Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 29, 2019
Survey of truck drivers finds many suffer from sleep-related breathing disorders
A survey of 905 Italian truck drivers has shown that approximately half suffer from at least one sleep-related breathing problem that potentially can cause drivers to fall asleep at the wheel.

Two studies show CDK4/6 inhibitors improve overall survival in advanced breast cancer
New data from two studies reported at the ESMO Congress 2019 have shown that treatment with a CDK4/6 inhibitor plus fulvestrant improves overall survival in women with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor 2-negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer.

Nintedanib slows progression for broad range of scarring lung diseases
Nintedanib, a medication approved for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, slows the decline in lung function among patients with a broad range of scarring lung diseases.

Wrist-worn step trackers accurate in predicting patient health outcomes
in a new study, researchers at Intermountain Healthcare in Salt Lake City, found that steps measured through a step tracker worn on the wrist can be used to estimate exercise capacity and determine the health status of patients, rather than the standardized 6-minute walk distance test, which is usually conducted in a clinical setting.

Risk of heart valve infections rising in hospitals
People with heart disease or defective or artificial heart valves are at increased risk of developing a potentially deadly valve infection.

Targeted therapy drug helps women with aggressive breast cancer live longer
A study led by UCLA researchers found that adding ribociclib, a targeted therapy drug, to standard hormone therapy has been shown to significantly improve overall survival in postmenopausal women with advanced hormone-receptor positive/HER2- breast cancer, one of the most common forms of the disease.

Immune therapy eliminates tumour cells in early triple negative breast cancer
Immune therapy added to chemotherapy improves pathological complete response in patients with early triple negative breast cancer, according to late breaking results from the KEYNOTE-522 trial presented at the ESMO Congress 2019 in Barcelona, Spain.

'Smart shirt' can accurately measure breathing and could be used to monitor lung disease
A smart shirt that measures lung function by sensing movements in the chest and abdomen has proved to be accurate when compared to traditional testing equipment, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress.

Poorly reported placebos could lead to mistaken estimates of benefits and harms
Researchers at the University of Oxford have found that placebo controls are almost never described according to standard reporting guidelines.

Realizing giant magnetic field by moiré pattern engineering
Scientists in the University of Hong Kong and Hunan Normal University showed that, in homobilayer transition metal dichalcogenides, the real-space Berry phase from moiré patterns manifests as a periodic magnetic field.

Plugging the ozone hole has indirectly helped Antarctic sea ice to increase
A new study demonstrates that the recovery of the Antarctic Ozone Hole causes decreases in clouds over Southern Hemisphere (SH) high latitudes and increases in clouds over the SH extratropics.

Expanding the scale of dangerous weather prediction
A more accurate and efficient method of capturing the local factors that lead to extreme rainfall enables better flood prediction across larger regions.

Urban beaches are environmental hotspots for antibiotic resistance after rainfall
The results of the study, published in Water Research, provide clear links between storm-water discharge, which sometimes includes wet-weather sewer overflow (WWSO) events, and the presence of AbR in microorganisms living in urban beach habitats.

Insight into competitive advantage of modern humans over Neanderthals
A team of Japanese and Italian researchers, including from Tohoku University, have evidenced mechanically delivered projectile weapons in Europe dating to 45,000-40,000 years -- more than 20,000 years than previously thought.

Immunotherapy in combination points to paradigm shift in the treatment of cervical cancer
Effective combination of nivolumab with ipilimumab for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer, with or without prior systematic therapies, and irrespective of PD-L1 expression.

How nasty Toxoplasma parasite damages the human eye
An international study used human retinal cells to demonstrate how the Toxoplasma parasite creates a characteristic eye lesion that can help doctors diagnose the infection.

Otago study identifies psychology of attraction to religious deities and super-heroes
A new psychological study published by University of Otago, New Zealand, researchers has addressed centuries-old questions about how and why supernatural beings are worshipped.
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