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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | April 27, 2019


New research examines association between gun access and adolescent health
Access to guns and perceived unsafe school environments have been associated with gun-related injury, depression and suicidality among adolescents.
Placental function linked to brain injuries associated with autism
Allopregnanolone, a hormone made by the placenta late in pregnancy, is such a potent neurosteroid that disrupting its steady supply to the developing fetus can leave it vulnerable to brain injuries associated with autism spectrum disorder, according to Children's research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting.
Nationwide study suggests obesity as an independent risk factor for anxiety and depression in young people
Obesity is linked with an increased risk of developing anxiety and depression in children and adolescents, independent of traditional risk factors such as parental psychiatric illness and socioeconomic status, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Glasgow, UK (April 28-May 1).
New study measures the impact of text message reminders on HPV vaccine series completion
Text message vaccine reminders are effective, but less is known about the effects across a population.
New study aims to improve outcomes for pregnancies impacted by opioid use disorder
A new study aims to actively involve birthing hospitals to improve health and social outcomes for the maternal infant dyads impacted by Opioid Use Disorder (OUD).
New research reviews the state of vaccine safety science
A new systematic review provides a succinct summary of the scientific evidence for and/or against causal associations for 47 adverse events following immunization (AEFI).
New research examines the evolution of the firearm epidemic in the US
Public health approaches to firearm violence need to consider underlying demographic trends and differences by intent.
Parents of older, healthier newborns with less social support less resilient
Parents of older, healthier newborns with less social support were less resilient during their child's neonatal intensive care unit stay, a finding that correlates with more symptoms of depression and anxiety, according to Children's research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting.
Early lipids boost brain growth for vulnerable micro-preemies
Dietary lipids, already an important source of energy for tiny preemies, also provide a much-needed brain boost by significantly increasing global brain volume as well as increasing volume in regions involved in motor activities and memory, according to research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting.
Breastfeeding boosts metabolites important for brain growth
Micro-preemies who primarily consume breast milk have significantly higher levels of metabolites important for brain growth and development, according to sophisticated imaging conducted by an interdisciplinary research team at Children's National.
Looking for 'help' signals in the blood of newborns with HIE
Measuring a number of biomarkers over time that are produced as the body responds to inflammation and injury may help to pinpoint newborns who are more vulnerable to suffering lasting brain injury due to disrupted oxygen delivery and blood flow, according to research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting.
Being a car commuter with obesity linked to a 32% increased death risk
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Glasgow, Scotland, shows that individuals with obesity who commute by car have a 32% higher risk of death, from any cause, compared with those individuals with a normal weight and commute via cycling and walking.
Survey of pediatricians and family physicians assesses HPV vaccine delivery practices
Current primary care practices and experiences with the delivery of HPV vaccine.
Impact of prescription drug monitoring programs on pediatric opioid exposures
A new study measures the impact state-run, prescription drug monitoring programs, pain clinic legislation and opioid prescribing guidelines have on opioid exposures among children.
New AAP research examines US pediatric residents' experience treating gun injuries
A new American Academy of Pediatrics study examines US pediatric residents' experience during training in caring for children injured by guns, and their attitudes toward counseling families and public policies to address gun injury.
Eat, sleep and console tool decreases length of stay and post natal use of opiates
A new quality improvement tool called Eat, Sleep and Console shows consistent signs of improved care of opioid-exposed newborns in neonatal intensive care units.
New AAP PROS study assesses influenza vaccine hesitancy among caregivers of children
Even caregivers whose children receive the first dose of influenza vaccine may be vaccine hesitant and have inaccurate beliefs regarding influenza vaccine and disease, according to a new American Academy of Pediatrics Pediatric Research in Office Settings study.
New study aims to better understand Kawasaki disease
A new study looks to define the antibody characteristics, including clonality, of plasmablasts during Kawasaki disease.
New study examines the resurgence of milk sharing
A new study examines the history and resurgence of milk sharing.
Firearm injuries disproportionately affect African-American kids in DC Wards 7 and 8
Firearm injuries disproportionately impact African-American young men living in Washington's Wards 7 and 8 compared with other city wards, with nearly one-quarter of injuries suffered in the injured child's home or at a friend's home, according to research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting.
Obesity and emotional problems appear to develop together from age 7
Obesity and emotional problems, such as feelings of low mood and anxiety, tend to develop hand-in-hand from as young as age seven years, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Glasgow, UK (April 28-May 1, 2019).
New study demonstrates viral family targeted by the immune response to Kawasaki disease
Monoclonal antibodies from children with Kawasaki disease recognize Hepacivirus peptides.
Children, their parents, and health professionals often underestimate children's higher weight status
More than half of parents underestimated their children's classification as overweight or obese -- children themselves and health professionals also share this misperception, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Glasgow, UK (April 28-May 1).
The dead may outnumber the living on Facebook within 50 years
New analysis by academics from the Oxford Internet Institute (OII), part of the University of Oxford, predicts the dead may outnumber the living on Facebook within 50 years, a trend that will have grave implications for how we treat our digital heritage in the future.
HPV vaccine coverage is far behind other infant vaccines in many US states
Trends in HPV vaccine uptake in children in the US.
Clinical utility of rapid whole genome sequencing in neonates with seizures
Clinical utility of rWGS in the evaluation of neonatal seizures.
Women who have undergone weight-loss surgery may be at greater
Women who have undergone weight-loss surgery appear to be at higher risk of developing complications during pregnancy, and their babies seem more likely to be born prematurely, small for gestational age, have congenital anomalies and be admitted to intensive care, according to the most comprehensive assessment of how bariatric surgery affects pregnancy outcomes.
HKUST physicist contributes to new record of quantum memory efficiency
A joint research team of the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) and The South China Normal University (SCNU) has set a new record of photonic quantum memory efficiency, pushing quantum computation a step closer to reality.
In HIE, lower heart rate variability signals stressed newborns
In newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, lower heart rate variability correlates with autonomic manifestations of stress shortly after birth, underscoring the importance of this reading as a valuable biomarker, according to Children's research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting.
Pediatricians and nurse practitioners report using strategies to improve HPV vaccination
Pediatricians and nurse practitioners report using several strategies to improve human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, yet also perceive barriers, according to a national American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS) network study.
Nanomicrocell catalysts: A new kind of highly efficient integrated catalyst system
A recent work showed a new kind of integrated catalyst system, denoted as nanomicrocell catalysts, consisting of different redox-active sites with different catalytic properties immobilized on nanosized conductive matrices, which could significantly improve catalytic efficiency by forming nanosized fuel cells.
New study examines geographic differences in fatal pediatric opioid poisonings
A new study shines light on pediatric opioid deaths by US region.
New research examines barriers to vaccination in immunocompromised children
Study examines the barriers to vaccination of immunocompromised children.
New study aims to understand opioid fill patterns in children
Improved understanding of current opioid prescription trends in children is needed to inform development of future pediatric pain management guidelines.
Carbon nanotube nanoreactors to stabilize metastable structures
Some metastable structures have been predicted to have high potential applications due to their unique properties.

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