Nav: Home

Delinquent youth have more high-risk sex HIV/AIDS behaviors as they age

February 14, 2017

CHICAGO - Delinquent youth are more likely to have high-risk HIV/AIDS sexual behaviors as they age, including multiple sexual partners and unprotected vaginal sex with a high-risk partner, reports a Northwestern Medicine study. The study tracked the youth 14 years after detention.

"Sex risk behaviors are still more prevalent among delinquent youth as they age than in the general population," said first author Karen Abram. "Because most detained youth return to the community, our findings highlight the importance of providing HIV/AIDS preventive interventions before these youths leave detention. We also need to find ways to reach these young adults in the community."

Abram is an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and associate director of the Health Disparities and Public Policy Program at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

The paper was published Jan. 23 in Pediatrics.

Fourteen years after detention (median age 30), one-quarter of males and one-tenth of females had more than one sexual partner in the previous three months. In contrast, a national sample of youth and adults ages 15 to 44 years showed 18 percent of men and 14 percent of women reported having more than one partner during the entire previous year.

The study reported notable gender and racial/ethnic differences. African American males were more than four times likely to have more than one sexual partner than African American females. Compared with non-Hispanic white males, African American males had more than twice the odds and Hispanic males had 1.6 times the odds of having multiple partners.

Racial/ethnic minorities, especially African Americans, are overrepresented in the juvenile justice system and suffer disproportionately from HIV/AIDS. Although African American youth comprise only 15 percent of the general population aged 13 to 29 years, in 2014 they comprised 39 percent of incarcerated youth and young adults and 51.7 percent of new HIV infections.

"Relationships are often disrupted by incarcerations, leading to more partners -- and often more deviant peers -- after release," Abram said.

Participants were part of the Northwestern Juvenile Project, a prospective longitudinal study of 1,829 youth randomly sampled from detention in Chicago and recruited from 1995 to 1998. Participants were interviewed up to 11 times either in the community or in correctional facilities.
Other Northwestern authors include senior author Linda Teplin, Marquita Stokes, Leah Welty and David Aaby.

The research was supported in part by the National Institute on Drug Abuse grants R01DA019380, R01DA022953 and R01DA028763; National Institute of Mental Health grants R01MH54197 and R01MH59463, all of the National Institutes of Health, and grants 1999-JE-FX-1001, 2005-JL-FX-0288 and 2008-JF-FX-0068 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Northwestern University

Related Age Articles:

A mother's age doesn't matter
A mother's advanced age at childbirth is not the reason for the elevated risks of low birth weight or preterm birth -- such risks may instead be related to individual circumstances and behavioral patterns of the mother.
How the visual cortex changes from birth to old age
A study of post-mortem brain tissue reveals the human primary visual cortex (V1) develops gradually throughout life.
What the age of your brain says about you
Researchers used neuroimages of the brain to identify biomarkers that show how the structures of a person's brain age.
More than a 'gut feeling' on cause of age-associated inflammation
Bowdish and her colleagues raised mice in germ-free conditions and compared them to their conventionally raised counterparts.
Rapid blood pressure drops in middle age linked to dementia in old age
Middle-aged people who experience temporary blood pressure drops that often cause dizziness upon standing up may be at an increased risk of developing cognitive decline and dementia 20 years later, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
Regular aerobic exercise beginning in middle age may lessen severity of stroke in old age
Regular aerobic exercise may protect the collateral circulation and lessen the severity of strokes later in life.
Inception of the last ice age
A new model reconstruction shows in exceptional detail the evolution of the Eurasian ice sheet during the last ice age.
BU study finds patterns of biomarkers predict how well people age, risks of age-related disease
Levels of specific biomarkers, or chemicals found in the blood, can be combined to produce patterns that signify how well a person is aging and his or risk for future aging-related diseases, according to a new study by researchers at the Boston University Schools of Public Health and Medicine and Boston Medical Center.
More women sexually active into old age
Although many of us don't want to think about grandma still 'getting it on,' multiple studies show that older women are still sexually active beyond their seventh decade of life.
How even our brains get 'slacker' as we age
New research from Newcastle University, UK, in collaboration with the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, investigated the way the human brain folds and how this 'cortical folding' changes with age.

Related Age Reading:

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Failure can feel lonely and final. But can we learn from failure, even reframe it, to feel more like a temporary setback? This hour, TED speakers on changing a crushing defeat into a stepping stone. Guests include entrepreneur Leticia Gasca, psychology professor Alison Ledgerwood, astronomer Phil Plait, former professional athlete Charly Haversat, and UPS training manager Jon Bowers.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#524 The Human Network
What does a network of humans look like and how does it work? How does information spread? How do decisions and opinions spread? What gets distorted as it moves through the network and why? This week we dig into the ins and outs of human networks with Matthew Jackson, Professor of Economics at Stanford University and author of the book "The Human Network: How Your Social Position Determines Your Power, Beliefs, and Behaviours".