UMass microbiologist's Nature article contributes to understanding of how cells divide

March 01, 2000

Amherst, Mass. -- A University of Massachusetts microbiologist is one of a group of six researchers offering a major step forward in developing a model explaining DNA repair, recombination, and replication, in a report appearing in today's issue of the journal Nature. The study, "Re-establishment of Inactivated Replication Forks as a Bacterial Housekeeping Function," gives new insight into the sequence of events involved in cell division, information that will be of great help to molecular biologists involved in cancer and other medical research, according to Steven J. Sandler, professor of microbiology.

For many years, the functions of DNA recombination, repair, replication, chromosome segregation, and cell division were thought to be related or coordinated in the cell, but no one really knew how, according to Sandler. The Nature article summarizes some seemingly unrelated pieces of data, and proposes that these different processes are actually related and delicately coordinated. Moreover, the coordination revolves around the ability of the cell to fix replication forks -- points at which DNA replication takes place -- that have been derailed by ordinary, day-to-day DNA damage.

According to Sandler, "This gives a new spin on data so that it now is illuminating instead of confusing. We have interpreted old studies and combined that information with our own research, to see recombination in a new light. There is a link between DNA replication and recombination that we never knew before."

Using E. coli as a model, the researchers looked at mutations in this simple organism with a single chromosome to see how these mutations affected the ability to restart replication. They knew that special sets of proteins called primosome assembly proteins were important in this process, especially one called priA. When priA is present in the cell, nucleoids -- or that part of the cell of a simple organism that roughly corresponds to a nucleus in a more complex one -- separate, and cells divide properly. Without priA, nucleoids fail to separate properly, and the replication process is stalled.

"Anytime there is replication, forks can get damaged," explained Sandler. "What's new in this study is that we see now that everything that happens in a cell does so almost simultaneously, so that all the key ingredients must be present for the scheme to work properly. We now know that, when DNA is repaired, the cell uses priA to complete a kind of 'housekeeping' function so it can restart the replication process at the forks.

"It's as if the cell must be sure that all this has happened correctly before it segregates the chromosomes and divides," said Sandler.
Sandler is conducting research into the role of primosome assembly proteins in E. coli with help from a grant from the American Cancer Society. Other scientists contributing to the article were Myron F. Goodman of the University of Southern California, Michael M. Cox of the University of Wisconsin, Kenneth N. Kreuzer of Duke University Medical Center, David J. Sherratt of Oxford University, and Kenneth J. Marians of Memorial-Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York.

Steven J. Sandler is available for interviews at 413-577-4391. Digital images of E. coli cells showing successful and unsuccessful replication related to the presence or absence of priA are available at the UMass News Office Web site on the Press Kit page. See

University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Related DNA Articles from Brightsurf:

A new twist on DNA origami
A team* of scientists from ASU and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) led by Hao Yan, ASU's Milton Glick Professor in the School of Molecular Sciences, and director of the ASU Biodesign Institute's Center for Molecular Design and Biomimetics, has just announced the creation of a new type of meta-DNA structures that will open up the fields of optoelectronics (including information storage and encryption) as well as synthetic biology.

Solving a DNA mystery
''A watched pot never boils,'' as the saying goes, but that was not the case for UC Santa Barbara researchers watching a ''pot'' of liquids formed from DNA.

Junk DNA might be really, really useful for biocomputing
When you don't understand how things work, it's not unusual to think of them as just plain old junk.

Designing DNA from scratch: Engineering the functions of micrometer-sized DNA droplets
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) have constructed ''DNA droplets'' comprising designed DNA nanostructures.

Does DNA in the water tell us how many fish are there?
Researchers have developed a new non-invasive method to count individual fish by measuring the concentration of environmental DNA in the water, which could be applied for quantitative monitoring of aquatic ecosystems.

Zigzag DNA
How the cell organizes DNA into tightly packed chromosomes. Nature publication by Delft University of Technology and EMBL Heidelberg.

Scientists now know what DNA's chaperone looks like
Researchers have discovered the structure of the FACT protein -- a mysterious protein central to the functioning of DNA.

DNA is like everything else: it's not what you have, but how you use it
A new paradigm for reading out genetic information in DNA is described by Dr.

A new spin on DNA
For decades, researchers have chased ways to study biological machines.

From face to DNA: New method aims to improve match between DNA sample and face database
Predicting what someone's face looks like based on a DNA sample remains a hard nut to crack for science.

Read More: DNA News and DNA Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to