From volunteering and social activism to civic participationFebruary 27, 2007
If increasing antagonism towards traditional democratic practices and institutions is to be reversed, local political authorities must be willing and able to move beyond consumer satisfaction and public consultation to more deliberative and participatory politics, says a new booklet 'Individual Pathways in Participation', published today by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).
It was produced following the third in a series of special seminars entitled 'Engaging Citizens', organised by the ESRC in collaboration with the National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO).
Among other things, it explores whether being involved in community activities and volunteering can lead individuals to take part in decision-making in state institutions and public services.
The booklet summarises views from experts in the field, including two who spoke at the seminar - John Annette, Professor of Citizenship and Lifelong Learning at Birkbeck, University of London, and Dr Stella Creasy, Head of Research at Involve, the not-for-profit organisation dedicated to understanding and promoting better civic participation. Despite growing opportunities for participation through increased 'empowerment' in both national and local government, research suggests that people feel increasingly disconnected from the public realm. This is seen in falling turnout and reduced trust in political structures and elected representatives.
Professor Annette points to New Labour's programme for the modernisation of local government, and its neighbourhood renewal strategies, as providing the opportunity for people to get involved in local government and regeneration partnership boards. He says: "This is part of a shift from local government to local governance, and such activities provide rich opportunities for non-formal lifelong learning for active citizenship."
But he warns that research, including his own, highlights the need for capacity building programmes for active citizenship and community leadership, and recognises the importance of the political context within which these activities take place. "Such non-formal community based learning would benefit from being informed by the theory and practice of experiential learning as developed in the USA, and now growing internationally," he says.
Dr Creasy, discussing her findings from a snapshot of attitudes in a North-East London community, concludes that rather than there being a relationship between social forms of activism and getting involved at the civic level, the reverse may be true for today's Britons.
"Our research found that while a large degree of informal social networking and activism created substantial 'social capital' for residents, there was no automatic relationship between this and their engagement with the public realm. "Rather, motivation appeared to be down to residents' perception that their locality was neglected by public service providers. So they needed to work together to overcome the difficulties posed by the negative impact of these services and the local authority," she observes.
Dr Creasy argues for a shift in priorities in local and national governance, away from creating pathways to participation through structural reforms to its mechanisms, towards securing institutional cultures which can support community engagement and empowerment.
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Professor John Annette on 020 7631 6681 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Or Dr Stella Creasy on 020 7632 0124 or email@example.com
ESRC Press Office
Alexandra Saxon Tel: 01793 413032/07971027335, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Annika Howard Tel: 01793 413119, e-mail: email@example.com
NOTES FOR EDITORS
- 'Individual Pathways in Participation' is published by the ESRC following a recent seminar organised in collaboration with the National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO). Speakers were John Annette, Professor of Citizenship and Lifelong Learning at Birkbeck, University of London, and Dr Stella Creasy, Head of Research at Involve. Kate Monkhouse, Director of the London Civic Forum, responded.
- The event was part of the seminar series 'Engaging Citizens' jointly organised by the ESRC and NCVO. Earlier seminars examined faith-based voluntary action, and how information and communications technology impacts on social capital. Other seminars will cover the following themes: individual pathways into participation; localism and local governance; from local to global, and human rights - a tool for change.
- NCVO is the umbrella body for the voluntary sector in England. It works to support the voluntary sector and to create an environment in which voluntary organisations can flourish. It represents the views of the voluntary sector to policy makers and government and consults with the sector to inform our policy positions on issues generic to the sector. It also carries out in-depth research to promote a better understanding of the sector and its activities. NCVO has a growing membership of more than 4,500 voluntary organisations, ranging from large national charities to small local community groups.
- The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) is the UK's largest funding agency for research and postgraduate training relating to social and economic issues. It provides independent, high quality, relevant research to business, the public sector and Government. The ESRC's planned total expenditure in 2006-07 is £169 million. At any one time the ESRC supports over 4,000 researchers and postgraduate students in academic institutions and research policy institutes. More at http://www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk
- ESRC Society Today offers free access to a broad range of social science research and presents it in a way that makes it easy to navigate and saves users valuable time. As well as bringing together all ESRC-funded research and key online resources such as the Social Science Information Gateway and the UK Data Archive, non-ESRC resources are included, for example the Office for National Statistics. The portal provides access to early findings and research summaries, as well as full texts and original datasets through integrated search facilities. More at http://www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk
Economic & Social Research Council
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