Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 28, 2018
Systematic review of food addiction as measured with the Yale Food Addiction Scale
The aim of this paper was to review the clinical significance of food addiction diagnoses made with the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) and to discuss the results in light of the current debate on behavioral addictions.

Cell death mechanisms in stroke and novel molecular and cellular treatment options
As a result of ischemia or hemorrhage, blood supply to neurons is disrupted which subsequently promotes a cascade of pathophysiological responses resulting in cell loss.

Adults with cerebral palsy at increased risk of depression, anxiety
While cerebral palsy is considered a pediatric condition because it develops and is diagnosed in early childhood, it is a lifelong condition with the majority of children living into adulthood.

NUS study: Older adults care about strangers' welfare in financial decision-making
A study from the National University of Singapore found that older adults make the same financial decisions for themselves and others, while young adults take more risks when making financial decisions for others.

Patient preferences for collecting sexual, gender identity information
Emergency department patients who are sexual or gender minorities reported greater satisfaction when information on sexual and gender identity was collected on forms during registration instead of by nurses who asked about it during the visit.

Researchers develop 128Mb STT-MRAM with world's fastest write speed for embedded memory
A research team, led by Professor Tetsuo Endoh at Tohoku University, has successfully developed 128Mb-density STT-MRAM (spin-transfer torque magnetoresistive random access memory) with a write speed of 14 ns for use in embedded memory applications, such as cache in IOT and AI.

Our universe: An expanding bubble in an extra dimension
Uppsala University researchers have devised a new model for the universe -- one that may solve the enigma of dark energy.

Sexual/gender minority patients prefer written self-report for identity info collection
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital conducted a matched cohort trial to determine which of two different SOGI collection methods was associated with higher patient satisfaction with their emergency department (ED) visit.

Study details opioid poisoning deaths among children, teens over two decades
Nearly 9,000 children and adolescents died from opioid poisonings with prescription and illicit drugs between 1999 and 2016 based on an analysis of national data.

How 'Dry January' is the secret to better sleep, saving money and losing weight
New research shows that taking part in Dry January sees people regaining control of their drinking, having more energy, better skin and losing weight.

Study shows high cholesterol levels after Christmas
Large quantities of rich Christmas food appear to boost Danes' cholesterol levels.

Wide variation in use of pain relievers during labor across US
Pain relief for pregnant women in labor is commonly given in the form of epidural, spinal or combined spinal-epidural blockade, which is collectively referred to as neuraxial analgesia.

After naloxone, when can opioid overdose patients be safely discharged?
Naloxone has saved thousands of lives. But can patients be safely discharged from the Emergency Department (ED) just an hour after they receive the medication that curtails drug overdoses?

Marine debris study counts trash from Texas to Florida
Trash, particularly plastic, in the ocean and along the shoreline is an economic, environmental, human health, and aesthetic problem causing serious challenges to coastal communities around the world, including the Gulf of Mexico. 

Sound changes the way rodents sense touch
Researchers at the Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST) report how the somatosensory cortex interprets tactile and auditory stimulation in mice and rats.

Russian researchers explore the prospects for creating photonic integrated circuits
The transition from electronic integrated circuits to faster, more energy-efficient and interference-free optical circuits is one of the most important goals in the development of photon technologies.

ESA Tipsheet for January 2019
Get a sneak peek into these new scientific papers, publishing on January 3, 2019 in the Ecological Society of America's journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Could drinking alcohol be associated with better survival in patients after heart failure diagnosis?
Having seven or fewer alcoholic drinks a week was associated with increased survival in older adults with newly diagnosed heart failure compared with patients who abstained from alcohol after accounting for other potential mitigating factors.

Study examines development of physical aggression in children as they age
Children can exhibit physical aggression when they are very young but that behavior typically declines before and during elementary school.

Moderate drinking not harmful for older patients with heart failure
A new study suggests that people over age 65 who are newly diagnosed with heart failure can continue to drink moderate amounts of alcohol without worsening their condition.
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