How links with tobacco industry may have influenced the publication of research on second-hand smoke

February 24, 2005

A paper published in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights how links with the tobacco industry may be seen to have influenced the publication of research on the dangers of second-hand tobacco smoke.

In 1987 tobacco industry personnel met to consider how to 'improve the industry's position' on passive smoking. Among the many strategies proposed one proposal made by Philip Morris USA was to 'establish a genuine scientific journal on indoor air quality'. In 1989 the international tobacco industry assisted the establishment of the International Society of the Built Environment, which published the journal Indoor and Built Environment.

Simon Chapman (University of Sydney, Australia) and colleagues reviewed 484 papers published in the journal since its inception in January 1992 until February 2004. They analysed tobacco industry documents and looked for industry associations with the Society's executive, the journal's editorial board and the extent to which the journal published papers on environmental tobacco smoke that would be deemed favourable by the tobacco industry.

They found that paid consultants to the tobacco industry dominated the society's executive: all six members in 1992 and seven of eight members in 2002 had financial associations through industry lawyers. Of the 66 papers published in the journal during the study period that related to environmental tobacco smoke 40 of them (61%) reached conclusions that could be judged to be industry-positive. Of these, 90% had at least one author with a history of an association with the tobacco industry.

Professor Chapman concludes: "On the basis of evidence presented in this paper, there is a serious concern that the tobacco industry may have been unduly influential on the content of this journal. The industry and its lawyers expected that the establishment of the International Society of the Built Environment would publish 'overall results [which] will be positive and important'. It appears to be the case that its expectations were in a large part fulfilled."
-end-
Contact: Professor Simon Chapman, School of Public Health, Edward Ford Building A27, The University of Sydney 2006, Australia.
T) 61-2-9351-5203 /612-438-340-304 simonchapman@health.usyd.edu.au

Lancet

Related Environmental Tobacco Smoke Articles from Brightsurf:

Children exposed to tobacco smoke at home have worse heart function as adults
The more secondhand tobacco smoke children breathe at home while growing up, the higher their chance of developing markers of decreased heart function as adults.

Flying through wildfire smoke plumes could improve smoke forecasts
The biggest study yet of West Coast wildfire plumes shows how a smoke plume's chemistry changes over time.

There's no place like home: Cleaning toxic tobacco smoke residue in our homes
Researchers tested different cleaning methods for thirdhand smoke in homes.

Few US higher education campuses have gone completely smoke and/or tobacco-free
Just one in six accredited US colleges and universities have gone completely smoke and/or tobacco free, reveals the first study of its kind, published in the journal Tobacco Control.

Wildfire smoke worse for kids' health than smoke from controlled burns, study finds
Children were exposed to higher air pollutant levels during a California wildfire than during a similar-sized controlled burn, and the difference was reflected by changes in immune markers in their blood, a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine has found.

Prison tobacco ban significantly reduces secondhand smoke
Levels of secondhand smoke in Scotland's prisons fell by more than 80% in the week after smoking was banned, according to new University of Stirling research.

Heated tobacco product claims by tobacco industry scrutinized by UCSF researchers
Claims by the tobacco industry that heated tobacco products (HTPs) are safer than conventional cigarettes are not supported by the industry's own data and are likely to be misunderstood by consumers, according to research published in a special issue of Tobacco Control.

UC study: Exposure to tobacco smoke significantly impacts teen health
Secondhand smoke linked to poor health, higher absenteeism, increased likelihood to seek medical attention among adolescents

Hookah responsible for over half of tobacco smoke inhaled by young smokers
Smoking tobacco from a waterpipe, also known as a hookah, accounted for over half of the tobacco smoke volume consumed by young adult hookah and cigarette smokers in the US, a new University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine analysis discovered.

Correlation between secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke exposure and children ED visits
Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit substance in the US.

Read More: Environmental Tobacco Smoke News and Environmental Tobacco Smoke Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.