Danger of epilepsy after being hit by a golf ball

January 24, 2000

[Golf ball epilepsy] 2000:68:251-52

A hazard of playing or watching golf is being hit by the occasional stray ball while on the course. But a brief report in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Pyschiatry shows that golf balls travelling at speed can inflict more than just severe bruising.

The report cites the cases of four young people who were struck by golf balls, which can travel at speeds of up to 130 miles an hour. An eleven year old boy, hit on the right temple, did not lose consciousness until three hours after the incident when he suffered two seizures; a scan showed that he had developed a blood clot on the brain. A 16 year old boy, who was hit on the head by a ball that was travelling so fast it rebounded a considerable distance, sustained only a bit of painful bruising and swelling at the time. It was not until some four to five hours later that he started fitting. The blood clot on his scan even resembled the shape of the offending golf ball, say the authors. The other cases involved a five year old girl and a 12 year old boy, who continued to have seizures up to four years after the incident.

Golf balls "are able to transmit considerable mechanical energy at a small site of impact," say the authors. "The problem is one of which spectators on golf courses (and their doctors) should be aware."
-end-
Contact: Mr Paul Eldrige, The Walton Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Liverpool.

BMJ Specialty Journals

Related Seizures Articles from Brightsurf:

Hallucinations in people with seizures may point to suicide risk
A study from scientists at Trinity College Dublin and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland shows that 8% of individuals with a history of seizures report hallucinations, including experiences of hearing or seeing things that are not based in reality.

Epilepsy: Seizures not forecastable as expected
Epileptic seizures can probably not be predicted by changes in brain wave patterns that were previously assumed to be characteristic precursors.

Predicting epileptic seizures might be more difficult than previously thought
By studying the brain dynamics of 28 subjects with epilepsy, scientists demonstrated there is no evidence for a previously suspected warning sign for seizures known as 'critical slowing down,' which refers to characteristic changes in the behavior of a complex system that approaches a theoretical tipping point; when this point is exceeded, there can be impactful and devastating changes.

Gene protective against fruit fly heat-induced seizures may explain some human seizures
Researchers identified a gene in fruit flies that helps prevent the hyperexcitability of specific neurons that trigger seizures.

Rethinking seizures associated with cardiac disease
Research from Washington University in St. Louis finds that mutations of a gene implicated in long QT syndrome in humans may trigger seizures because of their direct effects on certain classes of neurons in the brain -- independent from what the genetic mutations do to heart function.

UTSA reduces seizures by removing newborn neurons
Epileptic seizures happen in one of every 10 people who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Reducing seizures by removing newborn neurons
Removing new neurons born after a brain injury reduces seizures in mice, according to new research in JNeurosci.

Inducing seizures to stop seizures
Surgery is the only way to stop seizures in 30 per cent of patients with focal drug-resistant epilepsy.

New research could help predict seizures before they happen
A new study has found a pattern of molecules that appear in the blood before a seizure happens.

New drug could help treat neonatal seizures
A new drug that inhibits neonatal seizures in rodent models could open up new avenues for the treatment of epilepsy in human newborns.

Read More: Seizures News and Seizures Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.