Nav: Home

Program shows success in implementing patient transition care processes

February 26, 2018

Hospitals participating in the American College of Cardiology's Patient Navigator Program, showed significant improvement in implementing performance measures that help heart attack and heart failure patients transition from the hospital to home and keep them out of the hospital longer, according to research to be presented at the ACC's 67th Annual Scientific Session.

In the U.S., a high percentage of patients with heart failure and myocardial infarction (heart attack) are readmitted to the hospital after they have been treated. However, when patient transition care processes are implemented, the number of heart failure readmissions may decrease and in-hospital death after a heart attack may decrease, according to the research.

"Hospital readmissions are devastating to patients and their families, and patients who are readmitted have a greater chance of mortality. Additionally, readmissions take a heavy toll on our entire health care system," said lead study author Nancy M. Albert, PhD, associate chief nursing officer, Office of Nursing Research and Innovation at Cleveland Clinic Health System in Cleveland. "We were encouraged to see a trend toward decreased heart failure readmissions when process improvements were implemented. However, improvements won't happen automatically; strong support is needed by hospital leadership, staff, patients and all stakeholders."

When heart patients leave the hospital, they suddenly must manage their own care. For some, there are no issues, but for many this transition can be overwhelming. For example, a typical heart patient may be required to take five to nine medications each day, at different times and in different doses. If patients don't fully understand or follow dosage guidelines, they are at risk for returning to the hospital. Additionally, many heart patients have other health issues, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and chronic lung disease, which can make managing their own care even more difficult.

Researchers evaluated what happened one year after implementation of the American College of Cardiology Patient Navigator Program--a transition-care improvement initiative at 35 acute care hospitals in the U.S. The study focused on 17 of the 36 program processes and researchers analyzed over 14,000 patients at baseline and 3,860 patients at one year who were hospitalized for heart failure or myocardial infarction.

Transition-care improvements included six processes of care and one outcome performance measure. After one year improvement was seen across all processes. Providers were:

1. 2.2 percent more likely to prescribe a life-saving heart failure medicine, called a beta-blocker
2. 7.4 percent more likely to schedule a follow-up appointment before hospital discharge to occur within seven days of discharge
3. 4.4 percent more likely to review home medications at admission with their patients
4. 0.2 percent more likely to review medications ordered at discharge with their patients
5. 4.8 percent more likely to review medications at admission and discharge with their patients
6. 8.8 percent more likely to educate patients about self-care and when to contact a provider

Regarding the one outcome performance measure, the study showed that after myocardial infraction, in-hospital mortality decreased from 4 percent to 3.7 percent.

Researchers will continue to study the transition care measures to learn the measures that works best, such as assessing two-year program outcomes to better understand how a hospital's commitment to quality efforts affects patient outcomes. In addition, other measures that were not included in the first report will be studied.

Due to the success of the first phase of the Patient Navigator Program, the ACC recently announced the launch of Patient Navigator Program: Focus MI. In the expanded program hospitals participating in the ACC's ACTION Registry have the opportunity to transform care by sharing successful strategies, mentorship and specialized tools and resources. In addition, 15 of the original 35 hospitals from the first phase of the Patient Navigator Program will focus on identifying best practices for improving patient care and readmissions, including 30 and 90 days follow up post hospital discharge - an increasing area of focus for proposed payment and reimbursement models.
AstraZeneca is the founding sponsor of the Patient Navigator Program.

Albert will present the study, "Changes in Hospital Performance and Transition-Care Measures 1-Year after Initiation of the Patient Navigator Program," on March 10, 2018, at 3:45 p.m. in the Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathies Moderated Poster Theater, Poster Hall, Hall A/B, Orange County Convention Center.

The ACC's Annual Scientific Session, which in 2018 will be March 10-12 in Orlando, brings together cardiologists and cardiovascular specialists from around the world to share the newest discoveries in treatment and prevention. Follow @ACCinTouch, @ACCMediaCentera and #ACC18 for the latest news from the meeting.

The American College of Cardiology is a 52,000-member medical society that is the professional home for the entire cardiovascular care team. The mission of the College is to transform cardiovascular care and to improve heart health. The ACC leads in the formation of health policy, standards and guidelines. The College operates national registries to measure and improve care, offers cardiovascular accreditation to hospitals and institutions, provides professional medical education, disseminates cardiovascular research and bestows credentials upon cardiovascular specialists who meet stringent qualifications. For more, visit

American College of Cardiology

Related Heart Failure Articles:

Autoimmunity-associated heart dilation tied to heart-failure risk in type 1 diabetes
In people with type 1 diabetes without known cardiovascular disease, the presence of autoantibodies against heart muscle proteins was associated with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging evidence of increased volume of the left ventricle (the heart's main pumping chamber), increased muscle mass, and reduced pumping function (ejection fraction), features that are associated with higher risk of failure in the general population
Transcendental Meditation prevents abnormal enlargement of the heart, reduces chronic heart failure
A randomized controlled study recently published in the Hypertension issue of Ethnicity & Disease found the Transcendental Meditation (TM) technique helps prevent abnormal enlargement of the heart compared to health education (HE) controls.
Beta blocker use identified as hospitalization risk factor in 'stiff heart' heart failure
A new study links the use of beta-blockers to heart failure hospitalizations among those with the common 'stiff heart' heart failure subtype.
Type 2 diabetes may affect heart structure and increase complications and death among heart failure patients of Asian ethnicity
The combination of heart failure and Type 2 diabetes can lead to structural changes in the heart, poorer quality of life and increased risk of death, according to a multi-country study in Asia.
Preventive drug therapy may increase right-sided heart failure risk in patients who receive heart devices
Patients treated preemptively with drugs to reduce the risk of right-sided heart failure after heart device implantation may experience the opposite effect and develop heart failure and post-operative bleeding more often than patients not receiving the drugs.
How the enzyme lipoxygenase drives heart failure after heart attacks
Heart failure after a heart attack is a global epidemic leading to heart failure pathology.
Novel heart pump shows superior outcomes in advanced heart failure
Severely ill patients with advanced heart failure who received a novel heart pump -- the HeartMate 3 left ventricular assist device (LVAD) -- suffered significantly fewer strokes, pump-related blood clots and bleeding episodes after two years, compared with similar patients who received an older, more established pump, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 68th Annual Scientific Session.
NSAID impairs immune response in heart failure, worsens heart and kidney damage
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, are widely known as pain-killers and can relieve pain and inflammation.
Heart cell defect identified as possible cause of heart failure in pregnancy
A new Tel Aviv University study reveals that one of the possible primary causes of heart failure in pregnant women is a functional heart cell defect.
In heart failure, a stronger heart could spell worse symptoms
Patients with stronger-pumping hearts have as many physical and cognitive impairments as those with weaker hearts, suggesting the need for better treatment.
More Heart Failure News and Heart Failure Current Events

Trending Science News

Current Coronavirus (COVID-19) News

Top Science Podcasts

We have hand picked the top science podcasts of 2020.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Listen Again: Reinvention
Change is hard, but it's also an opportunity to discover and reimagine what you thought you knew. From our economy, to music, to even ourselves–this hour TED speakers explore the power of reinvention. Guests include OK Go lead singer Damian Kulash Jr., former college gymnastics coach Valorie Kondos Field, Stockton Mayor Michael Tubbs, and entrepreneur Nick Hanauer.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#562 Superbug to Bedside
By now we're all good and scared about antibiotic resistance, one of the many things coming to get us all. But there's good news, sort of. News antibiotics are coming out! How do they get tested? What does that kind of a trial look like and how does it happen? Host Bethany Brookeshire talks with Matt McCarthy, author of "Superbugs: The Race to Stop an Epidemic", about the ins and outs of testing a new antibiotic in the hospital.
Now Playing: Radiolab

Dispatch 6: Strange Times
Covid has disrupted the most basic routines of our days and nights. But in the middle of a conversation about how to fight the virus, we find a place impervious to the stalled plans and frenetic demands of the outside world. It's a very different kind of front line, where urgent work means moving slow, and time is marked out in tiny pre-planned steps. Then, on a walk through the woods, we consider how the tempo of our lives affects our minds and discover how the beats of biology shape our bodies. This episode was produced with help from Molly Webster and Tracie Hunte. Support Radiolab today at