Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 16, 2018
Sucking your baby's pacifier may benefit their health
Many parents probably think nothing of sucking on their baby's pacifier to clean it after it falls to the ground.

Universal laws in impact dynamics of dust agglomerates under microgravity conditions
A collaboration between Nagoya University and TU Braunschweig finds evidence that when projectiles hit soft clumps of dust or hard clumps of loose glass beads, the scaling laws for energy dissipation and energy transfer are the same in each case.

Youth dating violence shaped by parents' conflict-handling views, study finds
Parents who talk to their children about nonviolent ways of resolving conflict may reduce children's likelihood of physically or psychologically abusing their dating partners later - even when parents give contradictory messages indicating that violence is acceptable in certain circumstances, University of Illinois social work professor Rachel Garthe found.

Artificial intelligence predicts treatment effectiveness
How can a doctor predict the treatment outcome of an individual patient?

Safest way to dine out for those with food allergies is using up to 15 strategies
New research examined what tools people who have food allergies use to prevent allergic reactions at restaurants.

New research provides guidance on how to successfully motivate California's Medicaid population to quit smoking
New research shows improved smoking cessation outcomes can be achieved within the Medi-Cal (California's Medicaid program) population by supplementing telephone counseling with access to nicotine-replacement patches and moderate financial incentives that are not contingent on outcomes.

Are recreational marijuana companies' social media posts compliant with regulations?
Recreational marijuana use was legalized in the state of Washington in 2012 and there are regulations about posting product promotion messages on social media, while direct advertising of marijuana on social media remains illegal.

Identification of LZTR1 leads to novel insights into RAS-driven diseases
Mutations in RAS proteins initiate many of the most aggressive tumors, and the search for pharmacological inhibitors of these proteins has become a priority in the battle against cancer.

Will your epinephrine auto injector still work if it gets frozen?
New research shows that even if your epinephrine auto injector become frozen from being left in a car, it will still work.

Repurposing FDA-approved drugs can help fight back breast cancer
Screening Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved compounds for their ability to stop cancer growth in the lab led to the finding that the drug flunarizine can slow down the growth of triple-negative breast cancer in an animal model of the disease.

Space-inspired speed breeding for crop improvement
Technology first used by NASA to grow plants extra-terrestrially is fast tracking improvements in a range of crops.

Selling plants on Amazon: A forest of untapped opportunity
The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which horticultural businesses were directly selling live plant products online, either through Amazon, Ebay, or from their own websites.

Secondhand marijuana smoke causes asthma symptoms in child allergic to cannabis
New research shows it's possible for both children and adults with uncontrolled asthma to find their symptoms worsening due to cannabis allergy and exposure to marijuana smoke.

The keys to advancing research in family medicine
Research is an important component of academic medicine, but many family medicine departments have struggled with barriers ranging from departmental culture to the lack of resources needed to advance the field.

Playing high school football changes the teenage brain
A single season of high school football may cause microscopic changes in the structure of the brain, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Vine compound starves cancer cells
Researchers from Würzburg and Toyama have discovered that a compound isolated from tropical rainforest vines inhibits the growth of pancreatic cancer cells in the lab.

Scientists produce 3D chemical maps of single bacteria
Researchers at NSLS-II used ultrabright x-rays to generate 3D nanoscale maps of a single bacteria's chemical composition with unparalleled spatial resolution.

Human pharmaceuticals change cricket personality
Crickets that are exposed to human drugs that alter serotonin levels in the brain are less active and less aggressive than crickets that have had no drug exposure, according to a new study led by researchers from Linköping University.

Earthquake researchers finalists for supercomputing prize
A team of researchers from the University of Tokyo and RIKEN in Japan were finalists for the coveted Gordon Bell Prize for outstanding achievements in high-performance computing, praised for their simulation of earthquake physics in complex urban environments.

New materials: Growing polymer pelts
Polymer pelts made of the finest of fibers are suitable for many different applications, from coatings that adhere well and are easy to remove to highly sensitive biological detectors.

Proteins cooperate to break up energy structures in oxygen starved heart cells
Researchers at the National Institute for Physiological Sciences found that the filamin A-Drp1 complex mediates mitochondrial fission in a mouse model of hypoxic heart cells.

Establishment of the immortalized cell line derived from Okinawa rail (endangered species)
As part of the cellular conservation of endangered species, our group initiated a primary cell culture project aimed at preserving endangered avian species in Japan, such as the Okinawa rail.

Eleven seal species narrowly escaped extinction
Population geneticists at Bielefeld University and the British Antarctic Survey have found that eleven seal species only narrowly escaped extinction.

Different types of physical activity offer varying protection against heart disease
While it is well known that physical activity is important for heart health, neither research nor recommendations consistently differentiate between the benefits of different types of physical activity.

NASA catches Tropical Cyclone Gaja's landfall
Caught in the act of landfall, Tropical Cyclone Gaja was seen by NASA's Aqua satellite as it passed overhead and collected temperature information.

Long-term exposure to road traffic noise may increase the risk of obesity
Long term exposure to road traffic noise is associated with increased risk of obesity.

Milk allergy affects half of US food-allergic kids under age 1
New research found that over two percent of all US children under the age of 5 have a milk allergy, and 53 percent of food-allergic infants under age 1 have a cow's milk allergy.

Organizations with broad social ties help recovering from natural disasters
In order to encourage a wide economic recovery following a natural disaster, communities should think about activating advocacy organizations such as local environmental groups, political organizations and human-rights groups.

The engineering work of ants can influence palaeoclimatic studies
The palaeontological site of Somosaguas (Madrid) hosts a large colony of ants of the species Messor barbarus.

A new lead on a 50-year-old radiation damage mystery
For half a century, researchers have seen loops of displaced atoms appearing inside nuclear reactor steel after exposure to radiation, but no one could work out how.

The common ancestor of species was rod-shaped
There are two major shapes of bacteria, i.e., rod-shape and spherical shape.

Affordable catalyst for CO2 recycling
A catalyst for carbon dioxide recycling, Mineral pentlandite may also be a conceivable alternative to expensive precious metal catalysts.

Majority of HIV persistence during ART due to infected cell proliferation
Study confirms biological mechanism responsible for latent HIV reservoirs; suggests strategies for a functional HIV cure.

Communal rearing gives mice a competitive edge
Research by scientists at the University of Liverpool suggests that being raised communally makes mice more competitive when they're older.

When not seeing is believing
A year ago, astronomers identified the first interstellar visitor to our solar system.

UCLA cell study reveals how head injuries lead to serious brain diseases
UCLA biologists reveal the hidden molecular basis of brain disorders and provide the first cell atlas of the hippocampus -- the part of the brain that helps regulate learning and memory -- as it is affected by traumatic brain injury.

The Coulomb interaction in van der Waals heterostructures
A recent research has unraveled the evolution of electronic structures of a set of vdW heterostructures under an applied vertical electric field.

Sucking your baby's pacifier to clean it may prevent allergies
New research suggests a link between parental sucking on a pacifier and a lower allergic response among young children.

Overflowing crater lakes carved canyons across Mars
Today, most of the water on Mars is locked away in frozen ice caps.

Drug resistant infections associated with higher in-hospital mortality rates in India
In one of the largest studies to measure the burden of antibiotic resistance in a low- or middle-income country, researchers at the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy report that in-hospital mortality is significantly higher among patients infected with multi-drug resistant (MDR) or extensively drug resistant (XDR) pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter baumannii.

When your brain won't hang up: Sustained connections associated with symptoms of autism
For decades, scientists have examined how regions of the brain communicate to understand autism.

Cells decide when to divide based on their internal clocks
The time of day, determined by a cell's internal clock, has a stronger influence on cell division than previously thought, reveals a new study.

PNW woodlands will be less vulnerable to drought, fire than Rocky Mountain, Sierra forests
Forests in the Pacific Northwest will be less vulnerable to drought and fire over the next three decades than those in the Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada, computer modeling shows.

Eyeing echidnas
Using a highly-detailed musculoskeletal model of an echidna forelimb, Harvard scientists are not only shedding new light on how the little-studied echidna's forelimb works, but are also opening a window into understanding how extinct mammals might have used their forelimbs.

Caregiver's poor knowledge of asthma means longer hospital stay for child
New research shows children of caregivers with poor asthma knowledge were four times more likely to have a prolonged hospital stay.

Treated superalloys demonstrate unprecedented heat resistance
Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory have discovered how to make 'superalloys' even more super, extending useful life by thousands of hours.

What is value-based pricing amount for self-injectable epinephrine devices?
For children and adults with food allergies, personal self-injectable epinephrine devices are crucial to treating severe reactions such as anaphylaxis if there is unintended exposure to allergens.

Cleveland Clinic genetic analysis links obesity with diabetes, coronary artery disease
A Cleveland Clinic genetic analysis has found that obesity itself, not just the adverse health effects associated with it, significantly increases the risk of Type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease.

Newly published model of FSHD and a potential gene therapy to improve functional outcomes
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is the most prevalent dominantly inherited muscular dystrophy in the world.

Dodging antibiotic resistance by curbing bacterial evolution
Lowering mutation rates in harmful bacteria might be an as yet untried way to hinder the emergence of antimicrobial pathogens.

SFU scientists described the course of reactions in two-layer thin metal films
A team of researchers from Siberian Federal University (SFU) obtained thin copper/gold and iron/palladium films and studied the reactions that take place in them upon heating.

Weight history may be important for determining risk of early death
A patient's weight history could help identify those at increased risk of dying.

Your severe eczema may best be treated by allergy shots
A medically-challenging case found that allergy shots provided significant benefits to the eczema symptoms suffered by a 48-year-old man.

Sarcopenic obesity: The ignored phenotype
A new condition, that occurs in the presence of both sarcopenia and obesity and termed as ''sarcopenic obesity'', and that describes under the same phenotype the increase in body fat mass deposition, and the reduction in lean mass and muscle strength.

Channels for the supply of energy
Freiburg scientists elucidate the mechanism for the transport of water-insoluble protein molecules in mitochondria

Gene editing possible for kidney disease
For the first time scientists have identified how to halt kidney disease in a life-limiting genetic condition, which may pave the way for personalised treatment in the future.

How to make AI less biased
MIT researchers have demonstrated an approach for identifying and quantifying the ways that a specific algorithm is biased, and actually showing how changing the data collection methods can reduce the bias while still preserving predictive accuracy.

Study links social isolation to higher risk of death
A large American Cancer Society study links social isolation with a higher risk of death from all causes combined and heart disease for all races studied, and with increased cancer mortality in white men and women.

Rapid response inpatient education boosts use of needed blood-thinning drugs
A new study designed to reach hospitalized patients at risk shows that a 'real-time' educational conversation, video or leaflet can lower the missed dose rates of drugs that can prevent potentially lethal blood clots in their veins.

Reclamation releases reservoir operations pilot study for Washita Basin in Oklahoma
The Bureau of Reclamation has released a report that identifies innovative approaches to improve drought resiliency within the Washita Basin in Oklahoma.

From the ashes of a failed pain drug, a new therapeutic path emerges
A surprising discovery about a failed pain drug -- and specifically, the pathway it targets, BH4 -- could have implications for autoimmunity and cancer.

New research uncovers the predatory behavior of Florida's skull-collecting ant
New research describes the behavioral and chemical strategies of a Florida ant, Formica archboldi, that decorates its nest with the dismembered body parts of other ant species.

Smart data enhances atomic force microscopy
In this work, researchers use scanning probe microscopy (SPM) as an example to demonstrate deep data methodology for nanosciences, transitioning from brute-force analytics such as data mining, correlation analysis and unsupervised classification to informed and/or targeted causative data analytics built on sound physical understanding.

Natural constants as the main protagonists
On the occasion of their 26th General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) on 16 November 2018 in Versailles, the signatory states of the Metre Convention resolved to fundamentally reform the International System of Units (SI).

Review on dynamical downscaling methods
Dynamical downscaling is one of the major approaches to obtain finer-scale climate information.

Newborn babies' brain responses to being touched on the face measured for the first time
A newborn baby's brain responds to being touched on the face, according to new research co-led by UCL.

Color coded -- matching taste with color
Color can impact the taste of food, and our experiences and expectations can affect how we taste food, according to Penn State researchers, who suggest this may have implications for how food and beverage industries should market their products.

Controlling organ growth with light
In optogenetics, researchers use light to control protein activity. This technique allows them to alter the shape of embryonic tissue and to inhibit the development of abnormalities.

New way to look at cell membranes could change the way we study disease
Researchers have developed a new technique to analyse cell membrane proteins in situ which could revolutionise the way in which we study diseases, such as cancer, metabolic and heart diseases.

New research suggests language influences how consumers trust a brand
Consumers make assumptions based on the language used by a brand or advertiser, and politeness does matter, say researchers at the University of Oregon and University of Washington. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to