellite imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite captured powerful Super Typhoon Yutu as it moved through the Philippine Sea.
High on the highway -- stoned-driving on the increase
Getting behind the wheel after cannabis use is on the rise in the US, and THC, not alcohol, is now the most commonly detected intoxicant in US drivers.
Frequent home hemodialysis linked to lower mortality risk vs. traditional hemodialysis
Within one year after initiating dialysis, patients on more frequent home hemodialysis were 23 percent less likely to die compared with patients receiving traditional in-center hemodialysis.

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