Scientists poised to study reproducibility of Brazilian biomedical research

February 05, 2019

A project to assess the reproducibility of biomedical research in Brazil has been described today in the open-access journal eLife.

The Brazilian Reproducibility Initiative is a systematic, multi-centre effort to repeat experiments from published articles originating from Brazil, with studies due to begin later this year and results expected in 2021. It is the first project of its kind designed to estimate the reproducibility of research in a specific country.

Launched in 2018, the initiative was recently awarded a grant of R$1m (about US$275,000) from the Serrapilheira Institute - Brazil's first private institute dedicated to supporting scientific research - to repeat between 60 and 100 experiments in at least three different laboratories each.

The replication studies will be based on individual experiments, rather than entire research articles, to increase coverage of the published literature and facilitate analysis. The scope of the studies will also be limited to common methodologies that are widely available in Brazil, to ensure they can be replicated within the project's network of more than 70 collaborating laboratories.

If the original result of an experiment is within the variation range predicted by the replication studies, it will be deemed reproducible. The results will then be used to assess if there are features of the original articles that can predict reproducibility.

Olavo Amaral, Professor at the Institute of Medical Biochemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, will lead the project, alongside a coordinating team that includes researchers Kleber Neves, Clarissa Carneiro and Ana Paula Sampaio, from the same university. They will be responsible for selecting the methods and experiments to replicate, as well as overseeing the work of the collaborating labs.

"Most efforts to estimate the reproducibility of published findings have focused on specific areas of research, such as psychology and cancer biology, even though science is usually assessed and funded on a regional or national basis," Amaral says. "Here, we offer a different perspective on the concept, covering various areas of life science research with a focus on a particular country."

Amaral adds that the project is not without its challenges. For example, there may be concerns that replicating other scientists' work indicates mistrust of the original results. Also, as a degree of irreproducibility is expected - based on results from previous reproducibility efforts - this may raise worries about Brazilian science as there will be no estimates from other countries for comparison.

"To help counter these concerns, we are taking steps to ensure the project is viewed as we ourselves conceive it: a first-person initiative of the Brazilian scientific community to evaluate its own practices in an open, unbiased and transparent way," Amaral says.

"Whatever the results may be, this project is bound to put Brazil at the vanguard of the reproducibility debate, if only because we will likely be the first country to undertake such an evaluation. Indeed, we hope other countries might be inspired to openly assess their own rates of reproducibility. This could help to guide national funding agencies in evaluating this central dimension of science, giving them insights on where to direct their investments and fostering the reliability of published research."

The Feature Article 'Science Forum: The Brazilian Reproducibility Initiative' can be freely accessed online at Contents, including text, figures and data, are free to reuse under a CC BY 4.0 license.

To find out more about the Reproducibility Project: Cancer Biology and the results published in eLife so far, visit

Media contact

Emily Packer, Senior Press Officer
01223 855373

About eLife

eLife aims to help scientists accelerate discovery by operating a platform for research communication that encourages and recognises the most responsible behaviours in science. We publish important research in all areas of the life and biomedical sciences, including Biochemistry and Chemical Biology and Cell Biology, which is selected and evaluated by working scientists and made freely available online without delay. eLife also invests in innovation through open-source tool development to accelerate research communication and discovery. Our work is guided by the communities we serve. eLife is supported by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Max Planck Society, the Wellcome Trust and the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation. Learn more at

To read the latest Biochemistry and Chemical Biology research published in eLife, visit

And to read the latest Cell Biology research, see


Related Biomedical Research Articles from Brightsurf:

General data protection regulation hinders global biomedical research
The European Union (EU) General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was designed to give EU citizens greater protection and control of their personal data, particularly when transferred to entities outside the EU.

Novel educational program puts a human face on biomedical research
The goal of translational research is to speed research breakthroughs into clinical practice.

Biomedical research may miss key information by ignoring genetic ancestry
A new study of Black residents of four distinct US cities reveals variations in genetic ancestry and social status that underscore the inadequacy of using skin color as a proxy for race in research.

Advances in cryo-EM materials may aid cancer and biomedical research
Cryogenic-Electron Microscopy (cryo-EM) has been a game changer in the field of medical research, but the substrate, used to freeze and view samples under a microscope, has not advanced much in decades.

World-first program uncovers errors in biomedical research results
Just like the wrong ingredients can spoil a cake, so too can the wrong ingredients spoil the results in biomedical research.

Scientists poised to study reproducibility of Brazilian biomedical research
A project to assess the reproducibility of biomedical research in Brazil has been described today in the open-access journal eLife.

Transparency and reproducibility of biomedical research is improving
New research publishing Nov. 20 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology from Joshua Wallach, Kevin Boyack, and John Ioannidis suggests that progress has been made in key areas of research transparency and reproducibility.

As private funding of biomedical research soars, new risks arise
Academic medical centers (AMCs) in the US are navigating an increasing shift in research funding from historic public funding (e.g., NIH) to private sources such as pharma and biotech companies, foundations, and charities, raising a host of new issues related to collaborative research models, intellectual property rights, and scientific and ethical oversight.

BGRF scientists co-publish research paper on blockchain & AI for biomedical applications
Biogerontology Research Foundation Chief Science Officer (CSO) co-authored the landmark paper in the journal Oncotarget on the convergence of blockchain and AI to decentralize and galvanize healthcare and biomedical research.

Promising new drug for Hep B tested at Texas Biomedical Research Institute
Research at the Southwest National Primate Research Center (SNPRC) on the campus of Texas Biomedical Research Institute helped advance a new treatment now in human trials for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.

Read More: Biomedical Research News and Biomedical Research Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to