Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 06, 2020
Don't wait to get concussion care; early treatment may mean faster recovery
Early clinical treatment may significantly reduce recovery time following a concussion, according to new research led by the University of Pittsburgh Sports Medicine Concussion Program.

Ghost worms mostly unchanged since the age of dinosaurs
How can two species look almost exactly the same despite evolving separately for 140 million years?

New study unravels the complexity of childhood obesity
In a new study led by the University of Notre Dame, researchers examined how various psychological characteristics of children struggling with their weight, such as loneliness, anxiety and shyness, combined with similar characteristics of their parents or guardians and family dynamics affect outcomes of nutritional intervention.

Ooh là là! Music evokes 13 key emotions. Scientists have mapped them
UC Berkeley scientists surveyed more than 2,500 people in the United States and China about their emotional responses to music and found that, across cultures and genres, the audio samples triggered 13 key emotions.

Nerve stimulation may benefit women with fibromyalgia
Published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a treatment involving electrical nerve stimulation helped women with fibromyalgia in a recent clinical trial.

Cannabis edibles present novel health risks
With the recent legalization of cannabis edibles in Canada, physicians and the public must be aware of the novel risks of cannabis edibles, argue authors in a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Families of children with autism face physical, mental and social burdens
Families of children with autism face high physical, mental and emotional burdens, are sometimes ridiculed and even accused of child abuse, according to a Rutgers study.

Cumulative overweight pregnancies increase risk of maternal midlife obesity
Not only is excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) associated with increased long-term maternal weight, but a new study has shown that there is a cumulative effect of excessive GWG over multiple pregnancies.

Grower citizen science project uses collaboration to improve soil health
The Grower Citizen Science Project is a collaboration between soil scientists and growers in the southern High Plains of Texas.

Formation of a huge underwater volcano offshore the Comoros
A submarine volcano was formed off the island of Mayotte in the Indian Ocean in 2018.

Scientists discover the mechanism of DNA high-order structure formation
A team of KAIST molecular biologists have uncovered how one particular mechanism uses energy to ensure proper histone placement onto DNA to form chromatin.

Technique is almost 86 percent effective in preventing maternal death from hemorrhaging
A simple, inexpensive uterine balloon tamponade (UBT), is almost 86 percent effective in preventing maternal death from bleeding.

Cell 'hands' to unlock doors in health research, drug design, and bioengineering
A previously overlooked cell membrane protein could help to further cancer research, drug design, and bioengineering, according to new research.

Dogs and wolves are both good at cooperating
A team of researchers have found that dogs and wolves are equally good at cooperating with partners to obtain a reward.

Aspirin appears to curb colorectal cancer recurrence and tumor growth, study finds
The benefits of a daily aspirin may extend beyond heart health to colorectal cancer treatment, say City of Hope researchers who have found aspirin appears to reduce tumor growth and inhibit recurrence of the disease.

Jaguars could prevent a not-so-great American biotic exchange
In eastern Panama, canid species from North and South America are occurring together for the first time.

NASA finds heavy rain potential in Tropical Cyclone Blake
NASA's Aqua satellite provided a near visible image and analyzed the cloud top temperatures in Tropical Cyclone Blake, located along the northern coast of Western Australia.

Laser pulse creates frequency doubling in amorphous dielectric material
Researchers have demonstrated a new all-optical technique for creating robust second-order nonlinear effects in materials that don't normally support them.

Scientists find new way to sustainably make chemicals by copying nature's tricks
Researchers have copied the way organisms produce toxic chemicals without harming themselves, paving the way for greener chemical and fuel production.

Hubble surveys gigantic galaxy
To kickstart the 30th anniversary year of the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, Hubble has imaged a majestic spiral galaxy.

Older adults use online physician ratings, but view them cautiously, poll shows
Find a restaurant. Book a hotel. Choose a product to buy.

Scientists develop new method to detect oxygen on exoplanets
Scientists have developed a new method for detecting oxygen in exoplanet atmospheres that may accelerate the search for life.

Shutdown of coal-fired plants in US saves lives and improves crop yields
The decommissioning of coal-fired power plants in the continental United States has reduced nearby pollution and its negative impacts on human health and crop yields, according to a new University of California San Diego study.

Poplars genetically modified not to harm air quality grow as well as non-modified trees
Field trials in the Northwest and Southwest show that poplar trees can be genetically modified to reduce negative impacts on air quality while leaving their growth potential virtually unchanged.

Epilepsy study shows link between brain activity and memory
A new Cedars-Sinai study reveals how memory and abnormal brain activity are linked in patients with epilepsy who often report problems with memory.

Blood pressure control for people aged 80 and older: What's the right target?
In their analysis of blood pressure data, researchers focused on people aged 80 and older who had reported heart disease events (such as heart attacks or strokes), changes in kidney function, cognitive impairment, quality of life, or death.

Story tips: Weather days, grid balance and scaling reactors
Story Tips: Weather days, grid balance and scaling reactors.

Finding a new way to fight late-stage sepsis
Researchers have developed a way to prop up a struggling immune system to enable its fight against sepsis, a deadly condition resulting from the body's extreme reaction to infection.

Antibodies gather and form a circle for defensive attack
Antibodies play a crucial role in our immune system by linking antigen recognition with complement activation for attacking foreign cells.

Removing body clock gene protects mice against pneumonia
This is the first time a clock gene has been found to affect resistance to bacterial pneumonia, a fatal disease responsible for 5% of all deaths in the UK each year.

Surprise! TESS shows ancient north star undergoes eclipses
NASA's TESS satellite has shown that the bright star Alpha Draconis and its fainter, previously known companion actually undergo mutual eclipses: a complete surprise.

NASA's Hubble surveys gigantic galaxy
This majestic spiral galaxy might earn the nickname the 'Godzilla galaxy' because it may be the largest known in the local universe.

Progesterone from an unexpected source may affect miscarriage risk
Progesterone signaling is key to a healthy pregnancy. An Austrian team's research suggests a link between recurrent miscarriage and disrupted progesterone synthesis.

Researchers use remote sensing to estimate nitrogen deposition in North China
A new study estimated the nitrogen deposition in northern China through a combination of remote sensing data and atmospheric chemical transport model simulations.

Cancer drugs could potentially treat COPD, Sheffield research finds
New research has shown the potential for clinically available cancer treatments to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Protecting two key regions in Belize could save threatened jaguar, say scientists
Scientists studying one of the largest populations of jaguars in Central Belize have identified several wildlife corridors that should be protected to help the species survival.

Insufficient home care the biggest challenge to overcome after release from hospital
Ontario patients and caregivers reported not enough home care to meet the need, that home care support was not in place when patients arrived home from the hospital, and that they had to advocate for themselves to get enough home care.

Commercial weight management groups could support women to manage their weight after giving birth
Women who were overweight at the start of their pregnancy would welcome support after they have given birth in the form of commercial weight management groups, University of Warwick-led research has found.

Fast action and the right resources are key to treating fulminant myocarditis
Fulminant myocarditis develops quickly and can prove fatal without early recognition and advanced medical therapy.

Collaborative conservation approach for endangered reef fish yields dramatic results
A new study from researchers at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego has documented a successful recovery effort among Nassau Grouper populations in the Cayman Islands thanks to an approach involving government agencies, academic researchers, and nonprofit organizations.

Want to turn back time? Try running a marathon
The new year means it's time to set resolutions for 2020 and new research from the Journal of the American College of Cardiology suggests running a marathon for the first time could have several health benefits.

Study links Medicaid expansion and recipients' health status
In Southern states that expanded their Medicaid programs under the Affordable Care Act, adults experienced lower rates of decline in both physical and mental health, according to research published this month in the journal Health Affairs.

New imaging system and artificial intelligence algorithm accurately identify brain tumors
Study finds novel method of optical imaging combined with artificial intelligence accurately diagnoses brain tumors in real time.

JUUL delivers substantially more nicotine than previous generation e-cigs and cigarettes
JUUL delivers substantially more nicotine to the blood per puff than cigarettes or previous-generation e-cigarettes (e-cigs) and impairs blood vessel function comparable to cigarette smoke, according to a new study by researchers at UC San Francisco.

New study suggests cautions about antipsychotic medications for hospitalized older adults
Delirium (sudden confusion or a rapid change in mental state) affects 15-26% of hospitalized older adults.

Vaping lung injury symptoms have been reported online for at least seven years
A team of researchers at the University of California, Riverside, used automated computer methods to mine a large online discussion forum for electronic cigarette users and found this group reported numerous adverse health effects for at least seven years.

Researchers create nanoscale sensors to better see how high pressure affects materials
Researchers have developed new nanoscale technology to image and measure more of the stresses and strains on materials under high pressures.

Researchers suggest a pathway to reverse the genetic defect of Friedreich's ataxia
Scientists have identified a molecular mechanism that could reverse the genetic defect responsible for Friedreich's ataxia, a neurodegenerative disease that leaves its victims with difficulty walking, a loss of sensation in the arms and legs and impaired speech.

Illegal hunting and bushmeat trade threatens biodiversity and wildlife of Angola
Hunting and bushmeat trade negatively impact wildlife worldwide with serious implications for biodiversity conservation.

A fast radio burst tracked down to a nearby galaxy
Astronomers in Europe, working with members of Canada's CHIME Fast Radio Burst collaboration, have pinpointed the location of a repeating fast radio burst (FRB) first detected by the CHIME telescope in British Columbia in 2018.

Boys who are bullied online may have more risky sex
Recent research suggests that adolescent boys who are cyber bullied pursue risky sexual behaviors more frequently than girls who are cyber bullied.

Processed foods highly correlated with obesity epidemic in the US
A review article from the George Washington University highlights the correlation between highly processed foods and increased prevalence of obesity in the United States.

Polluted wastewater in the forecast? Try a solar umbrella
Evaporation ponds, commonly used in many industries to manage wastewater, can occupy a large footprint and often pose risks to birds and other wildlife, yet they're an economical way to deal with contaminated water.

Genes controlling mycorrhizal colonization discovered in soybean
Like most plants, soybeans pair up with soil fungi in a symbiotic mycorrhizal relationship.

Study suggests antiretroviral therapy does not restore disease immunity
A study led by researchers from SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University and Oregon Health & Science University, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, showed that, despite successful antiretroviral therapy (ART), antigen specific memory to vaccinations that occurred before HIV infection did not recover, even after immune reconstitution.

Step toward 'ink' development for 3-D printing a bioprosthetic ovary
For the first time, scientists identified and mapped the location of structural proteins in a pig ovary.

Biodiverse forests better at storing carbon for long periods, says study
A new study has found that diverse natural forests with a mix of tree species are more reliable and stable at absorbing and storing carbon than plantations dominated by just a few tree species, both over time and across diverse conditions.

Simulated image demonstrates the power of NASA's wide field infrared survey telescope
Imagine a fleet of 100 Hubble Space Telescopes, deployed in a strategic space-invader-shaped array a million miles from Earth, scanning the universe at warp speed.

Exploring the 'dark side' of a single-crystal complex oxide thin film
A new study offers a nanoscopic view of complex oxides, which have great potential for advanced microelectronics.

Mindfulness makes it easier to forget your fears
Mindfulness has previously been shown to help people handle negative emotions and is used as a treatment for anxiety related psychological disorders, but the underlying biological mechanisms are not fully understood.

Study shows animal life thriving around Fukushima
Nearly a decade after the nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, researchers from the University of Georgia have found that wildlife populations are abundant in areas void of human life.

The turbulent life of two supermassive black holes caught in a galaxy crash
An international team of astronomers used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to create the most detailed image yet of the gas surrounding two supermassive black holes in a merging galaxy.

Half of women with heart failure get the wrong treatment
As many as 50 per cent of women suffering from cardiac arrest are given insufficient treatment, because the heart failure was not caused by a heart attack.

A new link between fear, imitation, and antisocial behavior in children
Research from Rebecca Waller of the University of Pennsylvania and Nicholas Wagner of Boston University found that children who were fearless, lacked social connection, and didn't participate in 'arbitrary imitation' -- copying acts that had no inherent function -- were more likely to develop antisocial behavior.

Glowing material remembers where it was pressed
Materials which can emit light after they are pressed or deformed can be applied for the monitoring of structural integrity of, for instance, bridges and wind turbines.

Patients with VA coverage less likely than other insured Americans to skip medication
Veterans' Administration patients were less likely than other insured Americans to skip medications due to cost.

Adolescents' view of family social standing correlates with mental health, life outcomes
Young people's view of their family's social status was more strongly associated with their mental health and readiness for future education and work than how much money, education or occupational prestige their parents have, according to new research led by the University of California, Irvine.

Moving domain walls induce losses in superconductor/ferromagnet hybrid systems
Physicist have shown that the motion of domain walls can be detected by monitoring voltage generated in superconducting devices.

Benefits of integrating cover crop with broiler litter in no-till dryland cotton systems
Although most cotton is grown in floodplain soils in the Mississippi Delta region, a large amount of cotton is also grown under no-till systems on upland soils that are vulnerable to erosion and have reduced organic matter.

Study finds 80% of medical students feel low sense of personal achievement
Researchers surveyed 385 first- through fourth-year medical students to assess their levels of burnout.

A better estimate of water-level rise in the Ganges delta
For the first time, scientists have provided reliable regional estimates of land subsidence and water-level rise in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta.

Young women still may be getting unnecessary pelvic exams
Pelvic examinations and cervical cancer screenings are no longer recommended for most females under age 21 during routine health visits, but a new study has found that millions of young women are unnecessarily undergoing the tests, which can lead to false-positive testing, over-treatment, anxiety and needless cost.

Power dressing
Sensors that are worn on the skin could soon be powered by our own body heat.

Plasticizers may contribute to motor control problems in girls
Scientists at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) have uncovered a link between prenatal exposure to phthalates--a ubiquitous group of plasticizers and odor-enhancing chemicals--and deficits in motor function in girls.

New frailty index may help determine adverse outcomes in older patients after hospital discharge
A new frailty index shows promise in determining how acute illness affects functional ability in older patients admitted to hospital, according to a new study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) co-led by researchers from Dalhousie University, Canada, and University College London (UCL), United Kingdom.

Severe childhood deprivation has longstanding impacts on brain size in adulthood
Researchers from King's College London have shown that the brains of young adult Romanian adoptees who were institutionalized as children are around 8.6% smaller than the brains of English adoptees who have not suffered this form of deprivation.

Maximizing bike-share ridership: New research says it's all about location
The popularity of bike-share systems has grown in popularity thanks to the younger, more environmentally conscious generation.

New research may lead to increased use of available hearts for transplant
A new study provides hope that the number of children dying on the transplantation list while waiting for a new heart could potentially be reduced dramatically.

Biomarker predicts which patients with heart failure have a higher risk of dying
A UCLA-led study revealed a new way to predict which patients with 'stable' heart failure -- those who have heart injury but do not require hospitalization -- have a higher risk of dying within one to three years.

Over-hunting walruses contributed to the collapse of Norse Greenland, study suggests
Norse Greenlanders may have chased dwindling walrus herds ever farther north in an effort to maintain their economy, when the value of walrus ivory tanked after the introduction of elephant tusks into European markets in the 1200s.

Wearable AC
One day, soldiers could cool down on the military battlefield -- preventing heat stroke or exhaustion -- by using 'wearable air conditioning,' an on-skin device designed by engineers at the University of Missouri.

ACP issues guideline for testosterone treatment in adult men with age-related low testosterone
Physicians should prescribe testosterone for men with age-related low testosterone only to treat sexual dysfunction, the American College of Physicians (ACP) says in a new evidence-based clinical practice guideline.

Researchers united on international road map to insect recovery
It's no secret that many insects are struggling worldwide. But we could fix these insects' problems, according to more than 70 scientists from 21 countries.

In a nearby galaxy, a fast radio burst unravels more questions than answers
For more than a decade, astronomers have wrestled with the perplexities of fast radio bursts.

Astronomers spot distant galaxy group driving ancient cosmic makeover
An international team of astronomers funded in part by NASA has found the farthest galaxy group identified to date.

Sleep difficulties in children with Autism caused by shallower brain waves -- Ben-Gurion U.
'For the first time, we found that children with more serious sleep issues showed brain activity that indicated more shallow and superficial sleep,' says BGU Prof.

Specifying irrigation needs for container-grown plants
Open-field production of 524,000 irrigated acres of horticultural plants in the United States used 205 billion gallons of water in a recent year.

Poplar genetically modified not to harm air quality grow as well as non-modified trees
Field trials in Oregon and Arizona show that poplar trees, which emit trace amounts of the gas isoprene, can be genetically modified not to harm air quality while leaving their growth potential unchanged.

Some genetic sequencing fail to analyze large segments of DNA
Children who undergo expansive genetic sequencing may not be getting the thorough DNA analysis their parents were expecting, say experts at UT Southwestern Medical Center.

2017 San Diego wildfire increased pediatric ER visits for breathing problems
A small wildfire in San Diego County in 2017 resulted in a big uptick in children visiting the emergency room for breathing problems.

Antarctic waters: Warmer with more acidity and less oxygen
The increased freshwater from melting Antarctic ice sheets plus increased wind has reduced the amount of oxygen in the Southern Ocean and made it more acidic and warmer, according to new research led by University of Arizona geoscientists.

LD Motif Finder locates ancient hidden protein patterns
A machine learning method has identified highly elusive amino acid sequences involved in cell morphogenesis and adhesion and in diseases like cancer.

False negatives: Delayed Zika effects in babies who appeared normal at birth
Colombian infants exposed to Zika virus in the womb showed neurodevelopmental delays as toddlers, despite having 'normal' brain imaging and head circumference at birth, a finding that underscores the importance of long-term neurodevelopmental follow-up for Zika-exposed infants, according to a cohort study published online Jan.

Gene therapy shown to offer long-term benefits for people with Haemophilia A
A breakthrough gene therapy treatment for Haemophilia A has been shown to offer long-term benefits that have already transformed the lives of 13 men in the UK.

American College of Physicians issues guideline for testosterone treatment in adult men
Physicians should prescribe testosterone for men with age-related low testosterone only to treat sexual dysfunction, the American College of Physicians says in a new evidence-based clinical practice guideline published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Sublimation, not melting: Graphene surprises researchers again
Physicists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Institute for High Pressure Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences have used computer modeling to refine the melting curve of graphite that has been studied for over 100 years, with inconsistent findings.

Having a baby may cost some families $4,500 out-of-pocket
One of the most expensive parts of having a baby may involve the birth itself, a new Michigan Medicine study suggests.

Health care paperwork cost US $812 billion in 2017, 4 times more per capita than Canada
Compared to Canada, the US spends four times more on health care administration ($551 vs.
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