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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | October 31, 2018


Minimally invasive surgery associated with worse survival for women with cervical cancer compared to open hysterectomy
When comparing standard-of-care surgical options for women with early-stage cervical cancer, two studies led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center discovered that minimally invasive radical hysterectomy is associated with higher recurrence rates and worse overall survival (OS), compared to abdominal radical hysterectomy.
Is there a risk to human health from microplastics?
The Austrian Federal Environment Agency and the Medical University of Vienna have presented the first preliminary results of a pilot study on microplastics (microplastic particles) in humans.
Good news! Study says life span normal when Parkinson's does not affect thinking
In the past, researchers believed that Parkinson's disease did not affect life expectancy.
UMass Medical School study safely delivers RNAi-based gene therapy for ALS in animal model
Promising new research by Christian Mueller, Ph.D., and Robert H.
Artificial intelligence bot trained to recognize galaxies
Researchers have taught an artificial intelligence program used to recognize faces on Facebook to identify galaxies in deep space.
Machines that learn language more like kids do
In a paper being presented at this week's Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing conference, MIT researchers describe a parser that learns through observation to more closely mimic a child's language-acquisition process, which could greatly extend the parser's capabilities.
'Game-changing' skin sensor could improve life for a million hydrocephalus patients
A new wireless, Band-Aid-like sensor developed at Northwestern University could revolutionize the way patients manage hydrocephalus, a potentially life-threatening condition in which excess fluid builds up in the brain.
Eco-friendly waterproof polymer films synthesized using novel method
In a NANO paper published in NANO, a researcher from the Department of Chemistry at Myongji University has applied a novel method to control the wettability of polymeric substrates, which has numerous practical implications.
WSU researchers discover new clues on how sleep works in the brain
Star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes appear to play an essential role in sleep, a new study by scientists from the Washington State University Sleep and Performance Research Center confirms.
For early cervical cancer, open hysterectomy is safer than minimally invasive surgery
A new study found that the risk of death was significantly higher for women with early cervical cancer if they had a minimally invasive hysterectomy instead of open surgery.
Inflammation can lead to circadian sleep disorders
Inflammation, which is the root cause of autoimmune disorders including arthritis, type 1 diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome and Crohn's disease, has unexpected effects on body clock function and can lead to sleep and shiftwork-type disorders, a new Northwestern Medicine study in mice found.
Colectomy associated with increased risk of diabetes
People who have had a colectomy have increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, researchers from the University of Copenhagen and Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals have shown in a new study analysing data from more than 46,000 citizens.
Changes to RNA aid the process of learning and memory
In a new study published in Nature, scientists from the University of Chicago show how a common RNA modification plays an important role in the process of learning and memory formation.
Most detailed observations of material orbiting close to a black hole
ESO's exquisitely sensitive GRAVITY instrument has added further evidence to the long-standing assumption that a supermassive black hole lurks in the center of the Milky Way.
Study links cottonseed oil with lower cholesterol
Researchers at the University of Georgia have found that a high-fat diet enriched with cottonseed oil drastically improved cholesterol profiles in young adult men.
New study found deep sea chemical dispersants ineffective in Deepwater Horizon oil spill
A new study of the Deepwater Horizon response showed that massive quantities of chemically engineered dispersants injected at the wellhead -- roughly 1,500 meters (4,921 feet) beneath the surface -- were unrelated to the formation of the massive deepwater oil plume.
NASA gets an infrared view of Hurricane Oscar
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the North Atlantic Ocean and gathered temperature data on Hurricane Oscar.
Karate kicks keep cockroaches from becoming zombies, wasp chow
Far from being a weak-willed sap easily paralyzed by the emerald jewel wasp's sting to the brain -- followed by becoming a placid egg carrier and then larvae chow -- the cockroach can deliver a stunning karate kick that saves its life.
Prenatal exposures to medication affecting brain neurotransmitter systems and risk of ASD
An exploratory study that examined autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk and prenatal exposure to medications that affect neurotransmitters, including the typical targets of antidepressants and antipsychotics, suggests that most medications weren't associated with higher estimates of ASD risk.
Common medications taken during pregnancy are not associated with risk for autism
New method developed by Mount Sinai team allows systematic study of effects of a wide range of drugs on the developing fetus.
Machine learning improves accuracy of particle identification at LHC
Scientists from the Higher School of Economics have developed a method that allows physicists at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to separate between various types of elementary particles with a high degree of accuracy.
European workers fail to maintain water balance
A newly published scientific paper indicates that occupational safety and daily day performance in seven out of 10 workers, from several European industries, is negatively affected by a combination of heat stress and failure to maintain water balance.
Trading sex for sleep -- Aging dormice shorten their hibernation for more reproduction
Edible dormice are extremely long-lived thanks to their seasonal dormancy with hibernation periods lasting between at six and eleven months.
Genes that could lead to improvement of beef cattle are identified
Researchers identify 35 genes associated with reproduction, milk composition, growth, meat and carcass, health or body conformation traits in Gir cattle.
Reproducing pediatric kidney disease from human iPS cells
Scientists in Japan have found a skeleton key for congenital kidney disease research.
Hard cider, with a shot of sugar
Autumn is the season for falling leaves, pumpkin-spice-flavored everything and apple cider.
Dolutegravir, an alternative first-line HIV treatment for low and middle-income countries
Two years after its launch, NAMSAL (New Antiretroviral and Monitoring Strategies in HIV-infected Adults in Low-income countries), by the French Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (ANRS), is yielding its first results.
Understanding endometriosis
About 10 percent of women worldwide suffer from endometriosis, a painful and debilitating disease with inadequate treatments.
Oxygen levels impact on species' ability and willingness to fight
Scientists at the University of Plymouth have discovered that different flow regimes and oxygen levels within the marine environment are likely to result in conflict.
Diagnosing and treating personality disorders needs a dynamic approach
New UC Davis research suggests that lumping those with personality disorders into a package of traits should be left behind for more dynamic analysis instead.
JILA researchers see signs of interactive form of quantum matter
JILA researchers have, for the first time, isolated groups of a few atoms and precisely measured their multi-particle interactions within an atomic clock.
Cold therapy offers promising prevention against taxane-induced dermatologic events
Researchers at the George Washington University found skin cooling methods may be the best preventative intervention against taxane-based chemotherapy side effects.
The materials engineers are developing environmentally friendly materials
Recently the research article ''A method for producing conductive graphene biopolymer nanofibrous fabrics by exploitation of an ionic liquid dispersant in electrospinning'' written by the researchers of Tallinn University of Technology was published in a leading peer-reviewed journal Carbon.
Naturally occurring 'batteries' fueled organic carbon synthesis on Mars
Mars' organic carbon may have originated from a series of electrochemical reactions between briny liquids and volcanic minerals, according to analyses of three Martian meteorites.
Virtual program successful in linking adult protective services, geriatric specialists
In its first year, an innovative virtual program has substantially increased mistreated elderly Texans' access to elder mistreatment and geriatric experts with The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).
Gaps in understanding European children's nutrient intake levels
A new study has found only a third of European countries have robust reporting on child and adolescent nutrient intakes.
Physical and human capital rather than military spending key for economic growth in Russia
Investment in education, healthcare, sports, road infrastructure and transportation, rather than national defense and, to a lesser extent, national security and law enforcement, is what drives economic growth rates upwards in Russia, suggests a recent analysis of government expenditure data gathered between 2002 and 2016.
Previously jailed vets at increased risk of suicide
Researchers are now looking at the healthcare services used by people who attempted suicide to find patterns that could help identify who is most at risk before an attempt is made.
2-D magnetism: Atom-thick platforms for energy, information and computing research
A class of 2-D magnetic materials -- known as van der Waals materials -- may offer one of the most ambitious platforms yet to understand and control phases of matter at the nanoscale.
Babies born at home have more diverse, beneficial bacteria, study finds
Infants born at home have more diverse bacteria in their guts and feces, which may affect their developing immunity and metabolism, according to a study in Scientific Reports.
New insight into the mechanism of the drug against sclerosis and psoriasis
A multidisciplinary research team at Aarhus University has provided fundamental new insight into the mechanism of the medical drug dimethyl fumarate, which is the active component of important treatments for multiple sclerosis and psoriasis.
Muscle-building proteins hold clues to ALS, muscle degeneration
Amyloid-like protein assemblies, long believed to be toxic and fuel diseases like ALS, have been found to play a key role in healthy muscle regeneration.
Cytokine levels could predict immunotherapy problems
Researchers at UT Southwestern have identified blood-based biomarkers that may help identify those patients at greatest risk of developing autoimmune side effects from the treatment.
Biomarker discovered for most common form of heart failure
A team led by a Cedars-Sinai physician-scientist has discovered a biomarker -- a protein found in the blood -- for the most common type of heart failure, a new study published today in JAMA Cardiology shows.
Bose-Einstein condensate generated in space for the first time
A team of scientists from Germany has succeeded in creating a Bose-Einstein condensate for the first time in space on board a research rocket.
Strong ability to detect and perceive motion may prevent pilot disorientation
A new study led by researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear found that good performance on a piloting task was associated with lower vestibular thresholds, which represent stronger ability to sense and perceive information about motion, balance and spatial orientation.
Off-patent drug appears promising as broad-spectrum antifungal
By screening a library of off-patent drugs, scientists have identified a compound with promising broad-spectrum antifungal activity.
Researchers discover earliest recorded lead exposure in 250,000-year-old Neanderthal teeth
Using evidence found in teeth from two Neanderthals from southeastern France, researchers from the Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai report the earliest evidence of lead exposure in an extinct human-like species from 250,000 years ago.
A wilderness 'horror story'
Producing the first comprehensive fine-scale map of the world's remaining marine and terrestrial wild places, conservation scientists writing in the journal Nature say that just 23 percent of the world's landmass can now be considered wilderness, with the rest -- excluding Antarctica -- lost to the direct effects of human activities.
Sussex breakthrough prepares quantum computers to leave the lab
Breakthrough, which uses microwave technology, will ensure quantum computers can operate under realistic conditions, bringing us closer to the realisation of commercial quantum computing.
CNIO finds the origin of a type of thrombocytopenia caused by an oncogene
This work has allowed to understand, through the study of MASTL protein, the molecular origin of inherited thrombocytopenia in some patients and to successfully explore therapeutic options on a mouse model.
Breakthrough neurotechnology for treating paralysis
Three patients with chronic paraplegia were able to walk over ground thanks to precise electrical stimulation of their spinal cords via a wireless implant.
More black South Africans are donating blood
Before 2005, blood donations from black South Africans were used selectively and often discarded, due to the higher recorded rates of HIV infection in the black population.
What happened in the past when the climate changed?
New research shows for the first time how the changing climate in Asia, from 5,000 to 1,000 years ago, transformed people's ability to produce food in particular places.
Unique type of skeletal stem cells found in 'resting zone' are actually hard at work
Skeletal stem cells are valuable because it's thought they can heal many types of bone injury, but they're difficult to find because researchers don't know exactly what they look like or where they live.
Earth's oceans have absorbed 60 percent more heat than previously thought
Since 1991, the world's oceans have absorbed an amount of heat energy each year that is 150 times the energy humans produce as electricity annually, according to a study led by researchers at Princeton and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
3 percent of children hit daily activity target
Only one in 30 children does the recommended amount of daily physical activity, new research suggests.
Monitoring air pollution after Hurricane Maria
When Hurricane Maria struck Puerto Rico on Sept. 20, 2017, the storm devastated the island's electrical grid, leaving many people without power for months.
PAPPA2: A genetic mystery
While a PAPPA2 mutation is rare, endocrinologists, who understand its function and dysregulation can create solutions to support IGF-1 bioavailability, thereby supporting patterns of healthy growth and development in children.
Gut bacteria may control movement
A new study puts a fresh spin on what it means to 'go with your gut.' The findings, published in Nature, suggest that gut bacteria may control movement in fruit flies and identify the neurons involved in this response.
Relapsed leukemia flies under immune system's radar
A study from Washington University School of Medicine in St.
Two-cells-in-one combo therapy could bolster leukemia treatment
A cancer therapy based on fusing two types of cells into a single unit shows promise in strengthening existing treatments for acute myeloid leukemia.
Microplastics in food -- Many unanswered questions among scientists and the general public
Although overall 75 percent of the population regard food as safe, more and more Germans are showing concern about microplastics in food.
Kent scientists unlock secrets of falcon DNA
Researchers in the University of Kent have made significant strides towards understanding the genomes -- and hence the biology -- of falcons.
Flexy, flat and functional magnets
An international research team led by PARK Je-Geun at IBS Center for Correlated Electron Systems has just published a Perspective Review paper in Nature.
Widely used mosquito repellent proves lethal to larval salamanders
Insect repellents containing picaridin can be lethal to salamanders. So reports a new study published today in Biology Letters that investigated how exposure to two common insect repellents influenced the survival of aquatic salamander and mosquito larvae.
Ultrasensitive toxic gas detector
In a paper published in NANO, researchers from the School of Microelectronics in Tianjin University have discovered a two-step sputtering and subsequent annealing treatment method to prepare vertically aligned WO3-CuO core-shell nanorod arrays which can detect toxic NH3 gas.
NASA's CloudSat gets a slice of Typhoon Yutu's eye
NASA's CloudSat satellite captured a stunning image of Typhoon Yutu as it passed over the eye of the storm.
Tracking Aedes aegypti across the ages with vector genomics
The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences.
Empathetic machines favored by skeptics but might creep out believers
Most people would appreciate a chatbot that offers sympathetic or empathetic responses, according to a team of researchers, but they added that reaction may rely on how comfortable the person is with the idea of a feeling machine.
World's last wilderness may vanish
The world's last wilderness areas are rapidly disappearing, with explicit international conservation targets critically needed, according to University of Queensland-led research.
Are we losing one of our biggest CO2 sinks?
Seagrasses help to buffer against climate change, but we are losing a soccer field size seagrass area every 30 minutes.
Scholars: Estonian soil is surprisingly rich in species
A new study shows that Estonian soils can be very rich in species.
Domestic violence is widely accepted in most developing countries, new study reveals
Societal acceptance of domestic violence against women is widespread in developing countries, with 36 per cent of people believing it is justified in certain situations.
Minimally invasive surgery leads to worse survival for cervical cancer patients
Minimally invasive hysterectomy, a popular procedure for early-stage cervical cancer, turns out to result in worse overall survival for cancer patients than traditional open surgery, reports a new study.
Neonatal birthweights increase in direct proportion to number of births
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that neonatal birthweights increase in direct proportion with the number of births of the mother in at least 30 percent of all cases.
Dinosaurs put all colored birds' eggs in one basket, evolutionarily speaking
A new study says the colors found in modern birds' eggs did not evolve independently, as previously thought, but evolved instead from dinosaurs.
A bullet-proof heating pad
Sometimes nothing feels better on stiff, aching joints than a little heat.
Time-lapse shows thirty years in the life of supernova 1987A
Yvette Cendes, a graduate student with the University of Toronto and the Leiden Observatory, has created a time-lapse showing the aftermath of Supernova 1987A over a 25-year period, from 1992 to 2017.
Lyme disease predicted to rise in United States as climate warms
A new study looked at the relationship between climatic variables and the incidence of Lyme disease in 15 U.S. states.
NUS study: RNA defects linked to multiple myeloma progression in high risk patients
Researchers from the Cancer Institute of Singapore (CSI Singapore) at the National University of Singapore have uncovered an association between RNA abnormalities and MM progression.
Researchers find the origin of an isolated bird species on South Atlantic island
By wings or maybe riding on debris, that's how a now-flightless and rare species of tiny birds likely got to Inaccessible Island, an aptly named small island of volcanic origin in the middle of the South Atlantic.
New research recovers nutrients from seafood process water
Process waters from the seafood industry contain valuable nutrients, that could be used in food or aquaculture feed.
The ESRF cryo-electron microscope bears fruit in its first year
In November 2017, a Titan Krios cryo-electron microscope (cryo-EM) was inaugurated at the ESRF, the European Synchrotron, France.
A comprehensive 'parts list' of the brain built from its components, the cells
Neuroscientists at the Allen Institute have moved one step closer to understanding the complete list of cell types in the brain.
Shape-shifting robots perceive surroundings, make decisions for first time
A Cornell University-led team has developed modular robots that can perceive their surroundings, make decisions and autonomously assume different shapes in order to perform various tasks -- an accomplishment that brings the vision of adaptive, multipurpose robots a step closer to reality.
Major corridor of Silk Road already home to high-mountain herders over 4,000 years ago
Using ancient proteins and DNA recovered from tiny pieces of animal bone, archaeologists at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History (MPI-SHH) and the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography (IAET) at the Russian Academy of Sciences-Siberia have discovered evidence that domestic animals -- cattle, sheep, and goat -- made their way into the high mountain corridors of southern Kyrgyzstan more than four millennia ago, as published in a study in PLOS ONE.
Older fathers associated with increased birth risks, Stanford study reports
A decade of data documenting live births in the United States links babies of older fathers with a variety of increased risks at birth, including low birth weight and seizures, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
Location of wastewater disposal drives induced seismicity at US oil sites
The depth of the rock layer that serves as the disposal site for wastewater produced during unconventional oil extraction plays a significant role in whether that disposal triggers earthquakes in the US, according to a new study that takes a broad look at the issue.
Controlling future summer weather extremes still within our grasp
Continued burning of fossil fuels is likely to fuel even more extreme summers than that of 2018 because of its impact on the jet stream.
Fertilizers' impact on soil health compared
In a newly published study, researchers dug into how fertilizing with manure affects soil quality, compared with inorganic fertilizer.
OSU helps establish roadmap for filling the gaps in forest pollinator research
Actively managed conifer forests may also provide important habitat for the pollinators that aid the reproduction of food crops and other flowering plants around the globe.
Baby-naming trends reveal ongoing quest for individuality
Choosing a baby's name that is distinctive is becoming harder, research reveals.
Too many fishers in the sea: The economic ceiling of artisanal fisheries
Researchers from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and the University of British Columbia found that even if fishers used the most efficient and sustainable known practices, they wouldn't generate enough revenue to maintain a living above poverty level.
Hubble reveals cosmic Bat Shadow in the Serpent's Tail
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has captured part of the wondrous Serpens Nebula, lit up by the star HBC 672.
Pain sensitization increases risk of persistent knee pain
Becoming more sensitive to pain, or pain sensitization, is an important risk factor for developing persistent knee pain in osteoarthritis (OA), according to a new study by researchers from the Université de Montréal (UdeM) School of Rehabilitation and Hôpital Maisonneuve Rosemont Research Centre (CRHMR) in collaboration with researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM).
Could bariatric surgery make men more virile?
Men who have undergone bariatric surgery as a long-term way of losing weight might also benefit from increased testosterone levels post-surgery.
Nanostraws deliver molecules to human cells safely and efficiently
Miniscule nanostraws could help solve the problem of how to deliver precise doses of molecules directly into many cells at once.
Mycoplasma pathogens sneaking past our line of defense
New research reveals that Mycoplasma pathogens make DNA in a unique way that may protect them from our immune response.
Best practices in palliative care supported by growing evidence base, study finds
Best practices in the growing field of palliative care have been created on several occasions based upon consensus among experts.
Decoding how brain circuits control behavior
Janelia and Allen Institute scientists team up, combining genetic analyses, anatomical maps, and detailed studies of neuronal activity to reveal brain cells' roles in controlling movement.
Astronomers discover the giant that shaped the early days of our Milky Way
Some ten billion years ago, the Milky Way merged with a large galaxy.
Don't underestimate the force
Researchers have identified the weak molecular forces that hold together a tiny, self-assembling box with powerful possibilities.
Cooling 'brains on fire' to treat Parkinson's
A promising new therapy to stop Parkinson's disease in its tracks has been developed at The University of Queensland.
UCSC chemists develop safe alternatives to phthalates used in plastics
Researchers have developed safer alternatives to the phthalate plasticizers used to enhance the suppleness, flexibility, and longevity of plastics.
LJI investigators discover how protein pair controls cellular calcium signals
wo studies recently published by La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) investigators Patrick Hogan, PhD, and Aparna Gudlur, PhD -- one paper appearing early this year in Cell Reports and the other in the October 31, 2018, issue of Nature Communications -- report how a calcium-sensing protein called STIM1 signals that it's time to initiate calcium retrieval and then relays that message to its partner, the calcium channel ORAI.
Potential markers identified for early detection and prevention of liver cancer
A new study offers hope of early detection for hepatocellular carcinoma -- the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, claiming 700,000 lives each year.
Cocaine adulterant may cause brain damage
People who regularly take cocaine cut with the animal anti-worming agent levamisole demonstrate impaired cognitive performance and a thinned prefrontal cortex.
A new pharmacological molecule improves the safety of canine sedation and anaesthesia
Vatinoxan reduces the adverse effects on the cardiovascular system of pharmacological agents used for animal sedation and anaesthesia.
Photos in social media reveal socio-cultural value of landscapes
Every day, users upload millions of photos on platforms, such as Flickr, Instagram or Facebook.
New report finds tropical disease causing heart problems in dogs assisting with homeland security duties
More than 100 working dogs employed by the federal government across the United States have been infected with the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the cause of Chagas disease, which may lead to heart problems, according to a new study presented today at the American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH) Annual Meeting.
Neuroscientists find molecular clue in ALS, suggesting potential new drug target
Houston Methodist researchers uncovered a link between motor neurons' inability to repair oxidative genome damage in ALS, suggesting that DNA ligase-targeted therapies may prevent or slowdown disease progression.
High-resolution MRI imaging inspired by the humble antenna
Radio frequency (RF) probes designed like by microstrip patch antennas create uniform and strong magnetic field in high frequency MRI machines, unlike convention coil and bird cage shaped coils used today.
A fully human system to cultivate skin cells for grafting
Duke-NUS Medical School and the Singapore General Hospital have, for the first time, successfully cultured skin cells from human tissue-proteins to produce skin grafts for safer treatment of severe burns.
UA targeting rhabdomyosarcoma, a rare pediatric cancer with few treatment options
UA Cancer Center researcher harnesses 'big data' to identify targeted treatments for rhabdomyosarcoma, a rare cancer that mostly strikes children and teenagers.
A record-long polymer DNA negative
A fragment of a single strand of DNA, built of the nucleobases cytosine and guanine, can be imprinted in a polymer - this has been shown by chemists from Warsaw, Denton and Milan.
Small association between early antibiotic exposure and weight gain in young children
A pioneering study conducted within a nationwide network, the National Patient Centered Clinical Research Network (PCORnet), finds that antibiotic use at <24 months of age was associated with slightly higher body weight at 5 years of age.
Salvage logging, planting not necessary to regenerate Douglas firs after Klamath fires
Researchers at Portland State University and Oregon State University looking at the aftermath of wildfires in southwestern Oregon and northern California found that after 20 years, even in severely burned areas, Douglas fir grew back on its own without the need for salvage logging and replanting
Chirality of vitamin-D derivative affects the protonation states of its receptor protein
Researchers at Toyohashi University of Technology, in cooperation with researchers at Teijin Pharma Ltd. and Teikyo University, have highlighted the possibility that chirality of vitamin-D derivatives can affect the protonation states of histidine residues in the vitamin-D receptor protein via ab initio molecular simulations and biomedical analyses.
Hot brew coffee has higher levels of antioxidants than cold brew
Comparing the properties of cold- and hot-brew coffee, researchers found similar acidity in both, but higher antioxidant levels in hot coffee.
The when, where and what of air pollutant exposure
Scientists have linked air pollution with many health conditions including asthma, heart disease, lung cancer and premature death.
Study: Denosumab effective in treating osteoporosis in transfusion dependent thalassemia
For patients with osteoporosis caused by transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT), a twice-yearly injection appears to improve spinal bone mineral density, according to a new study.
Appendix removal tied to decreased Parkinson's disease risk in about 20 percent of cases
A large-scale epidemiological analysis of more than one million individuals from Sweden has demonstrated that removal of the appendix is associated with reduced risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) in almost 20 percent of cases, a finding that implicates the tiny organ as a contributor to the onset of the condition.
Important biomedical microscopy technique can now image deeper into tissue
A recently developed technique known as light-sheet fluorescence microscopy has led to many biological discoveries by allowing researchers to create 3-D images of tissue, even live animal embryos, using fluorescent tags.
Investigators study how a protein factor contributes to cancer cell migration
UCLA researchers have discovered a new protein factor that contributes to a fibroblast cell's ability to migrate to a wound and participate in its healing process.
Model paves way for faster, more efficient translations of more languages
MIT researchers have developed a novel 'unsupervised' language translation model -- meaning it runs without the need for human annotations and guidance -- that could lead to faster, more efficient computer-based translations of far more languages.
Online sperm donors more agreeable: QUT study
As prospective parents increasingly seek sperm donors online, an international study by an Australian researcher at QUT has analysed what sort of men are donating sperm in this informal setting as opposed to a traditional clinic.
New method peeks inside the 'black box' of artificial intelligence
A group of computer scientists at the University of Maryland has developed a promising new approach for interpreting machine learning algorithms.

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