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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | January 14, 2019


The human brain works backwards to retrieve memories
When we remember a past event, the human brain reconstructs that experience in reverse order, according to a new study at the University of Birmingham.
Discovery of single atom structure leads to more efficient catalyst
The discovery shows an efficiency rate that is up to 25 times higher than traditional catalysts made from larger iridium structures or nanoparticles.
Young-onset diabetes linked to higher risk of hospitalization for mental illness before age 40
Young-onset diabetes, which is defined as onset before age 40, is associated with a higher risk of being hospitalized for mental illness compared with those who develop diabetes later in life.
Researchers discover common markers of tumor hypoxia across 19 cancer types
Unlike healthy tissues, tumors thrive in low-oxygen environments, often acquiring the ability to resist treatment and spread to other sites in the body.
When the body's in overdrive, this liver hormone puts the brakes on metabolism
Researchers at the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute have identified a hormone produced by the liver that tells the body to downshift its metabolism when it's expending a lot of energy.
American College of Physicians releases new edition of Ethics Manual
The American College of Physicians (ACP) today released the seventh edition of its Ethics Manual.
Chance of depression in new doctors depends on where they train
Nearly 20,000 future doctors will graduate from US medical school this spring, and embark on the residency training.
Teen brain volume changes with small amount of cannabis use, study finds
At a time when several states are moving to legalize recreational use of marijuana, new research shows that concerns about the drug's impact on teens may be warranted.
Anticancer drug candidate inhibits lethal aggregation of mutant tumor suppressor protein
Brazilian researchers are the first to demonstrate the action of the synthetic compound PRIMA-1 (p53 reactivation with induction of massive apoptosis-1) against amyloid aggregates of mutant p53 protein, structure found in more than half of malignant tumors.
Differences in genes' geographic origin influence mitochondrial function
A new study explores whether interactions between genomes found in the nucleus and in the mitochondria of a cell could be altered when genes of different geographic origins are brought together.
DNA tool allows you to trace your ancient ancestry
Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth.
Step forward in understanding human feet
Scientists have made a step forward in understanding the evolution of human feet.
3D printed implant promotes nerve cell growth to treat spinal cord injury
For the first time, researchers at University of California San Diego have used rapid 3D printing technologies to create a spinal cord, then successfully implanted that scaffolding, loaded with neural stem cells, into sites of severe spinal cord injury in rats.
Medically assisted reproduction does not raise risk of preterm birth and low birth weight
Study shows that couples can decide about using medically assisted reproduction free from concerns about increasing the health risks to their baby.
Temple researchers identify long-sought activator of sigma receptors in human cells
Cells communicate through complex mechanisms that typically involve receptors and ligands that bind to them.
WSU smart home tests first elder care robot
Researchers believe the robot, nicknamed RAS, could eventually help those with dementia and other limitations continue to live independently in their own homes.
Numenta publishes breakthrough theory for intelligence and cortical computation
Numenta researchers propose a broad framework for understanding what the neocortex does and how it works.
Doing more with less
In adults, mesenchymal stems cells (MSCs) are primarily found in bone marrow and they play a vital role in repair of damaged organs.
Scientists connect dots between colitis and colon cancer
Lingering inflammation in the colon is a known risk factor for colorectal cancer and now scientists report one way it resets the stage to enable this common and often deadly cancer.
Where is George? Ask this software to look at the crowd
Idtracker.ai is a mix of conventional algorithms and artificial intelligence developed at the Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown.
Upper-ocean warming is changing the global wave climate, making waves stronger
Sea level rise puts coastal areas at the forefront of the impacts of climate change, but new research shows they face other climate-related threats as well.
Levels of inflammatory marker (CRP) linked to housing type and tenure
Levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a chemical associated with inflammation and stress, may be linked to housing type and tenure in the UK, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.
Study: 'Post-normal' science requires unorthodox communication strategies
'Our aim,' the authors write, 'is therefore to use our collective experiences and knowledge to highlight how the current debate about gene drives could benefit from lessons learned from other contexts and sound communication approaches involving multiple actors.'
More accurate leukemia diagnosis expected as researchers refine leukemia classification
Research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital means more than 90 percent of the most common cases of childhood cancer can now be classified by subtype, an advance likely to fuel precision medicine.
Predicting enhancers from multiple cell lines and tissues based on SVM method
Enhancers are short DNA regions that improve transcription efficiency by recruiting transcription factors.
Suicide risk more than quadruples for people with cancer
People with cancer are more than four times more likely to commit suicide than people without cancer, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
How cancer becomes transmissible in Tasmanian devils: Molecular mechanisms elucidated
Facial tumors of Tasmanian devils belong to the extremely rare cases of transmissible cancers.
Let's prepare now so farming insects as food is environmentally friendly, say scientists
As whole-roasted crickets gain traction as a protein-rich snack and restaurants experiment with mealworms on the menu, there's still 'an overwhelming lack of knowledge' concerning the ecological sustainability of the emerging, multi-million-dollar insects-as-food industry, say researchers at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
Sleeping less than six hours a night may increase cardiovascular risk
People who sleep less than six hours a night may be at increased risk of cardiovascular disease compared with those who sleep between seven and eight hours, suggests a new study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
In breast-cancer prevention, race matters
African-American women at high risk of breast cancer are less likely than white women to pursue potentially life-saving preventive care, and racial disparities in health care and elsewhere are to blame, new research suggests.
Using genomic data, NYU Abu Dhabi researchers unlock history of North African date palm
Genome analysis reveals that North African date palms are a hybrid between cultivated date palms from the Middle East and a different, wild species of palm that grows on the island of Crete and in small areas of Southern Turkey.
Antarctic ice sheet could suffer a one-two climate punch
Variations in the axial tilt of the Earth have significant implications for the rise and fall of the Antarctic Ice Sheet, the miles-deep blanket of ice that locks up huge volumes of water that, if melted, would dramatically elevate sea level and alter the world's coastlines.
Technology use explains at most 0.4 percent of adolescent wellbeing, new study finds
Study finds only 0.4 percent of wellbeing in adolescents is associated with technology use.
Readiness for first sex is about more than age for many young Britons
A substantial proportion of young Britons are not ready for their first sexual activity -- whatever their age -- and lose their virginity 'under circumstances that are incompatible with positive sexual health,' reveals research published online in BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health.
Conversion of breast cancer cells into fat cells impedes the formation of metastases
An innovative combination therapy can force malignant breast cancer cells to turn into fat cells.
Double star system flips planet-forming disk into pole position
New research led by an astronomer at the University of Warwick has found the first confirmed example of a double star system that has flipped its surrounding disc to a position that leaps over the orbital plane of those stars.
Study finds the circuits that may help you keep your cool
For optimal performance the brain can strike a balance of being alert, but not overly excited, using a circuit mechanism newly teased out by scientists at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory.
Gut microbes from healthy infants block milk allergy development in mice
New research suggests that the gut microbiome may help prevent the development of cow's milk allergy.
UCI/JPL study: Antarctica losing six times more ice mass annually now than 40 years ago
Antarctica experienced a sixfold increase in yearly ice mass loss between 1979 and 2017, according to a study published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Physical activity, any type or amount, cuts health risk from sitting
Replacing 30 minutes of sitting with physical activity cut the risk of early death by as much as 35 percent, finds a new study.
Blood-brain barrier breakdown an early driver of dementia, USC study says
USC study shows people with the worst memory problems also had the most leakage in their brain's blood vessels -- regardless of whether abnormal proteins amyloid and tau were present.
Long-acting contraceptive designed to be self-administered via microneedle patch
A new long-acting contraceptive designed to be self-administered by women may provide a new family planning option, particularly in developing nations where access to healthcare can be limited, a recent study suggests.
DNA origami: A precise measuring tool for optimal antibody effectiveness
Using DNA origami -- DNA-based design of precise nanostructures -- scientists at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, in collaboration with researchers at University of Oslo, Norway, have been able to demonstrate the most accurate distance between densely packed antigens in order to get the strongest bond to antibodies in the immune system.
Diving deeper into developmental dyslexia
Men with dyslexia have altered structural connections between the thalamus and auditory cortex on the left side of the brain, new research published in JNeurosci reveals.
Life-threatening lung disease averted in experimental models
Combining cutting-edge single-cell sequencing with novel computational techniques, UC San Francisco researchers identified a new type of immune cell that infiltrates lung tissue and initiates fibrosis.
Understanding physics could lead to big gains in shale oil recovery
Oil companies are missing out on vast sums of recoverable oil in unconventional reservoirs, according to Penn State experts.
Pore size influences nature of complex nanostructures
In new research that could help inform development of new materials, Cornell chemists have found that the empty space (''pores'') present in two-dimensional molecular building blocks fundamentally changes the strength of these van der Waals forces, and can potentially alter the assembly of sophisticated nanostructures.
Next generation photonic memory devices are light-written, ultrafast and energy efficient
Researchers of the Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) have developed a 'hybrid technology' which shows the advantages of both light and magnetic hard drives.
ZIP code or genetic code?
Analysis of insurance records of more than 56,000 twin pairs assesses the influence of genes and environment in 560 diseases.
Invest in a single national electronic health record for primary care to benefit Canadians
Canada should invest in a single national electronic health record for primary care to improve the health of Canadians, argues an editorial in CMAJ.
Drug hobbles deadly liver cancer by stifling protein production
In laboratory experiments, UC San Francisco researchers successfully beat back the growth of aggressive liver cancers using a surprising new approach.
Fears over life-saving drug unfounded, finds review
Fears over a drug that can be used to treat alcohol addiction are unfounded, according to its first ever systematic review, led by academics at The University of Manchester.
Research reveals strategies for combating science misinformation
Nowhere has the impact of scientific misinformation been more profound than on the issue of climate change in the US, where a well-funded network has coalesced around the goal of undercutting the legitimacy of climate science.
Central Texas salamanders, including newly identified species, at risk of extinction
Biologists at The University of Texas at Austin have discovered three new species of groundwater salamander in Central Texas, including one living west of Austin that they say is critically endangered.
B-group vitamins can improve concentration among people with first episode psychosis
The study, led by Dr Colin O'Donnell, now at Letterkenny University Hospital, and Dr Kelly Allott from Orygen, explored the impact of increasing a person's intake of vitamins B12, B6, and folic acid [vitamin B9] after studies in people with schizophrenia revealed that increased intake of these vitamins could decrease patients' levels of an amino acid called homocysteine and improve their symptoms.
The orderly chaos of black holes
During the formation of a black hole a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma-rays is produced, these events are called gamma-ray bursts.
Viennese scientists develop promising new type of polymers
Organic polymers can nowadays be found in solar cells, sensors, LEDs and in many other technical applications.
Pain and substance abuse interact in a vicious cycle
Pain and substance use interact in a vicious cycle that can ultimately worsen and maintain both chronic pain and addiction, according to a research team including faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.
Breast cancer cells in mice tricked into turning into fat cells
As cancer cells respond to cues in their microenvironment, they can enter a highly plastic state in which they are susceptible to transdifferentiation into a different type of cell.
The secret to Rembrandt's impasto unveiled
Rembrandt van Rijn revolutionized painting with a 3D effect using his impasto technique, where thick paint makes a masterpiece protrude from the surface.
Wild insects 'get old' before they die
Short-lived wild insects 'get old' -- losing some of their physical abilities -- before they die, new research shows.
Tel Aviv University-led team discovers new way supermassive black holes are 'fed'
A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are 'triggered' to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings.
Demi Lovato's overdose causes surge in media, but few mentions of lifesaving hotline
Demi Lovato's drug overdose and Anthony Bourdain's suicide resulted in unequal news coverage of national help hotlines, finds a new study published Jan.
UN warns of rising levels of toxic brine as desalination plants meet growing water needs
A fast-rising number of desalination plants (~16,000, with capacity concentrated in the Middle East / North Africa) quench a growing thirst for freshwater but also create a salty dilemma: how to deal with the chemical-laden leftover brine.
Genetic risk for atypical heart attack in women identified
New research published by teams from Leicester, UK and Paris, France in collaboration with international partners from the US and Australia, has found a common genetic factor that confers a significant risk of atypical heart attacks in women.
Fossil deposit is much richer than expected
Near the Dutch town of Winterswijk is an Eldorado for fossil lovers.
Sexual minorities more likely to suffer severe substance use disorders
Researchers know that lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals are more likely than heterosexuals to use alcohol, tobacco or other drugs, but until now they didn't know to what degree.
Fort McMurray homes have normal levels of indoor toxins, U of T Engineering study reveals
U of T Engineering researchers have examined dust from homes in Fort McMurray, Alta., for evidence of harmful toxins left in the aftermath of the devastating 2016 wildfire.
Bike share programs show infrequent helmet use, little disparity among neighborhoods
People riding free-floating bike share rentals in Seattle are wearing helmets infrequently, according to a new analysis conducted by University of Washington researchers.
Breakthrough in organic electronics
Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered a simple new tweak that could double the efficiency of organic electronics.
Honey bee parasites feed on fatty organs, not blood
Among the many threats to honey bee colonies around the world, one stands alone: the parasitic mite, Varroa destructor.
CU researchers review vaccine-preventable infections in pediatric transplant patients
Children who receive solid organ transplants are hospitalized due to vaccine-preventable infections at rates that are significantly higher than the general population, according to a newly published study by University of Colorado School of Medicine researchers.
Researchers gain control over soft-molecule synthesis
By gaining control over shape, size and composition during synthetic molecule assembly, researchers can begin to probe how these factors influence the function of soft materials.
Recalling happy memories during adolescence can reduce risk of depression
Recalling positive events and experiences can help young people build resilience against depression in later life, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge.
Surge protector: A novel approach to suppressing therapy-induced tumor growth and recurrence
Following up on a groundbreaking 2018 study in which BIDMC's Dipak Panigrahy, MD, demonstrated that dead and dying cancer cells killed by conventional cancer treatments paradoxically trigger inflammation that promotes tumor growth and metastasis, a new study led by Allison Gartung, PhD, describes a novel approach to suppressing chemotherapy-induced tumor growth in an ovarian cancer model.
3,000-year-old eastern North American quinoa discovered in Ontario
A mass of charred seeds found while clearing a home construction site in Brantford, Ontario, has been identified as ancient, domesticated goosefoot (C. berlandieri spp. jonesianum), a form of quinoa native to Eastern North America.
Store craft beer in a cool place and consume it as fresh as possible
A new study by the Leibniz-Institute for Food Systems Biology at the Technical University of Munich (Leibniz-LSB@TUM) shows that craft beer should be kept cool and consumed as fresh as possible.
Memory of last meal influences when, how much rats eat next
Researchers have identified cells in the brains of male rats that appear to control future food intake by preserving memories of past meals.
Cilia beat to an unexpected rhythm in male reproductive tract, study in mice reveals
Waves of undulating cilia drive several processes essential to life.
TGF-beta pathway protects against uterine cancer
Two new mouse models of uterine cancer reveal that the TGF-beta signaling pathway in uterine cells protects against the disease by suppressing the overgrowth and oncogenesis of the endometrium, the membrane lining the inside of the uterus.
Early child deprivation and neglect impair memory and executive functioning at age 16
Young children experiencing deprivation and neglect in institutional settings have impaired memory and executive functioning at ages 8 and 16 compared with peers placed early in quality foster homes, report investigators at Boston Children's Hospital.
A little weed may change the teenage brain
Teenagers who report using recreational marijuana just once or twice display increased volume of numerous brain regions, according to a study of 14-year-olds from Ireland, England, France, and Germany.
Study of mutation order may change understanding of how tumors develop
Cancers most commonly arise because of a series of two to five mutations in different genes that combine to cause a tumor.
Epigenetic change causes fruit fly babies to inherit diet-induced heart disease
Scientists from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified an epigenetic marker and two genes that caused heart failure in the children and grandchildren of fruit flies with high-fat-diet-induced heart dysfunction.
GPs prescribe more opioids for pain in poor Northern areas, study reveals
English patients living in poorer areas are likely to be prescribed more opioids by their GPs, according to a study led by University of Manchester and University of Nottingham researchers.
Cities could play a key role in pollinator conservation
Given the pressures that pollinators face in agricultural land, cities could play an important role in conserving pollinators, according to a new study.
Large study identifies numerous genes associated with risk tolerance and risky behaviors
Scientists have identified 124 genetic variants associated with someone's willingness to take risks.
Sugary stent eases suturing of blood vessels
A team led by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and Harvard Medical School has concocted a sugar-heavy stent to reduce the margin of error in a delicate surgical procedure.
Big Bang query: Mapping how a mysterious liquid became all matter
Lehigh University's Rosi Reed presents findings from new Beam Energy Scan at Brookhaven National Lab's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider that tests the limits of quark-gluon plasma (QGP), the mysterious liquid thought to have existed in the micro-seconds after the Big Bang
Researchers catalog defects that give 2D materials amazing properties
A new theoretical framework developed by MIT researchers predicts the kinds of holes that can form in two-dimensional materials like graphene.
MANF identified as a rejuvenating factor in parabiosis
Older mice who are surgically joined with young mice in order to share a common bloodstream get stronger and healthier, making parabiosis one of the hottest topics in age research.
Study examines the course of back pain over time
Back pain is among the most frequently reported health problems in the world.
5000 times faster than a computer
The absorption of light in semiconductor crystals without inversion symmetry can generate electric currents.
New immune system understanding may lead to safer nanomedicines
Eliminating immunoglobulins from blood reduced ability of C3 to find and mark nanoparticles by 70-95 percent.
Research finds serious problems with forensic software
New research finds significant flaws in recently released forensic software designed to assess the age of individuals based on their skeletal remains.
Hindering melanoma metastasis with an FDA-approved drug
A drug approved by the FDA 65 years ago for blood pressure control may aid in preventing cancer from spreading to distant organs.
Tap or bottled? Water composition impacts health benefits of tea
Here's to sipping a cupful of health: Green tea steeped in bottled water has a more bitter taste, but it has more antioxidants than tea brewed using tap water, according to new Cornell University food science research published in Nutrients.
Team finds how error and reward signals are organized within the cerebral cortex
With the team having verified generators of the error signal, further research is needed to determine what each generator contributes.
Putting cells under pressure
As cells divide to form tissues and organs in multicell organisms, they move to where they belong, informed by a series of cues that scientists have yet to observe or fully understand.
Researchers develop comprehensive new way to predict breast cancer risk
Scientists have created the most comprehensive method yet to predict a woman's risk of breast cancer, according to a study by Cancer Research UK published in Genetics in Medicine.
Nebraska leads $11 million study to develop radiation exposure drugs
Academic and medical researchers at the University of Nebraska are partnering with the Department of Defense to develop drug compounds that protect against and treat radiation exposure.
Procrastination at the top level
A study by psychologists from the Higher School of Economics has proven that top managers use their time more effectively than middle managers.
Herpes viruses and tumors evolved to learn how to manipulate the same ancient RNA
Herpes viral infections use the ancient genetic material found in the human genome to proliferate, mimicking the same process tumors have been found to manipulate, Mount Sinai researchers have shown for the first time.
Researchers report breakthrough in ice-repelling materials
Icy weather is blamed for multibillion dollar losses every year in the United States, including delays and damage related to air travel, infrastructure and power generation and transmission facilities.
Discovery casts doubt on cell surface organization models L
Like planets, the body's cell surfaces look smooth from a distance but hilly closer up.
Marine bacterium sheds light on control of toxic metals
An ocean-dwelling bacterium has provided fresh insights into how cells protect themselves from the toxic effects of metal ions such as iron and copper.
Virtual video visits may improve patient convenience without sacrificing quality of care
A team of researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital reports that virtual video visits, one form of telehealth visit used at the hospital, can successfully replace office visits for many patients without compromising the quality of care and communication.
Complication rates and costs of invasive lung cancer diagnostic tests may be higher than anticipated
Complication rates following invasive diagnostic procedures for lung abnormalities were twice as high in the community setting compared to those reported in lung cancer screening trials, and associated downstream costs ranged from $6,320 to $56,845 on average, according to a new study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
The duration and quality of sleep is of vital importance in cardiovascular health
Researchers at the National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC) have seen that sleeping less than six hours a day or have a poor quality of sleep increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Genetically modified food opponents know less than they think, research finds
People most opposed to genetically modified foods think they know the most about them, but actually know the least, new report finds.
Relying on karma: Research explains why outrage doesn't usually result in revolution
New research from Professors Rosalind Chow and Jeffrey Galak examines how people respond to two types of injustices: when bad things happen to good people, and when good things happen to bad people.
Study shows vitamin D supplements are of no benefit to the over 70s
There is little benefit for those over 70 taking higher dose vitamin D supplements to improve their bone strength and reduce the risk of falls, new research has revealed.
Intestinal bacteria from healthy infants prevent food allergy
New research from the University of Chicago shows that healthy infants have intestinal bacteria that prevent the development of food allergies.
Military spouses face higher perinatal depression risk
Women whose partners are away on military deployment are at greater risk of developing mental illness during the perinatal period, according to a review paper published in the Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps.
Scientists coax proteins to form synthetic structures with method that mimics nature
Scientists have invented a simple new way to build synthetic nanostructures from proteins, perhaps allowing for development of molecular cages that precisely deliver chemotherapy drugs to tumors or photosynthetic systems for harvesting energy from light.
UK must stay vigilant for bluetongue after 2007 'lucky escape'
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have used mathematical modelling to identify why the 2007 UK outbreak of bluetongue -- a viral disease spread by midge bites that affects sheep and cattle -- was smaller than it could have been and to predict the future impact of the disease in northern Europe as the climate warms.
Mojave rattlesnakes' life-threatening venom is more widespread than expected
It was thought that Mojave rattlesnakes with hemorrhagic venom only lived in Arizona, but new research from Clemson University scientists documents hemorrhagic and neurotoxic venom types throughout the US and Mexico, and even hybrid venom in which one snake exhibits both types.
Big genome found in tiny forest defoliator
Drs. Don Gammon and Nick Grishin of UT Southwestern have sequenced the genomes of the European gypsy moth and its even more destructive cousin, the Asian gypsy moth.
Salk scientists uncover the health effects of metabolic 'magic bullet' protein
Salk researchers have developed a new system that lets them study in more detail than ever exactly how, where and when the metabolic protein AMPK carries out its molecular and therapeutic functions.
Researchers discover new evidence of superconductivity at near room temperature
Researchers at the George Washington University have taken a major step toward reaching one of the most sought-after goals in physics: room temperature superconductivity.
A new study shows that wine experts differ by geographic region
Canadian vintners, sommeliers, journalists and other wine experts judge and rate wines differently depending on where in the country they are located.
A comprehensive metabolic map for production of bio-based chemicals
A KAIST research team completed a metabolic map that charts all available strategies and pathways of chemical reactions that lead to the production of various industrial bio-based chemicals.
The 17 different ways your face conveys happiness
Human beings can configure their faces in thousands and thousands of ways to convey emotion, but only 35 expressions actually get the job done across cultures, a new study has found.
Experiments detect entropy production in mesoscopic quantum systems
One of the most important aims of contemporary scientific research is finding out what makes the production of entropy predominate.
Educational videos in clinics increased adolescent HPV vaccinations
Showing parents and children an educational video while they wait during a routine medical visit could lead to more people choosing HPV vaccination according to Regenstrief Institute, Indiana University School of Medicine, and IU Richard M.
New research from Barnard president Sian Beilock helps students excel on science exams
A new study released today reveals that helping lower-income high school freshman to regulate their test-taking anxiety can cut their biology course failure rates in half.
A microbial hot spring in your basement
Microbes that thrive in some of the most extreme places on Earth have discovered another cozy place to live -- inside homes across the United States.
UCI-led study reveals how fasting can improve overall health
In a University of California, Irvine-led study, researchers found evidence that fasting affects circadian clocks in the liver and skeletal muscle, causing them to rewire their metabolism, which can ultimately lead to improved health and protection against aging-associated diseases.
NYSCF scientists make strides in creation of clinical-grade bone
A team of scientists from the New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) Research Institute reported Friday in Stem Cell Research and Therapy that they have made valuable progress toward creating clinical-grade cells for treatment of bone disease and injury.
Genomic study finds Haida Gwaii's northern goshawks are highly distinct and at-risk
Haida Gwaii's small population of northern goshawks -- already of great concern to conservationists -- are the last remnant of a highly distinct genetic cluster of the birds, according to a new genomic analysis by University of British Columbia researchers.
A new twist on a mesmerizing story
The Einstein-de Haas effect, first demonstrated more than a century ago, provides an intriguing link between magnetization and rotation in ferromagnetic materials.

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