Transport Patterns Affect Adolescent Health

March 20, 1998

(Influence of travel patterns on mortality from injury among teenagers in England and Wales, 19885-95: trend analysis)

Between 1985 and 1995, 10,530 teenagers aged 15-19 years died from injury in England and Wales, of which 7,954 were unintentional injuries, say DiGuiseppi et al in a paper in this week's BMJ. The authors analysed these injuries to ascertain how travel patterns affect the mortality of teenagers.

DiGuiseppi et al found that there was a 32 per cent decline in mortality from unintentional injury among people aged 15-19 years over the eleven year period, which they believe can be largely attributed to falling mortality among motorcyclists, pedestrians and cyclists, which corresponds to a general decrease in the use of these modes of transport.

Mortality among car occupants, however, has not fallen, say the authors. Even though there has been a 27 per cent decrease in deaths per km travelled by car, the distances teenagers now travel by car have increased hugely (from 4510km to 6069km annually).

Thus the authors conclude that transport patterns are an important determinant in adolescent health and advocate that strategies to influence these patterns could substantially reduce mortality from road crashes.


Dr Ian Roberts, Director, Child Health Monitoring Unit, Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Child Health, University College London Medical School, London


Related Mortality Articles from Brightsurf:

Being in treatment with statins reduces COVID-19 mortality by 22% to 25%
A research by the Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV) and Pere Virgili Institut (IISPV) led by LluĂ­s Masana has found that people who are being treated with statins have a 22% to 25% lower risk of dying from COVID-19.

Mortality rate higher for US rural residents
A recent study by Syracuse University sociology professor Shannon Monnat shows that mortality rates are higher for U.S. working-age residents who live in rural areas instead of metro areas, and the gap is getting wider.

COVID-19, excess all-cause mortality in US, 18 comparison countries
COVID-19 deaths and excess all-cause mortality in the U.S. are compared with 18 countries with diverse COVID-19 responses in this study.

New analysis shows hydroxychloroquine does not lower mortality in COVID-19 patients, and is associated with increased mortality when combined with the antibiotic azithromycin
A new meta-analysis of published studies into the drug hydroxychloroquine shows that it does not lower mortality in COVID-19 patients, and using it combined with the antibiotic azithromycin is associated with a 27% increased mortality.

Hydroxychloroquine reduces in-hospital COVID-19 mortality
An Italian observational study contributes to the ongoing debate regarding the use of hydroxychloroquine in the current pandemic.

What's the best way to estimate and track COVID-19 mortality?
When used correctly, the symptomatic case fatality ratio (sCFR) and the infection fatality ratio (IFR) are better measures by which to monitor COVID-19 epidemics than the commonly reported case fatality ratio (CFR), according to a new study published this week in PLOS Medicine by Anthony Hauser of the University of Bern, Switzerland, and colleagues.

COVID-19: Bacteriophage could decrease mortality
Bacteriophage can reduce bacterial growth in the lungs, limiting fluid build-up.

COPD and smoking associated with higher COVID-19 mortality
Current smokers and people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have an increased risk of severe complications and higher mortality with COVID-19 infection, according to a new study published May 11, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jaber Alqahtani of University College London, UK, and colleagues.

Highest mortality risks for poor and unemployed
Large dataset shows that income, work status and education have a clear influence on mortality in Germany.

Addressing causes of mortality in Zambia
Despite the fact that people in sub-Saharan Africa are now living longer than they did two decades ago, their average life expectancy remains below that of the rest of the world population.

Read More: Mortality News and Mortality Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to