Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 28, 2019
Higher BMI linked with increased risk of serious health problems and death in study of 2.8 million UK adults
A new study has shed light on the link between higher body mass index (BMI) and serious health outcomes and death in over 2.8 million adults representative of the UK population.

Biodegradable bags can hold a full load of shopping after 3 years in the environment
Researchers from the University of Plymouth's International Marine Litter Research Unit examined the degradation of five plastic bag materials widely available from high street retailers in the UK.

Heavier and taller children are more likely to develop kidney cancer as adults than their average-sized peers
A study of more than 300,000 individuals in Denmark, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Glasgow, Scotland (April 28-May 1), reveals that heavier and taller children are at greater risk than their average-sized peers of developing the kidney cancer renal cell carcinoma (RCC) as adults.

Study shows a quarter of patients have never had their BMI recorded by their GP
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Glasgow, Scotland, reveals that a quarter of patients have never had their body mass index (BMI) recorded by their GP.

Single dose of targeted radiotherapy is safe and effective for prostate cancer
A single high dose of radiation that can be delivered directly to the tumor within a few minutes is a safe and effective technique for treating men with low-risk prostate cancer, according to a study presented at the ESTRO 38 conference.

Pregnant women who were overweight children are at increased risk of developing hypertensive disorders
A study of nearly 50,000 women in Denmark, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in in Glasgow, Scotland (April 28-May 1), reveals that those with overweight or obesity in childhood were more likely to develop hypertensive disorders during pregnancy than women of normal weight in childhood.

International study reveals disconnect between perceptions of health care providers and people with obesity worldwide
The disconnect between perceptions of health care providers (HCPs) and people with obesity (PwO) is revealed in a new international study (the ACTION-IO study) presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO 2019) in Glasgow, UK, and published in the journal Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

Stressed at work and trouble sleeping? It's more serious than you think
Work stress and impaired sleep are linked to a threefold higher risk of cardiovascular death in employees with hypertension.

Radiotherapy after chemo may improve survival in patients with advanced Hodgkin's lymphoma
Patients with advanced Hodgkin's lymphoma who have large tumors at the time of diagnosis may benefit from radiotherapy after chemotherapy even when all traces of the cancer appear to have gone, according to late-breaking results presented at the ESTRO 38 conference.

Radiotherapy doubles survival for patients with mesothelioma
Mesothelioma patients are twice as likely to survive for two years or longer, if they are treated with a high dose of radiation to the affected side of the trunk, according to research presented at the ESTRO 38 conference.

DNA folds into a smart nanocapsule for drug delivery
New study of University of Jyvaskyla and Aalto University shows that nanostructures constructed of DNA molecules can be programmed to function as pH-responsive cargo carriers, paving the way towards functional drug-delivery vehicles.

New studies examine teen vaping association with sexual risk behavior and drug usage
Electronic vapor product usage and sexual risk behavior in the US.

Scientists trace the key factor of tiny onion-like BN to superhard nt-cBN
How to obtain superhard nt-cBN from onion-like precursor? Recently, Prof.

New study aims to validate pediatric version of sequential organ failure assessment
A new study aims to validate the pediatric version of Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score in the emergency department setting as a predictor of mortality in all patients and patients with suspected infection.

Plenary addresses importance of 2020 US Census and challenge of the young child undercount
The Census not only determines how over $675 billion in federal funds are allocated, but it is used to draw district lines and to give voice to those who live in the US.

Stretchable interlaced-nanowire film for ultraviolet photodetectors with high response speed
Recently, one research group from the Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, presented an interesting SnO2-CdS NW interlaced structure to fabricate stretchable UV photodetectors with high response speed in Science China Materials.

Researchers discover new charge transfer and separation process
SUTD worked with an international team of researchers to discover a new charge transfer and separation process named Twisted Intramolecular Charge Shuttle (TICS), paving a new avenue for chemists to construct unique and useful fluorescent probes in a wide range of chemical families of fluorophores.
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