Nav: Home

Study shows that anal cytology predicts anal precancer in HIV-positive gay men

March 21, 2007

FINDINGS: HIV-positive men who have sex with men are up to 90 times more likely than the general population to develop anal cancer. Detection of precancerous changes (anal dysplasia) by anal cytology -- essentially an anal canal Pap smear -- is a relatively new procedure and one that has yet to enter standard practice.

This UCLA study demonstrated that abnormal anal cytology was highly predictive of anal cell abnormalities that were subsequently confirmed by anal biopsy. The study was based on data from 244 patients at the UCLA CARE clinic who had anal cytology screenings between February 2002 and December 2004.

IMPACT: Abnormal anal cytology in HIV-positive men who have sex with men is highly indicative of the presence of abnormal anal cells that may be precancerous and should prompt further investigation. The UCLA CARE Center is one of a handful of clinics in the United States offering an anal dysplasia screening and management service.

AUTHORS: Ross D. Cranston, Steven.D. Hart , Jeffrey A. Gornbein, Sharon L. Hirschowitz, Galen Cortina, and Ardis.A. Moe, all of UCLA.

JOURNAL: The research appears in the February issue of the International Journal of STD & AIDS.
-end-


University of California - Los Angeles

Related General Population Articles:

New confirmation of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity
Albert Einstein predicted that whenever light from a distant star passes by a closer object, gravity acts as a kind of magnifying lens, brightening and bending distant starlight.
Study of 3.5 million people shows 'healthy' obese people are still at higher risk of cardiovascular disease events than the general population
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Porto, Portugal, shows that so-called 'metabolically healthy' obese people are still at higher risk of cardiovascular disease events such as heart failure or stroke than normal weight people.
Four-year study finds group meditation reduces drug-related deaths in general population
A new study in SAGE Open reports a novel solution to US fatality rates from the misuse of prescribed and illegal drugs.
Fish oil supplements may help prevent death after MI but lack evidence of CV benefit for general population
Omega-3 fish oil supplements prescribed by a healthcare provider may be reasonable for patients who have had a heart attack.
27th TWAS General Meeting to begin
The Government of Rwanda in partnership with The World Academy of Sciences will host the 27th TWAS General Meeting from Nov.
Study reveals scope and characteristics of adverse drug reactions in the general population
In a study of 1,000 adult patients with unplanned admission to a tertiary hospital in Singapore, the prevalence of adverse drug reactions at the time of admission was 12.4 percent, and the prevalence of ADRs causing admission to the hospital was 8.1 percent.
Us suicide rate for people with Epilepsy exceeds levels in general population
Researchers studied the prevalence of suicide among people with epilepsy compared to the population overall and estimated that the annual suicide mortality rate among those with epilepsy was 22 percent higher than in the general population.
Suicide rate is 22 percent higher among people with epilepsy than the general population
The suicide rate among people with epilepsy is 22 percent higher than the general population, according to a new study released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, published in Epilepsy & Behavior.
A 'communication breakdown' during general anesthesia
When ketamine is used for general anesthesia, two connected parts of the cortex turn to 'isolated cognitive islands.'
Antiviral therapies give Hepatitis C cirrhosis patients similar life expectancy as general population
The survival rate of patients with hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis who respond well to antiviral therapies equals that of the general population, say investigators in the Journal of Hepatology.

Related General Population Reading:

Population: 485- Meeting Your Neighbors One Siren at a Time (P.S.)
by Michael Perry (Author)

Mike Perry’s extraordinary and thoughtful account of meeting the people of his small hometown by joining the fire and rescue team was a breakout hit that “swells with unadorned heroism” (USA Today)

Welcome to New Auburn, Wisconsin (population: 485) where the local vigilante is a farmer’s wife armed with a pistol and a Bible, the most senior member of the volunteer fire department is a cross-eyed butcher with one kidney and two ex-wives (both of whom work at the only gas station in town), and the back roads are haunted by the ghosts... View Details


General Population: A Novel
by Billy Roper (Author)

Called "the politically incorrect, drunken love child of Stephen King and Alfred Hitchcock" by one reviewer, "General Population" tells the intriguing story of Max Aught, a young prisoner locked in a brutally corrupt prison for attempting to kill the child molester who raped his little sister. As society begins to unravel and collapse on the outside, those locked up may be the best hope for our future-if only they can survive to regain their freedom. Containing anecdotal stories and input from over two dozen currently incarcerated contributors, "General Population" is grimly realistic in its... View Details


General Population: Malevolent Prisoners Book One
by Focus Pulp Publishing

A prison of gruesome monsters. A vampire's murder. A scheme that could unravel the world…

Maddix Benbrook is one of the few trusted overseers of Malevolent City, a supernatural prison that functions as a community for vampires, werewolves, and other mystical creatures. The prisoners seem to know their place, and Maddix lives an easy life of purpose and mild responsibility. One murder will change it all…

When a beautiful vampire comes looking for her brother's killer, Maddix finds much more than he bargained for. After barely surviving an attack from a crazed werewolf and... View Details


Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues
by John R. Weeks (Author)

Demographics just got a lot more interesting, thanks to this book's compelling writing and intriguing essays. POPULATION does more than give you information; it also shows you how to use it. From the debate over how to rebuild the Gulf Coast after Hurricane Katrina to what should be done about Social Security and Medicare, POPULATION lets you apply the research yourself. View Details


American Wolf: A True Story of Survival and Obsession in the West
by Nate Blakeslee (Author)

A NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW EDITORS' CHOICE

The enthralling story of the rise and reign of O-Six, the celebrated Yellowstone wolf, and the people who loved or feared her

 
Before men ruled the earth, there were wolves. Once abundant in North America, these majestic creatures were hunted to near extinction in the lower 48 states by the 1920s. But in recent decades, conservationists have brought wolves back to the Rockies, igniting a battle over the very soul of the West.

With novelistic detail, Nate Blakeslee tells the gripping story of one of... View Details


Population
by Elizabeth Stephens (Author)

Lawlessness, violence and desperation are all that is left of the world following the coming of the Others. Abel exists only within the boundaries that her rules allow - rules that she created to keep her alive. But when her best friend's daughter is taken by the Others, she can't keep playing by the rule book. Instead, she must begin a life defining journey that will test her survival techniques and bring all of her instincts into question. When she finds herself allied with one of the Others, Abel must confront foreign concepts like allegiance and desire and trust as he challenges her... View Details


An American Family: A Memoir of Hope and Sacrifice
by Khizr Khan (Author)

This inspiring memoir by the Muslim American Gold Star father and captivating DNC speaker is the story of one family’s pursuit of the American dream.

NAMED ONE OF THE FIVE BEST MEMOIRS OF THE YEAR BY THE WASHINGTON POST
 
“Moving . . . a story about family and faith, told with a poet’s sensibility . . . Khizr Khan’s book can teach all of us what real American patriotism looks like.” —The New York Times Book Review

In fewer than three hundred words, Khizr Khan electrified viewers around the world when he took the stage at... View Details


iGen: Why Today’s Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy--and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood--and What That Means for the Rest of Us
by Jean M. Twenge PhD (Author)

A highly readable and entertaining first look at how today’s members of iGen—the children, teens, and young adults born in the mid-1990s and later—are vastly different from their Millennial predecessors, and from any other generation, from the renowned psychologist and author of Generation Me.

With generational divides wider than ever, parents, educators, and employers have an urgent need to understand today’s rising generation of teens and young adults. Born in the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s and later, iGen is the first generation to spend their entire adolescence in... View Details


The Case Against Sugar
by Gary Taubes (Author)

From the best-selling author of Why We Get Fat, a groundbreaking, eye-opening exposé that makes the convincing case that sugar is the tobacco of the new millennium: backed by powerful lobbies, entrenched in our lives, and making us very sick.

Among Americans, diabetes is more prevalent today than ever; obesity is at epidemic proportions; nearly 10% of children are thought to have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. And sugar is at the root of these, and other, critical society-wide, health-related problems. With his signature command of both science and straight talk,... View Details


Where the Animals Go: Tracking Wildlife with Technology in 50 Maps and Graphics
by James Cheshire (Author), Oliver Uberti (Author)

"Where the Animals Go is beautiful and thrilling, a combination of the best in science and exposition, and a joy to study cover to cover." ―Edward O. Wilson, University Research Professor Emeritus, Harvard University

For thousands of years, tracking animals meant following footprints. Now satellites, drones, camera traps, cellphone networks, and accelerometers reveal the natural world as never before. Where the Animals Go is the first book to offer a comprehensive, data-driven portrait of how creatures like ants, otters, owls, turtles, and sharks... View Details

Best Science Podcasts 2017

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2017. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Going Undercover
Are deception and secrecy categorically wrong? Or can they be a necessary means to an end? This hour, TED speakers share stories of going undercover to explore unknown territory, and find the truth. Guests include poet and activist Theo E.J. Wilson, journalist Jamie Bartlett, counter-terrorism expert Mubin Shaikh, and educator Shabana Basij-Rasikh.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#452 Face Recognition and Identity
This week we deep dive into the science of how we recognize faces and why some of us are better -- or worse -- at this than others. We talk with Brad Duchaine, Professor of Psychology at Dartmouth College, about both super recognizers and face blindness. And we speak with Matteo Martini, Psychology Lecturer at the University of East London, about a study looking at twins who have difficulty telling which one of them a photo was of. Charity Links: Union of Concerned Scientists Evidence For Democracy Sense About Science American Association for the Advancement of Science Association for Women...