Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 26, 2019
Development of ultrathin durable membrane for efficient oil and water separation
Researchers led by Professor MATSUYAMA Hideto and Professor YOSHIOKA Tomohisa at Kobe University's Research Center for Membrane and Film Technology have succeeded in developing an ultrathin membrane with a fouling-resistant silica surface treatment for high performance separation of oil from water.

Finally, machine learning interprets gene regulation clearly
A new brand of artificial neural network has solved an interpretability problem that has frustrated biologists.

Proton therapy lowers risk of side effects in cancer compared to traditional radiation
Proton therapy leads to significantly lower risk of side effects severe enough to lead to unplanned hospitalizations for cancer patients when compared with traditional radiation, while cure rates between the two groups are almost identical.

The brain can combine natural and artificial vision to help treat common form of blindness
Researchers report the discovery of evidence indicating that the brain knows how to integrate natural and artificial vision, while maintaining processing information that is important for vision.

NASA satellite tracks tropical storm Phanfone into the South China Sea
Tropical Storm Phanfone brought typhoon-force winds and heavy rains across sections of the Philippines on Christmas Eve and Christmas day.

Transcendental Meditation prevents abnormal enlargement of the heart, reduces chronic heart failure
A randomized controlled study recently published in the Hypertension issue of Ethnicity & Disease found the Transcendental Meditation (TM) technique helps prevent abnormal enlargement of the heart compared to health education (HE) controls.

Imaging to examine brain architecture association with mood, attentional symptoms
Researchers looked at whether certain patterns of connectivity between specific regions of the brain in children at age 7 (measured by magnetic resonance imaging) were associated with later development of symptoms related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and major depressive disorder.

Brain tumor organoids may be key to time-sensitive treatments for glioblastomas
Lab-grown brain organoids developed from a patient's own glioblastoma, the most aggressive and common form of brain cancer, may hold the answers on how to best treat it.

Russia's physical culture scene
Although a growing number of Russians now exercise regularly, the overall figure remains low -- only one-fourth of working women and less than one-third of working men are physically active.

Eye changes from spaceflight compared to simulated weightlessness
Some astronauts who fly long missions to the International Space Station experience eye changes.

High BMI may improve cancer survival
Above average or high BMI -- often linked to cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular and other diseases -- may in some cases improve the chance of survival among certain cancers, new research from Flinders University indicates.

In vivo imaging of CREB dynamics: Coupling sensory experience to activity
In a recently published study in Neuron, Scientists in the Yasuda Lab at the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) have designed and developed novel biosensors that allow the simultaneous study of both sensory evoked neuronal activity and transcription factor dynamics.

2019 EurekAlert! Trending Release List the most international ever
The EurekAlert! 2019 Trending Release List is the most geographically diverse to date, with more than half of the top 10 from outside the United States.

Hematopoietic stem cell marker: A key player in the ontogeny of hematopoiesis
A research team led by Osaka University revealed that Endothelial cell-selective adhesion molecule, a surface marker for hematopoietic stem cells and vascular endothelial cells, played an important role in the ontogeny of hematopoiesis in mice, particularly in the development of adult-type erythropoiesis.

Seeing the new Star Wars? Be careful what you wish for
How much you enjoy the new Star Wars movie will depend a lot on your expectations going in, a new study suggests.

Gender norms affect attitudes towards gay men and lesbian women globally
A study of attitudes towards sexual minorities in 23 countries show more negative views towards gay men than lesbian women, but culture creates some variation on who holds the negative attitudes.

Report links recommended physical activity levels to lower risk of seven cancers
A pooled analysis of nine prospective studies involving more than 750,000 adults finds that recommended amounts of leisure-time physical activity were linked to a lower risk for seven cancers, with several cancer types having a 'dose/response' relationship.

NASA-NOAA satellite finds development of Tropical Cyclone Sarai
Imagery from NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite showed that a tropical low-pressure area has consolidated and organized in the Southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.

FEFU scientists participate in development of ceramic materials that are IR-transparent
Scientists from Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) teamed up with colleagues from Institute of Chemistry (FEB RAS), Institute for Single Crystals (Ukraine), and Shanghai Institute of Ceramics (Chinese Academy of Sciences) to develop Y2O3?MgO nanocomposite ceramics with uniform distribution of two phases, microhardness over 11 GPa, and average grain size of 250 nm.

Paving the way for spintronic RAMs: A deeper look into a powerful spin phenomenon
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology explore a new material combination that sets the stage for magnetic random access memories, which rely on spin -- an intrinsic property of electrons -- and could outperform current storage devices.
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