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Science News Archive | Brightsurf | (October 2019)

Science news and current events archive from October, 2019.

Show All Years  •  2019  •  Show All Months (2019)  •  October

Week 40
Tuesday October 1, 2019 (100)
Wednesday October 2, 2019 (122)
Thursday October 3, 2019 (113)
Friday October 4, 2019 (49)
Saturday October 5, 2019 (1)
Sunday October 6, 2019 (3)

Week 41
Monday October 7, 2019 (112)
Tuesday October 8, 2019 (92)
Wednesday October 9, 2019 (119)
Thursday October 10, 2019 (121)
Friday October 11, 2019 (69)
Saturday October 12, 2019 (3)
Sunday October 13, 2019 (3)

Week 42
Monday October 14, 2019 (56)
Tuesday October 15, 2019 (147)
Wednesday October 16, 2019 (126)
Thursday October 17, 2019 (114)
Friday October 18, 2019 (48)
Saturday October 19, 2019 (4)
Sunday October 20, 2019 (19)

Week 43
Monday October 21, 2019 (135)
Tuesday October 22, 2019 (111)
Wednesday October 23, 2019 (126)
Thursday October 24, 2019 (91)
Friday October 25, 2019 (96)
Sunday October 27, 2019 (4)

Week 44
Monday October 28, 2019 (107)
Tuesday October 29, 2019 (117)
Wednesday October 30, 2019 (132)
Thursday October 31, 2019 (100)


Top Science Current Events and Science News from October 2019



Global danger
Freiburg hydrologist presents new results showing how sinking groundwater levels threaten the vitality of riverine ecosystems (2019-10-04)
Science reveals improvements in Roman building techniques
In research published in EPJ Plus, researchers have carried out scientific analysis of the materials used to build the Atrium Vestae in Rome. (2019-10-25)
A cosmic pretzel
Astronomers using ALMA have obtained an extremely high-resolution image showing two disks in which young stars are growing, fed by a complex pretzel-shaped network of filaments of gas and dust. (2019-10-04)
Smaller than a coin
ETH researchers have developed a compact infrared spectrometer. It's small enough to fit on a computer chip but can still open up interesting possibilities -- in space and in everyday life. (2019-10-08)
Fun run
Attention runners: The next time you go out for a jog, you might want to strap a light resistance band between your feet. (2019-10-08)
DNA exchange among species is major contributor to diversity in Heliconius butterflies
Exchange of genetic material among species played a major role in the wide diversity of Heliconius butterflies, according to a new study, results of which inform a centuries-long debate about the value of hybridization to species evolution. (2019-10-31)
Electric cloth
Evening gowns with interwoven LEDs may look extravagant, but the light sources need a constant power supply from devices that are as well wearable, durable, and lightweight. (2019-10-18)
The fast dance of electron spins
Metal complexes show a fascinating behavior in their interactions with light, which for example is utilized in organic light emitting diodes, solar cells, quantum computers, or even in cancer therapy. (2019-10-04)
Searching for water
What does the presence of 1,000 year old water mean for the future of water supplies under the desert regions of Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Jordan, Oman, Yemen and the United Arab Emirates? (2019-10-15)
Spying on topology
Topological insulators are quantum materials, which, due to their exotic electronic structure, on surfaces and edges conduct electric current like metal, while acting as an insulator in bulk. (2019-10-02)
Managing stormwater and stream restoration projects together
A unified approach may benefit water quality, environment more than piecemeal. (2019-10-02)
Metabolic disturbance in the brain exacerbates, may forewarn Alzheimer's pathology
A better understanding of the metabolic processes in the brain -- specifically disturbances resulting from neurodegenerative diseases -- has important implications for potential treatments. (2019-10-20)
Mutation of the co-chaperone Tsc1 in bladder cancer diminishes Hsp90 acetylation and reduces drug sensitivity and selectivity
The researchers have recently identified the tumor suppressor tuberous sclerosis complex 1 as a new co-chaperone of Hsp90 that affects Hsp90 binding to its inhibitors. (2019-10-10)
Physics vs. asthma
A research team from the MIPT Center for Molecular Mechanisms of Aging and Age-Related Diseases has collaborated with colleagues from the U.S., Canada, France, and Germany to determine the spatial structure of the CysLT1 receptor. (2019-10-09)
MIT engineers develop a new way to remove carbon dioxide from air
A new way of removing carbon dioxide from a stream of air could provide a significant tool in the battle against climate change. (2019-10-25)
Kallikrein 6 protease advances colon tumorigenesis via induction of the high mobility group A2 protein
In the CRC patients, KLK6 protein levels were elevated in the non-cancerous distant and adjacent tissues, compared to their paired tumor tissues. (2019-10-22)
Stanford study shows why even well-controlled epilepsy can disrupt thinking
A study by Stanford University School of Medicine investigators may help explain why even people benefiting from medications for their epilepsy often continue to experience bouts of difficulty thinking, perceiving and remembering clearly. (2019-10-16)
How roots grow hair
The roots of plants can do a lot of things: They grow in length to reach water, they can bend to circumvent stones, and they form fine root hairs enabling them to absorb more nutrients from the soil. (2019-10-17)
Growing and moving
How interactions between neuronal migration and outgrowth shape network architecture. (2019-10-09)
Adaptive human immunity depends on the factor responsible for the formation of white blood cells
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)has a significant regulatory effect not only on innate, but also on adaptive immunity. (2019-10-31)
Viagra helps mobilize bone marrow stem cells for transplantation in mice
The combination of two clinically approved drugs -- Viagra and Plerixafor -- rapidly and efficiently mobilizes blood stem cells from the bone marrow into the bloodstream in mice, researchers report Oct. (2019-10-10)
New public-private research upends traditional carbon pricing and presents a more effective method for pricing emissions
Newly released public-private research proposes a new method for calculating carbon tax rates based on environmental, economic and social factors, including the costs the public pays for carbon usage such as damage to agriculture, vulnerable coastal infrastructure, and risk to human health. (2019-10-01)
Thin to win
University of Utah electrical and computer engineering researchers have developed a new kind of optical lens that is much thinner and lighter than conventional camera lenses that also works with night imaging, a future boon for smartphones that could flatten those unsightly 'camera bumps' as well as for drones and night vision cameras for soldiers. (2019-10-08)
Escapism: A powerful predictor of internet gaming disorder among video gamers
A new study in Comprehensive Psychiatry, published by Elsevier, is the first to compare professional electronic sport (esport) players with recreational video game players and explores the similarities and differences between what motivates each group. (2019-10-22)
Endocrine Society urges policymakers to follow science on transgender health
A custody case in Texas has sparked heated debate and embroiled state policymakers in public discussions about the diagnosis and appropriate medical treatment of transgender children. (2019-10-29)
Studies of autism spectrum disorder reveal new avenues of neuroscience research
Advances in the study of cognitive disorders, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), may pave the way for future treatments. (2019-10-21)
Archaeologists uncover 2,000-year-old street in Jerusalem built by Pontius Pilate
An ancient walkway most likely used by pilgrims as they made their way to worship at the Temple Mount has been uncovered in the 'City of David' in the Jerusalem Walls National Park. (2019-10-20)
Bacterial lifestyle alters the evolution of antibiotic resistance
How bacteria live - whether as independent cells or in a communal biofilm - determines the course of their evolution, with implications for drug-resistant infections. (2019-10-23)
New insights into the genomic landscape of meningiomas identified FGFR3 in a subset of patients with favorable prognoses
The identification of oncogenic mutations has provided further insights into the tumorigenesis of meningioma and the possibility of targeted therapy. (2019-10-04)
Drinking more sugary beverages of any type may increase type 2 diabetes risk
People who increase their consumption of sugary beverages -- whether they contain added or naturally occurring sugar -- may face moderately higher risk of type 2 diabetes. (2019-10-03)
Chemicals in consumer products during early pregnancy related to lower IQ
Exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy to mixtures of suspected endocrine-disrupting chemicals found in consumer products is related to lower IQ in children by age 7, according to a study by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Karlstad University, Sweden, published in Environment International in October. (2019-10-24)
New clinical research offers possibility of future rehabilitation for patients in minimally conscious or vegetative state
Non-invasive brain stimulation is to be trialled for the first time alongside advanced brain imaging techniques in patients who are minimally conscious or in a vegetative state. (2019-10-17)
Using the gut-brain connection to impact brain health and disease
Research on gut-brain communication via the immune system may help in the development of novel treatments for neurodegenerative diseases. (2019-10-21)
Exercise capacity may affect cognitive health of survivors of childhood leukemia
A new study found a link between reduced exercise capacity and neurocognitive problems in survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common childhood cancer. (2019-10-21)
An oral anticoagulant delays the appearance of Alzheimer's disease in mice
Scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC) have identified a possible treatment for Alzheimer's disease. (2019-10-07)
Dartmouth lab introduces the next wave of interactive technology
The next-generation technology from Dartmouth's XDiscovery Lab brings humans even closer to the devices that they rely on for everyday work and play. (2019-10-21)
Increased depression, suicidal thoughts and stress are reported in patients with chronically itchy skin
Itch is a very common symptom in patients suffering from skin diseases. (2019-10-29)
Game changer: New chemical keeps plants plump
A UC Riverside-led team has created a chemical to help plants hold onto water, which could stem the tide of massive annual crop losses from drought and help farmers grow food despite a changing climate. (2019-10-25)
Laser precision: NASA flights, satellite align over sea ice
The skies were clear, the winds were low, and the lasers aligned. (2019-10-03)
Loosen up!
Generally, exercise is considered good for you. However, physicians and medical doctors previously prescribed bedrest to people with heart failure, fearing exercise could potentially lead to additional health problems. (2019-10-22)
Deciphering the early stages of Parkinson's disease is a matter of time
Researchers at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the University of Virginia School of Medicine, USA, identified for the first time the initial steps of alpha-synuclein protein aggregates related to early onsets of hereditary Parkinson cases. (2019-10-11)
Financial hardship in cancer: The role of health insurance literacy
A new American Cancer Society study links health insurance literacy with medical financial hardship as well as non-medical financial sacrifices among adult cancer survivors in the United States. (2019-10-17)
Increase health benefits of exercise by working out before breakfast -- new research
Exercising before eating breakfast burns more fat, improves how the body responds to insulin and lowers people's risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. (2019-10-18)
Combination of techniques could improve security for IoT devices
A multi-pronged data analysis approach that can strengthen the security of Internet of Things (IoT) devices -- such as smart TVs, home video cameras and baby monitors -- against current risks and threats has been created by a team of Penn State World Campus students. (2019-10-10)
Inhibition of histone deacetylase 2 reduces MDM2 expression and reduces tumor growth in dedifferentiated liposarcoma
Here the researchers present in silico, in vitro, and mouse xenograft studies that suggest that specifically targeting HDAC2 reduces MDM2 expression and has anti-tumor affects in DDLPS. (2019-10-04)
Listening in to how proteins talk and learning their language
A research team led by George Church, Ph.D. at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and Harvard Medical School (HMS) has created a third approach to engineering proteins that uses deep learning to distill the fundamental features of proteins directly from their amino acid sequence without the need for additional information. (2019-10-21)
New design strategy can help improve layered superconducting materials
Tokyo, Japan - Scientists from Tokyo Metropolitan University have created a new layered superconducting material with a conducting layer made of bismuth, silver, tin, sulfur and selenium. (2019-10-12)
Many women and health care providers assume CBD safe during pregnancy despite lack of research
While most women of childbearing age understand drinking alcohol while pregnant is harmful, they may be less skeptical about the safety of cannabidiol (CBD), even though there is no evidence to support that belief, suggests a study being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2019 annual meeting. (2019-10-20)
SLAS Discovery releases special issue
October's SLAS Discovery features part 1 of a 2-part special issue on 'Membrane Proteins: New Approaches to Probes, Technologies and Drug Design.' Part 2 of this special edition will be featured in December. (2019-10-11)
Should preschool writing be more communication and less ABCs?
Writing instruction in early education should be about more than letter formation and penmanship, argue Michigan State University researchers who found preschool teachers don't often encourage writing for communication purposes. (2019-10-29)

Top Science Podcasts

We have hand picked the top science podcasts of 2019.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Risk
Why do we revere risk-takers, even when their actions terrify us? Why are some better at taking risks than others? This hour, TED speakers explore the alluring, dangerous, and calculated sides of risk. Guests include professional rock climber Alex Honnold, economist Mariana Mazzucato, psychology researcher Kashfia Rahman, structural engineer and bridge designer Ian Firth, and risk intelligence expert Dylan Evans.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#541 Wayfinding
These days when we want to know where we are or how to get where we want to go, most of us will pull out a smart phone with a built-in GPS and map app. Some of us old timers might still use an old school paper map from time to time. But we didn't always used to lean so heavily on maps and technology, and in some remote places of the world some people still navigate and wayfind their way without the aid of these tools... and in some cases do better without them. This week, host Rachelle Saunders...
Now Playing: Radiolab

Dolly Parton's America: Neon Moss
Today on Radiolab, we're bringing you the fourth episode of Jad's special series, Dolly Parton's America. In this episode, Jad goes back up the mountain to visit Dolly's actual Tennessee mountain home, where she tells stories about her first trips out of the holler. Back on the mountaintop, standing under the rain by the Little Pigeon River, the trip triggers memories of Jad's first visit to his father's childhood home, and opens the gateway to dizzying stories of music and migration. Support Radiolab today at Radiolab.org/donate.