Not all eating habits are made alike. Some routines may even be beneficial, new study says

January 30, 2006

A new study on eating habits, forthcoming in the March 2006 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research, reveals that not all eating habits are made alike. Adwait Khare (University of Houston) and J. Jeffrey Inman (University of Pittsburgh) identify two ways of characterizing eating habits, which they termed "carryover habit" and "baseline habit." Their findings have important implications for nutritional guidelines and meal planning.

Carryover habit describes meal decisions affected by previous meals. The authors found that what we eat at a meal - say, breakfast - is more influenced by what we ate at the same meal the previous day than by the other prior meals. Breakfast has the strongest "carryover effect," possibly because we have less time to decide what to eat for breakfast and the most consistent environment for this meal.

Since we tend to eat more "good" nutrients, like calcium, at breakfast and more "bad" nutrients, like saturated fat, at dinner, this carryover might actually be beneficial. However, when the authors examined how much of each nutrient tended to be consumed at each meal, they found that people with a "baseline habit" consistently varied how much of each nutrient they ate according to what meal it was.

"Daily meals are associated with different food values," write the authors.

The authors suggest that instead of providing daily nutritional goals, we might want to embrace multi-day nutritional goals, taking into account how one day's meals affect the next day's meals. Also, knowing that we tend to approach dinner with a different set of habits, can help us look at nutritional goals with more clarity.
-end-
Adwait Khare and J. Jeffrey Inman. "Habitual Behavior in American Eating Patterns: The Role of Meal Occasions." Journal of Consumer Research. March 2006.

University of Chicago Press Journals

Related Consumer Research Articles from Brightsurf:

VAT cuts do not increase consumer purchasing power
An empirical study published in the Journal of Political Economy finds that VAT cuts are less likely to be passed on to consumer prices than VAT hikes.

Consumer-created social media visuals capture consumer brand perceptions
CATONSVILLE, MD, July 13, 2020 - New research has found that there is a strong link between the visual portrayal of a brand in online imagery created by consumers and the larger brand perceptions.

Coconut confusion reveals consumer conundrum
Coconut oil production may be more damaging to the environment than palm oil, researchers say.

Selling something? Tap into consumer arrogance
In today's world of consumption, likes and shares, a new study shows that that leveraging consumer arrogance might be marketers' most effective strategy for promoting their brands and products.

New research says displaying fake reviews increases consumer trust in platforms by 80%
Many people are using COVID-19 quarantine to get projects done at home, meaning plenty of online shopping for tools and supplies.

Government's stimulus program to boost consumer spending
The world has been experiencing an unprecedented economic downturn due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Want to stop consumer hoarding in times of crisis?
Consumer stockpiling and hoarding took center stage in recent months as the COVID-19 virus has spread around the world, and with it, panic buying on the part of millions.

Flavor research for consumer protection
In 2013, the German Stiftung Warentest found harmful benzene in drinks with cherry flavor.

Boosting the impact of consumer research in the world
The authors urge consumer researchers to break their self-imposed boundaries in order to broaden their impact, lest they become irrelevant to non-academic marketing stakeholders and cede influence to non-marketing academic disciplines.

Credit counseling may help reduce consumer debt
By the end of fourth quarter 2018, total household debt in the United States reached a new high of $13.54 trillion.

Read More: Consumer Research News and Consumer Research Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.