Nav: Home

How wind turbines annoy residents and how to reduce it

January 24, 2018

When falling asleep, relaxing or undertaking recreational activities, nearly a third of residents living near a wind farm are not at all annoyed or only slightly annoyed by the noise of wind turbines. One in ten people experience symptoms of stress, such as irritability or difficulty falling asleep. However, noise is not the only problem for those affected, according to psychologists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) in the current issue of the journal Energy Policy. In particular, a critical attitude towards a wind farm stimulates the experience of stress. According to the study, a better information policy during the planning phase could help alleviate problems for residents.

In their study, the environmental psychologists working with Prof Gundula Hübner and Dr Johannes Pohl from MLU investigated a wind farm in northern Germany from 2012 to 2014. They conducted surveys of residents, and their project partner UL DEWI (UL International GmbH) analysed sound recordings of wind turbines. The psychologists even took weather into account. This allowed researchers to discover, for example, that the noise from wind turbines is perceived more when humidity is high and when there is frost.

Another result: Symptoms of stress were experienced at least once a month by the nearly 10 per cent of participants surveyed who said they felt annoyed by the wind turbines. "Symptoms include problems falling asleep, disturbed sleep in general, a negative mood, and strong irritability," explains Pohl. By comparison, 16 per cent of the participants surveyed said that they suffer from such symptoms at least once a month as a result of traffic noise.

When the psychologists re-surveyed the residents two years later, the proportion of people suffering from at least one concrete symptom had fallen to 6.8 per cent. "Many residents get used to the noise from the wind farm or they have resigned themselves to it. A good one fourth of those affected close their windows at night so that they are no longer disturbed by the noise," says Pohl. It is notable that the people who continued to have the biggest problem with wind turbines were those who were already very critical of the wind farm. This group showed little interest in learning ways to cope with the stress, says the researcher. This shows how difficult it is to change established attitudes. The environmental psychologists at the University of Halle therefore recommend proactively addressing the residents' problems and concerns during the planning phase. "The way the residents experience the planning and construction phase is a decisive indicator of how strongly or weakly they will be impaired in the long run by the wind farm." Pohl concludes. Therefore, it is important to create the most positive experience possible. This could happen, for example, through early information campaigns and community meetings. Furthermore, residents should be included in the planning wherever possible.

Several residents had also prepared recordings of annoying noise at night. These were analysed by the researchers at DEWI. "The wind and the movement of the rotor blades can cause amplitude modulation, in other words an irregular pulsating of the volume. These irregularities are what annoy some of the residents, something which they perceive to be irregular humming or swooshing," says Dr Johannes Pohl from the Institute of Psychology at MLU. A quiet, steady background noise is easier to ignore, says the researcher. Most of the complaints occurred in the night or in the early morning hours when there are fewer other noises. According to the study, however, the proximity of the resident's home to the wind farm had little significant influence on their annoyance.

The psychologists from Halle will incorporate their study's findings into the project "TremAc", which is being funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. As part of the project, ten university and commercial research institutes are working on a new concept for predicting noise and vibrations caused by wind farms. This model should allow the interplay between these two factors to be understood and predicted better, with one of the aims being to make the noise emitted by wind turbines more pleasant for those affected. To this end, acoustic and seismic measurements, as well as surveys covering aspects of environmental psychology and medicine are being conducted at two wind farms.
-end-


Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

Related Stress Articles:

Captive meerkats at risk of stress
Small groups of meerkats -- such as those commonly seen in zoos and safari parks -- are at greater risk of chronic stress, new research suggests.
Stress may protect -- at least in bacteria
Antibiotics harm bacteria and stress them. Trimethoprim, an antibiotic, inhibits the growth of the bacterium Escherichia coli and induces a stress response.
Some veggies each day keeps the stress blues away
Eating three to four servings of vegetables daily is associated with a lower incidence of psychological stress, new research by University of Sydney scholars reveals.
Prebiotics may help to cope with stress
Probiotics are well known to benefit digestive health, but prebiotics are less well understood.
Building stress-resistant memories
Though it's widely assumed that stress zaps a person's ability to recall memory, it doesn't have that effect when memory is tested immediately after a taxing event, and when subjects have engaged in a highly effective learning technique, a new study reports.
Stress during pregnancy
The environment the unborn child is exposed to inside the womb can have a major effect on her or his development and future health.
New insights into how the brain adapts to stress
New research led by the University of Bristol has found that genes in the brain that play a crucial role in behavioural adaptation to stressful challenges are controlled by epigenetic mechanisms.
Uncertainty can cause more stress than inevitable pain
Knowing that there is a small chance of getting a painful electric shock can lead to significantly more stress than knowing that you will definitely be shocked.
Stress could help activate brown fat
Mild stress stimulates the activity and heat production by brown fat associated with raised cortisol, according to a study published today in Experimental Physiology.
Experiencing major stress makes some older adults better able to handle daily stress
Dealing with a major stressful event appears to make some older adults better able to cope with the ups and downs of day-to-day stress.

Related Stress Reading:

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Changing The World
What does it take to change the world for the better? This hour, TED speakers explore ideas on activism—what motivates it, why it matters, and how each of us can make a difference. Guests include civil rights activist Ruby Sales, labor leader and civil rights activist Dolores Huerta, author Jeremy Heimans, "craftivist" Sarah Corbett, and designer and futurist Angela Oguntala.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#521 The Curious Life of Krill
Krill may be one of the most abundant forms of life on our planet... but it turns out we don't know that much about them. For a create that underpins a massive ocean ecosystem and lives in our oceans in massive numbers, they're surprisingly difficult to study. We sit down and shine some light on these underappreciated crustaceans with Stephen Nicol, Adjunct Professor at the University of Tasmania, Scientific Advisor to the Association of Responsible Krill Harvesting Companies, and author of the book "The Curious Life of Krill: A Conservation Story from the Bottom of the World".