Study: Men more likely to be readmitted to hospital after sustaining a firearm injury

March 20, 2018

(Boston)--Men have a substantially greater hospital readmission risk during the first three months following a firearm injury hospitalization compared to women. While this overall risk was no longer observed at six months after the initial hospitalization, the risk of renal failure and cardiovascular readmissions among males was more than three times greater than females at six months.

To date, this study provides the first evidence of gender-specific differences in readmission rates after discharge from firearm injury hospitalization. These findings appear in the American Journal of Men's Health.

Using a Nationwide Readmission Database (2013-2014), researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) analyzed the total readmission visits, total cost of hospitalization, cost per readmission, total length of stay (LOS) in days and LOS per readmission in days of more than 17,000 men and 2,200 women who were admitted to the hospital after a firearm injury.

After six months they found men were 3.3 times more likely to be readmitted to the hospital for heart-related problems when compared with the women. Men were also 40 percent more likely to be readmitted for any reason within the first three months after their initial injury.

"This study is the first to compare male and female survivors of firearm injury after their initial hospitalization. Since hospitals are financially penalized for admissions, these results may lead to male-specific programs to improve health outcomes after firearm injuries," explained Bindu Kalesan, PhD, MPH, assistant professor of medicine at BUSM

Non-fatal firearm injuries have been on the rise nationally since 2001, while fatal injuries have remained constant. According to the researchers, during the last decade, the cost of acute and longer term medical care and recovery for firearm injury patients has increased greatly. The authors suggest that their results may be indicative of a continuing long-term risk of health and patient outcomes that contributes to the overall burden of firearm injury.

The lack of differences in cost of treatment and length of stay during readmissions highlights the continued treatment and costs of firearm violence as a public health problem.

Boston University School of Medicine

Related Health Articles from Brightsurf:

The mental health impact of pandemics for front line health care staff
New research shows the impact that pandemics have on the mental health of front-line health care staff.

Modifiable health risks linked to more than $730 billion in US health care costs
Modifiable health risks, such as obesity, high blood pressure, and smoking, were linked to over $730 billion in health care spending in the US in 2016, according to a study published in The Lancet Public Health.

New measure of social determinants of health may improve cardiovascular health assessment
The authors of this study developed a single risk score derived from multiple social determinants of health that predicts county-level cardiovascular disease mortality.

BU study: High deductible health plans are widening racial health gaps
The growing Black Lives Matter movement has brought more attention to the myriad structures that reinforce racial inequities, in everything from policing to hiring to maternal mortality.

Electronic health information exchange improves public health disease reporting
Disease tracking is an important area of focus for health departments in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.

E-health resource improves men's health behaviours with or without fitness facilities
Men who regularly used a free web resource made significantly more health changes than men who did not, finds a new study from the University of British Columbia and Intensions Consulting.

Mental health outcomes among health care workers during COVID-19 pandemic in Italy
Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety and insomnia among health care workers in Italy during the COVID-19 pandemic are reported in this observational study.

Mental health of health care workers in china in hospitals with patients with COVID-19
This survey study of almost 1,300 health care workers in China at 34 hospitals equipped with fever clinics or wards for patients with COVID-19 reports on their mental health outcomes, including symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia and distress.

Health records pin broad set of health risks on genetic premutation
Researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Marshfield Clinic have found that there may be a much broader health risk to carriers of the FMR1 premutation, with potentially dozens of clinical conditions that can be ascribed directly to carrying it.

Attitudes about health affect how older adults engage with negative health news
To get older adults to pay attention to important health information, preface it with the good news about their health.

Read More: Health News and Health Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to