Nav: Home

Americans missed out on $5.4 billion by not refinancing, study says

March 01, 2017

American homeowners could have recently had $5.4 billion more in their pockets. However, they don't because they failed to refinance their mortgages when they should have, according to a new study published in the Journal of Financial Economics.

The study, coauthored by BYU economics professor Jaren Pope, found that when interest rates dropped, 20 percent of homeowners who could have benefited from refinancing didn't. In effect, they instead opted to pay thousands of dollars more than necessary over the life of the loan.

"There's a potential problem when one out of five homeowners is paying more than they should," Pope said. "Buying a house initially is a big financial decision. But it's also financially a big deal to refinance when it's optimal to do so."

The researchers obtained a nationally-representative sample of 1 million mortgages from December 2010. This data set included essential information on the loans, like interest rates and payment history, which allowed them to make reasonable conclusions about which homeowners should and shouldn't refinance to determine that 20 percent of homeowners who should have refinanced in 2010 didn't.

Their model also considered other factors that might affect the decision, like the impact of closing costs, uncertainty about future interest rates and likelihood of moving to a new home. Even with these conservative assumptions, the median household stood to save $1,920 per year by refinancing.

But the research didn't finish there. Interest rates continued to drop in the following years, so the authors reexamined the same loan data in 2012. They found that at this point, 40 percent of the original 20 percent who chose not to refinance in 2010 still hadn't refinanced two years later.

"The question we had to ask at this point was why," Pope stated. "Why aren't people taking advantage of the thousands of dollars they could be saving?"

To answer this question, Pope and the researchers teamed up with a nonprofit group in Chicago to offer homeowners the chance to refinance and make the process as easy as possible. The nonprofit sent three waves of letters to qualifying homeowners, offering a pre-approved refinance with help along the way and zero up-front costs and help along the way.

More than 84 percent of people didn't respond to the letters.

Results from a survey of homeowners who received the nonprofit's letters suggested that a quarter of the recipients didn't even open them. For the people who did open the letters, a third intended to move forward and refinance, but never got around to it.

"Through the nonprofit, we offered homeowners the best-case scenario for refinancing," Pope said. "But there seems to be a whole host of behaviors like inattention and procrastination that are preventing people from taking the time now to receive long-term benefits."

In the initial study, they found that the homeowners who failed to refinance tended to be less educated and less wealthy -- the very people who could benefit most from saving.

"It's not that people with less education don't want to or know how to refinance, it just seems that refinancing isn't the top priority when getting by is," Pope said. "If you're lower-income and you're just struggling to make ends meet, you have even less time to pay attention to your mail."

Despite the missed savings in 2010 and 2012, homeowners haven't missed their chance to reap the savings benefits of refinancing -- rates are still low.

"A very simple and conservative approach to deciding when to refinance would be to go ahead and refinance any time you can get a better interest rate for a 'no cost' refinance where the mortgage lender pays all closing costs," Pope said. "Of course in general, there may be other factors to consider, like the offered interest rate when closing costs are not included and the amount of time left on the existing loan's term that can influence the optimal timing for a refinance. When you learn that interest rates have come down, a couple of phone calls or internet searches may help to determine if a refinance would help put extra money in your pocket each month."
-end-


Brigham Young University

Related Interest Rate Articles:

The use of jargon kills people's interest in science, politics
When scientists and others use their specialized jargon terms while communicating with the general public, the effects are much worse than just making what they're saying hard to understand.
Relevant social stimuli may reduce interest in drugs
Researchers of the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Malaga (UMA), specialized in addictive disorders, have demonstrated in an animal model that the presence of a relevant social stimulus reduces interest in cocaine.
Americans' interest in CBD eclipses nearly all other health products or topics
A new study published in JAMA Network Open led by UC San Diego health scientists finds that every month as many as 6.4 million Americans turn to Google to learn about or buy Cannabidiol (CBD), eclipsing or rivalling interest in most other health products or topics.
Negative interest rate policies are backfiring -- new research
Negative interest rate policies in Europe and Japan were intended to stimulate flagging economies but research from the University of Bath they may be doing more harm than good.
Survey reveals skyrocketing interest in marijuana and cannabinoids for pain
Millennials lead the escalating interest in marijuana and cannabinoid compounds for managing pain -- with older generations not far behind -- yet most are unaware of potential risks.
Software locates sugarcane genes of interest
Brazilian researchers develop a program for high-performance computers to map specific portions of plant DNA faster and less expensively for use in breeding more productive and stress-resistant varieties.
Low-cost intervention boosts undergraduate interest in computer science
A recent study finds that an online intervention taking less than 30 minutes significantly increased interest in computer science for both male and female undergraduate students.
Does awe lead to greater interest in science?
A new study finds that feeling awe leads to greater awareness of the things we don't know, which in turn makes us more likely to seek out a framework to fill those gaps.
Student-led rheumatology interest group increases interest in field
A group of student and faculty researchers from the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences published outcome of establishing Rheumatology Interest Group in the International Journal of Rheumatology.
Providers show interest in prescribing therapeutic cannabinoids
A team from the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences found many dermatologists are interested in learning more about and recommending therapeutic cannabinoids to their patients.
More Interest Rate News and Interest Rate Current Events

Trending Science News

Current Coronavirus (COVID-19) News

Top Science Podcasts

We have hand picked the top science podcasts of 2020.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Uncharted
There's so much we've yet to explore–from outer space to the deep ocean to our own brains. This hour, Manoush goes on a journey through those uncharted places, led by TED Science Curator David Biello.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#556 The Power of Friendship
It's 2020 and times are tough. Maybe some of us are learning about social distancing the hard way. Maybe we just are all a little anxious. No matter what, we could probably use a friend. But what is a friend, exactly? And why do we need them so much? This week host Bethany Brookshire speaks with Lydia Denworth, author of the new book "Friendship: The Evolution, Biology, and Extraordinary Power of Life's Fundamental Bond". This episode is hosted by Bethany Brookshire, science writer from Science News.
Now Playing: Radiolab

Dispatch 1: Numbers
In a recent Radiolab group huddle, with coronavirus unraveling around us, the team found themselves grappling with all the numbers connected to COVID-19. Our new found 6 foot bubbles of personal space. Three percent mortality rate (or 1, or 2, or 4). 7,000 cases (now, much much more). So in the wake of that meeting, we reflect on the onslaught of numbers - what they reveal, and what they hide.  Support Radiolab today at Radiolab.org/donate.