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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | January 30, 2019


New strategy expands the benefits of Internet-delivered CBT
Scientists at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have experimented with a new adaptive treatment strategy for Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) that identifies patients within the first month who face a major risk of treatment failure.
International team of physicists continues search for new physics
Researchers thought they might have finally uncovered evidence of new physics, which could be a sign of dark matter particles, but a recent improvement of the measurement by the CMS collaboration produced results that are nearly consistent with the expectations of the standard model.
The first spontaneous animal model of human hypophosphatasia uncovered
A gene defect identified in Karelian Bear Dogs causes a severe bone disease.
New study shows how vegans, vegetarians and omnivores feel about eating insects
Many non-vegan vegetarians and omnivores are open to including insects in their diet.
BIDMC researchers ID, treat faulty brain circuitry underlying symptoms of schizophrenia
In a first-of-its-kind study, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center researchers determined the underlying anatomical cause of certain symptoms of schizophrenia, then ameliorated them with non-invasive brain stimulation.
Babies who hear two languages at home develop advantages in attention
In the study, infants who are exposed to more than one language show better attentional control than infants who are exposed to only one language.
How does a quantum particle see the world?
Researchers at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences proved that whether an object (in our example, the ball) shows quantum features depends on the reference frame.
Your body image is impacted by those around you
Spending time with people who are not preoccupied with their bodies can improve your own eating habits and body image, according to researchers from the University of Waterloo.
Ingestible, expanding pill monitors the stomach for up to a month
MIT engineers have designed an ingestible, Jell-O-like pill that, upon reaching the stomach, quickly swells to the size of a soft, squishy ping-pong ball big enough to stay in the stomach for an extended period of time.
Rutgers researchers contribute to visual guide to identify invasive self-cloning tick
Rutgers researchers and other scientists have created a visual guide to help identify and control the Asian longhorned tick, which transmits a fatal human disease in its native countries and threatens livestock in the United States.
Kidney transplantation to minority patients with a different blood types is safe
Minority patients achieve the same outcomes if they receive donor kidneys that are fully immunologically compatible compared with patients who receive the organs from fully compatible donors, according to study findings from Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn.
University of Konstanz develops first genetic switch for C. elegans
With their first ever RNA-based inducible system for switching on genes in the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans, two researchers from the University of Konstanz have closed a significant gap in the research on and usage of genetic switches.
Is coronary artery calcification in highly active people like marathon runners associated with increased risk of death?
Some studies have suggested that people with high levels of physical activity way beyond current physical activity guidelines, such as marathon runners, can have significant build-up of calcium in the arteries of their heart called coronary artery calcification (CAC).
Urban biodiversity: Remarkable diversity of small animals in Basel gardens
Gardens in urban areas can harbor a remarkable diversity of species.
Graphene quantum dots sensitized C-ZnO nanotaper photoanodes for solar cells application
In a paper to be published in the forthcoming issue in NANO, researchers from the National Institute of Technology, India, have synthesized blue-green-orange photoemissive sulfur and nitrogen co-doped graphene quantum dots (SNGQDs) using hydrothermal method.
Obesity prevention interventions needed beyond preschool
A Rutgers study has found a need for early childhood obesity prevention interventions beyond preschool education settings.
A closed cage-like molecule that can be opened
Researchers at Kanazawa University and University of Tsukuba report in Chemistry - A European Journal the synthesis of a closed molecular cage with areas that can be opened.
Researchers find antidepressants significantly raise risk of GI, intracranial bleeding
Nearly 13 percent of Americans 12 years and older take an antidepressant, and SSRIs are among the most frequently prescribed because they are relatively low-cost, effective and safe.
Climate change may increase congenital heart defects
The rise in temperatures stemming from climate change may increase the number of US infants born with congenital heart defects between 2025 and 2035.
Researchers develop new approach for vanquishing superbugs
A scientific team from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Cleveland Clinic has developed a new way to identify second-line antibiotics that may be effective in killing germs already resistant to a first-line antibiotic -- potentially helping overcome antibiotic resistance.
Structural colors, without the shimmer
Structural colors, like those found in some butterflies' wings, birds' feathers and beetles' backs, resist fading because they don't absorb light like dyes and pigments.
Want healthier eating habits? Start with a workout
Researchers have found that formerly sedentary young adults who were instructed to exercise regularly for several weeks started choosing healthier foods without being asked to.
Many women get unnecessary mammograms before breast reduction surgery
Getting a mammogram before breast reduction surgery is not required or recommended.
Scientists use Nobel-prize winning chemistry for clean energy breakthrough
Scientists have used a Nobel-prize winning Chemistry technique on a mixture of metals to potentially reduce the cost of fuel cells used in electric cars and reduce harmful emissions from conventional vehicles.
New heart valve modeling technique enables customized medical care for patients
Engineers at The University of Texas at Austin develop noninvasive way to simulate repairs to the heart's mitral valve allowing surgeons to provide patient-specific treatments.
Females find social interactions to be more rewarding than males, study reveals
Females find same-sex social interactions to be more rewarding than males, and females are more sensitive to the rewarding actions of oxytocin than males, according to a research study led by Georgia State University on the brain mechanisms that determine the rewarding properties of social interactions.
E-cigarettes linked to higher risk of stroke, heart attack, diseased arteries
E-cigarette smokers may have higher odds of stroke, heart attack and coronary heart disease.
Industrial chemicals pass from mother to fetus throughout pregnancy
In a study published in Environment International researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden show how PFAS industrial chemicals, which are used in many consumer products, pass through the placenta throughout pregnancy to accumulate in fetal tissue.
To solve pollinator health crisis, state governments are key, MU study finds
For the first time, researchers at the University of Missouri have catalogued every pollinator protection policy enacted by state governments from 2000-2017.
Engineers build a soft robotics perception system inspired by humans
An international team of researchers has developed a perception system for soft robots inspired by the way humans process information about their own bodies in space and in relation to other objects and people.
The 'Batman' in hydrogen fuel cells
In a study published in Nature on Jan. 31, researchers at the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) report advances in the development of hydrogen fuel cells that could increase its application in vehicles, especially in extreme temperatures like cold winters.
NIH-supported scientists develop tool to measure success of HIV cure strategies
Scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health have developed a new assay to accurately and easily count the cells that comprise the HIV reservoir, the stubborn obstacle to an HIV cure.
Research reveals new molecular player in heart enlargement due to cardiac disease
In response to conditions such as high blood pressure and reduced blood flow to cardiac muscle, the heart can drastically enlarge (pathological hypertrophy), which preserves cardiac function in the short term but predisposes patients to intractable heart failure and sudden cardiac death if left untreated.
Artificial intelligence ARTIST instantly captures materials' properties
New approach holds potential to slash research and development costs for designer materials and technologies of the future
Mental health disorders common following mild head injury
A new study reveals that approximately 1 in 5 individuals may experience mental health symptoms up to six months after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), suggesting the importance of follow-up care for these patients.
Toppled train offers insight into ground motion, origin of 1906 earthquake
By mathematically modeling the movements of a locomotive that toppled from the tracks north of San Francisco during the city's infamous 1906 earthquake, researchers have calculated a lower limit on the earthquake ground motion at the spot of the tipped train.
Pregnancy-related stroke more common among black women
The risk of pregnancy-related stroke is much higher among black women than among white women.
Green alternative to PET could be even greener
One of the most successful plastics is polyethylene terephthalate (PET), the material we use to make bottles and fibers for clothing.
Human milk is a 'life-saving intervention' for infants with congenital heart disease
With a lower risk of serious complications and improved feeding and growth outcomes, human milk is strongly preferred as the best diet for infants with congenital heart disease (CHD), according to a research review in Advances in Neonatal Care, official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses.
New 3D imaging technique reveals how pancreatic cancers start
A new technique to study tissue samples in 3D has revealed that pancreatic cancers can start and grow in two distinct ways, solving a decades-old mystery of how tumors form.
New studies reveal deep history of archaic humans in southern Siberia
Oxford University scientists have played a key role in new research identifying the earliest evidence of some of the first known humans -- Denisovans and Neanderthals, in southern Siberia.
Genetic causes of tumors in salivary glands
Acinic cell carcinoma is the third most common malignant form of salivary gland cancer.
HIV hidden in patients' cells can now be accurately measured
Until now, researchers haven't been able to accurately quantify a latent form of HIV that persists in patients' immune cells.
BU program successful in preparing minority students for dental school
Boston University's Oral Health Sciences master's program is a successful credential-enhancing program for dental school applicants, while also serving as a pipeline to increase the number of qualified applicants from underrepresented minority groups.
Intestinal immune cells play key role in metabolic regulation, cardiovascular health
A Massachusetts General Hospital research team has identified what appears to be an important checkpoint in dietary metabolism, a group of cells in the small intestine that slow down metabolism, increasing the amount of ingested food that is stored as fat rather than being quickly converted into energy.
A first: Cornell researchers quantify photocurrent loss in particle interface
With a growing global population will come increased energy consumption, and sustainable forms of energy sources such as solar fuels and solar electricity will be in even greater demand.
Ancient Mongolian skull is the earliest modern human yet found in the region
A much debated ancient human skull from Mongolia has been dated and genetically analyzed, showing that it is the earliest modern human yet found in the region, according to new research from the University of Oxford.
A small fish provides insight into the genetic basis of evolution
Genetic analysis of sticklebacks shows that isolated populations in similar environments develop in comparable ways.
Treating shingles after it appears doesn't reduce increased stroke risk
Stroke risk increased significantly in the days, weeks and months after shingles appeared, despite use of the shingles vaccine and antiviral therapy to treat it, according to preliminary research.
Flu, flu-like illnesses linked to increased risk of stroke, neck artery tears
Flu-like illnesses are associated with an increased risk of stroke and neck artery dissection.
Unexpected link between air pollutants from plants and manmade emissions
Scientists are a step closer to understanding what controls fine particulate matter in the Earth's atmosphere after identifying new linkages between natural contaminants and with manmade pollutants.
Extreme rainfall events are connected across the world
An analysis of satellite data has revealed global patterns of extreme rainfall, which could lead to better forecasts and more accurate climate models.
Key sea star predator wiped out by disease and abnormally warm waters
From California to British Columbia, the abundance of sunflower starfish -- an important predator in the Northeast Pacific -- declined dramatically in both nearshore and deep waters from 2013 to 2015, according to a new study that leveraged citizen science diving surveys.
First study to find digital ads work, on millennials
'This is first time we found that digital ads do something and what they do is they increase voter turnout among millennials in municipal elections.' said Haenschen.
Analyzing metagenome helps understand the role of bacterial species in Crohn's disease
Research on gut metagenome of patients with Crohn's disease elucidates how it influences the taxonomic and functional composition of intestinal microbiota.
We need to fine-tune our 'maps' of the visual cortex, study shows
Monkey brain scans have revealed new information about the part of the brain that processes visual information.
Aging and chronic diseases share genetic factors, study reveals
The study published today in Communications Biology used clinical and genomic data of 300,477 British individuals from UK Biobank to show that the most prevalent chronic conditions such as cancer, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, dementia, and some others share the common underlying mechanism, that is aging itself, and discover genetic factors associated with healthspan, also known as healthy life expectancy.
Expert-based clinical guidelines focus on behavioral symptoms in Huntington's disease
Although Huntington's disease (HD) is traditionally thought of as a neurological disorder, behavioral symptoms are a common feature and frequently cause distress and difficulty to patients, family members, and other caregivers.
Women less likely to receive specialized medical evaluations after stroke
Hospitalized women with ischemic stroke were less likely than men to be evaluated by stroke specialists and get specialized diagnostic tests, according to preliminary research.
A 'greener' way to take the bitterness out of olives
Olives are staples of the Mediterranean diet, which has been linked to a reduced incidence of cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease and other conditions.
Novel autism mouse model based on an epigenetic gene developed
In a study published Jan. 17, 2019 in Translational Psychiatry, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine describe how, in a novel mouse model, epigenetic regulation negatively impacts a downstream gene specifically involved in neurodevelopment and associated behaviors.
Modern humans replaced Neanderthals in southern Spain 44,000 years ago
The University of Cordoba, in collaboration with the University of Granada, participated in an international study published today in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution, proving that Neanderthals were replaced by modern humans in southern Iberia 5,000 years before than previously thought
Sea fireflies
Evolution is a rich and dynamic process. Species respond to pressures in a variety of ways, most of which reduce to finding food, avoiding becoming someone else's food and attracting a mate.
Professor from IKBFU develops new type of genomic screening in order to produce new medicine
Prof. Dr Mikhail Yakimov, a researcher from the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, together with his colleagues from the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Norwegian Research Centre NORCE AS, School of Natural Sciences of CEU San Pablo University and Institute of Catalysis and Petrochemistry in Madrid (Spain), has conducted a study of universal transaminase enzymes.
E-cigarettes more effective than nicotine replacement therapies, finds major trial
E-cigarettes are almost twice as effective as nicotine replacement treatments, such as patches and gum, at helping smokers to quit, according to a clinical trial led by Queen Mary University of London.
Opioid epidemic fueling a rise in infection-related stroke
The opioid epidemic is fueling a steep rise in infection-related stroke hospitalizations.
Infection during delivery linked to greater risk of stroke after delivery
Women diagnosed with a bladder infection, pneumonia or sepsis during delivery were more than five times likely than uninfected women to be readmitted to the hospital for stroke within one month.
Baboons provide new insights into the evolution of the genome
A team of researchers including scientists from Vetmeduni Vienna investigated the process of evolutionary diversification by looking at six baboon species.
'Bugs' in the gut might predict dementia in the brain
The makeup of bacteria and other microbes in the gut may have a direct association with dementia risk, according to preliminary research.
Two windows into the brain
CHLA's Dr. Bradley Peterson uses two brain imaging techniques to study autism.
Difference in brain connectivity may explain autism spectrum disorder
Researchers have identified a possible mechanism of human cognition that underlies autism spectrum disorders, or ASD.
What causes aging of the upper lip? Loss of volume, not just 'sagging'
Plastic surgeons have long debated the mechanisms aging-related changes in the face: Are they related more to 'deflation' or 'sagging'?
Prairie strips transform farmland conservation
Modern agriculture's outputs can be measured both in dollars paid in the market and also in non-market costs, known as externalities.
Calorie restriction prevents asthma symptoms linked to inflammation in mice
Experimenting with mice, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report that a low-calorie diet prevented asthma symptoms regardless of the diet's fat and sugar content.
Vitamin D could lower the risk of developing diabetes
The benefits of vitamin D in promoting bone health are already well known.
Harnessing light for a solar-powered chemical industry
Chemical manufacturing accounts for 10 percent of global energy consumption and 7 percent of industrial greenhouse gas emissions.
New study sheds light on illegal wildlife trade in Hong Kong
A study focusing on the type and volume of seizures relating to illegal wildlife trade in Hong Kong over the last five years, documented in the report, 'Trading in Extinction: The Dark Side of Hong Kong's Wildlife Trade,' illustrate the city's central role in global wildlife trafficking and the extent and nature of the associated criminality.
Layered cocktails inspire new form of male birth control
For decades, women have shouldered most of the burden of contraception.
Big cities feed on their hinterlands to sustain growth
Researchers at Linköping University in Sweden call into question an influential theory of the self-reinforcing dynamics of urban growth.
UCLA-led team uncovers critical new clues about what goes awry in autistic brains
A team of UCLA-led scientists has discovered important clues to what goes wrong in the brains of people with autism -- a developmental disorder with no cure and for which scientists have no deep understanding of what causes it.
Combined SPECT and cardiac MR imaging can help guide ventricular tachycardia ablation
Adding functional imaging to structural imaging of patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) has the potential to improve current VT ablation strategies, according to new research published in the January 2019 issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine.
The lamprey regenerates its spinal cord not just once -- but twice
Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) scientists report that lampreys can regenerate the spinal cord and recover function after the spinal cord has been severed not just once, but twice in the same location.
Athletes can rest easy: Extreme exercise does not raise heart disease risk or mortality
High volumes of exercise are safe, even when coronary calcium levels are high.
Discovery of blood vessel system in bones
A network of very fine blood vessels that connects bone marrow directly with the blood supply of the periosteum that was previously overlooked has now been discovered by Dr.
South Asians at risk for tuberculosis often are not tested
Many South Asian immigrants from countries where tuberculosis (TB) is common do not get tested even though they are at high risk for developing the disease, according to a recent study by Rutgers University and St.
A sustainable and recyclable thermoelectric paper
Researchers at the Institute of Materials Science of Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC) have created a new concept of thermoelectric material, published in the journal Energy & Environmental Science.
RCSI researchers develop new treatment for bone infection using copper-rich glass implant
A team of researchers led by RCSI (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland), have developed a new treatment for the particularly difficult-to-treat bone infection, osteomyelitis.
Miscanthus with improved winter-hardiness could benefit northern growers
The cold-sensitivity of Miscanthus, a perennial biomass crop, has limited its adoption in northern climes, but new research from the University of Illinois shows a way forward for would-be Miscanthus growers in cold regions.
How transcription factors explore the genome
EPFL scientists have discovered how proteins that regulate gene transcription can scan and bind the genome efficiently.
New material could improve bone grafting
In a new article published in Tissue Engineering, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers, researchers report the first use of poly(thioketal urethane) as an autologous graft extender in the technically demanding intertransverse process regeneration rabbit model.
A step closer to self-aware machines
Columbia Engineers have created a robot that learns what it is, with zero prior knowledge of physics, geometry, or motor dynamics.
Engineers program marine robots to take calculated risks
MIT engineers have now developed an algorithm that lets AUVs weigh the risks and potential rewards of exploring an unknown region.
Superinsulators to become scientists' quark playgrounds
Scientists widely accept the existence of quarks, the elusive fundamental particles that make up protons and neutrons.
South African-Scottish research team demonstrate fractal light from lasers
Reporting this month in Physical Review A, a Wits University research team provide the first experimental evidence for fractal light from simple lasers and add a new prediction, that the fractal light should exist in 3D and not just 2D as previously thought.
New research: The Aussie plants facing extinction
New research by the Threatened Species Recovery Hub has identified the top 100 Australian plant species at risk of extinction.
Researchers link overexpression of MDMX protein to metastasis of 3X negative breast cancer
In a newly published paper in the journal Breast Cancer Research, scientists at The Graduate Center of The City University of New York and Hunter College are the first to report that MDMX promotes metastasis of triple-negative breast cancer -- one of the most aggressive forms of the disease, and one that is more prevalent in young women and women of color.
Carbon dioxide emissions from global fisheries larger than previously thought
Carbon dioxide emissions from fuel burnt by fishing boats are 30 per cent higher than previously reported, researchers with the Sea Around Us initiative at the University of British Columbia and the Sea Around Us -- Indian Ocean at the University of Western Australia have found.
Stroke risk factors increase among breast cancer survivors
Risk factors for stroke rise sharply in post-menopausal women in the first year after they are diagnosed with breast cancer, according to preliminary research.
Stroke survivors' beliefs seem to reduce blood pressure
Stroke survivors who believe they can protect themselves from having another stroke had more than twice the blood pressure reduction of nonbelievers, according to preliminary research.
Discovered interaction between bacteria and immune cells protects the intestinal barrier
Conditions such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, a poor diet, overuse of certain drugs and stress harm the intestinal barrier and cause inflammation.
ESA tipsheet for Jan. 31, 2019
Get a sneak peek into these new scientific papers, publishing on Jan.
Researchers call for big data infrastructure to support future of personalized medicine
Researchers from the George Washington University, the US Food and Drug Administration, and industry leaders published in PLOS Biology, describing a standardized communication method for researchers performing high-throughput sequencing called BioCompute.
Waterproof graphene electronic circuits
Water molecules distort the electrical resistance of graphene, but a team of European researchers has discovered that when this two-dimensional material is integrated with the metal of a circuit, contact resistance is not impaired by humidity.
Puerto Rico's 'fear lab' mentors neuroscience rigor amid diversity
A lineage of young neuroscientists from diverse backgrounds trace their scientific roots to a 'fear lab' in Puerto Rico that the National Institutes of Health has been supporting for two decades.
The 210-million-year-old Smok was crushing bones like a hyena
Coprolites, or fossil droppings, of the dinosaur-like archosaur Smok wawelski contain lots of chewed-up bone fragments.
Measuring stress around cells
Tissues and organs in the human body are shaped through forces generated by cells, that push and pull, to ''sculpt'' biological structures.
Are e-cigarettes safer and more effective than other treatments for quitting smoking?
While not an FDA-approved treatment, e-cigarettes are used as, or more often by smokers to help them quit smoking, versus FDA-approved treatments for smoking cessation.
ARS microscopy research helps unravel the workings of a major honey bee pest
ARS research reverses decades of scientific dogma regarding how a major honey bee pest -- Varroa destructor mites -- feeds on honey bees.
Maestro's techniques
Rembrandt van Rijn's paintings are renowned for their masterful representations of light and shadow and a characteristic plasticity generated by a technique called impasto.
Once-abundant sea stars imperiled by disease along West Coast
Ocean warming and an infectious wasting disease has devastated populations of large sunflower sea stars once abundant along the West Coast of North America in just a few years, according to research co-led by the University of California, Davis, and Cornell University.
75 science societies urge the education department to base Title IX sexual harassment regulations on evidence and science
The American Educational Research Association (AERA) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) today led 75 scientific societies in submitting comments on the US Department of Education's proposed changes to Title IX regulations.
Some gut cells slow down metabolism, accelerate cardiovascular disease
Researchers have discovered how specific cells in the guts of mice slow down metabolism and eventually contribute to obesity, diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis.
NASA's NICER mission maps 'light echoes' of new black hole
Scientists have charted the environment surrounding a stellar-mass black hole that is 10 times the mass of the Sun using NASA's Neutron star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) aboard the International Space Station.
Children's race, not disability status, may predict more frequent suspension
Suspension is one way schools discipline students, but the high number of and disparities in suspensions in the U.S. has sparked controversy and policy debate.
Stroke risk factors on the rise in Native-Americans
Stroke risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and smoking are common and on the rise among Native-Americans with clot-caused stroke.
Clot buster use differs between black and white stroke patients
White stroke patients are much more likely than black patients to be treated in community hospital emergency departments with the clot-busting drug intravenous tissue-plasminogen activator, or tPA, according to preliminary research.
Cancer causes premature ageing
New research shows that cancer causes premature ageing. Researchers studied Leukaemia, and found that it promotes premature ageing in healthy bone marrow cells.
Most people overlook artificial intelligence despite flawless advice
A team of researchers including Dr. James Schaffer, scientist for RDECOM's Army Research Laboratory, the Army's corporate research laboratory (ARL) stationed at ARL West in Playa Vista, California, recently discovered that most people overlook artificial intelligence despite flawless advice.
Taking the bite out of snake venom
According to the World Health Organization, about 100,000 people die from venomous snakebites every year.
FSU team breaks new ground in study of malignant pediatric brain tumor
FSU researchers identified a series of cancer-causing driver gene mutations and discovered that medulloblastoma is perhaps an even more dynamic and variable tumor than expected.
Data show no evidence that teens' social media use predicts depression over time
Longitudinal data from adolescents and young adults show no evidence that social media use predicts later depressive symptoms, according to research published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Vaccination with Streptococcus mitis could protect against virulent sibling, Streptococcus pneumonia
Vaccinating laboratory mice with Streptococcus mitis bacteria prevents their virulent sibling, Streptococcus pneumoniae from infecting the mice.
Measuring how arthritis patients respond to a common treatment
A new assay accurately measures how arthritis patients respond to treatment with the arthritis drug adalimumab, a finding that highlights potential strategies for predicting the drug's effectiveness in patients.
MIT robot combines vision and touch to learn the game of Jenga
Machine-learning approach could help robots assemble cellphones and other small parts in a manufacturing line.
Counties with dirtier air have more stroke deaths
Counties with higher levels of fine particulate (PM2.5) air pollution have more stroke deaths and shorter life expectancies among their citizenry.
Extremely high blood pressure in African-Americans is 5 times the national average
Extremely high blood pressure that leads to strokes, heart attacks and acute kidney damage, classified as hypertensive emergency, is five times higher in inner-city African-American patients than the national average, according to a recent study co-led by a Rutgers researcher.
Genes behind lager yeast's cold- and sugar-loving success revealed
In a pair of new papers, University of Wisconsin-Madison Professor of Genetics Chris Todd Hittinger, his graduate student EmilyClare Baker and others show how modern lager yeast adopted the cold-loving and sugar-hungry traits essential to their success.
How a one-hour 'planting party' lifts spirits, builds skills among women in prison
Exposure to nature, even through a brief gardening activity, can improve well-being among women in prison, a UW Tacoma-led study finds.
Draining blood from bleeding stroke may prevent death
A minimally invasive surgery combining the use of a clot-busting drug and a catheter to drain blood from the brain of hemorrhagic stroke patients reduced swelling and improved patients' prognoses, according to preliminary research.
Researchers identify high-risk areas for infant deaths in Harris County
To help Harris County target its preventive strategies for sudden unexpected infant death, researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston have identified areas of the county where these tragic deaths are most likely to occur.
Clot removal beyond normal treatment time, still improved quality of life after stroke
Stroke survivors have better quality of life three months after their stroke if the clot that caused the stroke was mechanically removed even hours beyond the ideal treatment window compared to those treated with drugs alone.
Tulane study says seas may be rising faster than thought
A new Tulane University study questions the reliability of how sea-level rise in low-lying coastal areas such as southern Louisiana is measured and suggests that the current method underestimates the severity of the problem.
Study reveals how brain tumors escape the effects of antiangiogenic drugs
A study led by investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital and the University of Cyprus reveals details of a way the dangerous brain tumors called glioblastomas resist the effects of antiangiogenic drugs designed to cut off their blood supply, identifying what may be a new treatment target.
Risk aversion rises with violent crime
Fear in the wake of violent conflicts causes people to take fewer risks, which may come at the expense of bettering their lives and the economy.
Fasting ramps up human metabolism, study shows
Research uncovers previously unknown effects of fasting, including notably increased metabolic activity and possible anti-aging effects.
UAlberta scientists first to pinpoint a cause of pigmentary glaucoma
An international team of researchers has identified a gene responsible for the onset of pigmentary glaucoma, which may lead to new therapies for the condition.
Eyes are faster than hands
A Korean research team has proposed a new paradigm for wearable hand robot that can aid the disabled who lost hand mobility.
Highly sensitive method to detect potential cancer biomarker
Exosomes regulate intercellular communication in cancers, and are drawing attention as a potential cancer biomarker.
Good results with autologous breast reconstruction after failed implant reconstruction
Implants are usually the first choice for breast reconstruction after mastectomy.
Succeeded in finding intermediates synthesized in oxidation
Korean researchers have discovered new active intermediates in high-efficient oxidation using biomimetic manganese enzyme and artificial oxidants
ANU researchers solve the riddle of our most unique fish
A great mystery around one of our most unique fish species -- the Australian lungfish -- has been solved by researchers at The Australian National University (ANU).

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