Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 10, 2018
Coronary calcium levels a better predictor of patients at risk for coronary heart disease
A new study presented at the American Heart Association Scientific Session conference found that testing a patient's coronary calcium levels is a better predictor of blocked coronary arteries at risk for a heart attack and the need for revascularization than standard risk-assessment equations used in medical practice today.

Environmentally-inspired 'niche' features impact species evolution
Tokyo, Japan - Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have shown that the environment-driven evolution of a unique ovipositor in the female fruit fly Drosophila suzukii may have caused coevolution of the male genitalia; new features were found to cause mechanical incompatibility during reproduction with similar species, impeding crossbreeding and isolating the species.

VITAL study: How vitamin D and fish oil affect risk of heart attack, stroke and cancer
Brigham and Women's Hospital investigators leading the VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL (VITAL) conducted a rigorous placebo-controlled trial over the course of 5.3 years, gleaning a treasure trove of information on the effects of both supplements.

Overtreating patients for hypothyroidism could raise their risk of stroke, study finds
For patients who take medication to treat hypothyroidism, being treated with too much medication can lead to an increased risk of atrial fibrillation, a common heart rhythm disorder associated with stroke, a new study of more than 174,000 patients has found.

REDUCE-IT reveals high dose of pure EPA in omega-3 drug cuts risk of cardiovascular events
Results released today from a major clinical trial may have direct implications for patients who remain at increased cardiovascular risk despite taking statin therapy.

Low-dose methotrexate does not reduce risk of cardiovascular events
When it comes to reducing inflammation to decrease the risk of heart disease and stroke, results from the much-anticipated Cardiovascular Inflammation Reduction Trial (CIRT) indicate that targeting the right inflammatory pathways in at-risk patients is crucial.

Children with autism thrive in mainstream pre-schools
In a world first, breakthrough research from La Trobe University has shown that toddlers with autism are just as capable of learning important life skills through early-intervention delivered in mainstream pre-schools as in specialised settings.

Diabetes drug prevents heart failure
In the largest trial to date to assess cardiovascular outcomes for an important class of diabetes medications, researchers have found that dapagliflozin markedly reduced the risk of hospitalization for heart failure in a broad population of patients with diabetes.
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