Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 03, 2018
Undercover investigation: Socio-economic survey of pangolin hunting in Assam, India
Referred to as the world's most trafficked mammal, pangolins are not only being gradually pushed to the edge of extinction, but also made an innocent victim to huge cruelty.

Artificial intelligence tracks biological age at every level and rewinds the aging clock
Artificial Intelligence for Aging and Longevity Research: Recent Advances and Perspectives'' in Ageing Research Reviews.

Retail outlets using telehealth pose significant privacy, policy concerns for health care
As insurers, medical groups, vendors and supply chains expand services with acquisitions/mergers, and Walmart, Amazon and other retail outlets deliver health care services, including telehealth, UC Davis School of Medicine physicians say more needs to be done to protect patient privacy, anticipate the capabilities of artificial intelligence and other rapidly advancing technologies, and leverage the significant advantages these outlets have over current health care organizations re access to data to improve health care delivery.

SUTD researchers discover new material -- black silver
SUTD researchers have discovered a new material that could lead to highly sensitive biomolecule detectors and more efficient solar cells.

Physicists shed X-ray light on melting polymers
Physicists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and Lomonosov Moscow State University have combined thermal analysis and X-ray scattering -- two techniques for studying crystal structure -- in one experimental setup to investigate semicrystalline polymers.

Clark University researchers: Development threatens tropical forests
While infrastructure expansion has been broadly investigated as a driver of deforestation, the impacts of extractive industry and its interactions with infrastructure investment on forest cover are less well studied.

Why a curious crustacean could hold secret to making renewable energy from wood
Scientists studying gribble -- a curious wood-eating crustacean -- have discovered how they are able to digest wood despite being the only known animal to have a sterile digestive system.

High-strength opioid formulations: The case for the federal minister of health to recall them
One regulatory tool that has yet to be deployed to curb the ongoing opioid epidemic is the power of the federal minister of health to recall high-strength opioid formulations from the market.

Bonus for superior snoozing: Students who meet 8-hour sleep challenge do better on finals
Students given extra points if they met 'The 8-hour Challenge' -- averaging eight hours of sleep for five nights during final exams week -- did better than those who snubbed (or flubbed) the incentive, according to Baylor University research.

A change in marital status affects the number of daily steps
Changes in relationships have links to physical activity. The total number of non-exercise steps was reduced during a four-year follow-up study for men who divorced.

National rheumatology and psoriasis organizations release joint guideline for psoriatic arthritis
The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and National Psoriasis Foundation (NPF) have released a joint treatment guideline for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) that provides evidence-based pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic recommendations on caring for treatment-naïve patients with active PsA and patients who continue to have active PsA despite treatment.

Graphene unlocks new potential for 'smart textiles'
The quest to create affordable, durable and mass-produced 'smart textiles' has been given fresh impetus through the use of the wonder material Graphene.

Salt-evolved zooplankton grow too slowly to block salt-induced algal blooms
Small animals at the base of the freshwater food chain can rapidly adapt to salt pollution -- from sources like winter road deicing, agriculture, and mining -- but at a price.

Health and beauty info sources may influence risky indoor tanning behaviors
Young women who receive health and beauty information from their friends and through social media may be more likely to ignore the risks of indoor tanning, according to a team of researchers.

New laboratory system allows researchers to probe the secret lives of queen bees
A group of researchers at the University of Illinois has established a laboratory-based method for tracking the fertility of honey bee queens, using a laboratory set-up that would mimic the key aspects of the hive environment and allow detection of egg-laying by honey bee queens living with small groups of worker bees.

A study connects the genetic background of autistic spectrum disorders with stem cell dysfunction
A recently completed study provides new information on functional changes in the brain connected with autistic spectrum disorders.

A new approach to studying the flu
A clever repurposing of a biological tool gives researchers new clues as to how the flu remains so successful.

Targeting sepsis, the leading cause of ICU deaths, with a nanocarrier-delivered microRNA
One obstacle to therapeutic use of microRNAs (miRNA), which are in clinical trial for a number of diseases, are ribonucleases, whose job it is to destroy them.

Billions of nanoplastics accumulate in marine organisms within six hours
A ground-breaking study has shown it takes a matter of hours for billions of minute plastic nanoparticles to become embedded throughout the major organs of a marine organism.

High childhood BMI linked to obesity at age 24 in women
Girls who gain weight more rapidly between the ages of 5 and 15 are more likely to be obese at age 24, according to researchers.

Study finds toxic flame retardants in children's car seats
Indiana University scientists have found toxic flame retardants in newly manufactured children's car seats, sparking concerns about children's health.

Tool identifies which patients with COPD are at risk of death, serious complications
A new decision tool to help emergency physicians identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are at high risk of serious complications, including death, performs better than current practice, according to a validation study of the Ottawa COPD Risk Scale in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Borophene advances as 2D materials platform
Physicists synthesized 2D atom-thin sheets of boron with large crystal domains, which are needed to make next-gen electronics.

Study puts the Neotropics on the map of the world's food production centers in antiquity
Sambaqui societies had sophisticated diet. Study suggests that hunter-gatherer communities living in coastal Atlantic Forest areas between 8,000 and 1,000 years ago consumed a range of plants and more carbohydrates than expected for the period and region.

Genetically engineered immune cells show promise for fighting relapsed blood cancer
At the 60th Annual American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting in San Diego on Monday, UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers presented preliminary results from a clinical study of an investigational cellular immunotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma expressing the CD30 protein marker.

Hoosier firefighters face higher risk of dying from cancer than non-firefighters
Hoosier firefighters face a significantly higher risk of dying from cancer than non-firefighters in Indiana, according to a study that shows death from malignant cancers was the leading cause of death for Indiana firefighters between 1985 and 2013.

Investigators discover compounds that block reactivation of latent HIV-1
A team of investigators from the University of Pittsburgh has identified compounds that block the reactivation of latent HIV-1 in a human cell line containing the latent virus.

Research: A third of hospitalized adolescents with life-threatening anorexia are not thin
Health workers are being urged to closely monitor adolescents losing weight after a study of patients with anorexia nervosa found 31 per cent had all the cognitive features and physical complications of the disease without being underweight.

Dana-Farber to present new research on stem cell transplantation for myeloid cancers
Improving outcomes for patients with myeloid cancers who undergo stem cell transplantation is a focus of several studies to be presented by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists at the ASH Annual Meeting.

Early clinical trial data show gene therapy reversing sickle cell anemia
After over a decade of preclinical research and development, a new gene therapy treatment for Sickle Cell Anemia (SCA) is reversing disease symptoms in two adults and showing early potential for transportability to resource-challenged parts of the world where SCA is most common.

Prescribed burning not as damaging as previously thought
New research by the University of Liverpool has found that prescribed burning, a controversial technique where fires are intentionally used to manage vegetation, is not as damaging to peat growth as previously thought if carried out on a sensible rotation, and can produce several positive outcomes.

One in four patients say they've skimped on insulin because of high cost
For patients with diabetes, insulin is a life-saving medicine and an essential component of diabetes management, yet in the past decade alone, the out-of-pocket costs for insulin have doubled in the United States.

Mayo researchers say oral apixaban safe and effective for treating blood clots in cancer patients
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that an oral drug, apixaban, used to treat blood clots in patients undergoing cancer therapy, is safe and effective.

New review highlights importance of good sleep routines for children
University of British Columbia review of sleep research backs use of bedtime routines to promote healthy sleep for children.

CNIO and Hospital 12 de Octubre extend effectiveness of immunotherapy to more lung cancer patients
Combining immunotherapy with chemotherapy in patients with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma 'significantly increases' the survival of patients.

Running a marathon can increase cardiac strain in amateur runners
Amateurs running full-length marathons could be significantly raising levels of several key biomarkers of cardiac strain.

Nanoscale tweezers can perform single-molecule 'biopsies' on individual cells
Using electrical impulses, the 'tweezers' can extract single DNA, proteins and organelles from living cells without destroying them.

Stentrode (TM) developed for brain treatments without major surgery
Australian researchers have developed a tiny device that electrically stimulates the brain and could one day be used to treat conditions such as epilepsy and Parkinson's disease without invasive surgery.

Dana-Farber to present research on myeloma progression from precursor conditions
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists will present research marking significant advances against the hematologic cancer multiple myeloma at the ASH Annual Meeting.

Solving 21st-century problems requires skills that few are trained in, scientists find
From companies trying to resolve data security risks to coastal communities preparing for rising sea levels, solving modern problems requires teamwork that draws on a range of expertise and life experiences.

Genetic relic of the 'black death' may offer clues in treating liver disease
A gene mutation that is believed to have safeguarded some people in 14th century Europe from the bubonic plague today may be protecting HIV patients co-infected with hepatitis C from potentially fatal liver scarring, says a University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine physician-scientist.

People who prefer casual sex still desire intimacy
Casual sex among emerging adults can be a source of intimacy, and often is, according to a new study conducted by an interdisciplinary team of researchers including Binghamton University faculty and researchers at Indiana University's Kinsey Institute.

Women in hospital medicine face major obstacles
Women in hospital medicine face major obstacles during pregnancy, parental leave and returning to work, prompting a discussion about gender equity in medicine, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

NASA catches newborn Tropical Cyclone Owen's rainfall, observed by GPM satellite
Tropical Cyclone Owen formed in the Southern Pacific Ocean's Coral Sea southwest of the Solomon Islands when the GPM core observatory satellite passed above and analyzed its rainfall.

What makes rats relapse
Activation of the anterior insular cortex -- a brain region implicated in drug abuse -- rather than drinking history or motivation for alcohol predicts relapse after a month of abstinence, reports a study of male rats published in JNeurosci.

Neuroscientists pinpoint genes tied to dementia
A UCLA-led research team has identified genetic processes involved in the neurodegeneration that occurs in dementia -- an important step on the path toward developing therapies that could slow or halt the course of the disease.

The 'best prospect' for ensuring success in demanding roles
Building on their past work, University of Miami Associate Professor Amishi Jha and Scott Rogers, discovered that Special Operations Forces who participated in a month-long mindfulness course could improve their attention and working memory.

Young, hip farmers: Coming to a city near you
The population of American farmers is aging, but a study in the journal Rural Sociology shows a new generation of farmers is flocking to cities with large populations, farmers markets and the purchasing power to support a market for niche goods.

Plant cells inherit knowledge of where's up and where's down from mother cell
Knowing which way is up and which way is down is important for all living beings.

Requests for emergency contraception could be an important sign of abuse
Women who experience domestic violence and abuse (DVA) are more than twice as likely to seek emergency contraception as other women, according to a study by National Institute for Health Research-funded researchers at the University of Bristol and Queen Mary University of London, suggesting that requests for emergency contraception could be an important sign of abuse.

Opioid prescriptions from dentists linked to youth addiction risk, Stanford study finds
Teens and young adults who receive their initial opioid prescriptions from their dentists or oral surgeons are at increased risk for opioid addiction in the following year, a study from the Stanford University School of Medicine has found.

Global warming increases frost damage on trees in Central Europe
Global warming increases frost damage on trees in large areas of Central Europe, according to a new Finnish-Chinese study.

Reproductive cycle may foreshadow Alzheimer's disease
Female mice destined to develop Alzheimer's-like pathology and related cognitive impairments display a unique pattern of fluctuation in sex hormones during the ovarian cycle, finds new research published in eNeuro.

Light-induced changes in photosensory proteins
Researchers from Charité -- Universitätsmedizin Berlin have been able to demonstrate how, on a molecular level, a specific protein allows light signals to be converted into cellular information.

Chemists created new diagnostic method for difficult climate conditions
Scientists from ITMO University developed a method to detect viral RNA without special equipment.

The secret contamination of polar bears
Using a new approach to measure chemical contaminants in polar bears, scientists from Canada and the United States found a large variety of new chlorinated and fluorinated substances, including many new polychlorinated biphenyl metabolites.

Children's Colorado researchers link sleep health to insulin resistance in obese teens
Researchers at Children's Hospital Colorado have identified a connection between overweight and obese teens' sleep health and their insulin sensitivity.

Epigenetic map may pave way for new therapeutic solutions to hearing loss
Prof. Karen B. Avraham, Vice Dean of the Sackler Faculty of Medicine at Tel Aviv University, has created the first epigenetic map of the inner ear, a milestone discovery that may pave the way for new therapeutic solutions to hearing loss.

Utility customers overestimate cost savings with energy-conservation plans
When deciding whether to participate in programs designed to conserve energy during peak hours, consumers appear to rely more on their intuition about how much money they're saving rather than on proof their bills are smaller, a new study has found.

Shortcut strategy for screening compounds with clinical potentials for drug development
The journey of developing a new drug often takes years and needs hundreds of millions of dollars.

New dataset expands understanding of Arctic Spring Bloom
Understanding how the ocean works is like putting together a million-piece puzzle.

How common is Autism spectrum disorder and do kids receive treatment?
National survey data for 43,000 U.S. children suggests an estimated 2.8 percent have ever been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 2.5 percent currently have ASD.

A sobering conclusion: Adult hearts contain no stem cells
A detailed cell-by-cell map of all dividing cells in the adult murine heart before and after myocardial infarction was created using advanced molecular and genetic technologies in a combined research effort led by Hans Clevers from the Hubrecht Institute (Netherlands).

Heart failure telemedicine programs prove effective 6 months after discharge, study finds
Home telemedicine programs for heart failure are effective at preventing death for at least six months after hospitalization, but generally lose any benefit after one year, according to a meta-analysis of clinical trials published today and announced tomorrow at a briefing.

Acute flaccid myelitis: Five things to know
Acute flaccid myelitis, a syndrome with rapid muscle weakness in children, has been seen in hospitals in the United States and Canada this fall.

Macroscopic phenomena governed by microscopic physics
Researchers at Osaka University observe a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics in laser-produced plasmas.

Essential oils from garlic and other herbs kill 'persister' Lyme disease bacteria
Oils from garlic and several other common herbs and medicinal plants show strong activity against the bacterium that causes Lyme disease, according to a study by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Combination of space-based and ground-based telescopes reveals more than 100 exoplanets
An international team of astronomers using a combination of ground and space based telescopes have reported more than 100 extrasolar planets (here after, exoplanets) in only three months.

Tailored lifestyle feedback during colorectal cancer screening improved health behaviors
A program that provided individually tailored lifestyle recommendations for patients undergoing screening for colorectal cancer helped encourage healthy behavior, according to results published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Patients report skimping on insulin because of cost
In a small survey of patients at an urban diabetes center, 1 in 4 reported skimping on their prescribed insulin because of cost and this was associated with poor glycemic control.

Life has a new ingredient
Our prehistoric Earth, bombarded with asteroids and lightening, rife with bubbling geothermal pools, may not seem hospitable today.

New tool to find and fight most dangerous types of lymphoma
UK scientists have found a new way to identify people with the most aggressive types of lymphoma who are less likely to respond to standard drugs.

A Mediterranean diet in pregnancy is associated with lower risk of accelerated growth
Over 2,700 women and their children participated in this study that highlights the benefits of a healthy diet.

For older adults with heart failure: Can taking too many medications reduce abilities?
In a new study, researchers examined whether limitations in older adults' abilities to perform their routine daily activities were linked to taking multiple medications for heart failure.

Pulses of sinking carbon reaching the deep sea are not captured in global climate models
A new study by MBARI scientists shows that pulses of sinking debris carry large amounts of carbon to the deep seafloor, but are poorly represented in global climate models.

High risk alternative tobacco products disproportionately sold in low-income communities
Retailers in minority and low-income communities are more likely to sell and advertise the most inexpensive and risky alternative tobacco products.

Faster 3D imaging could aid diagnosis of cardiovascular, gastrointestinal disease
Researchers have developed a faster way to acquire 3D endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) images.

Researchers develop accurate, non-invasive method to detect bladder cancer
A research team has developed a non-invasive method for detecting bladder cancer that might make screening easier and more accurate than current invasive clinical tests involving visual inspection of bladder.

New drug combination could be more effective against melanoma
A new study from MIT suggests that combining kinase inhibitors with experimental drugs known as ribonucleases could lead to better results.

Combination immunotherapy shows high activity against recurrent Hodgkin lymphoma
A new combination of three drugs that harness the body's immune system is safe and effective, destroying most cancer cells in 95 percent of patients with recurrent Hodgkin lymphoma, according to the results of an early-phase study.

The science of team sports
Joint successes in the past increase the chances of winning.

The irrational consumer: Decision making based on feelings rather than facts
It has been suggested that, due to resource restraints, consumers' perceptions are frequently formed based on heuristics and biases, or other factors such as trust or affect.

Capturing the surprising flexibility of crystal surfaces
Images taken using an atomic force microscope have allowed researchers to observe, for the first time, the flexible and dynamic changes that occur on the surfaces of 'porous coordination polymer' crystals when guest molecules are introduced.

Children perform better when parents are involved in school life
A family's involvement in a child's education acts as a source of social mobility, according to a study by experts from the HSE Centre of Social and Economic School Development, Mikhail Goshin and Tatyana Mertsalova

Study takes stand on true health benefits of getting up out of your chair
A new health study provides fresh insights on the energy cost of sitting versus standing for sedentary workers.

Are opioids prescribed by dental providers associated with later use, abuse?
An analysis of claims data for privately insured adolescents and young adults suggests initial exposure to opioids prescribed by dental providers may be associated with increased risk of subsequent opioid use and abuse.

Ideal marriage partners drive Waorani warriors to war
In a new study, a team of researchers examined the social composition of raiding parties and their relationship to marriage alliances in an Amazonian tribal society, the Waorani of Ecuador.

Poor sleep, missed meals, less mobility and stress in hospital may lead to readmission
Patients who experience disturbances in sleep, mobility, nutrition or mood while admitted in hospital may be more likely to be readmitted within 30 days after discharge, finds a new study co-led by St.

Timing could mean everything after spinal cord injury
Moderate damage to the thoracic spinal cord causes widespread disruption to the timing of the body's daily activities, according to a study of male and female rats published in eNeuro.

The Lancet: Personalized ultrasound scan showing atherosclerosis helps reduce cardiovascular risk
Low adherence to medication and resistance to lifestyle changes have so far hampered prevention efforts for cardiovascular disease.

Colloidal quantum dots make LEDs shine bright in the infrared
A group of ICFO researchers report on the development of a colloidal quantum-dot light emitting diode with unprecedented quantum and power conversion efficiencies in the infrared range.

Artificial intelligence for studying the ancient human populations of Patagonia
Argentine and Spanish researchers have used statistical techniques of automatic learning to analyze mobility patterns and technology of the hunter-gatherer groups that inhabited the Southern Cone of America, from the time they arrived about 12,000 years ago until the end of the 19th century.

Discovery may lead to safer drugs to save more women in childbirth
While several developing countries rely on misoprostol to treat women bleeding during or after childbirth, the drug has risky side effects.

Uneven rates of sea level rise tied to climate change
The pattern of uneven sea level rise over the last quarter century has been driven in part by human-caused climate change, not just natural variability, according to a new study.

Study discovers 40 new genetic variants associated with colorectal cancer risk
The most comprehensive genome-wide association study, or GWAS, of colorectal cancer risk to date, published today in Nature Genetics, has discovered 40 new genetic variants and validated 55 previously identified variants that signal an increased risk of colon cancer.

Tackling the challenge of undergraduate retention in computing
ACM, the Association for Computing Machinery, has released the highly anticipated report ''Retention in Computer Science Undergraduate Programs in the US: Data Challenges and Promising Interventions.'' Among its key recommendations, the report calls for additional research to provide a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics of attrition and retention, and encourages higher education institutions to provide proactive advising to ensure that students are exposed to career opportunities and pathways early in their undergraduate experience.

Linguistic study finds 'the I's have it' when it comes to education rates
Linguistic study finds 'the I's have it' when it comes to education rates.

Rural youth with mild head injuries face higher medical costs but get less care
Families of rural children with mild head injuries pay more for medical care and get less of it, a Washington State University analysis has found.

Despite increase in telehealth participation, underserved populations use telehealth least
Despite a substantial increase in the overall use of telehealth services, underserved populations continue to use telehealth options least, according to a new study by the George Washington University Health Workforce Research Center.

Not in the DNA: Epigenetics discovered in single-celled archaea
Researchers have reported the first experimental evidence of epigenetics in the single-celled organisms known as archaea.

Prenatal exposure to chemicals in personal care products may speed puberty in girls
Girls exposed to chemicals commonly found in toothpaste, makeup, soap and other personal care products before birth may hit puberty earlier, according to a new longitudinal study led by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley.

Alcohol intake may be key to long-term weight loss for people with Diabetes
A new study from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) suggests that alcohol consumption may attenuate long-term weight loss in adults with Type 2 diabetes.

LIGO and Virgo announce four new gravitational-wave detections
The LIGO and Virgo collaborations have now confidently detected gravitational waves from a total of 10 stellar-mass binary black hole mergers and one merger of neutron stars, which are the dense, spherical remains of stellar explosions.

Study finds bad bosses could turn you into a great boss
A new University of Central Florida study suggests abuse and mistreatment by those at the top of an organization do not necessarily lead to abusive behavior by lower-level leaders.

Will light be the basis for quantum computing?
Using a compact optical platform that exploits the quantum characteristics of light, Professor Roberto Morandotti and his team are one step closer to realizing the first powerful photonic quantum computer.

Can predictive analytics help banks, consumers avoid overdraft issues? New study says, yes
In 2012, consumers paid $32 billion in overdraft fees, which represented the single largest source of revenue for banks from demand deposit accounts, while leading to significant levels of consumer dissatisfaction and attracting attention from government regulators.

Tele-ERs can help strengthen rural hospitals
A new study from the University of Iowa finds rural hospitals that use tele-medicine to back up their emergency room health care providers save money and find it easier to recruit new physicians.

Mayo Clinic researchers identify new strategies that may improve CAR-T cell therapy
Mayo Clinic researchers have developed two new strategies that may improve the performance of chimeric antigen receptor therapy (CAR-T cell therapy) in treating cancer.

Aluminum nitride to extend life of solar power plants
NUST MISIS scientists together with their colleagues from the Central Metallurgical R&D Institute (Cairo, Egypt) have developed a composite material which will extend the life of solar towers -- installations for collecting Solar thermal energy -- from 2-3 to 5 years.

Oregon scientists use EEG to decode how people navigate complex sequences
To perform a song, a dance or write computer code, people need to call upon the basic elements of their craft and then order and recombine them in creative ways.

New machine learning method predicts additions to global list of threatened plant species
A new method uses machine learning and open-access data to predict whether species are eligible for at-risk status on the IUCN Red List.

Machine learning helps predict worldwide plant-conservation priorities
A new approach co-developed at The Ohio State University uses data analytics and machine learning to predict the conservation status of more than 150,000 plants worldwide.

As married couples age, humor replaces bickering
Honeymoon long over? Hang in there. A new University of California, Berkeley, study shows those prickly disagreements that can mark the early and middle years of marriage mellow with age as conflicts give way to humor and acceptance.

Personalised ultrasound scan showing atherosclerosis helps reduce cardiovascular risk
Low adherence to medication and resistance to lifestyle changes have so far hampered prevention efforts for cardiovascular disease.

Microbial-based treatment reverses autism spectrum social deficits in mouse models
An unconventional approach has successfully reversed deficits in social behaviors associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in genetic, environmental and idiopathic mouse models of the condition.

In death, Lonesome George reveals why giant tortoises live so long
Genetic analysis of DNA from Lonesome George and samples from other giant tortoises of the Galapagos -- which can live more than 100 years in captivity -- found they possessed a number of gene variants linked to DNA repair, immune response, and cancer suppression not possessed by shorter-lived vertebrates.

New quantum materials could take computing devices beyond the semiconductor era
Scientists in industry and academia are looking for new materials to succeed highly successful semiconductor transistors, now represented by CMOS.

For large health systems, telehealth programs mean challenges and results
Increasingly, major health systems throughout the country are implementing telehealth programs in an effort to increase access and improve patient experiences.

To detect new odors, fruit fly brains improve on a well-known computer algorithm
It might seem like fruit flies would have nothing in common with computers, but new research from the Salk Institute reveals that the two identify novel information in similar ways.

Boys with social difficulties most susceptible to early substance use, study finds
Boys who enter sixth-grade with co-occurring social skills, anxiety, learning and conduct problems are at the greatest risk of developing aggressive behavior and using tobacco, alcohol and marijuana by the end of eighth grade, a new study found.

First jellyfish genome reveals ancient beginnings of complex body plan
The first in-depth look at the genome of a jellyfish -- the moon jelly Aurelia aurita -- shows that early jellyfish recycled existing genes to gain the ability to morph from polyp to medusa.

In team sports, chemistry matters
Northwestern Engineering's Noshir Contractor and researchers analyzed game statistics across major sports and online games, revealing that past shared success among teammates improves their team's odds of winning future games.

Crystal clear: Understanding magnetism changes caused by crystal lattice expansion
An international team including researchers from Osaka University demonstrated helimagnetic behavior in a cubic perovskite material by expanding the lattice through barium doping.

Otago researchers discover a promising therapy for improving heart attack survivorship
In pre-clinical trials, University of Otago researchers have discovered a promising new therapy that has the potential to be used clinically for improving survival rates for people who suffer a heart attack.

Rotavirus outsources cellular protein CK1α to assemble virus factories
Rotavirus outsources cellular protein CK1α to assemble virus factories. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to