Don't let skiing and snowboarding injuries take you downhillJanuary 12, 2018
ROSEMONT, Ill. (Jan. 12, 2018)--Skiing and snowboarding are fun winter sports. As the popularity of these winter sports continue to rise, according to a review article published in the January 1, 2018, issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the number of skier and snowboarder injuries also continues to rise.
"Skiing and snowboarding are associated with a large number of injuries, with specific patterns and anatomic areas affected," says Brett D. Owens, MD, lead review article author, an orthopaedic surgeon who specializes in sports medicine as well as complex shoulder and knee surgeries and who is a professor of orthopaedic surgery at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) estimates that more than 140,000 people were treated in hospitals, doctors' offices, and emergency rooms in 2015 for skiing and snowboarding-related injuries (88,210 and 61,668 injuries, respectively). According to the review article:
- Snowboarders were three times more likely than skiers to sustain injury.
- In 1989, snowboarding injuries accounted for four percent of all snow sport-related injuries. By 1999, it made up to 56 percent of all snow sport-related injuries.
The most common skiing and snowboarding injuries are to the spine, pelvis, shoulder, wrist, hands, knees, and foot and ankle. Skiers are more likely to experience lower extremity injuries, especially to their knees, "due to the rotational forces on the knee despite effective binding releases." Snowboarders are more likely to experience upper extremity injuries "due to falls onto their hands."
"Snow sport athletes can best prepare for their sport with a general preseason conditioning program as well as familiarity and maintenance of equipment," says Dr. Owens, who offers the following injury prevention tips:
- Be prepared for the season with well-conditioned muscles and a body that is adequately hydrated.
- Be knowledgeable about how to use your equipment appropriately, and ensure everything is in optimal working condition.
- Check that the ski bindings can release from your boots when appropriate, and that boots fit appropriately.
- Check that the edges of your skis and/or snowboard are flat and sharp for maximum performance to minimize injuries.
- Always wear a helmet.
- Avoid alcohol or drug use.
- Be sure you have the ability to slow down and stop on busy days when many other athletes also are on the mountain.
- Use extreme caution when weather conditions are not optimal.
- Always follow signs and ski patrol instructions. Never ski or snowboard "out-of-bounds."
Follow the AAOS on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram
Follow the conversation about JAAOS on Twitter
From Lifespan and the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI.
Dr. Owens or an immediate family member serves as a paid consultant to CONMED, DePuy Synthes Mitek Sports Medicine, and the Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation; has received research or institutional support from Histogenics; and serves as a board member, owner, officer, or committee member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the American Orthopaedic Association, the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, and the Arthroscopy Association of North America. None of the following authors or any immediate family member has received anything of value from or has stock or stock options held in a commercial company or institution related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article: Dr. Nacca, Dr. Harris, and Dr. Feller.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018;0:1-10. DOI: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00832
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Related Athletes Articles:
Preliminary results of a new study show that sleep disturbance is strongly related to the use of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs among student athletes in college.
It's estimated there are more than six million children in the United States with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
The anxiety experienced by elite athletes over illness symptoms is linked to the risk of being injured during competition and should be taken seriously, according to a study carried out at the IAAF World Championships in Athletics 2015 and led by researchers at Linköping University, Sweden.
Survey results suggest that more than 40 percent of college athletes aren't getting the amount of sleep recommended for healthy adults.
A Danish-Swedish research team working on a project led by University of Southern Denmark has discovered that muscle endurance is not only determined by the number of mitochondria, but also their structure.
Olympics officials already contending with the illegal use of steroids among athletes are now being proactive about a potential new trend in performance enhancement: gene doping.
Trials of a prototype robot for sports therapy have just begun in Singapore, to create a high quality and repeatable treatment routine to improve sports recovery, reducing reliance on trained therapists.
Brain State Technologies announces that a series of young athletes with long-term symptoms after concussion showed a variety of lasting improvements, after using HIRREM® neurotechnology.
New research finds white matter changes in the brains of athletes six months after a concussion.
'Leaky gut' is a condition where the thin mucosal barrier of the gut, which plays a role in absorbing nutrients and preventing large molecules and germs from the gut entering the blood stream, becomes less effective.
Related Athletes Reading:
The Brave Athlete: Calm the F*ck Down and Rise to the Occasion
by Simon Marshall PhD (Author), Lesley Paterson (Author)
The Brave Athlete solves the 13 most common mental conundrums athletes face in their everyday training and in races.
You don’t have one brain—you have three; your ancient Chimp brain that keeps you alive, your modern Professor brain that navigates the civilized world, and your Computer brain that accesses your memories and runs your habits (good and bad). They fight for control all the time and that’s when bad things happen; you get crazy nervous before a race, you choke under pressure, you quit when the going gets tough, you make dumb mistakes, you worry... View Details
The Athlete: Greatness, Grace and the Unprecedented Life of Charlie Ward
by Jon Finkel (Author)
The complete, ultimate biography of Heisman Trophy winner, Florida State national champion and New York Knicks point guard Charlie Ward
It takes a once-in-a-generation athlete to win a national championship as a quarterback for Florida State, reach the Sweet Sixteen three times as a point guard for his school, and then go on to become a starting guard for the New York Knicks in an NBA Finals. Yes, Charlie Ward's athletic accomplishments truly know no peer. Combine a twelve-year NBA career with a College Football Hall of Fame career and the portrait of a humble,... View Details
Athlete: Grade 6: Fun, inclusive & experiential transition curriculum for everyday learning (Teaching Outside the Box)
by Katherine Johnson (Author), Rosemary Johnson (Editor)
In this unit of lessons the student will practice transition skills such as teamwork, leadership, self-advocacy, and dedication to the improvement of skills necessary to become an athlete. The student will participate in a variety of fun athletic games and teamwork activities. They will practice using a stopwatch and measuring improvement in practicing a physical activity over a period of 5 days, keep a daily nutrition journal, try stair climbing, solve real world unit rate problems, try blind fold soccer, and participate in a field day of fun athletic activities including a triathlon. View Details
Athlete: Grade K: Fun, inclusive & experiential transition curriculum for everyday learning (Teaching Outside the Box)
by Katherine Johnson (Author), Rosemary Johnson (Editor)
In this unit of lessons the student will practice transition skills such as teamwork, leadership, self-advocacy, and dedication to improvement of skills necessary to become an athlete. The student will participate in a variety of fun athletic games and teamwork activities, measure their own heart rate before and after a physical activity, practice using a stopwatch and measuring improvement in practicing a physical activity like running over a period of multiple days, use dramatic play to envision playing more sports, make a personalized sports pennant, and participate in a field day of fun... View Details
The Mindful Athlete: Secrets to Pure Performance
by George Mumford (Author)
Michael Jordan credits George Mumford with transforming his on-court leadership of the Bulls, helping Jordan lead the team to six NBA championships. Mumford also helped Kobe Bryant, Andrew Bynum, and Lamar Odom and countless other NBA players turn around their games. A widely respected public speaker and coach, Mumford is sharing his own story and the strategies that have made these athletes into stars in The Mindful Athlete: The Secret to Pure Performance. His proven, gentle but groundbreaking mindfulness techniques can transform the performance of anyone with a goal, be they an... View Details
Bring Your "A" Game: A Young Athlete's Guide to Mental Toughness
by Jennifer L. Etnier (Author)
Mental training is just as important as physical training when it comes to success in sport. And like physical fitness, mental toughness is something that can be taught and learned. Yet many young athletes have not learned the psychological skills needed to develop their best game. This book was written specifically for young athletes interested in improving their performance and reaching their potential in sport.
Bring Your "A" Game introduces key strategies for mental training, such as goal setting, pre-performance routines, confidence building, and imagery. Each of the... View Details
Medical Conditions in the Athlete 3rd Edition With Web Study Guide
by Katie Walsh Flanagan (Author), Micki Cuppett (Author)
Medical Conditions in the Athlete, Third Edition With Web Study Guide, equips health care providers with the information they need to develop a framework for decision making when working with injured and recovering athletes and active populations. The updated and streamlined third edition provides comprehensive medical information that assists health care providers and athletic trainers in recognizing and identifying underlying and potentially serious medical conditions that may affect their chosen course of treatment.
The highly esteemed authors, Katie Walsh Flanagan... View Details
The No Meat Athlete Cookbook: Whole Food, Plant-Based Recipes to Fuel Your Workouts―and the Rest of Your Life
by Matt Frazier (Author), Stepfanie Romine (Author), Rich Roll (Author), Matt Frazier (Primary Contributor)
A Sports Illustrated Best Health and Wellness Book of 2017
Plant-powered recipes to power you—perform better, recover faster, feel great!
A fast-growing global movement, No Meat Athlete (NMA) earns new fans every day by showing how everyone from weekend joggers to world-class competitors can become even healthier and fitter by eating whole plant foods.
Now The No Meat Athlete Cookbook—written by NMA founder Matt Frazier and longtime health coach, yoga teacher, and food writer Stepfanie Romine—showcases 125 delicious... View Details
Mind Gym : An Athlete's Guide to Inner Excellence
by Gary Mack (Author), David Casstevens (Author)
In Mind Gym, noted sports psychology consultant Gary Mack explains how your mind influences your athletic performance as much as your physical skill does, if not more so. Through forty accessible lessons and inspirational anecdotes from prominent athletes - many of whom he has worked with - you will learn the same techniques and exercises Mack uses to help elite athletes build mental "muscle". View Details
Kid Athletes: True Tales of Childhood from Sports Legends (Kid Legends)
by David Stabler (Author), Doogie Horner (Illustrator)
Hilarious childhood biographies and full-color illustrations show how Tiger Woods, Gabby Douglas, Bruce Lee, Bille Jean King, and other budding sports champions faced kid-sized challenges growing up.
Forget the gold medals, the championships, and the undefeated seasons. When all-star athletes were growing up, they had regular-kid problems just like you. Baseball legend Babe Ruth was such a troublemaker, his family sent him to reform school. Race car champion Danica Patrick fended off bullies who told her “girls can’t drive.” And football superstar... View Details