Inadequate access to affordable, nutritious food may increase stroke risk factors

February 23, 2017

Food insecurity - the state of being without reliable access to adequate amounts of affordable, nutritious food - is a common issue and may lead to increased stroke risk factors, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2017.

Researchers at a Chicago hospital that serves uninsured and underinsured patients studied 216 patients in the outpatient neurology clinic. Using a standardized two-question screening tool and reviewing electronic medical records, researchers identified 49 patients, or 22.7 percent, as food insecure.

Researchers also found:

Of the 64 patients diagnosed with stroke, 18.8 percent were found to be food insecure.

In the food insecure stroke group, 84.6 percent also had hypertension; 58.3 percent diabetes; and 16.7 percent had a previous stroke.

Among stroke survivors not labelled food insecure, 67.3 percent had hypertension; 28.8 percent had diabetes; and 21.2 percent had a previous stroke.

Food insecurity may lead to an increase in stroke risk factors and can complicate management of these health problems. A better understanding of the magnitude of the problem is necessary and could lead to interventions, researchers said.
-end-
Lakshmi Warrior, M.D., John H. Stroger Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, Illinois may be reached through Alexandra Normington, Director of Media at Cook County Health & Hospitals System.

Note: Actual presentation is 6:15 p.m. CT/7:15 p.m. ET, Thursday, Feb. 23, 2017 in Hall E.

Additional Resources:

Any available multimedia related to these tips are on the right column of this link http://newsroom.heart.org/news/isc17-thursday-news-tips?preview=4bf61fdc2bf2161ccff14e2358af048d

Join the AHA/ASA Support Network to talk with others going through similar journeys including depression after stroke.
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Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Stroke Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at http://www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

American Heart Association

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