Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 03, 2020
Surgery for benign breast disease does not impair future breastfeeding capability
Young women with benign breast conditions may undergo surgery without jeopardizing their ability to breastfeed later on.

All members of military surgical teams can benefit from military-civilian partnerships
Researchers studied clinical practice patterns in non-physician members of Army FRSTs, particularly comparing the experience of active duty and Army reservist team members.

Are brain-computer interface spellers secure?
Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs), which aim to construct a pathway for people to interact with computers directly by thought, have received great attention in recent years.

A RUDN University physicist simplified the Einstein-lovelock theory for black holes
Allowing for quantum corrections, the Einstein-Lovelock theory describes black holes with an equation that contains an infinite number of terms.

Program to improve outcomes for geriatric surgery patients shows promise
A beta test of a program for older adults who undergo major surgery has resulted in shorter hospital stays and lower rates of post-surgery delirium, among other improved outcomes.

Two-dimensional optical spatial differentiation and high-contrast imaging
Scientists from China and America demonstrate broadband two-dimensional spatial differentiation and high-contrast edge imaging based on a dielectric metasurface.

Light from rare earth: new opportunities for organic light-emitting diodes
Efficient and stable blue OLED is still a challenge due to the lack of emitter simultaneously with high efficiency and short excited-state lifetime.

Treating DCIS with surgery and radiotherapy lowers cancer risk but benefits drop over time
A major study of women with DCIS - a breast condition that can become invasive cancer - has shown that surgery to remove the tissue followed by radiotherapy offers better protection compared to surgery alone.

Pregnant women have better outcomes after immediate surgery for complicated appendicitis
Pregnant women who underwent immediate surgery to treat a ruptured or abscessed appendix and their fetuses had significantly better outcomes than those whose condition was managed without an operation.

New artificial intelligence models show potential for predicting outcomes
New applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in health care settings have shown early success in improving survival and outcomes in traffic accident victims transported by ambulance and in predicting survival after liver transplantation.

Female Spanish-only speakers get screening mammograms less often than other women
Limited English-language proficiency (LEP) is a risk factor for getting potentially lifesaving screening mammograms less often.

Researchers zero in on genetic connection to postpartum hemorrhage
Researchers have identified genetic mutations that appear to protect women from severe bleeding after childbirth, a leading cause of maternal death.

High blood pressure linked to baroreflex in rats
Researchers describe a newly observed phenomenon in the way blood pressure is maintained in certain rats.

Amphiphilic AIE-active sensor: Breaking the bottleneck of AIE bioimaging
Currently, aggregation induced emission luminogens (AIEgens) materials reveal excellent performance in bioimaging.

Black children more than twice as likely to die after surgical complications
When it comes to surgery, minority children lag far behind white children, according to two analyses of large national databases being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2020 annual meeting.

A RUDN University biologist described how a harmless bacterium turns into a phytopathogen
A researcher from RUDN University suggested that Xanthomonas bacteria that are harmful to plants might have developed from a nonpathogenic related species by receiving virulence genes from other species of bacteria.

High throughput screening identifies molecules that reduce cellular stress
A new paper in the journal Science Advances describes the discovery of several promising small molecules that appear to reduce cellular stress in mouse skin cells and could lengthen life.

STOP THE BLEED training has saved lives from Sierra Leone to Connecticut
Two studies presented at the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Clinical Congress 2020 provide evidence that STOP THE BLEED® training is effective and has made a lifesaving difference around the world.

Hospitals serving minority patients follow breast cancer recommendations at similar rate
Among accredited U.S. cancer centers, hospitals serving primarily minority patients are as likely as other hospitals to offer the standard of surgical care for early-stage breast cancer.

Significant decline in prescription opioid abuse seen among Americans at last
Almost 20 years into the opioid epidemic, there finally is evidence of significant and continual decreases in the abuse of these risky pain medications, according to an analysis of national data being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2020 annual meeting.

Virtual follow-up care is more convenient and just as beneficial to surgical patients
Surgical patients who participate in virtual follow-up visits after their operations spend a similar amount of time with surgical team members as those who meet face-to-face.

Transportation barriers to care may increase likelihood of emergency surgical intervention
Transportation barriers, such as personal access to a vehicle or public transportation, disproportionally affect minority communities.

COVID-19 testing of children before anesthesia saves PPE
Universal COVID-19 testing of children who are having procedures requiring anesthesia promotes efficient use of personal protective equipment (PPE), according to research being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2020 annual meeting.

Study shows need for balance in post-surgery opioid prescribing guidelines
Opioid guidelines may be missing a small group of patients that need a greater level of pain control.
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